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Encyclopedia > Jeddah

Coordinates: 21°30′N 39°10′E / 21.5, 39.167 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

City of Jeddah
Beach of Jeddah
Beach of Jeddah
Official flag of City of Jeddah
Flag
Coat of arms of City of Jeddah
Coat of arms
Nickname: The Bride of the Red Sea
Location of Jeddah
Coordinates: 21°50′N 39°1667′E / 21.833, 66.783
Country Saudi Arabia
Province Makkah (Mecca)
Established 500+ BC
Joint Saudi Arabia 1925
Government
 - Mayor Adil Faqeeh
 - City Governor Mish'al Al-Saud
 - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal
Area
 - Urban 1,320 km² (509.7 sq mi)
 - Metro 3,000 km² (1,158.3 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - City 3,400,000
 - Density 2,921/km² (1,826/sq mi)
 - Urban 3,855,912
 - Metro 4,500,000
  Jeddah Municipality estimate
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 - Summer (DST) EAT (UTC+3)
Postal Code (5 digits)
Area code(s) +966-2
Website: www.jeddah.gov.sa
This article is about the Saudi Arabian city. For the Australian movie, see Jedda.

Jeddah (also spelled Jiddah, Jidda, or Jedda; Arabic: جدّة Ǧiddah) is a Saudi Arabian city located on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Makkah Province, and the second largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city, Riyadh. The population of the city currently stands at over 3.4 million. It is considered the commercial capital of Saudi Arabia. [1] and the wealthiest city in the Middle East and western Asia. [2] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... State and military flag and ensign (obverse). ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Saudi coat of arms The Saudi Arabian coat of arms includes two swords and a palm tree which represents the Saudi main tree. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah). ... iam cool Makkah Province is the most populous province of Saudi Arabia, located in the west of the country, with an extended coastline. ... Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - 490s BC - 480s BC - 470s BC - 460s BC - 450s BC Events and trends September 13, 509 BC - The temple of Jupiter on Romes Capitoline Hill is... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... HRH Prince Khalid Al-Faisal bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (Born 1940) is the son of His late Majesty King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country on the Arabian Peninsula. ... Jedda (1955) was the last movie made by Charles Chauvel, and the first to star two Aboriginal actors, (Robert Tudawali and Ngarla Kunoth), in the leading roles. ... Arabic redirects here. ... The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country on the Arabian Peninsula. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... iam cool Makkah Province is the most populous province of Saudi Arabia, located in the west of the country, with an extended coastline. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Jeddah is the principal gateway to Mecca, Islam's holiest city, which able-bodied Muslims are required to visit at least once in a lifetime. This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


Residents of Jeddah are called Jeddans. Jeddah has 24 sister cities, which are selected based on economic, cultural and political criteria. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Contents

Etymology and spelling

There are at least two explanations for the etymology of the name Jeddah. According to Jeddah Ibn Helwaan Al-Qudaa'iy the chief of Quda'a clan. The more common account has it that the name is derived from Jaddah, the Arabic word for "grandmother". According to eastern folk belief, the tomb of Eve (21°29′31″N 39°11′24″E / 21.49194, 39.19), considered the grandmother of humanity, is located in Jeddah. The purported "Grave of Eve" was sealed with concrete by the religious authorities in 1975 as a result of some Muslim pilgrims breaking Islamic doctrine by praying at the site. Arabic redirects here. ... Michelangelos The Creation of Eve, a fresco on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, shows God creating Eve from the side of Adam. ... Eve Grave in Jeddah city Eve Grave is located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ...


Ibn Battuta, The famous Arab Discoverer, has visited Jeddah during his world trip. He has written Joddah in his diary, in his speech about this city.[3] It has been suggested that Travelling route of Ibn Batuta be merged into this article or section. ...


On official Saudi maps and documents, the city name is transcribed "Jeddah". The British Foreign Office, however, still insists on using the older spelling of Jedda, contrary to other English-speaking usage -- including other branches of the British government. The New York Times spells the name as Jidda. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, seen from St. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


History

Jeddah in 1924
Jeddah in 1924
Jeddah in 1938
Jeddah in 1938

The city was founded as a fishing hamlet over 2,500 years ago[4], but first achieved prominence in 647 A.D., when the third Muslim caliph Uthman Ibn Affan turned it into a port for Muslim pilgrims making the required Hajj to Mecca. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For main article see: Caliphate The Caliph (pronounced khaleef in Arabic) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Sharia. ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ...


Jeddah was for centuries the main city of the historic Hejaz province and historic port for pilgrims arriving by sea on their pilgrimage or Hajj to Mecca. Map with the region outlined in red and the 1923 Kingdom in green “Hedjaz” redirects here. ...


Hejaz - including Jeddah - became a part of the Ayyubid Empire in 1177 during the leadership of Sharif Ibn Abul-Hashim Al-Thalab. The Ayyubid or Ayyoubid Dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish[1] origins which ruled Egypt, Syria, Yemen (except for the Northern Mountains), Diyar Bakr, Mecca, Hejaz and northern Iraq in the 12th and 13th centuries. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sayyid. ...


Mamluk Sultanate

In 1254, following events in Cairo, Hejaz became a part of the Mamluk Sultanate. Sharif Barakat built the first walls of Jeddah in 1505 following the Portuguese advances in the Indian Ocean.[5] For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Mamluk Flag Eastern Mediterranean 1450 Capital Cairo Language(s) Arabic, Kipchak Turkic[1] Religion Islam Government Monarchy History  - As-Salih Ayyub Death 1250  - Battle of Ridanieh 1517 Today part of  Egypt  Saudi Arabia  Syria  Palestine  Israel  Lebanon  Jordan  Turkey  Libya A Mamluk cavalryman, drawn in 1810 A mamluk (Arabic: مملوك (singular... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ...


