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Encyclopedia > Jean Renoir
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Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir

Jean Renoir (September 15, 1894February 12, 1979), born in the Montmartre Quarter of Paris, France was a film director. fair use of an image from: www. ... fair use of an image from: www. ... Jump to: navigation, search September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search This page refers to the year 1979. ... (1897), a painting by Camille Pissarro of the boulevard that led to Montmartre as seen from his hotel room. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Jump to: navigation, search The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


Renoir was the second son of Aline Victorine Charigot and the French painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Jump to: navigation, search Pierre-Auguste Renoir Pierre-Auguste Renoir (February 25, 1841 – December 3, 1919) was a French artist who painted in the impressionist style. ...


Life and work

When Jean Renoir was a child he moved with his family to the south of France. He and the rest of the Renoir family were the subjects of many of his father's paintings. As a young man, his father's financial success ensured that Jean was educated at the best of schools which, Jean later wrote, he was continually running away from. "Elegant prisons," he called them. At the outbreak of World War I Jean was serving in the cavalry. Later, after receiving a bullet in his leg, he served as a reconnaissance pilot. His leg injury left him with a permanent limp, but enabled him to discover the cinema, where he used to recuperate with his leg elevated watching the films of Charlie Chaplin and others. After the War, Jean Renoir became a ceramic artist but soon set aside ceramics in order to make his own films. This happened around the time he discovered the films of Erich von Strohiem. It was Stroheim's films, Renoir later wrote, that made him realize that the creation of a film is the creation of the world within that film, and that good films could be made in France, something he had previously thought was impossible. He began to make a study of French gesture in his father's and others' paintings. Jump to: navigation, search World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ...


In 1924, Renoir directed the first of his nine silent films, most of which starred his first wife and his father's last model, Catherine Hessling. Associated with the Popular Front in the mid thirties, several films such as "Le Crime de Monsieur Lange" reflected the movement's politics. In 1937 he directed what many see as his first masterpiece, "La Grande Illusion." This film was banned as French propaganda in Germany by the Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels. It was also later banned in Italy by Mussolini after having won the "Best Artistic Ensemble" award at the Venice Film Festival. This was followed by another cinematic success: "La Bête Humaine" (The Human Beast), a film based on the novel by Emile Zola and starring the immensely popular Jean Gabin. The Crime of Monsieur Lange (original French title: Le Crime de Monsieur Lange) is a 1936 film directed by Jean Renoir about a publishing cooperative. ... Grand Illusion (1937) poster for American release, depicting actors Jean Gabin (as Lt. ... Jump to: navigation, search Look up Nazi on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was Adolf Hitlers Propaganda Minister (see Propagandaministerium) in Nazi Germany. ... Jump to: navigation, search Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ... The Venice Film Festival (Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ... La Bête Humaine is a 1890 novel by Èmile Zola. ... mile Zola (April 2, 1840 - September 29, 1902) was an influential French novelist, the most important example of the literary school of naturalism, and a major figure in the political liberalization of France. ... Jean Gabin (May 17, 1904 – November 15, 1976) was a major French actor and war hero. ...


In 1939, Renoir directed "La Règle du Jeu" (The Rules of the Game), a tragi-comedy about the decadence of upper-class French society. Renoir himself acted in the film in the character of the mercurial Octave. The film was initially judged to be too gloomy and was greeted with derision by a Parisian crowd on its premiere; the French government banned it. In the light of the events of the Second World War, however, the violence and amorality of French ruling classes depicted in the film have given it a prescience and power that its first audiences perhaps chose not to see. In later decades it came to be recognized as one of the greatest films of all time. Jump to: navigation, search 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Rules of the Game (original French title: La règle du jeu) is a 1939 film directed by Jean Renoir about upper-class French society just before the start of World War II. The film was initially condemned for its satire on the French upper classes and was greeted... Jump to: navigation, search While it is impossible to objectively determine the greatest film of all time, it is possible to discuss the films that have been regarded as the greatest ever. ...

The young Jean Renoir with Gabrielle Renard in a painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
The young Jean Renoir with Gabrielle Renard in a painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir.

When World War II came, the 45-year-old Renoir joined the Film Service of the French army. With the German invasion and Occupation in 1941, he fled France to the safety of the United States where he worked in the film industry in Hollywood, California. In 1943, he produced and directed an anti-Nazi propaganda film: "This Land Is Mine," starring Maureen O'Hara and Charles Laughton. Two years later he made "The Southerner," a film regarded as his best work in America and one for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Directing. In 1946, Renoir became a naturalized citizen of the United States. Painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir of Gabrielle Renard and infant son, Jean The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir of Gabrielle Renard and infant son, Jean The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Jump to: navigation, search World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that... Greetings from Hollywood Hollywood is a district of the city of Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., that extends from Vermont Avenue on the east to just beyond Laurel Canyon Boulevard above Sunset and Crescent Heights Boulevards on the west; the north to south boundary east of La Brea Avenue... Jump to: navigation, search Maureen OHara Maureen OHara (born Maureen FitzSimons) on August 17, 1920 is an Irish-American film actress. ... Charles Laughton as photographed in 1940 by Carl Van Vechten Charles Laughton (July 1, 1899 - December 15, 1962) was a British-born American stage and film actor of partial Irish Catholic extraction. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Naturalization is the process whereby a person becomes a national of a nation, or a citizen of a country, other than the one of his birth. ...


