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Encyclopedia > Jean Rollin
Jean Rollin on the set of La Vampire nue, 1969.
Jean Rollin on the set of La Vampire nue, 1969.

Jean Michel Rollin Le Gentil (born November 3, 1938 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Paris, France) is a French auteur (filmmaker), actor, and author best known for his films in the fantastique genre. Rollin is credited as having made the first French vampire film (Le Viol du vampire, 1968) as well as the first French gore film (Le Raisins de la mort, 1978). He is also one of the early pioneers of French X-rated cinema. Image File history File linksMetadata Rollin_1969. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Rollin_1969. ... // Events Cannes Film Festival opens, but closes in support of a French general strike without awarding any prizes. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Neuilly-sur-Seine is a commune in the Hauts-de-Seine département in France. ...   City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area... The term auteur (French for author) is used to describe film directors (or, more rarely, producers or writers) who are considered to have a distinctive, recognizable vision, because they (a) repeatedly return to the same subject matter, (b) habitually address a particular psychological or moral theme, (c) employ a recurring... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An author is the person who creates a written work, such as a book, story, article or the like. ... Fantastique is a French term for a literary and cinematic genre that overlaps with parts of science fiction, horror and fantasy. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A splatter film or gore film is a type of horror film that deliberately concentrates on portrayals of gore and violence. ... X-rated, X certificate, X classification or similar terms are labels for movies implying strong adult content, typically pornography or violence. ...


Influenced by traditional French and German expressionist cinema, classic American horror, early serials, comics, fantastic literature and surrealist art, Rollin's fantastique films have been rightfully compared to a sort of visual poetry, juxtaposing the macabre with the sensual and the beautiful with the bizarre. His poetic images are often accompanied by minimal dialogue and simple but haunting musical scores, and the pacing is generally slow and deliberate. All of these qualities contribute to an atmosphere which is commonly described as surreal and dream-like. On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the subconscious. ... Fantastique is a French term for a literary and cinematic genre that overlaps with parts of science fiction, horror and fantasy. ...


Despite the limited budget of his productions, Rollin has been able to film in some spectacular locations: a rocky beach at Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, grand castles, châteaus, rolling countrysides, and cemeteries thick with gothic atmosphere. Like F.W. Murnau before him, Rollin typically employs the conventions of the horror genre, especially vampires, as a framing device for his unusual images. As a result, plot, dialogue, and narrative tend to be secondary to the visual art for which his films are known. Dieppe is a town and commune in the Seine-Maritime département of Haute-Normandie (eastern Normandy), France. ... The Western (Royal) Portal at Chartres Cathedral ( 1145). ... F W Murnau Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (December 28, 1888 – March 11, 1931) was one of the most influential directors of the silent film era. ... Horror can mean several things: Horror (emotion) Horror fiction Horror film This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Philip Burne-Jones, The Vampire, 1897 Vampires or vampyres are mythological or folkloric creatures, typically held to be the re-animated corpses of human beings and said to subsist on human and/or animal blood (hematophagy). ...


In the beginning, Rollin's films were generally not well received by his audience or critics. His first feature, Le viol du vampire, caused such a scandal that audiences booed, shouted, and threw trash at the screen. The reaction to the film was so hostile that Rollin considered quitting the film business. His next few films also failed to generate much praise. Harsh French film critics coined the derogatory term "Rollinade" to describe his particular style of cinema, which they felt was cheap, amateurish, and nonsensical. Later on, fans would embrace the term and use it proudly.


While Rollin's peculiar combination of high-art and erotic horror camp failed to generate much financial or critical success, his ability to incorporate eroticism into his films earned him steady work as a director of adult films during the early years of French X-rated cinema. Rollin (under various pseudonyms such as Michel Gentil, Michel Gand, and Robert Xavier) directed a number of adult features from 1973 to the late 1980's, ranging from light-hearted softcore/comedy hybrids to hardcore pornography. 1975's Phantasmes was Rollin's attempt at making an X-rated feature with a real story and decent actors, but the average viewer was not interested in such a thing. At the request of his producers, Rollin also made X-rated versions of some of his serious films (Lèvres de sang; La Nuit des traquées) to help fund the productions. Dark fantasy stories in which sexual imagery or the description of physical sex is blended with horrofic overtones or storylines. ... Softcore is a form of pornography that is less explicit than hardcore material in depicting or describing sexual behaviour. ... Jenna Jameson with Savanna Samson in a classic hardcore porn movie, The New Devil In Miss Jones (2005) Hardcore pornography is a form of pornography that features explicit sexual acts. ...


