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Encyclopedia > Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush

In office
January 5, 1999 – January 2, 2007
Lieutenant Frank Brogan (1999-2003)
Toni Jennings (20032007)
Preceded by Buddy MacKay
Succeeded by Charlie Crist

Born February 11, 1953 (1953-02-11) (age 55)
Midland, Texas
Political party Republican
Spouse Columba Bush
Alma mater University of Texas at Austin
Profession banking, real estate
Religion Roman Catholic

John Ellis "Jeb" Bush (born February 11, 1953) is an American politician, and was the 43rd Governor of Florida. He is a prominent member of the Bush family: the younger brother of current President George W. Bush; the older brother of Neil Bush, Marvin Bush and Dorothy Bush Koch; and the second son of former President George H. W. Bush and Barbara Bush. List of Governors of Florida: Florida Governors Military Government Territorial Government Statehood Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Florida | Government of Florida ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The position of lietuenant governor was created in the 1968 Florida state constitution (See Article IV, Section 2). ... Frank T. Brogan is the President of Florida Atlantic University and a Republican politician in Florida. ... Toni Jennings is the 16th lieutenant governor of Florida. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Kenneth Hood Buddy MacKay, Jr. ... Charles Joseph Charlie Crist, Jr. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Midland Government  - Mayor Mike Canon Area  - City 173. ... GOP redirects here. ... Columba Bush (born August 17, 1953) is the wife of former Florida Governor Jeb Bush and the sister-in-law of President George W. Bush. ... For other uses, see Alma mater (disambiguation). ... University of Texas redirects here. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Florida became as United States territory by the terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty in 1821 and joined the Union as the twenty-seventh state on March 3, 1845. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... The Bush family: President George W. Bush, First Lady Laura Bush, former First Lady Barbara Bush, and former President George H. W. Bush sit surrounded by family in the Red Room (White House) on January 6, 2005, together to celebrate the senior couples 60th wedding anniversary. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Neil Bush Neil Mallon Bush (born January 22, 1955 in Midland, Texas) is the third of five children of former President George Herbert Walker Bush and Barbara Bush (Barbara Lane Pierce). ... Marvin Pierce Bush (born October 22, 1956) is the youngest son of George H. W. Bush and Barbara Pierce, and brother of George W., John (Jeb), Neil and Dorothy. ... Dorothy Bush Koch, often called Doro, (born August 18, 1959), is the daughter of the 41st President of the United States George H. W. Bush and former First Lady Barbara Bush, and the youngest sibling of George W. Bush, the 43rd President. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ...

Contents

Early years

He enrolled at Phillips Andover, a private boarding school in Massachusetts, already attended by his brother, George. Bush made the honor roll in his first semester. Phillips Academy (also known as Phillips Andover or P.A. or simply Andover) is a co-educational University preparatory school for boarding and day students in grades 9-12. ... A boarding school is usually a fee-charging school where some or all pupils not only study, but also live during term time, with their fellow students and possibly teachers. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


When Bush was 17, he went to León, Guanajuato, in Mexico, as part of his school's student exchange program. He spent his time there teaching English, and it was there that he met his future wife Columba Garnica Gallo. Calle 5 de Mayo. ... A student exchange program is a program in which a student, typically in secondary or higher education, chooses to live in a foreign country to learn, among other things, language and culture. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Columba Bush (born August 17, 1953) is the wife of former Florida Governor Jeb Bush and the sister-in-law of President George W. Bush. ...


Bush attended the University of Texas at Austin, where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a Bachelor's degree in Latin American Studies in 1973, taking only two and a half years to complete his work, and obtaining generally excellent grades. He registered for the draft, but the Vietnam War ended before his number came up. University of Texas redirects here. ... The Phi Beta Kappa Society is an honor society which considers its mission to be fostering and recognizing excellence in undergraduate liberal arts and sciences. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Conscript redirects here. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


Family

After his early graduation, Bush married Columba Garnica Gallo, on February 23, 1974. Their three children are George P. Bush, Noelle Bush and John Ellis Bush, Jr. Their eldest son, George Prescott Bush (born April 24, 1976 in Texas), went to Gulliver Preparatory School, studied at Rice University, and earned a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Texas. Noelle Lucila Bush (born July 26, 1977 in Texas), their daughter and second child, studied at Tallahassee Community College, graduating in 2000. John Ellis "Jebby" Bush, Jr. (born December 13, 1983 in Miami, Florida), their youngest child, attended The Bolles School, a private boarding and day school in Jacksonville, and then the University of Texas. is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons of the same name, see George Bush. ... Noelle Lucila Bush (born 26 July 1977 in Texas) is the daughter of former Florida governor Jeb Bush and Columba Bush, the younger sister of George P. Bush, the older sister of Jeb Bush, Jr. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Gulliver Preparatory School is a private for-profit[1] co-educational high school located in Pinecrest, Florida, a suburb of Miami, Florida, United States. ... Lovett Hall William Marsh Rice University (commonly called Rice University and opened in 1912 as The William Marsh Rice Institute for the Advancement of Letters, Science and Art) is a private, comprehensive research university located in Houston, Texas, United States, near the Museum District and adjacent to the Texas Medical... J.D. redirects here. ... The University of Texas School of Law is an ABA-certified American law school located on The University of Texas at Austin campus. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Tallahassee Community College is a community college in Tallahassee, Florida that feeds into Florida State University. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... Miami redirects here. ... The Bolles School is a private college preparatory school with an international reputation for excellence. ... The Jacksonville skyline and the Acosta Bridge. ... The University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities, and six are health institutions. ...


John Ellis Bush, Jr., Bush's youngest son, works for a Miami commercial real estate firm. He has received media attention on two occasions: in 2000, at the age of 16, he was caught having sex in a Tallahassee, Florida, mall parking lot with a 17-year-old girl. On September 16, 2005, he was arrested and charged with public intoxication and resisting arrest on the street corner near Sixth Street in Austin, Texas. His father responded that this was a "personal family matter" which was being handled privately. In October 2007, he endorsed Rudy Giuliani for the 2008 Republican Presidential nomination, and will support the effort as chair of "Florida Young Professionals for Rudy". [1] Miami redirects here. ... Tallahassee redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 6th Street is a street in Austin, Texas. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country State County Travis Williamson Hays Settled 1835 Incorporated December 27, 1839 Government  - Type Manager-Council  - Mayor Will Wynn  - City Manager Marc Ott Area  - City 296. ... October 2007 is the tenth month of that year. ... Rudolph William Louis Rudy Giuliani (pronounced ;[1] born May 28, 1944) is an American lawyer, businessman, and politician from the state of New York who was Mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001. ...