Ottoman Empire

In 1517, the Ottoman Turks conquered the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt and Syria, during the reign of Selim I.[6] As territories of the Mamluk Sultanate, the Hejaz, including the holy city of Mecca and Jeddah, passed into Ottoman possession. The Ottomans rebuilt the weak walls of Jeddah in 1525 following their victory over Lopo Soares de Albergaria's Armada in the Red Sea. The new Turkish wall included six watchtowers and six city gates. They were constructed to defend against the Portuguese attack. Of the six gates, Gate of Mecca was the eastern gate and Gate of Al-Magharibah the western one. The Gate of Sharif was south facing. The other gates were Gate of Al-Bunt, Gate of Al-Sham (also called Gate of Al-Sharaf) and Gate of Medina were north facing.[7] The Turks also built the The Qishla of Jeddah, a small castle for the city soldiers. In the 19th century these seven gates were minimized into four giant gates with four towers. These giant gates were the Gate of Sham from the north, the Gate of Mecca from the east, the Gate of Sharif from the south, and the Gate of Al-Magharibah on the sea side. Ottoman redirects here. ... Selim I (Ottoman: سليم الأول, Turkish:) (also known as the Grim or the Brave, Yavuz in Turkish, the long name is Yavuz Sultan Selim)(October 10, 1465 – September 22, 1520) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520. ... The Portuguese Gold Coast was a Portuguese colony on the West African Gold Coast (present day Ghana) on the Gulf of Guinea. ... A watchtower is a type of fortification. ... The Brama Młyńska in Stargard Szczeciński one of two water gates in Europe. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... The Qishla of Jeddah (Turkish: Cidde Redif Kışlası) was built in 1525 to be a military castle of Ottomans army in Jeddah (nowadays in Saudi Arabia). ...


First Saudi State and Ottoman-Saudi War

Main article: Ottoman-Saudi War

At 1802, Nejdi forces conquered both Mecca and Jeddah from the Ottomans, when Sharif Ghalib Efendi informed Sultan Mahmud II, the sultan ordered his Egyptian viceroy Muhammad Ali Pasha to re-take the city. Muhammad Ali successfully regained the city during Battle of Jeddah in 1813. Combatants First Saudi State Ottoman Empire Commanders Saud Al-Kabeer, Abdullah I Tusun Pasha, Mohammed Ali Pasha, Ibrahim Pasha Strength 20,000 50,000 Casualties 11,000 dead, 3,000 wounded, Hanging of Abdullah I, Destruction of Diriyah Unknown Ottoman-Saudi war in 1811-1818 was fought between Egypt under... The First Saudi State was established in the year 1744 (1157 H.) when the Wahhabi leader Sheikh Mohammed ibn Abd al Wahhab settled in Diriyah and Prince Mohammed Ibn Saud agreed to support and espouse his cause, with a view to cleansing the Islamic faith from distortions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... The stylized signature of Mahmud II was written in an expressive calligraphy. ... This article is about the leader of Egypt. ... Combatants Ottoman Empire (Egyptians) First Saudi State Commanders Tusun Pasha Mohammed Ali Pasha Saud AL-Kabeer Strength 25,000 2,000 Casualties 60 dead. ...


World War I and The Kingdom of Hejaz

Mohammed Abu Zenada , one of Chiefs of Jeddah and the advisor of the Sharif during the surrender to King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud in 1925
Mohammed Abu Zenada , one of Chiefs of Jeddah and the advisor of the Sharif during the surrender to King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud in 1925
Main articles: Arab Revolt and Kingdom of Hejaz

During World War I, Sharif Hussein bin Ali declared a revolt against the Ottoman Empire seeking independence from the Ottoman Turks and the creation of a single unified Arab state spanning from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 423 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1447 × 2048 pixel, file size: 295 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 423 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1447 × 2048 pixel, file size: 295 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Ali bin Hussein (1879–1935) was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until December 1925. ... `Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd, King of Saudi Arabia ( 1880 – November 9, 1953) (Arabic: عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia. ... Combatants Hashemite Arabs Great Britain Ottoman Empire Commanders Faisal T.E. Lawrence Ahmed Djemal Strength 5,000 (?) 25,000 (?) This article is about the Arab Revolt of 1916. ... The Kingdom of Hejaz (1916 to 1925) was a state in Hejaz region, ruled by the Hashemite family. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Hussein bin Ali (1852-1931) (حسین بن علی; Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī) was the Sharif of Mecca, and Emir of Mecca from 1908 until 1917, when he proclaimed himself king of Hejaz, which received international recognition. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Location of the governorate of Aleppo within Syria Aleppo (Arabic: [ḥalab], ) is a city in northern Syria, capital of the Aleppo Governorate. ... Port of Aden (around 1910). ...


King Hussein declared the Kingdom of Hejaz. Later, Hussein was involved in war with Ibn Saud, who was the Sultan of Nejd. Hussein resigned following the fall of Mecca and his son Ali bin Hussein became the new king of the remaining soil of the Kingdom of Hejaz. The Kingdom of Hejaz (1916 to 1925) was a state in Hejaz region, ruled by the Hashemite family. ... `Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd, King of Saudi Arabia ( 1880 – November 9, 1953) (Arabic: عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia. ... Najd (Nejd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Ali bin Hussein (1879–1935) was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until December 1925. ...


Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

A few months later, Ibn Saud, whose clan originated in the central Nejd province, conquered Medina, and Jeddah, via an agreement with Jeddans, following the events of the Second Battle of Jeddah. He deposed the Sharif of Hejaz, Ali bin Hussien, who fled to Baghdad, settling eventually in Amman, Jordan, where his descendants became the Hashemite royal family. `Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd, King of Saudi Arabia ( 1880 – November 9, 1953) (Arabic: عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia. ... Najd (Nejd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Combatants Sultanate of Nejd Kingdom of Hejaz Commanders King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud Sultan bin Bijad King Ali bin Hussien Nawras Pasha Strength 5000 men 500 men 8 Aircraft[1] 40 artilliry 30 Machine gun a few number of armors[2] Casualties Unknown Unknown number of deaths 5 Armors 1 Aircraft... King Hussien , Founder of Kingdom of Hejaz King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud , founder of Saudi Arabia The Sharif of Hejaz (Arabic:شريف الحجاز) or Sharif of Mecca (Arabic:شريف مكة) was the title of the former governers of Hejaz and a traditional steward of the holy cities of Mecca and Medina . ... Ali bin Hussein (1879–1935) was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until December 1925. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Hashemite is the Anglicised version of the Arabic: هاشمي (transliteration: Hashemi) and traditionally refers to those belonging to the Banu Hashim, or clan of Hashem, a clan within the larger Quraish tribe. ...


As a result, Jeddah came under the sway of the Al-Saud dynasty in 1925. In 1926, Ibn Saud added the title King of Hejaz to his position of Sultan of Nejd. Today, Jeddah has lost its historical role in peninsular politics, historic Hejaz province along the west coast having been subdivided into smaller provinces, with Jeddah falling within the new province of Makkah with its provincial capital at Mecca. The House of Saud ( transliteration: ) is the royal family of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography

Most of Saudi Arabia is desert. The central region consists of an eroded plateau, mostly arid and hot in the summer and cold in the winter. The western region is mountainous, except for the coastal plain bordering the Red Sea such as the Jeddah area. This article is about arid terrain. ... For other meanings, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... In geography, a coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. ...


Jeddah borders the Red Sea from the west and the Al-Sarawat Mountains from the east. It has no rivers or valleys but it includes Sharm Ob'hur which connect the Red Sea to the other end of the city. Sharm of Salman (Also called Gulf of Salman) borders the city from north. The Sarawat Mountains or the Sarat (Arabic: ) is a mountain range running parallel to the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula and is among the Peninsulas most prominent geographical features. ... Bay redirects here. ... Bay redirects here. ...


Climate

Unlike other Saudi Arabian cities, Jeddah retains its warm temperature in winter, which can range from +15 °C (59 °F) at midnight to +25 °C (77 °F) in the afternoon. Summer temperatures are considered very hot and break the +40 °C (104 °F) mark in the afternoon dropping to +30 °C (86 °F) in the evening. Rain usually falls in Jeddah in small amounts in December. Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...


Some unusual events often happen during the year, such as dust storms in summer, coming from the Arabian Peninsula's deserts or from North Africa. Snow does not fall in Jeddah but ice pellets occasionally fall in January. “Sandstorm” redirects here. ... Arabia redirects here. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Sleet is a term used in a variety of ways to describe precipitation intermediate between rain and snow but distinct from hail. ...

Jeddah Climatological Data[8]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33 (91) 35 (95) 38 (100) 40 (104) 42 (108) 47 (117) 42 (108) 42 (108) 42 (108) 41 (106) 41 (106) 34 (93)
Average high °C (°F) 29 (84) 29 (84) 29 (84) 33 (91) 35 (95) 36 (97) 37 (99) 37 (99) 36 (97) 35 (95) 33 (91) 30 (86) 33 (91)
Average low °C (°F) 19 (66) 18 (64) 19 (66) 21 (70) 23 (73) 24 (75) 26 (79) 27 (81) 25 (77) 23 (73) 22 (72) 19 (66) 22 (72)
Record low °C (°F) 9 (48) 11 (52) 13 (55) 12 (54) 13 (55) 19 (66) 21 (70) 23 (73) 21 (70) 20 (68) 17 (63) 10 (50)
Rainfall mm (in) 5 (0.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 25 (1.0) 31 (1.2) 61 (2.4)

Economy

A part of Tahlia Street
A part of Tahlia Street

With a thousand years of trading behind it and home to some of the world most successful merchants and business people, it is natural that Jeddah is the commercial capital of Saudi Arabia. In addition, the city's geographical location places it at the heart of the region covered by the Middle East and North Africa, with all their capitals within two hours flying distance, defining Jeddah as the commercial center of the Middle East. [9] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,048 × 1,536 pixels, file size: 676 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,048 × 1,536 pixels, file size: 676 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Tahlia Street (Arabic:شارع التحلية )(Also called : Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz St. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Also, Jeddah industrial district is the third largest industrial city in Saudi Arabia after Jubail and Yanbu. Location of Jubail, Saudi Arabia. ... NASA photograph of Yanbu al Bahr Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Yanbu al Bahr (Arabic: ينبع spring by the sea), also known simply as Yanbu, Yambo, or Yenbo, is a major Red Sea port in the Al Madinah province of western Saudi Arabia. ...


King Abdullah Street

King Abdullah Street is an important place for companies' offices and commercial developments. The street hosts some of the most powerful conglomerates in Saudi Arabia such as Emaar Middle East and Al-Farsi. Conglomerate is the term used to describe a large company which consists of divisions of often seemingly unrelated businesses. ... Emaar Properties (Arabic: إعمار), the Dubai-based Public Joint Stock Company and one of the world’s largest real estate companies, is listed on the Dubai Financial Market and is part of the Dow Jones Arabia Titans Index. ...