While making Vibrations sensuelles, Rollin saw acting potential in French adult star Brigitte Lahaie and wanted her to act in his next horror film, 1978's Les Raisins de la mort. Lahaie was perfect for the role and she began a working relationship with Rollin that continues to this day. Lahaie's leading role in 1979's Fascination helped the film garner widespread acclaim, even among critics who had ridiculed Rollin's earlier films. Moi, la scandaleuse Brigitte Lahaie (born Brigade Van Meerhaegue on October 12, 1955, in Tourcoing, France) is a notable French porn actress who began her career at the age of 20 performing in pornographic films from 1976 through 1980. ...


Jean Rollin frequently collaborated with Jean-Pierre Bouyxou, editor in chief of French magazines Fascination and Sex Stars System. Jean-Pierre Bouyxou (born January 16, 1946) is a French film critic, author, filmmaker and actor. ...


With most of his films now available on DVD worldwide, Rollin has gained a new generation of fans, as well as attracting further critical and academic attention. He currently resides in Paris and is working on his last film, La Nuit transfigurée. This article is becoming very long. ...


Selected filmography

Original poster for La Vampire nue, 1969. Artwork by Phillippe Druillet.
Enlarge
Original poster for La Vampire nue, 1969. Artwork by Phillippe Druillet.
  • La Nuit transfigurée (The Transfigurated Night) (2006) (in production)
  • La Fiancée de Dracula (The Fiancee of Dracula) (2002)
  • Les Deux orphelines vampires (Two Orphan Vampires) (1995)
  • La Femme dangereuse (a.k.a. Killing Car) (1993)
  • Perdues dans New York (Lost in New York) (1989)
  • Les Trottoirs de Bangkok (The Sidewalks of Bangkok) (1984)
  • La Morte vivante (The Living Dead Girl) (1982)
  • Lac des Morts Vivants, Le (Zombie Lake) (1981)
  • Les Échapées (The Runaways) (1981)
  • La Nuit des traquées (The Night of the Hunted) (1980)
  • Fascination (1979)
  • Les Raisins de la mort (The Grapes of Death) (1978)
  • Vibrations sensuelles (1977) (as Michel Gentil)
  • Phantasmes (a.k.a. Seduction of Amy) (1975)
  • Lèvres de sang (Lips of Blood) (1974)
  • Tout le monde il en a deux (a.k.a. Fly Me the French Way) (1974) (as Michel Gentil)
  • Les Démoniaques (The Demoniacs) (1973)
  • Jeunes filles impudiques (a.k.a. Schoolgirl Hitchhikers) (1973) (as Michel Gentil)
  • La Rose de fer (The Iron Rose) (1972)
  • Requiem pour un vampire (Requiem for a Vampire) (1971)
  • Le Frisson des vampires (Shiver of the Vampires) (1970)
  • La Vampire nue (The Nude Vampire) (1969)
  • Le Viol du vampire (The Rape of the Vampire) (1968)

