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Encyclopedia > Jean Baptiste Camille Corot
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Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (portrait by Nadar)

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (July 26, 1796February 22, 1875) was a French landscape painter. Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, portrait by Nadar (d. ... Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, portrait by Nadar (d. ... Nadar was the pseudonym of Gaspard-Félix Tournachon (1820-1910), a photographer, caricaturist, journalist, novelist and balloonist. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of every year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ...

Contents

The art of Corot

Corot worked in the style of the realists and romantics of this time. Of the painters classed in the Barbizon school, Corot's art is more individual than Rousseau's, whose works are more strictly traditional; more poetic than that of Daubigny, who is, however, Corot's greatest contemporary rival; and in every sense more beautiful than Jean-François Millet, who thought more of stern truth than of aesthetic feeling. Realism is commonly defined as a concern for fact or reality and rejection of the impractical and visionary. ... Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement in the history of ideas; it originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ... The Barbizon school of painters is named after the village of Barbizon near Fontainebleau Forest, France. ... Pierre Étienne Théodore Rousseau (April 15, 1812 - December 22, 1867), French painter of the Barbizon school, was born in Paris, of a bourgeois family which included one or two artists. ... Charles_François Daubigny (portrait by Nadar) Charles-François Daubigny (Paris, February 15, 1817 - Paris, February 19, 1878) was one of the painters of the Barbizon school, and is considered an important precursor of impressionism. ... The Sower. ...

Ville d’Avray. (c. 1867). Oil on canvas. Washington D.C.: National Gallery.

Historians somewhat arbitrarily divided his work into periods, but the point of division is never certain, as he often completed a picture years after he began it. In his early period he painted traditionally and "tight" — with minute exactness, clear outlines, and with absolute definition of objects throughout. After his 50th year his methods changed to breadth of tone and an approach to poetic power, and about 20 years later, from about 1865 onwards, his manner of painting became full of mystery and poetry. In his final 10 years he became the "Père (Father) Corot" of Parisian artistic circles, where he was regarded with personal affection, and acknowledged as one of the five or six greatest landscape painters the world has seen, along with Hobbema, Claude, Turner and Constable. Corot, Ville d’Avray, painted circa 1867. ... Corot, Ville d’Avray, painted circa 1867. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... National Gallery is a common name for a countrys major public art gallery. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Meindert Hobbema (c. ... Seaport by Claude Lorrain Claude Lorrain (Lorraine, c1604 - Rome, November 23, 1682) was a French painter considered to be one of the greatest landscape painters. ... J. M. W. Turner, English landscape painter The fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken up, painted 1839. ... Categories: Stub | 1776 births | 1837 deaths | British painters | Romantic art | Suffolk | Romanticism ...


Corot approached his landscapes more traditionally in than is usually believed. By comparing even his late period tree-painting and arrangements those of Claude, as that which hangs in the Bridgewater gallery, the similarity in methods is seen.


Besides landscapes, of which he painted several hundred, Corot produced a number of prized figure pictures. These were mostly studio pieces, executed probably with a view to keep his hand in with severe drawing, rather than with the intention of producing pictures. Yet many of them are fine compositions, and in all cases the colour is remarkable for its strength and purity. Corot also executed a few etchings and pencil sketches.


Biography

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Woman with a Pearl. Paris: Musée du Louvre.

Camille Corot was born in Paris, in a house on the Quai by the rue du Bac, now demolished. His family were bourgeois people, and unlike the experience of some of his artistic colleagues, throughout his life he never felt the want of money. After an education at Rouen, he apprenticed to a draper, but hated commercial life and despised what he called its "business tricks," yet he faithfully remained in it until he was 26, when his father consented to his adopting the profession of art. Download high resolution version (782x1107, 152 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (782x1107, 152 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Bourgeois at the end of the thirteenth century. ... Location within France Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northern France, and presently the capital of the Upper Normandy région. ...


Corot learned little from his masters. He visited Italy on three occasions, and two of his Roman studies hang in the Louvre. A regular contributor to the Salon, in 1846 the French government decorated him with the cross of the Legion of Honour, and he was promoted to an officer in 1867. His many friends considered, nevertheless, that he was officially neglected, and in 1874, a short time before his death, they presented him with a gold medal. He died in Paris and was buried at Père Lachaise. The main courtyard of the Louvre. ... Honoré Daumier satirized the bourgeoises scandalized by the Salons Venuses, 1864 The Paris Salon (French: Salon de Paris) was an institution in French official art patronage, founded in Paris, France in 1673 to exhibit art works, particularly paintings. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... French Legion of Honor The Légion dhonneur (in Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1874 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Cimetière du Père Lachaise is the largest cemetery in Paris, and one of the most famous cemeteries in the world. ...


A number of followers called themselves Corot's pupils. The best known are Boudin, Lepine, Chintreuil, Français and Le Roux. Rivage de Portrieux, Cotes-du-Nord by Eugène Boudin. ... François-Louis Français (November 17, 1814 - 1897), French painter, was born at Plombières-les-bains (Vosges), and, on attaining the age of fifteen, was placed as office-boy with a bookseller. ...


During the last few years of his life he earned large sums with his pictures, which were in great demand. In 1871 he gave £2000 for the poor of Paris (where he remained during the siege), and his continued charity was long the subject of remark. 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The works of Corot are scattered about France and the Netherlands, Britain and America.


Selected artwork

The following are among is best known work:

1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The main courtyard of the Louvre. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The Wallace Collection is a national art museum located in London. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

External links

  • Corot biography and images at CGFA (http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/corot/index.html)
  • The Webmusem on Corot (http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/corot/)
  • Corot images at Artyst (http://www.artyst.net/C/Corot19/Corot.htm)

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. File links The following pages link to this file: Abu Dhabi Abraham Lincoln Australia Adolf Hitler Animation Andorra Alaska Anatomy Asia Albert Einstein Asterales Automobile Aircraft Alexander Graham Bell Apple Computer American Civil War Ancient Egypt Asteraceae Alps Arches National Park Aarhus Almond Caesar Augustus Acacia Acropolis Acupuncture Amaranth Alexander... The Wikimedia Commons is (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


 
 

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