Tahlia Street

Main article: Tahlia Street

Tahlia Street is an important fashion and shopping street in the mid-town of Jeddah. It contains many upscale department shops, and boutiques, such as Prada, Gucci, and Giorgio Armani. As the Champs-Élysées in Paris, Tahlia Street is believed to be the heart of Jeddah and Saudi Arabia's wealthiest district. Tahlia Street (Arabic:شارع التحلية )(Also called : Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz St. ... Prada, S.p. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Guccio Gucci and Gucci, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Armani redirects here. ... The Champs-Élysées (pronounced  ) is the most prestigious and broadest avenue in Paris. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Major organizations headquartered in Jeddah

Jeddah Chamber of Commerce & Industry
Jeddah Chamber of Commerce & Industry

The city has several global major organizations such as: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 453 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 453 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

The Saudi Geological Survey (SGS) is the national geologic survey of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and was established as an independent entity attached to the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources following a Council of Ministers Decision in 1999. ... a plane of the Saudi Arabian Airlines Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... The flag of the Organ of the Islamic Conference (OIC) Membership in the OIC:  Member Members once temporarily suspended Withdrew Observer Attempted to join but blocked OIC redirects here. ... Islamic Development Bank (also known as IDB), is a multilateral development financing institution. ... Jeddah Economic Forum / JEF (arabic: منتدى جدة الإقتصادي) is annual Forum Since 1999 every year in winter in city of Jeddah, west of Saudi Arabia, and has become the regions (middle east) strategic think tank focusing on regional and international economic and social issues. ... The Jeddah Chamber of Commerce & Industry,(JCCI) was established on May 1946 and since then it has been serving the economy of Saudi Arabia and has continuously contributed to its development and progress. ... Jeddah Marketing Board is the a branch of marketing systems for Saudi Arabia . ... Overview The International Association of Islamic Banks was founded in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, under the auspices of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) on the 7th of Ramadan 1397 (H) corresponding to August 21, 1977. ...

Demographics

Popular Saudi opinion regards Jeddah as the most liberal and cosmopolitan of Saudi cities in spite of its historic role as port and gateway to the holy city of Mecca. For over one thousand years, Jeddah has received millions of pilgrims of different ethnicities and backgrounds, from Africa, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Europe and the Middle East, many of whom remained and became citizens of the city. As a result, Jeddah is much more ethnically diverse than most Saudi cities and its culture more eclectic in nature (in contrast with the more geographically isolated, homogeneous, and religiously strict capital Riyadh). Different nationalities of Muslims often prescribe to different sects of Islam, and the presence of these sects in Hejazi culture has helped make the city relatively more tolerant traditionally. Added to the traditional diversity, the oil-boom of the past 50 years has brought hundreds of thousands of working immigrants and foreign workers from non-Muslim countries the majority originating from continents such as North America (Unites States of America), Europe (Western Europe), and Asia (South and South-East Asia). The term Ethnicity redirects here. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Look up homogeneity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Immigration is the movement of people into one place from another. ... Foreign farm worker, New York A foreign worker is a person who works in a country other than the one of which he or she is a citizen. ...


Culture

Religious significance

A Lady from Jeddah , This photograph was taken in 1873. It shows the traditional women clothes in the past.
A Lady from Jeddah , This photograph was taken in 1873. It shows the traditional women clothes in the past.

The vast majority of Jeddans are Sunni Muslims. With a minority of Asian and Westerner Christians. The city has over 1300 Mosques [10], and has no Churches or synagogues. But some Filipino workers report about Churches inside some Gated communities. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 344 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,166 × 2,029 pixels, file size: 178 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 344 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,166 × 2,029 pixels, file size: 178 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... A synagogue (from , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; beit knesset, house of assembly; or beit tefila, house of prayer, shul; , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... Entrance to a guard-gated community (Paradise Village Grand Marina Villas, Nuevo Vallarta, Mexico). ...


The cultural environment of today's Jeddah has been influenced by a religious movement that began in central Arabia in the mid-eighteenth century. This movement is commonly known as the Wahhabi movement. It has been also influenced by the Shafi`i school. Also, the conflict between liberals and religious scholars made a major impact on the Society of Jeddah. The Shāfi‘ī madhab () is one of the four schools of fiqh, or religious law, within Sunni Islam. ...


Since the 7th Century , Jeddah has hosted millions of Muslim pilgrims from all over the world in their way to Hajj. This merge with pilgrims has also a major impact on the society, religion, and economy of Jeddah. A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ...


Despite the ban on alcohol in Saudi Arabia, it can be found in Jeddah due to the cities liberal and open-minded attitude. However, all alcohol remains hidden, found primarily in private residence compounds, private hotel parties, and some of the private beach resorts in Obhour.

Saudi Kabsa

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,280 × 960 pixels, file size: 418 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,280 × 960 pixels, file size: 418 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Kabsa Kabsa (Arabic: كبسة) is a family of rice dishes that are served in Arab Countries along the Persian Gulf. ...

Cuisine

Jeddah residents are a mix of several different ethnicities and nationalities. This mixture of races has made a major impact on Jeddah's traditional cuisine.


Like other Saudi cities, The Nejdi Kabsa is the most traditional lunch for Jeddan people. The Yemeni Mandi is also popular as a lunch meal. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Kabsa Kabsa (Arabic: كبسة) is a family of rice dishes that are served in Arab Countries along the Persian Gulf. ... A homecooked Mandi, Hadramut, Yemen Mandi (Arabic: المندي) is the traditional dish in Hadramut, Yemen. ...


Grilled meat has a good market in Jeddah such as Shawarma, Kofta and Kebab. During Ramadan Sambousak and Ful are the most popular meals during Dusk. Chicken shawarma in Hama, Syria Shawarma (Arabic: , ‎, also spelled Chawarma, Shwarma, Shuarma, Shawerma, Shoarma or Shaorma) is a Middle Eastern-style sandwich usually composed of shaved lamb, goat, or chicken. ... Kofta, köfte, kafta, kufta or kafteh (Arabic,كوفته ,کفتة in Persian) are a family of Middle Eastern and South Asian meatballs or dumplings. ... Left to right: Chenjeh Kabab, Kabab Koobideh, Jujeh Kabab in an Afghan restaurant. ... This article is about religious observances during the month of Ramadan. ... Sambusac, also known as simbusak or samboussa, is a small fried or baked pasty, which may be either half-moon shaped or triangular. ... Ful Medames is the national dish of Egypt, often eaten at breakfast. ... Dusk in Breaux Bridge, Louisiana, USA. Dusk outside a plane on cruise. ...