Noelle Lucila Bush graduated from Tallahassee Community College in 2000. On January 29, 2002, according to a police report made public via The Smoking Gun, she attempted to “fraudulently obtain a prescription” at a Walgreens Drug Store located in Tallahassee, Florida.[2] The attending officer, Mark E. Dent of the Tallahassee Police Department, ascertained that Bush had telephoned the pharmacy using the name “Noelle Scidmore” in an attempt to obtain Xanax, a prescription drug used to treat anxiety disorders. As a result of her arrest, Bush was ordered by a judge to attend a rehabilitation program at the Center for Drug-Free Living in Orlando, Florida.[3] During her time at the facility, Bush was found in contempt of court after being found in possession of two grams of cocaine, and was sentenced to 10 days in jail.[3] In August 2003, Jeb Bush and his wife Columba attended their daughter's final court appearance.[4] Upon completion of her rehabilitation program, the governor's press office released a statement on his behalf. “Columba and I are pleased that our daughter Noelle has completed this step, and grateful for the treatment she's received…. She has worked hard to get here. We are proud of her efforts and love her very much.”[4] Regarding her treatment, Noelle Bush herself told the court “It's been quite a challenge, and I'm grateful.”[4] Tallahassee Community College is a community college in Tallahassee, Florida that feeds into Florida State University. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Screenshot from The Smoking Gun The Smoking Gun is a website that posts legal documents, arrest records, and police mugshots on a daily basis. ... Walgreen Co. ... Tallahassee redirects here. ... The Tallahassee Police Department (TPD), provides public safety services for the city of Tallahassee, Florida. ... Alprazolam, is an anxiolytic benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety disorders. ... Anxiety disorder is a blanket term covering several different forms of fear, phobia and nervous condition, that come on suddenly and prevent pursuing normal daily routines including: general anxiety disorder social anxiety, sometimes known as social phobia or social anxiety disorder (SAD) specific phobias agoraphobia claustrophobia panic disorder separation anxiety... For other uses, see Orlando (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Contempt of court is a court ruling which, in the context of a court trial or hearing, deems an individual as holding contempt for the court, its process, and its invested powers. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for August, 2003. ...


Early career

Business experience in Texas and abroad

After earning his degree, Bush went to work in an entry level position in the international division of Texas Commerce Bank, a job he received through James Baker, a long time family friend and chairman of the board of Texas Commerce Bank. Bush assisted in drafting communications for the company's chairman, Ben Love. The Texas Commerce Bank was a bank. ... James Addison Baker III (born April 28, 1930) served as the Chief of Staff in President Ronald Reagans first administration, Secretary of the Treasury from 1985 to 1988 in the second Reagan administration, and Secretary of State in the administration of President George H. W. Bush. ...


In November 1977, he was sent to the Venezuelan capital of Caracas to open a new operation for the bank. Bush spent about two years there, working in international finance. He eventually worked for the bank's executive program. Nickname: Motto: Ave María Santísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural. ...


Bush returned to the United States to work without salary on his father's campaign for the Republican presidential nomination in 1980, explaining: The United States presidential election of 1980 featured a contest between incumbent Democrat Jimmy Carter and his Republican opponent, Ronald Reagan, along with third party candidates, the independent John B. Anderson and Libertarian Ed Clark. ...

"I wasn't motivated for politics, I wasn't motivated because of ideology or anything. My dad's the greatest man I've ever met or will meet; I can predict that fairly confidently. It was payback time, simple as that."

His father ultimately lost the Republican nomination for President that year, but was chosen to be Ronald Reagan's running mate. That fall, George H.W. Bush was elected Vice President of the United States, and won reelection in 1984. In 1988, the elder Bush won both the Republican Party's presidential nomination and the election, becoming the nation's 41st president. An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... Reagan redirects here. ... The Vice President of the United States[1] (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS,[2] Veep, or VP) is the first person in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ...


Business and lobbying experience in Miami

Following the 1980 presidential election, Bush and his family moved to Miami-Dade County, Florida. He took a job in real estate with Armando Codina, a 32-year-old Cuban immigrant and self-made American millionaire. Codina had made a fortune in a computer business, and then formed a new company, IntrAmerica Investments Inc., to pursue opportunities in real estate. Miami-Dade County (formerly known as Dade County and many times referred to as simply Miami) is a county located in the southeastern part of the state of Florida. ... Armando Codina, a Cuban-American self-made millionaire, was among the 25 Florida electors for President Bush in the 2000 Presidential Election, and the 27 electors chosen in the 2004 Presidential Election. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ...


In 1981, his first year with Codina's new real estate venture, Bush earned $41,508. He soon became a valuable real estate salesman for Codina and helped him build a very successful property business in Florida.


During Bush's years in Miami, he was involved in many different entrepreneurial pursuits, including working for a mobile phone company, serving on the board of a Norwegian-owned company that sold fire equipment to the Alaska oil pipeline, becoming a minority owner of the Jacksonville Jaguars, buying a shoe company that sold footwear in Panama, and getting involved in a scheme to sell water pumps in Nigeria. For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... Map of the pipeline The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), usually called the Alyeska Pipeline in Alaska or the Alaska Pipeline elsewhere, is a major U.S. oil pipeline connecting oil fields in northern Alaska to a sea port where the oil can be shipped to the Lower 48 states... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995–present) AFC Central (1995–2001) AFC South (2002–present) Current uniform Team colors Teal, Black, Gold, White Mascot Jaxson de Ville Personnel Owner Wayne Weaver General Manager James Harris Head Coach Jack Del Rio Team history Jacksonville Jaguars...


Codina eventually made Bush his partner in a new development business, which quickly became one of South Florida's leading real estate development firms. As a partner, Bush received 40% of the firm's profits.


Bush was also on the payroll of Cuban exile Miguel Recarey, who had earlier assisted the CIA in attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro.[5] Recarey, who ran International Medical Centres (IMC), employed Bush as a real estate consultant and paid him a $75,000 fee for finding the company a new location, although the move never took place. Bush did, however, lobby the Reagan/Bush administration vigorously and successfully on behalf of Recarey and IMC. "I want to be very wealthy," Jeb Bush told the Miami News when questioned during that period. [6] The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ... This article is about the political effort. ...