After the war, Renoir traveled to India and made "The River", his first color film. Based on the novel of the same name by Rumer Godden, the film is both a meditation on human beings' relationship with nature and the sensitive story of three young girls coming of age in colonial India. The film won the International Prize at Cannes in 1951 and marked the beginning of the second great creative period of Renoir's career.


After returning to work in Europe, Renoir made a trilogy of technicolor musical comedies on the subjects of theater, politics and commerce, "The Golden Coach" (1953) with Anna Magnani, "French CanCan" with Jean Gabin and Maria Felix (1954) and "Elena and Her Men" with Ingrid Bergman and Jean Marais (1956). During the same period Renoir produced in Paris the Clifford Odets play, "The Big Knife," and wrote and produced in Paris for Leslie Caron his own play "Orvet".


Renoir's next films were made in 1959 using techniques Renoir admired and adapted from live television at the time. "Picnic on the Grass," starring Paul Meurisse, and "The Testament of Doctor Cordelier" with Jean Louis Barrault focused on the dangers Renoir saw in the overdevelopment of the human rational faculty at the expense of the senses and emotions. The former was filmed on the grounds of Auguste Renoir's home in Cagnes-sur-Mer and the latter film was made in the streets of Paris and its suburbs.


In 1962 Renoir made what was to be his second to last film, "The Elusive Corporal" with Jean Pierre Cassel and Claude Brasseur. Set among French POW's during their massive internment in labor camps by the Nazis during World War II, the film explores the twin human needs for freedom, on the one hand, and emotional and economic security, on the other. Renoir believed it was his saddest film.


In 1962, Jean Renoir published a loving memoir of his father titled Renoir, My Father, in which he described the profound influence his father had on him and his work. While funds for his film projects were becoming harder to obtain, Renoir continued to write screenpays and then wrote a novel, The Notebooks of Captain Georges," published in 1966. "Captain Georges" is the nostalgic account of an aristocrat's sentimental education and love for a peasant girl. The book continues the same theme explored earlier in the films "Diary of a Chambermaid" (1946) and "Picnic on the Grass."


Renoir made his next and last film in 1969, The Little Theater of Jean Renoir. In sympathy with the student demonstrations at the time, Renoir's original title for the film was "It's a Revolution!" The film is a series of four short films made in a variety of styles with one unifying theme, in Renoir's words, "The pitcher goes so often to the well that eventually it breaks."


Thereafter, unable to find financing for his films and in declining health, Renoir spent the last years of his life receiving friends at his home in Beverly Hills and writing novels and his memoirs.


His memoirs, titled My Life and My Films, were published in 1974. In them, he writes about the influence exercised upon him by his cousin Gabrielle Renard, the woman seen here in the portrait by his father. Shortly before his birth, Gabrielle came to live with the Renoir family in order to help raise Jean. It was she who introduced him to the Grand Guignol puppet shows in the Montmartre of his childhood. "She taught me to see the face behind the mask and the fraud behind the flourishes," he said. He concluded his memoirs with the words he had often spoken as a child, "Wait for me, Gabrielle." Gabrielle Renard, born August 1, 1878 - died February 26, 1959, was a French artists model and a nanny who was an important part of the family of painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir. ...


In 1975 he received an Academy Award for his lifetime contribution to the motion picture industry and that same year a retrospective of his work was shown at the National Film Theatre in London. In 1977, the government of France elevated him to the rank of commander in the Legion of Honor. Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Jump to: navigation, search The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... Knights badge of the Legion of Honour The Légion dhonneur (Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry first established by Napoléon Bonaparte, First Consul of the French Republic, on May 19, 1802. ...


Jean Renoir died in Beverly Hills, California on February 12, 1979. His body was returned to France to be buried beside his family in the cemetery at Essoyes, Aube, France. Beverly Hills, California Beverly Hills is a city located within the city of Los Angeles. ... Jump to: navigation, search February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search This page refers to the year 1979. ... Aube is a département in the northeastern part of France named after the Aube River. ...


Jean Renoir has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6212 Hollywood Blvd. Several of his ceramics were collected by Dr. Albert Barnes and can be found on display beneath his father's paintings at the Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania. Jump to: navigation, search An example of a Hollywood Walk of Fame star, for the film actress Carole Lombard. ...


Filmography

Some of his films are:

Jump to: navigation, search La Chienne is a 1931 drama film by director Jean Renoir. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Jump to: navigation, search Boudu Saved from Drowning (French: Boudu sauvé des eaux) is a 1932 French film, directed by Jean Renoir. ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... The Crime of Monsieur Lange (original French title: Le Crime de Monsieur Lange) is a 1936 film directed by Jean Renoir about a publishing cooperative. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Grand Illusion (1937) poster for American release, depicting actors Jean Gabin (as Lt. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... La Bête Humaine is a 1890 novel by Èmile Zola. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Rules of the Game (original French title: La règle du jeu) is a 1939 film directed by Jean Renoir about upper-class French society just before the start of World War II. The film was initially condemned for its satire on the French upper classes and was greeted... Jump to: navigation, search 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jean Renoir - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (736 words)
Jean Renoir (September 15, 1894 February 12, 1979), born in the Montmartre Quarter of Paris, France was a film director.
Renoir was the second son of Aline Victorine Charigot and one of the world's most famous painters, Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
Jean Renoir died in Beverly Hills, California on February 12, 1979.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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