American food is also popular in the city. McDonald's, Burger King, Domino's Pizza and KFC among others are widely distributed in Jeddah. Chinese and Eastern food are also popular. McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... Burger King (NYSE: BKC), often abbreviated to BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants. ... World locations Dominos Pizza, Inc. ... KFC, also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is a food chain based in Louisville, Kentucky, known mainly for its fried chicken. ...


Open-air art

During the oil boom in the late 1970s and '80s, there was a focused civic effort at bringing art to Jeddah's public areas. As a result, Jeddah contains an unusually large number of modern open air sculptures and works of art, typically situated in roundabouts, which makes it to this day the largest open-air art gallery in the world. Sculptures include works by a variety of artists, ranging from the obscure to international stars such as Jean/Hans Arp, César Baldaccini, Alexander Calder, Henry Moore, Joan Miró and Victor Vasarely and often depict elements of traditional Saudi culture - coffee pots, incense burners, palm trees, etc. The fact that Islamic tradition prohibits the depiction of living creatures, notably the human form, has made for some very creative modern art, ranging from the tasteful to the bizarre and downright hideous. These include a mounted defunct propeller plane, a giant geometry set, a giant bicycle, and a huge block of marble with several cars protruding out of it at odd angles. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gathering place. ... A roundabout is a type of road junction at which traffic enters a one-way stream around a central island. ... Cloud Shepherd Hans Arp (1953), Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas Jean Arp / Hans Arp (September 16, 1886 – June 7, 1966) was a German-French sculptor, painter, poet and abstract artist in other media such as torn and pasted paper. ... César Baldaccini (January 1, 1921 in Marseille - December 6, 1998 in Paris) was a noted sculptor. ... For other persons named Alexander Calder, see Alexander Calder (disambiguation). ... Reclining Figure (1951) outside the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, is characteristic of Moores sculptures, with an abstract female figure intercut with voids. ... Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20, 1893 – December 25, 1983) was a Spanish (Catalan) painter, sculptor, and ceramist born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain to the family of a Goldsmith and Watchmaker. ... Victor Vasarely (Vásárhelyi GyÅ‘zÅ‘) (9 April 1906, Pécs - 15 March 1997, Paris) was a French Hungarian-born artist often acclaimed as the father of Op-art. ...


Media

Jeddah is served by four major Arabic-language newspapers, Asharq Al-Awsat, Al-Madina, Okaz, Al-Bilad, as well as one major English-language newspaper, The Saudi Gazette. Okaz and Al-Madina is Jeddah's and some other Saudi cities' primary newspaper with over a million readers focusing mainly on issues that affect the city. Asharq Al-Awsat is a major pan-Arab daily newspaper, printed simultaneously on four continents in 12 cities. ... Saudi Gazette is an English language daily newspaper published in Saudi Arabia. ...


Jeddah is the largest radio and television market in Saudi Arabia. Television stations serving the city area include Saudi TV1, Saudi TV2, Saudi TV Sports, Al-Ekhbariya, ART channels network and hundreds of cable, satellite and other specialty television providers. Arab Radio and Television Network (Acronym: ART) is an Arabic-language television network characterized by its multitude of channels. ...


The Jeddah TV Tower is a 250 m (820 ft) high television tower with an observation deck at Jeddah. The tower started construction in 2006 and finished in 2007 and is a part of the new branch of Ministry of Information in Jeddah. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

See also: Jeddah TV Tower
KAU soccer Stadium
KAU soccer Stadium

Jeddah TV Tower The Jeddah TV Tower is a 250 meter high television tower with an observation deck at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 708 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) King Abdulaziz University stadium. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 708 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) King Abdulaziz University stadium. ...

Sport

Jeddah hosts the oldest sport clubs in Saudi Arabia. Al-Ittihad was the first club in the country, being established in 1928. Al-Ittihad (Arabic: ) or Ittihad Jaddeh is a Saudi Arabian sports club based in the Red Sea port city of Jeddah. ...


Football is the most popular sport in Jeddah. Al-Ittihad and Al-Ahli are well known football clubs. They are major competitors in both the Saudi Premier League and the AFC Champions League. They have also won the FIBA Asia Champions Cup. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Al-Ittihad (Arabic: ) or Ittihad Jaddeh is a Saudi Arabian sports club based in the Red Sea port city of Jeddah. ... Al-Ahli (Arabic: ‎) is a Saudi Arabian professional sports club based in Jeddah. ... The Saudi Premier League, officially known as Saudi League Tournament For Premier Level Teams (Arabic:مسابقة الدوري السعودي لفرق الدرجة الممتازة), is the main football competition in Saudi Arabia. ... The AFC Champions League is an annual international inter-club football competition between the champions and cup winners of the top 14 Asian leagues. ... The FIBA Asia Champions Cup is the Asian club championship for basketball organized by FIBA Asia. ...


There are several public football stadiums in Jeddah, such as:

Prince Abdullah al-Faisal Stadium is a stadium in the port city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... Prince Sultan bin Fahd Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... University Stadium University Yard Medicine Faculty Classroom with TV cameras , for Remote teaching King Abdulaziz University (KAU) (Arabic: جامعة الملك عبد العزيز) was founded in 1967, and had 2,000 teachers and more than 37,000 students in 2000/2001. ...

Accent

Main article: Hejazi Arabic

The Jeddah City area has a distinctive regional speech pattern called the Hejazi dialect, alternatively known as Meccan or Makkawi. It is often considered to be one of the most recognizable accents within Arabic language. Hejazi Arabic is a [Varieties of Arabic|variety]] of the Arabic language spoken in the regions of western Saudi Arabia. ...