Civic and charitable activities

After narrowly losing a 1994 election for Governor of Florida against Lawton Chiles, Bush pursued policy and charitable interests. He started a non-profit organization called The Foundation For Florida’s Future, a think tank that stated as its mission influencing public policy at the grassroots level. He also "volunteered time to assist the Miami Children's Hospital, the United Way of Dade County and the Dade County Homeless Trust".[7] Lawton Chiles in an official picture taken during his first term as governor of Florida. ... A non-profit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes, without concern for monetary profit. ... This article is about the institution. ... Public policy is a course of action or inaction chosen by public authorities to address a problem. ... A grassroots movement (often referenced in the context of a political movement) is one driven by the constituents of a community. ... The United Way of America is a coalition of charitable organizations in the United States that have traditionally pooled efforts in fundraising. ...


Jeb Bush has also worked with The James Madison Institute, a free market public policy think tank based in Tallahassee, FL. He helped the institute in numerous ways and still has his think tank working in conjunction with it. In June 2008, Jeb's institute, the Foundation for Excellence in Education,partnered with JMI to hold a summit called "Excellence in Action: A National Summit on Education Reform".[8] A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... This article is about the institution. ... Motto: Nickname: Founded Incorporated March 22, 1786   County Leon County Borough Parrish Mayor John Marks Area  - Total  - Water 254. ...



In 1996, The Foundation For Florida’s Future published a book that Bush had co-written, Profiles in Character (ISBN 0-9650912-0-1), a clear parallel to John F. Kennedy's 1955 book Profiles in Courage. The foundation also published and distributed policy papers, such as "A New Lease on Learning: Florida's First Charter School", which Bush co-wrote.[9] Bush subsequently wrote the foreword to another book, published by the conservative Heritage Foundation and written by Nina Shokraii Rees, School Choice 2000: What’s Happening in the States (ISBN 0-89195-089-3). John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Profiles in Courage book cover Profiles in Courage is a book written by John F. Kennedy, describing acts of bravery and integrity by eight United States Senators from throughout the Senates history. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... The Heritage Foundation is one of the most prominent conservative think tanks in the United States. ...


Bush co-founded the first charter school in the State of Florida: Liberty City Charter School, a grades K-6 elementary school.[10] The school is situated in Liberty City, a Miami neighborhood that was the site, in 1980, of the first major race riot since the Civil Rights era.[11] The school's co-founder, working alongside Bush, was T. Williard Fair, a well-known local black activist and head of the Greater Miami Urban League. The Liberty City Charter School still operates today as a charter school. Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools in the United States that have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each schools... A race riot or racial riot is an outbreak of violent civil unrest in which race is a key factor. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ...


Religious affiliation

In addition to his business, civic and charitable activities, Bush underwent a religious conversion during the early years of his career. At the urging of his wife, a devout Roman Catholic, the Protestant Bush converted to Catholicism. He and his wife belonged to the Epiphany Catholic Church in Miami for many years. Bush is also a Third Degree Knight of Columbus according to an August 3, 2004 speech his brother, George W. Bush, made at the 122nd Knights of Columbus Convention in Dallas. The following is an excerpt from the speech: The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Knights of Columbus emblem The Knights of Columbus is the worlds largest Roman Catholic fraternal service organization. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

"I'm proud to say that my family has contributed to your ranks. A few years ago, Governor Jeb became a Knight. And he — yes — and he recently took his Third Degree. I'll see him this weekend. His son is getting married. I'll pass on the word, aim for the Fourth."

Political career

Early campaigns

Bush got his start in Florida politics as the Chairman of the Dade County Republican Party. Dade County played an important role in the 1986 election of Bob Martinez to the Governor's office. In return, Martinez appointed Bush as Florida's Secretary of Commerce. He served in that role in 1987 and 1988, before resigning once again to work on his father's presidential campaign. In 1989 he served as the campaign manager of Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, the first Cuban-American to serve in Congress. He launched an unsuccessful bid for the Governor's office in 1994 against incumbent Democratic Governor Lawton Chiles. Bush lost the election by only 63,940 votes out of 4,206,076 that were cast for the major party candidates (2,135,008; 50.8% to 2,071,068; 49.2%). Robert Bob Martinez (born December 25, 1934 in Tampa, Florida) was the fortieth governor of Florida from 1987 to 1991. ... Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (also known as Ileana Ros; born July 15, 1952) is a Republican United States Representative for Floridas 18th congressional district (map), having held that office since 1989. ... The Florida Democratic Party is the official organization for Democrats in the state of Florida. ... Lawton Chiles in an official picture taken during his first term as governor of Florida. ...


Governor of Florida

Jeb Bush, Governor of the State of Florida
Jeb Bush, Governor of the State of Florida

In 1998, Bush defeated the Democratic opponent Lt. Governor Buddy MacKay by over 418,000 votes (2,191,105; 55.3% to 1,773,054; 44.7%) to become Governor of Florida, after courting the state's moderate voters and Hispanics. Simultaneously, his brother, George W. Bush won a landslide re-election victory for a second term as Governor of Texas, and the Bush brothers became the first siblings to govern two states at the same time since Nelson and Winthrop Rockefeller governed New York and Arkansas from 1967 to 1971. Bush is the first Republican governor of Florida to have served two full four year terms. Official Portrait of Gov Jeb Bush, copyrighted image from myflorida. ... Kenneth Hood Buddy MacKay, Jr. ... List of Governors of Florida: Florida Governors Military Government Territorial Government Statehood Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Florida | Government of Florida ... “Moderates” redirects here. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... In politics, Governor of Texas is the title given to the chief executive of the state of Texas. ... Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American Vice President, governor of New York State, philanthropist and businessman. ... This article is about the Governor of Arkansas (1967-1971). ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Paradoxically, Buddy MacKay would become Governor before Bush, as his predecessor, Lawton Chiles, died of a heart attack on December 12, 1998, only three weeks before his term ended. is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Education

Bush's administration has been marked by a focus on public education reform. His "A+ Plan" mandated standardized testing in Florida's public schools, eliminated social promotion and established a system of funding public schools based on a statewide grading system using the FCAT test. Bush has been a proponent of school vouchers and charter schools, especially in areas of the state with failing public schools, although to date very few schools have received failing grades from the state. One program that has seen fruition is the Florida Virtual High School, a distance-learning program that allows students in rural areas of the state to take Advanced Placement classes for college credit. However, his policies have also been driven by a firm refusal to raise taxes for education, which led Bush to oppose a ballot initiative to amend the Florida Constitution to cap growing school class sizes. Bush said he had "a couple of devious plans if this thing passes".[12][13] Despite his opposition, the amendment passed;[14] Bush's subsequent suggestions that the amendment be repealed[15] have contributed to criticisms that he has failed to implement it in good faith. A similar concern about new expenditures has led to controversy over whether Florida has provided adequate resources to implement a subsequent voter-approved state constitutional amendment that requires a universal state-financed pre-Kindergarten program.[16] The Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test, or the FCAT, is the means of standardized testing in the primary and secondary public schools of Florida. ... A school voucher, also called an education voucher, is a certificate by which parents are given the ability to pay for the education of their children at a school of their choice, rather than the public school (UK state school) to which they were assigned. ... Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools in the United States that have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each schools... Distance Learning is learning carried out apart from the usual classroom setting; in an asynchronous setting. ... Advanced Placement (AP) is the term used to describe high school classes that are taught at a college level. ...


