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Encyclopedia > Jazz standards

Jazz standard refers to a tune that is widely known, performed, and recorded among jazz musicians. As jazz is actually a range of musical styles, musicians and bands can vary in their standards according to what type of jazz they play. Most professional bands will have repertories with many more tunes than the standards, but they will usually be sure to include some standards in an evening's performance, and have them ready to play in case of request. Jazz is a musical art form characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms, and improvisation. ... Jazz is a musical art form characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms, and improvisation. ... Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ...

Dixieland and Traditional jazz standards include: Dixieland or Dixie is a name for the south-eastern portion of the USA; see: U.S. Southern States, Dixie. ...

  • "(At the) Darktown Strutters Ball"
  • "Bill Bailey (Won't You Please Come Home)"
  • "Blues My Naughty Sweetie Gives To Me"
  • "High Society" by Nick LaRocca and Larry Shields from the Original Dixieland Jass Band
  • "(Home Again in) Indiana"
  • "Milenburg Joys"
  • "Panama" (Original title "Panama, a Characterist Novelty" from 1912)
  • "That's A Plenty"
  • "Tiger Rag"
  • "When the Saints Go Marching In" (Originally a gospel song. Nicknamed "The Monster" by some musicians, as it seems to be the only tune many people knew to request when seeing a Dixieland band, and some musicians dread being asked to play it several times a night. At Preservation Hall, a sign on the bandstand reads "Requests—$1, 'Saints' $10.")

Swing band standards include: Dominic James Nick La Rocca ( New Orleans, Louisiana April 11, 1889 - New Orleans February 22, 1961) was an early jazz trumpeter and the leader of the Original Dixieland Jass Band. ... Lawrence J. Larry Shields (September 13, 1893 - November 21, 1953) was an early jazz clarinetist. ... Shown are (left to right) Tony Sbarbaro (aka Tony Spargo) on drums; Edwin Daddy Edwards on trombone; D. James Nick LaRocca on cornet; Larry Shields on clarinet, and Henry Ragas on piano. ... In Christianity, Gospels are a genre of Early Christian literature essentially concerning the message and meaning of Jesus. ... Preservation Hall is a famous jazz performance hall in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of jazz music that solidified as a distinctive style during the 1930s in the United States. ...

  • "Caravan"
  • "In the Mood"
  • "It Don't Mean a Thing if It Ain't Got That Swing"
  • "King Porter Stomp"
  • "One O'Clock Jump"
  • "Sing, Sing, Sing"
  • "Stardust"
  • "Take the A Train"
  • "Woodchopper's Ball"

Bebop standards include: In the Mood was the signature tune of Glenn Miller and one of the best-known arrangements of the Big Band era. ... Stardust is a famous popular song by Hoagy Carmichael. ... Take the A Train is a jazz song by Billy Strayhorn, referring to the subway service that runs through New York City, going at that time from eastern Brooklyn up into Harlem and northern Manhattan, using the express tracks in Manhattan. ... Bebop or bop is a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos and improvisation based on harmonic structure rather than melody. ...

  • "Blue Monk"
  • "Donna Lee"
  • "Giant Steps"
  • "Scrapple from the Apple"
  • "Milestones"
  • "Night in Tunisia"
  • "Oleo"
  • "Round About Midnight"
  • "Salt Peanuts"
  • "Hot House"

"Mainstream" jazz standards include: Donna Lee, a bebop standard. ... Giant Steps is the first track on the album of the same name by John Coltrane, and is 4 minutes and 46 seconds long. ... Hot House, a happy bebop standard by Tadd Dameron, probably in 1948. ...

  • "All of Me"
  • "Autumn Leaves"
  • "Misty"
  • "My Favourite Things"
  • "My Funny Valentine"
  • "Satin Doll"
  • "Summertime"
  • "I Remember Clifford"
  • "Four Brothers"

And instrumental compositions such as: Misty is a jazz standard written in 1954 by the pianist Errol Garner. ... Summertime is the name of a 1935 song composed by George Gershwin for the opera Porgy and Bess. ... Four Brothers is a jazz standard composed by Jimmy Giuffre and performed by the Woody Herman Orchestra. ...

  • "Cherokee"
  • "Bags' Groove"
  • "Robbins' Nest"
  • "Stable Mates"

Jazz interpretation of classical material Classical music is music considered classical, as sophisticated and refined, in a regional tradition. ...

The categories of jazz are not exclusive as to their standards, and any of the songs may be played by bands that specialize in another style. For example, some avant-garde groups may delight in playing an old tune in their modern style, or a Dixieland band may pride themselves on playing a modern tune in a style that gives it a traditional sound. Johann Sebastian Bach, 1748 portrait by Elias Gottlob Haussmann Johann Sebastian Bach (21 March 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and organist of the Baroque period, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ...

There is no definitive list of standards. Many standards, such as those above, were originally written decades ago, and may be from old popular tunes, Broadway or musical selections, or old recordings of famous bands. However, jazz musicians might also include a wide range of more recent tunes in their concept of standards. This article is about the street in New York City. ...

It is common for jazz musicians invited to take part in a standards gig to ask the person who's booking the gig or the other musicians involved for particular tunes they have in mind. However, time spent working through a respectable "fake book," such as The New Real Book, will help in such situations. A fake book is a collection of simplified sheet music (sometimes called fake music or lead sheets), either transcribed manually or copied from some other source. ... The Real Book can refer to any of a number of popular jazz fake books, but is generally taken to refer to Volume 1 of a series transcribed and collated by students at Berklee College of Music during the 1970s. ...

See also

The following is a list of jazz standards. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Jazz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5884 words)
At the root of jazz is the blues, the folk music of former enslaved Africans in the U.S. South and their descendants, heavily influenced by West African cultural and musical traditions, that evolved as fl musicians migrated to the cities.
Early jazz influences found their first mainstream expression in the marching band and dance band music of the day, which was the standard form of popular concert music at the turn of century.
Jazz is often difficult to define, but improvisation is unquestionably a key element of the form.
  More results at FactBites »



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