Pronunciations in Hejazi differ from other Gulf dialects in some respects. The Classical Arabic qaaf (ق) is pronounced as /g/ sound, as in "get". Hijazi Arabic is also conservative with respect to the sound of the pronunciation of the letter ğim (ج), which is very close to the two sounds considered, by specialists, to be the best candidates for the way it was pronounced in Classical Arabic, namely, the voiced palatal plosive /ɟ/ and the palatalized velar stop /gʲ/.[citation needed] This stands in contrast with many dialects in the region which use /g/ or /ʒ/ for ğim instead. Some speakers replace the interdental /θ/ with /t/ or /s/.


The Hejazi dialect also contains fairly recent borrowings from other Arabic dialects, including Levantine and Egyptian Arabic. Levantine Arabic (sometimes called Eastern Arabic) is a group of Arabic dialects spoken in the 100 km-wide eastern-Mediterranean coastal strip known as the Levant, i. ... Egyptian Arabic (Marī مصري) is part of the Arabic macrolanguage of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. ...


Life

Life in Jeddah is different from many cities for many reasons. Firstly, Jeddah is an international city; it has many people coming from all over the world, who share their cultures. Secondly, it has many historical buildings [11], with traditional designs, and it has lots of buildings near the beach. [12] It also has very nice beaches and a Corniche [13] where people spend a very good time and relax. Also, Jeddah has the tallest fountain [14] in the world, named King Fahd Fountain. Last but not least, it has the annual Jeddah Festival. During the festival, there are many games and activities held in the city. There are shopping sprees, water skiing competitions, art exhibitions, and music festivals. Not only that, the prices of the things that are sold there are reasonably cheap.


Cityscape

City skyline
City skyline
An example of the buildings in the Old city

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (461 × 691 pixel, file size: 91 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Decaying building in Al Balad, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (461 × 691 pixel, file size: 91 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Decaying building in Al Balad, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... AL-Balad is the historical area of Jeddah, the second largest city of Saudi Arabia. ...

Old Jeddah

Main article: AL-Balad, Jeddah

The Old City with its traditional multistory buildings and merchant houses has lost ground to more modern development. However, the city's recent generations have come to appreciate its traditions more and have persevered in having many of the older buildings carefully preserved. AL-Balad is the historical area of Jeddah, the second largest city of Saudi Arabia. ... AL-Balad is the historical area of Jeddah, the second largest city of Saudi Arabia. ...


Resorts

The city has a lot of popular resorts, including Durrat Al-Arus, Crystal Resort, Al Nakheel Village, Sands, Sheraton Abhur, and many other splendid resorts. Many are renowned for their preserved Red Sea marine life and offshore coral reefs. Satellite Image by Google Earth Durrat Al-Arus is an integrated tourist village built in 1996 around 40 kilometers north of Jeddah center (Saudi Arabia) in the very old village Dahaban, which is now a part of the Jeddah city. ...


Hotels

The increasing occupancy rates of hotels every year depends on the number of tourists and hajj pilgrims. In the last few years, Jeddah received more than 2.5 millions pilgrims per year.[15]


Consulates

One of three consulates of the United States of America in Saudi Arabia is located in Jeddah, along with consulates for 67 other countries such as United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and People's Republic of China as well as countries of the Organization of the Islamic Conference and the Arab League states. The flag of the Organ of the Islamic Conference (OIC) Membership in the OIC:  Member Members once temporarily suspended Withdrew Observer Attempted to join but blocked OIC redirects here. ... Headquarters Cairo, Egypt1 Official languages Arabic Membership 22 Arab states 2 observer states Leaders  -  Secretary General Amr Moussa (since 2001)  -  Council of the Arab League Sudan  -  Speaker of the Arab Parliament Nabih Berri Establishment  -  Alexandria Protocol March 22, 1945  Area  -  Total 13,953,041 (Western Sahara Included) = 13,687,041...


Landmarks

NCB Tower
NCB Tower
Jeddah Municipality Tower
Jeddah Municipality Tower

King Fahd Fountain Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (957 × 1274 pixel, file size: 145 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (957 × 1274 pixel, file size: 145 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 418 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1001 × 1434 pixel, file size: 166 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 418 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1001 × 1434 pixel, file size: 166 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Main article: King Fahd's Fountain

Jeddah's King Fahd's Fountain is a major landmark built in the 1980s and listed by the Guinness World Records organization as the highest in the world where the water jet can reach 312 metres (1,024 feet).[16], and can be seen from very far distances. The fountain was donated to the City of Jeddah by the late King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz which is where the name is derived. King Fahds Fountain (Arabic: نافورة الملك فهد) World highest Fountain Jeddahs fountain (also called King Fahds Fountain) which dominates the city’s skyline today is the second one built as a landmark for the city of Jeddah. ... King Fahds Fountain (Arabic: نافورة الملك فهد) World highest Fountain Jeddahs fountain (also called King Fahds Fountain) which dominates the city’s skyline today is the second one built as a landmark for the city of Jeddah. ... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (Arabic: ‎, 1921 – August 1, 2005) was the king and prime minister of Saudi Arabia and leader of the House of Saud. ...


NCB Tower

Built in 1983 and believed to be the highest tower in Saudi Arabia during the 1980s, with a height over 235 m (771 ft). The National Commercial Bank is Saudi Arabia's first bank. Jeddah, National Commercial Bank National Commercial Bank (NCB) also known as Al-Ahli Bank (Arabic:البنك الأهلي التجاري) is the First Saudi Arabian bank. ... Jeddah, National Commercial Bank National Commercial Bank (NCB) also known as Al-Ahli Bank (Arabic:البنك الأهلي التجاري) is the First Saudi Arabian bank. ...