In higher education, Bush approved three new medical schools during his tenure and also put forth the "One Florida" proposal, an initiative that effectively ended affirmative action admissions programs at state universities.[17] These moves were among the influencing concerns that led to the faculty of the University of Florida to deny Bush an honorary degree, whilst the University of Florida Alumni Association made him an honorary alumnus.[18] Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial quota... -1... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum, not to be confused with an honors degree) is an academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... An alumn (with a silent n), alum, alumnus, or alumna is a former student of a college, university, or school. ...


Libraries

On May 2006, as part of an unprecedented $448.7-million line-item veto of state funding, Florida Gov. Jeb Bush slashed a total of $5.8 million in grants to public libraries, pilot projects for library homework help and web-based high-school texts, and funding for a joint-use library in Tampa.[5] Jeb Bush minimized history education but the state's librarians stood up to Jeb Bush and won. [6] [7]


After months of controversy that included thousands of e-mails, petition signatures and hundreds of picketers at the State Capitol,the Florida House voted to ditch Gov. Jeb Bush's plan to give the biggest collection at the century-old State Library to Nova Southeastern University.[8]


Environment

Bush signed legislation to protect the Everglades and opposed federal plans to drill for oil off the coast of Florida. In early October 2005, Bush attempted to strike a compromise with fellow Republicans that would allow offshore drilling in an area that stretches 125 miles off Florida's coastline and give the state legislature the power to permit drilling closer to the state's coastlines. The compromise was warmly received by some Florida Republicans and U.S. Congressmen, such as bill sponsor Richard Pombo, but has yet to be agreed upon; others including Republican U.S. Senator Mel Martinez, objected to any backtracking on the drilling moratorium. Jeb Bush is skeptical about man-made global warming.[19] Map of the Everglades ecoregion as delineated by the WWF. Satellite image from NASA. The yellow line encloses two ecoregions, the Everglades and the South Florida rocklands. The South Florida rocklands ecoregion includes the Florida Keys and offshore islands and two patches within the Everglades. ... Synthetic motor oil being poured. ... Richard William Pombo (born January 8, 1961) is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Californias 11th congressional district from 1993 to 2007. ... Melquíades Rafael Mel Martínez (born October 23, 1946) is a Cuban-American, who is currently the junior United States Senator from Florida and the General Chairman of the Republican Party. ...


LGBT Issues

Bush opposes gay marriage and hate crimes status for gays and lesbians. He also promoted a friend-of-the-court brief supporting the state's ban on gay adoption.[20] Same-sex marriage is marriage between individuals who are of the same legal or biological sex. ... A hate crime (bias crime), loosely defined, is a crime committed because of the perpetrators prejudices. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... Legal status of gay adoption in Europe (map needs to be changed; UK, Norway, Iceland see text). ...


Culture of life positions

Bush is both pro-life and a supporter of the death penalty. This article is about the social movement. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ...


Bush was involved in the case of Terri Schiavo, a woman with massive and irreversible brain damage, who was on a feeding tube for over 15 years, and whose husband and legal guardian, Michael Schiavo, wished to remove the tube. This move was opposed by Terry Schiavo's parents in the courts. Bush signed "Terri's Law," a law passed by the Florida legislature that permitted the Governor to keep Schiavo on life support. The law was ruled unconstitutional by the Florida Supreme Court on September 23, 2004. That decision was appealed to the federal courts. On January 24, 2005, however, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear the case, thus allowing the Florida court's ruling to stand. Bush took heated criticism from conservatives who were disappointed that he did not take further action to prevent Schiavo from having her feeding tube removed.[21] Theresa Terri Marie Schindler Schiavo (December 3, 1963 – March 31, 2005), from St. ... For other uses, see Brain damage (disambiguation). ... Michael Richard Schiavo (born April 3, 1963) was the husband of Terri Schiavo, who became a public figure in a national debate over end-of-life issues. ... This article is about government involvement in the Terri Schiavo case, including both Florida state legislative and legal activities, and the United States federal government. ... For other uses of life support, see Life support (disambiguation) Life support, in the medical field, refers to a set of therapies for preserving a patients life when essential body systems are not functioning sufficiently to sustain life unaided. ... The Florida Supreme Court is the highest court in the State of Florida. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In law, an appeal is a process for making a formal challenge to an official decision. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS[1]) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ...


Bush oversaw 21 executions as Governor[22] (more than Graham, Martinez and Chiles while they were in office). Bush never agreed to commute any sentence[23] A total of 60 individuals convicted of murder have been executed by the state of Florida since 1976: See also Capital punishment in the United States Categories: Lists of people who were executed | People from Florida ... For other persons named Daniel Graham, see Daniel Graham (disambiguation). ...


Bush also presided over switching from electric chair (the only method of executions until 2000, now optional) to lethal injection, after a botched electrocution of Allen Lee Davis (first inmate executed under his administration and last, to date, electrocuted in Florida). After two previous botched executions (Jesse Tafero in 1990 and Pedro Medina in 1997) Governors Martinez and Chiles along with legislature declined to change methods.[24] The electric chair is an execution method in which the person being put to death is strapped to a chair and electrocuted through electrodes placed on the body. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... This article is about the execution and euthanasia method. ... Allen Lee Davis (July 20, 1944 - July 8, 1999) was a mass murderer executed on July 8, 1999, for the May 11, 1982 Jacksonville, Florida murder of Nancy Weiler, who was three-months pregnant at the time. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the year. ... Pedro Medina (October 5, 1957-March 25, 1997), who was among nearly 125,000 Cubans who came to the United States during the 1980 Mariel boatlift, was executed at Florida State Prison in the north Florida town of Starke for stabbing his former teacher in Orlando in 1982. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


While he is a firm supporter of capital punishment, Bush suspended all executions in Florida on December 15, 2006, after the execution of Ángel Nieves Díaz was seemingly botched. The execution took 37 minutes to complete, and required a second injection of the lethal chemicals. is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ángel Nieves Díaz (August 31, 1951 - December 13, 2006) was a Puerto Rican convict that was executed by lethal injection on 2006 in Starke, Florida. ...


