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Encyclopedia > Javier Solana
Javier Solana
Javier Solana

1st High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy
Incumbent
Assumed office 
October 18, 1999

In office
December 5, 1995 – October 6, 1999
Preceded by Willy Claes
Succeeded by George Robertson

Born July 14, 1942 (1942-07-14) (age 65)
Madrid, Spain
Political party Socialist Workers' Party

Javier Solana Madariaga, Ph.D. (born July 14, 1942 in Madrid, Spain) is the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the Secretary-General of both the Council of the European Union (EU) and the Western European Union (WEU). He was named Secretary General of the 10 permanent member Western European Union in November 1999. Solana was a physicist who became a political minister for 13 years under Felipe González before serving as Secretary General of NATO from 1995 to 1999. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2800 × 2100 pixel, file size: 2. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... Open seat redirects here. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer meeting President George W. Bush on March 20, 2006 The Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is the chair of the North Atlantic Council, the supreme decision-making organisation of the defence alliance. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Willy Claes (born November 24, 1938) was Secretary General of NATO and a Belgian politician. ... George Robertson pictured at The Pentagon in June 2001 The Right Honourable George Islay MacNeill Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, KT, GCMG, FRSA, PC (born 12 April 1946, in Port Ellen, Isle of Islay, Scotland) was the Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, between October 1999 and... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... A number of international organizations and other bodies use the title secretary general or secretary-general for their chief administrative officer. ... Established 1952 Presiding Country Portugal President Luís Amado President in Office José Sócrates Members 27 (at one time) Political parties 7, including: European Peoples Party Party of European Socialists Meeting place Justus Lipsius, Brussels, Belgium, European Union Web site http://www. ...  â€¢  â€¢  â€¢ Membership 10 member states 6 associate member states 5 observer countries 7 associate partner countries Establishment Treaty of Brussels  -  Signed 17 March 1948  The Western European Union (WEU) is a partially dormant European defence and security organization, established on the basis of the Treaty of Brussels of 1948 with the... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who heads a government ministry or department (e. ... Felipe González Márquez (born March 5, 1942) is a Spanish socialist politician. ... Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer meeting President George W. Bush on March 20, 2006 The Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is the chair of the North Atlantic Council, the supreme decision-making organisation of the defence alliance. ...


Since October 1999, he has served as the EU's High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy. In 2004, Solana had been designated to become the EU's Minister for Foreign Affairs for when the European Constitution was to come into force in 2009 but it was not ratified and his position has been renamed under the Treaty of Lisbon.[citation needed] The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, commonly referred to as the European Constitution, is an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. ... For other uses, see Treaty of Lisbon (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Background and career as physicist

Solana comes from a well-known Spanish family, being the grandson of Spanish League of Nations disarmament chief, diplomat, writer and European integrationist Salvador de Madariaga and his wife the British scholar and economic historian Constance Archibald de Madariaga. His father was a chemistry professor Francisco Solana, and his mother was was the Francis Bacon historian Nieves de Madariaga Mathews. [1] His older brother Luis was once imprisoned for his political activities opposing the rule of Francisco Franco[citation needed] and subsequently became a distinguished leader in the Spanish telecommunications industry, and was one of the first socialist members of the Trilateral Commission. 1939–1941 semi-official emblem Anachronous world map in 1920–1945, showing the League of Nations and the world Capital Not applicable¹ Language(s) English, French and Spanish Political structure International organization Secretary-general  - 1920–1933 Sir James Eric Drummond  - 1933–1940 Joseph Avenol  - 1940–1946 Seán Lester Historical... Arms control is an umbrella term for restrictions upon the development, production, stockpiling, proliferation, and usage of weapons, especially weapons of mass destruction. ... European integration is the process of political and economic (and in some cases social and cultural) integration of European states into a tighter bloc. ... Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo (July 23, 1886, A Coruña, Spain - December 14, 1978, Locarno, Switzerland) was a Spanish diplomat, writer, historian and pacifist. ... Scholarly method - or as it is more commonly called, scholarship - is the body of principles and practices used by scholars to make their claims about the world as valid and trustworthy as possible, and to make them known to the scholarly public. ... Economic history is the study of how economic phenomena evolved in the past. ... For other persons named Francis Bacon, see Francis Bacon (disambiguation). ... Nieves Mathews, 1917-2003, is a noted author who is is of equal Scottish and Spanish parentage. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... The Trilateral Commission is a private organization, founded in July 1973, at the initiative of David Rockefeller; who was Chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations at that time and the Commission is widely seen as a counterpart to the Council on Foreign Relations. ...