IDB Tower

The Islamic Development Bank is a multilateral development financing institution. It was founded by the first conference of Finance Ministers of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), convened 18 December 1973. The bank officially began its activities on 20 October 1975. Islamic Development Bank (also known as IDB), is a multilateral development financing institution. ... Islamic Development Bank (also known as IDB), is a multilateral development financing institution. ... The flag of the Organ of the Islamic Conference (OIC) Membership in the OIC:  Member Members once temporarily suspended Withdrew Observer Attempted to join but blocked OIC redirects here. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

IDB Tower (left) TV Tower (right)
IDB Tower (left) TV Tower (right)

Jeddah Municipality Tower Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 799 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Islamic dev. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 799 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Islamic dev. ...

Main article: Jeddah Municipality

This is the headquarters of the metropolitan area of Jeddah, the new building of the Municipality is one of Jeddah's highest towers. picture taken in summer 2006 taken in feb. ...


Education

See also: List of universities in Saudi Arabia

The school system in Jeddah has many public and private schools for both males and females. As of 2005, there were 849 public and private schools for males and another 1,179 public and private schools for female students.[17] The medium of instruction in both public and private schools is Arabic with emphasis on English as a second language, but some private schools which are by foreign entities such as (International schools) use the English language for medium of instruction. They also allow the mixing between males and females while other schools do not. Saudi Arabia has eight major universities. ... The term public school has three distinct meanings: In the USA and Canada, elementary or secondary school supported and administered by state and local officials. ... For the film of this title, see Private School (film). ... A second language (L2) is any language learned after the first language or mother tongue (L1). ... International schools are private schools that cater mainly to children who are not nationals of the host country, often the children of the staff of international businesses, international organizations, embassies, missions, or missionary programs. ...


For higher education, the city has several universities and colleges. The following list includes some of them:

University Stadium University Yard Medicine Faculty Classroom with TV cameras , for Remote teaching King Abdulaziz University (KAU) (Arabic: جامعة الملك عبد العزيز) was founded in 1967, and had 2,000 teachers and more than 37,000 students in 2000/2001. ... Arab Open University (AOU, in Arabic الجامعة العربية المفتوحة) was founded in 2002 in Kuwait, Jordan, and Lebanon. ... Dar Al-Hekma College (Arabic: كلية دار الحكمة الأهلية) in Jeddah is the first private college for women in Saudi Arabia. ... Effat College (in Arabic كلية عفت) was founded in 1999 in Jeddah - Saudi Arabia , for Female students. ... King Abdulaziz University started the Institute of Business Administration (IBA) in the year 2000 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, as a private Institute for Business and Commerce Studies. ... Prince Sultan Aviation Academy is a college for aviation sciences located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... Islamic Fiqh Academy (arabic: أكاديمية الفقه الاسلامي) is an Academy for advanced study of Islam based in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ...

Transport

King Abdulaziz International Airport (Arabic: مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي) (IATA: JED, ICAO: OEJN) is an aviation facility located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x620, 605 KB) jeddah Seaport - self made picture :) Ammarov 00:29, 24 June 2006 (UTC) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x620, 605 KB) jeddah Seaport - self made picture :) Ammarov 00:29, 24 June 2006 (UTC) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Satellite Image by Google Earth general view for the seaport Jeddah Port (also called Jeddah Islamic Seaport) has an excellent location in the middle of the international shipping route between east and west. ...

Airport

Jeddah is served by King Abdulaziz International Airport which is one of the world's busiest airports. The airport has four passenger terminals. One is the Hajj Terminal, a special outdoor terminal covered by very huge tents, which was constructed to handle the more than 2 million pilgrims who pass through the airport during the Hajj season. The Southern Terminal is used for Saudi Airlines flights with the Northern Terminal for foreign and other national airlines. The Royal Terminal is a special terminal for VIPs, foreign Kings and Presidents, and even the Saudi Royal Family. King Abdulaziz International Airport (Arabic: مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي) (IATA: JED, ICAO: OEJN) is an aviation facility located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ... Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ...


Seaport

Main article: Jeddah Seaport

Moreover, the Jeddah Seaport which is the 28th busiest seaport in the world (2005) handles the majority of Saudi Arabia's commercial movement. Satellite Image by Google Earth general view for the seaport Jeddah Port (also called Jeddah Islamic Seaport) has an excellent location in the middle of the international shipping route between east and west. ... Satellite Image by Google Earth general view for the seaport Jeddah Port (also called Jeddah Islamic Seaport) has an excellent location in the middle of the international shipping route between east and west. ... This is a list of the worlds busiest container seaports. ...


Roads and Rails

Jeddah does not have any rapid transit system but a current plan to connect the city to the capital, Riyadh, via a train is under construction. “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ...


Modern streets connect the city parts to each other, these streets are often under mercy of sewage workers or floods. Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ... Flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ...

Bad traffic on Medina Road
Bad traffic on Medina Road

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 270 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 692 pixel, file size: 382 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 270 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 692 pixel, file size: 382 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Sister cities

Jeddah has 24 sister cities (aka "twin towns") which are selected based on economic, cultural and political criteria. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Adana (Turkish: }) (the ancient Antioch in Cilicia or Antioch on the Sarus)) is the capital of Adana Province in Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... This article is about the city in Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... Map showing Almatys location in Kazakhstan Almaty Orthodox church Mosque Almaty (Алматы; formerly known as Alma-Ata, also Vernyj, Vyernyi (Верный) in Imperial Russia) is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,185,900 (2004) (8% of the population of Kazakhstan) citizens. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - City 260 km²  (100. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Emir Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... This article is about the capital city of Tatarstan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkmenistan. ... Mary is a city of Turkmenistan, capital of the Mary Province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... The ODESSA, which stands for the German phrase Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, which phrase in turn translates as “Organization of Former Members of the SS,” is the name commonly given to an international Nazi network alleged to have been set up towards the end of World War II... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan. ... For the home improvement store, see Orchard Supply Hardware. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Plovdiv (Bulgarian: ) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia, with a population of 343,662. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Shimonoseki (下関市; -shi) is a city located in Yamaguchi, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Strasburg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Xian redirects here. ...