Popularity

Bush has consistently remained popular overall in Florida — a state with more registered Democratic than Republican voters,[25] and an influential and diverse number of independent swing voters. Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Swing vote is a multi-genre band with Jack, Marc, Ryan and Alex hailing from New Jersey. ...


International trade

Bush said one of the most important goals of his final two years as Governor was to secure the FTAA Secretariat for Miami. The FTAA logo. ...


Lieutenant Governors

Lt. Gov. Frank Brogan, a former fifth-grade teacher, principal, and superintendent, served only one term with Bush. After Brogan remarried, he opted not to serve a second term. Brogan was reelected to a second term in 2002 with Bush and then resigned in March 2003. He and his new wife moved to Boca Raton, where he serves as president of Florida Atlantic University. In Tallahassee, a museum was named in honor of Brogan's late wife, Mary, who died on June 27, 1999 of breast cancer and, like her husband, was a Florida school teacher.[26] Frank T. Brogan is the President of Florida Atlantic University and a Republican politician in Florida. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Palm Beach Founded 1925 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Steven L. Abrams Area  - City  29. ... “FAU” redirects here. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ...


Following Brogan's resignation, Bush appointed former Florida Senate President Toni Jennings, with whom he had occasionally disagreed in regards to public policy, as Lieutenant Governor. The Florida Senate is part of the Legislative branch of government for the state of Florida. ... Toni Jennings is the 16th lieutenant governor of Florida. ...


Florida Cabinet

As Governor, Bush served as the chairman of the Florida Cabinet, which provides collective governance over part of state government. The Florida Cabinet is a Florida governmental body that engages in collective governance of the state. ...


Other organizations

Bush was a member of the National Governors Association and the Republican Governors Association. The National Governors Association (NGA) is an organization of the governors of the fifty U.S. states and five U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). ... The Republican Governors Association is an association for governors in the United States who belong to the United States Republican Party. ...


2002 gubernatorial election

Main article: Florida gubernatorial election, 2002

Before Bush's re-election, no Republican in Florida had ever been re-elected to serve a second term as the state's Governor. In addition, there was likely no precedent for any Governor to be branded by the opposition as its "Number One Target" for removal from office, as Bush was ranked in 2002. This was not merely a statewide effort to oust the Republican Governor, but a much-publicized goal of the DNC and its highest leadership during the 2002 election cycle. The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the principal organization governing the United States Democratic Party on a day to day basis. ...


The Democratic primary race

Bush almost faced Janet Reno in the 2002 Florida Governor's race. However, a number of other Democratic candidates also wanted to become Florida's next Governor, including Bill McBride. A prominent litigator with Holland & Knight and a novice candidate, McBride was favored by national Democratic Party leaders in part because of his military background and perceived ability to attract Florida's more conservative voters. Janet Reno (born July 21, 1938) was the first and to date only female Attorney General of the United States (1993–2001). ... Bill McBride (born May 10, 1945) is a lawyer and politician who unsuccessfully ran for governor of Florida in 2002. ... Holland & Knight LLP is one of the worlds largest law firms, with 1,200 attorneys in 100 offices across the United States and six other countries. ...


In the ensuing Democratic primary contest (where only Democratic voters could vote, pursuant to state primary laws), circumstances surrounding McBride's victory outraged many voters in South Florida. Some voting venues – located in Reno's urban strongholds of Broward County and Dade County, and operated by Democrats elected as county election officials – reportedly opened hours late, and then ignored Bush's Executive Order, issued at Reno's request, to stay open later to accommodate all voters.


The 2002 election results

In the closely watched Florida Governor's race that attracted national attention, Bush was re-elected in November 2002, becoming the first Republican in the state's history to be re-elected as Governor. Bush defeated Democratic challenger Bill McBride with 56% to 43%, a greater margin of victory than in Bush's 1998 campaign for the Governor's office. Bush also increased the number of counties in his victory column, winning several Florida counties for the very first time. 2002 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for November, 2002. ...


In January 2007, Bush became only the second Florida Governor to complete two full four-year terms in office, the first being Democrat Reubin O'Donovan Askew. (Bush was prevented from seeking a third term in the 2006 election, due to term limits under state law.) Reubin ODonovan Askew (born September 11, 1928) is an American politician. ...


Bush made political history not only by becoming the first Republican Governor to ever win re-election in Florida, but also by being the first Florida Governor to select a woman, Toni Jennings, to serve as Florida's Lieutenant Governor. No woman had ever been appointed or elected to that high office in Florida's executive branch. Toni Jennings is the 16th lieutenant governor of Florida. ...


Bush is also the first Governor to hold office while having a brother simultaneously serve as President.


Political future

Bush was unable, due to term limits under state law, to seek a third term as Governor. This article is about constitutional law; for the book by Vince Flynn see Term Limits (novel). ...


Some speculated that Bush would run against Florida's current Democratic senator, Bill Nelson, in the 2006 U.S. Senate election, but he did not; the Republican candidate was Katherine Harris, who lost to Nelson. Clarence William Bill Nelson (born September 29, 1942) is the senior U.S. Senator from Florida. ... Senate Seats up for election:  Republican incumbent  Retiring Republican  Democratic incumbent  Retiring Democrat  Retiring Independent  States without a seat up for reelection // Elections for the United States Senate will be held on November 7, 2006, with 33 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate being contested. ... For other persons named Katherine Harris, see Katherine Harris (disambiguation). ...


Notwithstanding rumors, he did not run for president in the 2008 election. The United States presidential election of 2008, scheduled to be held on November 4, 2008, will be the 55th consecutive quadrennial president and vice president of the United States. ...


Political bases

Bush is popular among Cubans in Florida (winning 80% of the Cuban vote in 2002), and popular among non-Cuban Hispanics (56% in 2002, equaling the 56% he won statewide). As a longtime supporter of Israel,[27] Bush also maintains a significant connection to Florida's Jewish voters. He was endorsed in his two winning Governor races by a national Jewish publication, and won 44 percent of the state's Jewish vote in the 2002 Governor's race.[28] Many black voters support his focus on public education and parental choice in education, and a number of Black Republican clubs have risen in Florida.[29] In his re-election in 2002, Bush surprised critics by winning[30] the white female vote in the swing-voting battleground of Central Florida's I-4 corridor. Most recently, he has reached out extensively to Florida's Haitian community. Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Black Republican is the title of a song off rapper Nas yet to be released album Hip Hop is Dead. ...