Solana studied at the El Pilar College, an exclusive Catholic secondary school, before going to Complutense University (UCM). There as a student in 1963 he was sanctioned by the authorities for having organised an opposition forum at the so-called called Week of University Renovation. In 1964 he clandestinely joined the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which had been illegal under Franco since the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939. In the same year he graduated and then spent a year furthering his studies at Spain's Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) and in the United Kingdom. The Complutense University of Madrid, in Spanish Universidad Complutense de Madrid, is an important Spanish university, located in Madrid. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... The Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spanish High Council for Scientific Research) is usually known by the acronym CSIC. The CSIC [1] consists of (end of 2005) 116 research centres, 2,369 scientists, 3,896 graduate and post-doctoral researchers and 4,084 technicians. ...


In 1965 he went to the United States, where he spent six years studying at various universities on a Fulbright Scholarship.[2] He visited the University of Chicago and the University of California, San Diego, and then enrolled in the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. There, he taught physics classes as a Teaching Assistant and carried on independent research; he also joined in the protests against the Vietnam War and was President of the Association of Foreign Students. He received his doctorate in physics from Virginia in 1971 with a thesis on Theory of the Elementary Excitation Spectrum of Superfluid Helium: the Roton Lifetime, extending his planned stay in the US by a year in order to continue his research. Returning to Spain he became a lecturer in solid-state physics at the Autonomous University of Madrid, UAM, and then in 1975 he became a Professor at Complutense University. During these years he published more than 30 articles. For a time he worked as assistant to Nicolás Cabrera, whom he had met when Cabrera was Professor at the University of Virginia. The last Ph.D. dissertations that he directed were in the early 1990s. Fulbright redirects here. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... The University of California, San Diego (popularly known as UCSD, or sometimes UC San Diego) is a highly selective, research-oriented[1] public university located in La Jolla, a seaside resort community of San Diego, California. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Charlottesville is an independent city located within the confines of Albemarle County in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States, and named after Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the queen consort of King George III of the United Kingdom. ... Opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War began slowly and in small numbers in 1964 on various college campuses in the United States and had spread to the United Kingdom by May of 1965 [1]. By the end of 1968, as U.S. troop casualties mounted and the... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Helium II will creep along surfaces in order to find its own level - after a short while, the levels in the two containers will equalize. ... General Name, symbol, number helium, He, 2 Chemical series noble gases Group, period, block 18, 1, s Appearance colorless Standard atomic weight 4. ... Solid-state physics, the largest branch of condensed matter physics, is the study of rigid matter, or solids. ... The Autonomous University of Madrid (Spanish: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, UAM) came into being in 1968 when it had 5 main departments: Science; Political Science; Economics; Law; and Philosophy. ... The meaning of the word professor (Latin: [1]) varies. ... Nicolás Cabrera (1913-1989), was Spanish scientist who did important work on the theories of crystal growth (specifically the Burton-Cabrera-Frank theory) and the oxidisation of metals. ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... A dissertation or thesis is a document that presents the authors research and findings and is submitted in support of candidature for a degree or professional qualification. ...


Spanish politics

On returning to Spain in 1971 Solana joined the Democratic Co-ordination of Madrid as the PSOE representative.


In 1976, during PSOE's first national congress inside Spain since the civil war, he was elected Secretary of the party's Federal Executive Commission, and also Secretary for Information and Press, remaining in the post for five years. He was a close personal friend of the party's leader Felipe González, and is considered one of the PSOE leaders responsible for the transformation of the party in the post-Franco era. In 1976 he represented the PSOE at a Socialist international congress held in Suresnes, France, and again when it was held in Spain in 1977. On May 20, 1977 he accompanied González in visiting King Juan Carlos at the Zarzuela Palace. Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... Felipe González Márquez (born March 5, 1942) is a Spanish socialist politician. ... The official symbol of Socialist International. ... Suresnes is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Juan Carlos I redirects here. ...