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (530x713, 74 KB) Original poster for Jean Rollins La Vampire nue (1969). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (530x713, 74 KB) Original poster for Jean Rollins La Vampire nue (1969). ... // Events Cannes Film Festival opens, but closes in support of a French general strike without awarding any prizes. ... Philippe Druillet, born June 28, 1944 in Toulouse, is a French comic book artist and writer. ... // Notable events concerning the film industry in 2006. ... This is a list of film-related events in 2002. ... This is a list of film-related events in 1995. ... // March 31 - Actor Brandon Lee is accidentally killed during the filming of The Crow. ... // Events Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... // Events The Walt Disney Company founds Touchstone Pictures to release movies with subject matter deemed inappropriate for the Disney name. ... // Events January 11 - Production begins on the Star Wars film Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. ... // Events January 19 - Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquires beleaguered concurrent United Artists. ... // Events January 19 - Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquires beleaguered concurrent United Artists. ... // Events April 30 - The Roger Daltrey film, McVicar, opens in London. ... // Events March 5 - Production begins on Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. ... // Events February 1 - Bob Dylans film Renaldo and Clara, a documentary of the Rolling Thunder Revue tour premieres in Los Angeles, California March 1 - Charlie Chaplins coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery 3 months after burial March - Leigh Brackett completes the first draft for Star Wars Episode... // Events In the Academy Awards, Peter Finch, Faye Dunaway and Beatrice Straight win Best Actor and Actress and Supporting Actress awards for Network. ... // Events January 28 - George Lucas creates the second draft of what would eventually become Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... See also: 1973 in film 1974 1975 in film 1970s in film years in film film // Events February 7 - Blazing Saddles is released in USA May 1 - George Lucas creates the first draft of what would eventually become Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... See also: 1973 in film 1974 1975 in film 1970s in film years in film film // Events February 7 - Blazing Saddles is released in USA May 1 - George Lucas creates the first draft of what would eventually become Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... // Events The Marx Brothers Zeppo Marx divorces his second wife, Barbara Blakely. ... // Events The Marx Brothers Zeppo Marx divorces his second wife, Barbara Blakely. ... // Top grossing films The Godfather Fiddler on the Roof Diamonds Are Forever Whats Up, Doc?, starring Barbra Streisand and Ryan ONeal Dirty Harry The Last Picture Show A Clockwork Orange Cabaret, starring Liza Minnelli The Hospital Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex Academy Awards Best Picture... See also: 1970 in film 1971 1972 in film 1970s in film years in film film // Events February 8 - Bob Dylans hour long documentary film, Eat the Document, premieres at New Yorks Academy of Music. ... // Events February 11 - The film The Magic Christian, starring Peter Sellers and Ringo Starr premieres in New York City. ... // Events Cannes Film Festival opens, but closes in support of a French general strike without awarding any prizes. ... // Events October 30 - The film The Lion in Winter, starring Katharine Hepburn, debuts. ...

External links

  • Jean Rollin at the Internet Movie Database
  • The Official Jean Rollin Fan Club
  • The Official Jean Rollin website
  • Biography and filmography of Rollin at NYTimes (registration required)
  • ESplatter Profile of Jean Rollin
  • J. Newman, "The Cinema of Jean Rollin" Images 9 (2000).
  • Volume of the journal Kinoeye devoted to the films of Rollin

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about actors, films, television shows, video games and production crew personnel. ...

Further reading

  • Virgins & Vampires: Jean Rollin. Contains essays by Jean Rollin, edited by Peter Blumenstock. Includes CD soundtrack from Les Deux orphelines vampires. Limited edition of 300 copies, autographed by Jean Rollin. (Crippled Publishing, 1997, ISBN 3-9805820-0-0).
  • Video Watchdog #31. Peter Blumenstock interviews Rollin (1995).
  • Immoral Tales: European Sex & Horror Movies 1956-1984 (1994) by Cathal Tohill and Pete Tombs. Dedicates a chapter to Rollin.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kinoeye | Vol 2, Issue 7, 15 April 2002 | Jean Rollin special (252 words)
For over 35 years, Rollin has made challenging and highly personal films which permanently blur the boundaries between horror and erotica, art and exploitation, violence and pornography.
In this film, Rollin eschews his familiar Gothic settings and vampire lovers to focus on memory loss and its implications for human sexuality.
Arguably Rollin's most accessible film, Fascination succinctly illustrates the problems of genre, eroticism and arthouse style inherent in his work.
Jean Rollin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (839 words)
Jean Michel Rollin Le Gentil (born November 3, 1938 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Paris, France) is a French auteur (filmmaker), actor, and author best known for his films in the fantastique genre.
While Rollin's peculiar combination of high-art and erotic horror camp failed to generate much financial or critical success, his ability to incorporate eroticism into his films earned him steady work as a director of adult films during the early years of French X-rated cinema.
Rollin (under various pseudonyms such as Michel Gentil, Michel Gand, and Robert Xavier) directed a number of adult features from 1973 to the late 1980's, ranging from light-hearted softcore/comedy hybrids to hardcore pornography.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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