Bush's impact on his political party

Bush's appeal to Florida's highly diverse group of voters, along with his success in expanding the so-called "big tent" of the Florida Republican Party, appear to have propelled him into a commanding political position. Nationwide, American conservatives appear to be positive about Bush, seeing him as committed to upholding core conservative principles.[31] Bush often personally keeps in touch with his base, such as when he emailed his thanks to his most devoted supporters on a conservative web site within 24 hours after winning the 2002 Governor's race.[citation needed] Throughout his two administrations, Bush's office has touted his record of non–discrimination and rewarding merit, claiming he employs highly qualified women, blacks and other minorities more often in top-level government positions than any previous Florida Governor. Conservative may refer to: Conservatism, political philosophy A member of a Conservative Party Conservative extension, premise of deductive logic Conservativity theorem, mathematical proof of conservative extension Conservative Judaism britney spears Category: ...


Outside of Florida, fellow Republican leaders throughout the country have sought Bush's aid both on and off the campaign trail. Bush's out-of-state campaign visits include Kentucky, where Republican challenger Ernie Fletcher appeared with Bush and won that state's governorship in 2003,[32] ending a 32-year streak of Democratic governors. In California, after Democratic Governor Gray Davis was ousted in a recall vote, Bush dispatched Florida's budget director[33] to that state to lead an independent audit of California's budget, at the request of the state's newly elected Republican Governor, Arnold Schwarzenegger. Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Ernest Lee Fletcher (born November 12, 1952) has served as governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky since December 9, 2003. ... This article is about the U.S state. ... Joseph Graham Davis Jr. ... Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of the 2003 California recall The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ... For other uses, see Audit (disambiguation). ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German IPA: ; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, Golden Globe-winning actor, businessman and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ...


Bush's on-going interests

Bush has also been active in the neoconservative think tank Project for the New American Century, whose stated goal is to promote American global leadership. Neoconservatism describes several distinct political ideologies which are considered new forms of conservatism. ... Project for the New American Centurys Logo The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) is an American neoconservative think tank based in Washington, D.C., co-founded as a non-profit educational organization by William Kristol and Robert Kagan in early 1997. ...


Since 2004, he has been serving a four-year term as a Board Member for the National Assessment Governing Board (NAGB).[34] Created by Congress, this board’s purpose is to establish policy on reports examining K-12 students’ academic progress in America’s public and private schools. In 2008, Bush will be serving on the NAGB educational committee focused on Standards, Design and Methodology.


Bush as NFL commissioner

In May 2006, AP reported that Bush was privately approached to become the next commissioner of the National Football League.[35] This is said to be an interest of his, but it was unknown whether or not he would take the position. The former commissioner, Paul Tagliabue, announced that his tenure would soon be over and he is searching for replacements. "I'm flattered," Jeb Bush said May 24, 2006 of the NFL's interest, "but I'm Governor of the state of Florida and I intend to be Governor until I leave -- which is January 2007. And I'm not going to consider any other options other than being Governor until I finish".[36] Roger Goodell eventually became the new NFL commissioner. May 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → May 1, 2006 (Monday) Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association outraged Vatican by planning to ordain another bishop, Liu Xinhong in Anhui Province. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... NFL redirects here. ... Paul John Tagliabue (born November 24, 1940 in Jersey City, New Jersey) was the Commissioner of the National Football League. ... -1...


Speech at D.C. Summit

On January 27, 2007 Bush spoke as the keynote speaker at the National Review Institute's Conservative Summit in Washington, D.C. speaking about the Democratic take over in Congress. He told political conservatives "we lost, and there are significant reasons that happened, but it isn't because conservatives were rejected. It's because we rejected the conservative philosophy in this country."[37] He told them “don't…abandon conservative principles…we don't need to be the end all and be all for every special interest group, for every constituent that you like, for every person that's given a fundraising check to your campaign, for everything that is just wrong about public policy and politics”.[38] In attendance at the summit was former chairman of the Republican National Committee Ed Gillespie who said if he, like Bush, “left office with approval ratings above 60 percent…he might be in Des Moines today [preparing for the presidential primary]”.[37] Bush denied rumors that he would run for President in 2008, but “when questioned did not rule out running as a vice presidential candidate.” He joked about being out of work for the first time in his life but said he is happy for the opportunity to “take a pause.”[38] National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley, Jr. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... The Republican National Committee (RNC) provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States. ... Edward Gillespie (born 1962) is an American conservative Republican political lobbyist. ... This article is about the state capital of Iowa. ... Dick Cheney 46th and current Vice President (2001- ) The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is a heartbeat from the presidency. ...


New function

In April 2007, Jeb Bush joined Tenet Healthcare's board of directors.[39] Tenet Healthcare Corporation NYSE: THC is a holding company that owns and operates hospitals in the United States. ...


Electoral history

  • 1994 Race for Governor
  • 2002 Race for Governor

Lawton Chiles in an official picture taken during his first term as governor of Florida. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Kenneth Hood Buddy MacKay, Jr. ... Bill McBride (born May 10, 1945) is a lawyer and politician who unsuccessfully ran for governor of Florida in 2002. ...

See also

The Bush family: President George W. Bush, First Lady Laura Bush, former First Lady Barbara Bush, and former President George H. W. Bush sit surrounded by family in the Red Room (White House) on January 6, 2005, together to celebrate the senior couples 60th wedding anniversary. ...