See also

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Notes

  1. ^ An article in Al-Riyadh Newspaper
  2. ^ Middleeasthub.com: About Jeddah - Middle East Hub
  3. ^ Ibn Battota's Safari :Tuhfat Al-Nothaar Fe Gharaa'ib Al-Amsaar - Chapter: From Cairo to Hejaz to Tunisia again , ISBN 9-953341-80-X
  4. ^ SaudiCities.com - General Info
  5. ^ - Battle of Diu
  6. ^ britannica.com
  7. ^ Asia Rooms.com - Makkah Gate in Jeddah
  8. ^ Average and recorded climate of jeddah at BBC Weather
  9. ^ Saudi Arabian Water & Power Forum, www.ksawpf.com -- Commerce of Jeddah
  10. ^ Al-Sharq Al-Awsat Newspaper - Report about number of mosques
  11. ^ http://www.lclark.edu/~krauss/culturecapsulesf2001/Al-Faris%20web/images/oldb41.jpg]
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ [3]
  15. ^ www.expedia.co.uk
  16. ^ treklens.com King Fahd Fountain - treklens.com
  17. ^ Statistical information department of the ministry of education:Statistical summary for education in Saudi Arabia (AR)
  18. ^ ibnsina.edu.sa
  19. ^ bmcmedcollege.net
  20. ^ Sister cities of Istanbul - including Jeddah
  21. ^ Sister cities of Taipei - including Jeddah

The naval Battle of Diu was a critical sea battle that took place on 2-3 February 1509 near the port town of Diu, India , between Portugal and a joint fleet of Mamlûk Burji Sultanate of Egypt, Ottoman Empire, the Zamorin of Calicut and the Sultan of Gujarat, with...

References

  • Farsi, Hani M.S. (Mohamed Said): Jeddah: city of art: the sculptures and monuments. London: Stacey International, 1991. ISBN 0-905743-66-0
  • Facey, William & Grant, Gillian: Saudi Arabia by the First Photographers . ISBN 0-905743-74-1
  • Tarabulsi, Mohammed Yosuf: Jeddah: A Story of a City . 2006 - King Fahd National Liberary ,Riyadh. ISBN 9-960524-13-2
  • John F. Keane: Six months in the Hijaz : journeys to Makkah and Madinah 1877-1989. Manchester : Barzan Publishing, 2006. ISBN 0-954970-11-X
  • Al-Khaldi, Ibrahim: The Bedouin Photographer - Al-Mosawwir Al-Badawi. Kuwait, 2004.
  • Badr El-Hage: Saudi Arabia : caught in time 1861-1939 1997 Published by Garnet, Reading. ISBN 1-859640-90-7
  • Captain G. S. Froster : A trip Across the Peninsula - Rehla Abr Al-Jazeera. Mombai - India, 1866.
  • From Bullard to Mr ChamberLain. Jeddah , 1925 Feb. (No.# secrets) - Archieved Post.
  • Al-Rehani: Nejd and it's followers.
  • Al-Turki, Thuraya: Jeddah: Um Al-Rakha wal Sheddah. Published by Dar Al-Shrooq.
  • Al-Harbi, Dalal: King Abdulaziz and his Strategies to deal with events : Events of Jeddah. 2003 , King Abdulaziz national library. ISBN 9-960624-88-9 .
  • Didier, Charles: Sejour Chez Le Grand-Cherif De La Mekke. Librairie De L. Hachette et, Rue Pierre.
  • Didier, Charles: Rehla Ela Al-Hejaz - A trip to Hejaz - Translated from (Sejour Chez Le Grand-Cherif De La Mekke) into Arabic. 1854, Paris. ISBN 9-960677-14-1 .

External links

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Afif | Arar | Abha | Abqaiq | Al-Bahah | Buraidah | Dammam | Dhahran | Diriyah | Duba | Ha'il | Hofuf | Al Jawf | Jeddah | Jizan | Jubail | Khamis Mushait | Al-Kharj | Khobar | Al Majma'ah | Mecca (Makkah) | Medina | Najran | Bisha | Qatif | Ras Tanura | Khafji | Riyadh (National Capital) | Ta’if | Tabuk | Unaizah | Yanbu' al Bahr | Hafar Al-Batin


  Results from FactBites:
 
U.S. Consulate General Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Home (976 words)
The two Secretaries have met with the Custodian of the two Holy Mosques (King Abdullah) and we have had talks about the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the peace process in the region, the situation in Iraq, the crisis in Lebanon, the issue of nuclear weapons in the area, and the general disturbances in the region in general.
Director General Al-Sheikh and Manager AlGhamdi discussed with the Consul General how SWCC is working to provide Jeddah, and all of Saudi Arabia, with the most fundamental part of life- water.
This was the second class to graduate from the newly established American International School of Jeddah.
Jeddah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1142 words)
Jeddah is the principal gateway to Mecca, the holiest city of Islam, which able-bodied Muslims are required to visit at least once in a lifetime.
Jeddah is served by King Abdulaziz International Airport, a special outdoor "tent" terminal of which was constructed to handle the more than 2 million pilgrims who pass through the airport during the Hajj season, also Jeddah Seaport which is the 30th largest seaport in the worlds (2004) and the movement of saudi commerce.
Jeddah was for centuries the main city of the historic Hejaz province and historic port for pilgrims arriving by sea on their pilgrimage or hajj to Mecca.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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