Jean Dausset (b. October 19, 1916) is a Frenchimmunologist, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980 along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell for their discovery and characterisation of the genes making the major histocompatibility complex. October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Immunology is a broad branch of biomedical science that covers study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Baruj Benacerraff (born 29 October 1920) is a Venezuelan-American immunologist who shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of the Major histocompatibility complex genes which encode cell surface molecules important for the immune systems distinction between self and non-self. Born in Caracas... George Davis Snell (December 19, 1903 - June 6, 1996), U.S. geneticist; corecipient of the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, together with Baruj Benacerraf and Jean Dausset, for discovery of the Major histocompatibility complex genes which encode cell surface molecules important for the immune systems distinction between... This stylistic schematic diagram shows a gene in relation to the double helix structure of DNA and to a chromosome (right). ... The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a large genomic region or gene family found in most vertebrates containing many genes with important immune system roles. ...
Categories: 1916 births | Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine winners | Scientist stubs
JeanDausset was born 1916 as a son of a physician and visited the High School Michelet in Vanves with Paris.
JeanDausset and its both colleagues distinguished with it concerned themselves considerably with the immunological compatibility from fabrics to transplant ions.
Dausset and Benacerraf were occupied parallel at the clearing-up of biochemical key molecules in this while Snell identified the genes, which were responsible for the acceptance and repulsion of body-strange fabrics as a Genetiker above all.
Dans les années cinquante, un groupe de jeunes chefs de clinique, ou anciens chefs de clinique, emmenés par JeanDausset, débat avec ardeur des évolutions qu'il leur paraît indispensable d'imprimer au tissu hospitalier, au statut des praticiens, à la formation des médecins et à la recherche médicale.
JeanDausset et ses collègues dessinent en effet un profond chamboulement du paysage hospitalier, autour de deux axes : l'attribution aux hôpitaux d'une mission officielle de recherche, placée sur le même plan que celles de soins et d'enseignement ; la création d'un statut de médecins hospitalo-universitaires à temps plein.
Et je suis particulièrement heureux que JeanDausset ait montré avec éclat qu'un médecin peut se lancer dans l'action administrative avec efficacité et porter une réforme dans un contexte difficile.
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