References

  1. ^ "Giuliani Picks Up (Jeb) Bush (Jr.) Endorsement", Wall Street Journal Washington Wire, October 18, 2007. Accessed November 19, 2007.
  2. ^ Noelle Bush 1-4. The Smoking Gun. Retrieved on 2006-05-25.
  3. ^ a b "Noelle Bush given 10 days in jail for contempt", CNN, 8 August 2002. Retrieved on 2006-05-25. 
  4. ^ a b c "Jeb Bush's Daughter Out of Rehab", Associated Press, 8 August 2003. Retrieved on 2006-05-25. 
  5. ^ William Bowles (2003). International Medical Centers: The Jeb Bush Connection. Information Clearhinghouse. Retrieved on 2007-05-13.
  6. ^ Duncan Campbell (2002). The Bush dynasty and the Cuban Criminals. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2007-04-17.
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Cato on "Excellence in Action: A National Summit on Education Reform". Foundation for Excellence in Education. Foundation for Excellence in Education. Retrieved on 2008-08-23.
  9. ^ http://www.heartland.org/pdf/21111f.pdf (PDF)
  10. ^ Liberty City Charter School
  11. ^ African American Registry: Riot erupts in Liberty City!
  12. ^ http://www.floridacapitalnews.com/campaign/stories/1003classsize.htm
  13. ^ http://www.floridacapitalnews.com/campaign/sound/classsize2.mp3
  14. ^ Statutes & Constitution :Constitution : Online Sunshine
  15. ^ Flablog: Devious Plan Ver. 4.0
  16. ^ http://www.iamforkids.org/campaign/policybriefs/Universal_Pre_Kindergarten.pdf
  17. ^ James, Joni. Jeb Bush on One Florida, St. Petersburg Times, March 18, 2007. Accessed June 14, 2008.
  18. ^ Jeb Bush denied one honor, wins another - Politics - MSNBC.com
  19. ^ http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/ap/fn/5727232.html
  20. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/po/20070807/co_po/flarepboballenfearmademeoffersex
  21. ^ [2][dead link]
  22. ^ Execution List - Florida Department of Corrections
  23. ^ Clemency - Death Penalty Information Center.
  24. ^ Freedberg, Sydney P. The story of Old Sparky, St. Petersburg Times, September 25, 1999. Accessed June 14, 2008.
  25. ^ http://election.dos.state.fl.us/voterreg/pdf/2004/2004genParty.pdf
  26. ^ The Mary Brogan Museum of Art and Science
  27. ^ Associated Press. State: Gov. Bush declares support for Israel's fight, St. Petersburg Times, April 27, 2004. Accessed June 14, 2008.
  28. ^ Stewart, Russ. WILL IRAQI VICTORY CONVERT JEWS TO GOP?, Russ Stewart, April 16, 2003. Accessed June 14, 2008.
  29. ^ [3][dead link]
  30. ^ The (Finally) Emerging Republican Majority
  31. ^ Fiscal Policy Report Card on America’s Governors: 2002
  32. ^ Wolfe, Charles. As Ky. governor, Fletcher vows to 'clean up mess', The Enquirer, November 5, 2003. Accessed June 14, 2008.
  33. ^ Schwarzenegger building team, October 10, 20003. Accessed June 14, 2008.
  34. ^ What is NAGB?
  35. ^ [4][dead link]
  36. ^ USATODAY.com - Jeb Bush quashes NFL speculation
  37. ^ a b Zachary A. Goldfarb. "Jeb Bush preaches to conservative choir at summit", Washington Post, January 29, 2007.  Retrieved on Feb. 2, 2007
  38. ^ a b Nathan Burchfiel. "Jeb Bush Calls for Reforms, Return to Civility", CNSNews, January 29, 2007.  Retrieved on Feb. 2, 2007
  39. ^ Koenig, David. Jeb Bush joins Tenet Healthcare's board, USA Today, May 10, 2007. Accessed June 14, 2008.

The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Screenshot from The Smoking Gun The Smoking Gun is a website that posts legal documents, arrest records, and police mugshots on a daily basis. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... CNN.com is the news website maintained by CNN. The website debuted on August 30, 1995, and it describes itself as the first major news and information website on the Internet. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

The Miami Herald is a daily newspaper owned by The McClatchy Company. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Arianna Huffington (born Arianna Stassinopoulos (Greek: Αριάννα Στασινόπουλου) on July 15, 1950 in Athens, Greece) is an author and nationally syndicated columnist in the United States. ... Salon. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
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Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

Political offices
Preceded by
Kenneth H. "Buddy" MacKay, Jr.
Governor of Florida
January 5, 1999 - January 2, 2007
Succeeded by
Charlie Crist
Persondata
NAME Bush, Jeb
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Governor of Florida
DATE OF BIRTH February 11, 1953
PLACE OF BIRTH Midland, Texas
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Kenneth Hood Buddy MacKay, Jr. ... List of Governors of Florida: Florida Governors Military Government Territorial Government Statehood Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Florida | Government of Florida ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Charles Joseph Charlie Crist, Jr. ... Florida became as United States territory by the terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty in 1821 and joined the Union as the twenty-seventh state on March 3, 1845. ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Florida_state_seal. ... The Florida Territory was a historic organized territory of the United States from 1822 to 1845. ... Wiliam Pope Duval William Pope DuVal (September 4, 1784–March 19, 1854) was the first governor of Florida Territory, serving from April 17, 1822 until April 24, 1834. ... John Henry Eaton (June 18, 1790–November 17, 1856) was an American politician from Tennessee. ... Richard Keith Call (October 24, 1792 - September 14, 1862) was the third and fifth territorial governor of Florida. ... Robert Raymond Reid (September 8, 1789 - July 1, 1841) was the fourth territorial governor of Florida. ... Richard Keith Call (October 24, 1792 - September 14, 1862) was the third and fifth territorial governor of Florida. ... William Dunn Moseley (February 1, 1795 — January 4, 1863) was an American politician. ... Thomas Brown (October 27, 1785 – August 24, 1867) was an American politician who served as the second governor Florida. ... James Emilius Broome (December 15, 1808–November 23, 1883) was an American politician who was the third governor of Florida. ... Madison Starke Perry (1814–March 1865) was the fourth governor of Florida. ... John Milton (April 20, 1807–April 1, 1865) was an American politician who was the fifth governor of Florida. ... Abraham Kurkindolle Allison (December 10, 1810 - July 8, 1893) was the sixth governor of Florida, serving just 49 days as governor. ... William Marvin (April 14, 1808 - July 9, 1902) was the seventh governor of Florida. ... David Shelby Walker (May 2, 1815 - July 20, 1891) was the eighth governor of Florida. ... Harrison Reed (1868) Harrison Reed (1813-1899) was the ninth governor of Florida. ... Marcellus Lovejoy Stearns (1839 — 1891) was an American politician. ... George Franklin Drew (August 6, 1827–September 26, 1900) was the twelfth governor of the U.S. state of Florida. ... William Dunnington Bloxham (July 9, 1835 - March 15, 1911) was an American politician. ... Edward Aylsworth Perry (March 15, 1831 - October 15, 1889) was the fourteenth governor of Florida. ... Francis P. Flemings governor portrait. ... The famously foreboding face in the official portrait of Henry Mitchell, the 16th Governor of Florida. ... William Dunnington Bloxham (July 9, 1835 - March 15, 1911) was an American politician. ... William Jennings gubernatorial portrait William Sherman Jennings (March 24, 1863 – February 27, 1920) was a U.S. politician. ... Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, (April 19, 1857–October 1, 1910), known to his comrades in arms as The Prince of Liars,[1] was the nineteenth governor of the U.S. state of Florida from January 3, 1905 to January 5, 1909. ... Albert Waller Gilchrist (January 15, 1858 _ May 15, 1926) was the twentieth governor of Florida. ... Park Trammell (April 9, 1876 - May 8, 1936), an American politician of the Democratic Party, was the twenty-first governor of Florida and represented Florida in the United States Senate from 1917 until 1936. ... Sidney Johnston Catts (July 31, 1863—March 9, 1936) was an American politician. ... Cary Augustus Hardee (November 13, 1876 _ November 21, 1957) was the twenty-third governor of Florida. ... John Wellborn Martin (June 21, 1884- February 22, 1958) was the twenty-fourth governor of Florida. ... Doyle Elam Carlton (July 6, 1885 - October 25, 1972 was the twenty-fifth governor of Florida. ... David Sholtz (October 6, 1891 - March 21, 1953) was the twenty-sixth governor of Florida. ... Frederick Preston Cone (September 28, 1871 - July 28, 1948) was the twenty-seventh governor of Florida. ... Spessard Lindsey Holland (July 10, 1892–November 6, 1971) was an American politician. ... Millard F. Caldwells official governors portrait. ... Fuller Warren October 3, 1905 - September 23, 1973 was the thirtieth governor of Florida. ... Daniel Thomas McCarty (January 18, 1912 - September 28, 1953) was the thirty-first governor of Florida. ... Charley Eugene Johns (February 27, 1905 — January 23, 1990) was an American politician. ... Thomas LeRoy Collins (March 10, 1909 - March 12, 1991) was the thirty-third governor of Florida. ... Cecil Farris Bryant (July 26, 1914 - March 1, 2002) was the thirty_fourth governor of Florida. ... William Haydon Burns (March 17, 1912 - November 22, 1987) was the thirty-fifth governor of Florida. ... Claude Roy Kirk, Jr. ... Reubin ODonovan Askew (born September 11, 1928) is an American politician. ... For other persons named Daniel Graham, see Daniel Graham (disambiguation). ... John Wayne Mixson (born June 16, 1922) was the thirty-ninth governor of the U.S. state of Florida. ... Robert Bob Martinez (born December 25, 1934 in Tampa, Florida) was the fortieth governor of Florida from 1987 to 1991. ... Kenneth Hood Buddy MacKay, Jr. ... Charles Joseph Charlie Crist, Jr. ... The Bush family: President George W. Bush, First Lady Laura Bush, former First Lady Barbara Bush, and former President George H. W. Bush sit surrounded by family in the Red Room (White House) on January 6, 2005, together to celebrate the senior couples 60th wedding anniversary. ... Samuel Prescott Bush (October 4, 1863 – February 8, 1948) was an American industrialist and entrepreneur, and the patriarch of the Bush political family. ... James Smith Bush (June 15, 1825 – November 11, 1889) was an attorney and Episcopal priest and an ancestor of the Bush political family. ... George Herbert Bert Walker (June 11, 1875 - June 24, 1953) was a wealthy American banker and businessman. ... David Davis Walker David Davis D.D. Walker (19 January 1840 - 4 October 1918), a St. ... Prescott Sheldon Bush (May 15, 1895 – October 8, 1972) was a United States Senator from Connecticut and a Wall Street executive banker with Brown Brothers Harriman. ... Dorothy Walker Bush (July 1, 1901 - November 19, 1992) was the mother of the 41st President of the United States, George H. W. Bush, and the grandmother of the 43rd president, George W. Bush. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ... Jonathan James Bush (born May 6, 1931), an American banker, a brother of President George H. W. Bush, and an uncle of President George W. Bush. ... William Henry Trotter Bucky Bush (born July 14, 1938 in Greenwich, Connecticut) is the youngest son of Prescott Sheldon Bush and Dorothy Walker Bush, the younger brother of former President George H.W. Bush, and the uncle of current President George W. Bush. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born Laura Welch on November 4, 1946 in Midland, Texas) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush, murderess, and current First Lady of the United States. ... Columba Bush (born August 17, 1953) is the wife of former Florida Governor Jeb Bush and the sister-in-law of President George W. Bush. ... Neil Bush Neil Mallon Bush (born January 22, 1955 in Midland, Texas) is the third of five children of former President George Herbert Walker Bush and Barbara Bush (Barbara Lane Pierce). ... Marvin Pierce Bush (born October 22, 1956) is the youngest son of George H. W. Bush and Barbara Pierce, and brother of George W., John (Jeb), Neil and Dorothy. ... Dorothy Bush Koch, often called Doro, (born August 18, 1959), is the daughter of the 41st President of the United States George H. W. Bush and former First Lady Barbara Bush, and the youngest sibling of George W. Bush, the 43rd President. ... Robert Bobby Koch is the President and CEO of the Wine Institute, acting as their chief lobbyist in Washington D.C. In 1992, he married Dorothy Bush, the only living daughter of George H. W. Bush, at a private ceremony held at Camp David. ... William Hall Billy Bush (born October 13, 1971), co-host of the syndicated NBC Universal TV show Access Hollywood. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For the wife of George H.W. Bush, see Barbara Bush. ... Jenna Welch Bush (born November 25, 1981 in Dallas, Texas)[1] is an author and school teacher who is the daughter of U.S. President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush as well as the fraternal twin of Barbara Pierce Bush. ... For other persons of the same name, see George Bush. ... Lauren Bush Lauren Bush (born June 25, 1984) is a model and the daughter of Neil Bush and Sharon Bush (née Smith) and niece of President of the United States George W. Bush. ... For other persons of the same name, see David Davis. ... The Walkers Point estate The Bush compound, formally Walkers Point, is the summer home of 41st President of the United States George H. W. Bush. ... External Links: - Governor Announces $3 Million for Buckeye Steel (August 27, 2001) - Buckeye Steel files for Ch. ... G.H. Walker was a brokerage firm founded in 1900 by George Herbert Walker, great-grandfather of the first President Bush, and located at 1 Wall Street. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Midland Government  - Mayor Mike Canon Area  - City 173. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jeb Bush - SourceWatch (782 words)
John Ellis "Jeb" Bush, born February 11, 1953, in Midland, Texas, is a brother of President George Walker Bush and son of former President George Herbert Walker Bush.
Bush was elected as Florida's Republican Governor in November 1998 and was re-elected November 2002 (term expires January 2007).
Bush was educated at the University of Texas, with a BA Latin American Affairs (1974).
Jeb Bush - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3876 words)
John Ellis "Jeb" Bush (born February 11, 1953), is an American businessman and politician, and the Republican forty-third Governor of Florida.
Bush was unable, due to term limits under state law, to seek a third term as Governor.
Bush is popular among Cubans in Florida (winning 80% of the Cuban vote in 2002), and popular among non-Cuban Hispanics (56% in 2002, equaling the 56% he won statewide).
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