He became a representative of a teacher's union in the Complutense University, and in this role won a parliamentary seat for PSOE on June 15, 1977. On February 23, 1981 he was in the parliament when it was taken over for 18 hours in an attempted coup by armed gunmen led by Antonio Tejero. The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... Antonio Tejero with a gun in his hand, breaking into the Congress of Deputies February 23, 1981, attempting a coup. ... Antonio Tejero with a gun in his hand, breaking into the Spanish Congress of Deputies on February 23, 1981 (23-F), attempting a coup. ...


On October 28, 1982 PSOE won a historic victory with 202 out of 350 seats in the lower house. On December 3, along with the other members of González's first cabinet, Solana was sworn in as Minister for Culture, where he remained until moving to the Ministry of Education in 1988. On July 5, 1985 he was also made the Official Spokesman for the Government for three years. is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


He was made Minister for Foreign Affairs on July 22, 1992, the day before the opening of the II Ibero-American conference of heads of state in Madrid, replacing the terminally ill Francisco Fernández Ordóñez. On November 27–28 1995, while Spain held the Presidency of the Council of the EU, Solana convened and chaired the Barcelona Conference. A treaty was achieved between the twenty-seven nations in attendance with Solana gaining credit for what he called "a process to foster cultural and economic unity in the Mediterranean region". is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Organization of Ibero-American States is an international organisation, comprising Latin America, Spain and Portugal. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... Francisco Fernández Ordóñez (1930-1992) was a Spanish ´politician who became Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government of Felipe González from 1985 until shortly before his death from a terminal illness in 1992. ... Presidency of the Council of the European Union refers to the responsibility of presiding over all aspects of the Council of the European Union, when exercised collectively by a government, on a pre-established rota of the member states, of the European Union. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Euromediterranean Partnership. ... The Mediterranean Basin refers to the lands around and surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. ...


It was during these thirteen years as a cabinet minister that Solana's reputation as a discreet and diplomatic politician grew. By going to the foreign Ministry in the later years of González administration he avoided the political scandals of corruption, and of the dirty war allegedly being fought against ETA, that characterised its last years. Towards the end of 1995, Solana – the only surviving member of González's original cabinet – was talked about in the press as a possible candidate to replace him and lead the PSOE in the following March elections. Instead, he made the leap to international politics. Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (Antiterrorist Liberation Groups) were death squads illegally set up by officials within the Spanish government to fight ETA. They were active from 1983 until 1987, under PSOEs cabinets. ... For other uses, see ETA (disambiguation). ...


During and after his spell as NATO secretary general (see below) Solana continues to play an active role in PSOE and Spanish politics. In June 1997, at the XXXIV PSOE Congress, Solana left their Executive Commission and joined their Federal Committee, being re-elected in second place three years later. By supporting Colin Powell's February 5, 2003 speech to the UN Security council which claimed that Iraq had WMD's Solana contradicted the position of his party leader José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, who opposed the PP government of José María Aznar's support for the invasion of Iraq. Solana is seen, along with González, as representing the older wing of the party. On February 15, 2005 he criticised the Plan Ibarretxe for its position on Basque Country independence, saying that its call for separate Basque representation within the EU had no place within the proposed EU constitution. General Colin Luther Powell, United States Army (Ret. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Xzibit album, see Weapons of Mass Destruction (album). ...   (IPA: ) (born 4 August 1960), better known under his second surname Zapatero, is the Prime Minister of Spain. ... The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular, PP) is the largest right-wing political party in Spain. ...   (born in Madrid on February 25, 1953) is a Spanish politician who served as Spanish prime minister from 1996 to 2004. ... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Juan José Ibarretxe Juan José Ibarretxe Markuartu (born May 15, 1957) is a Basque politician. ... Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ...


NATO

On December 5, 1995, Solana became the new Secretary-General of NATO, replacing Willy Claes who had been forced to resign in a corruption scandal. His appointment created controversy as, in the past, he had been an opponent of NATO. He had written a pamphlet called 50 Reasons to say no to NATO, and had been on a US subversives list.[citation needed] On May 30, 1982 Spain joined NATO. When PSOE came to power later that year, Solana and the party changed their previous anti-NATO positions into an atlanticist, pro-NATO stance. On March 12, 1986 Spain held a referendum on whether to remain in NATO, with the government and Solana successfully campaigning in favour. When criticised about his anti-NATO past, Solana argued that he was happy to be its representative as it had become disassociated from its Cold War origins. is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer meeting President George W. Bush on March 20, 2006 The Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is the chair of the North Atlantic Council, the supreme decision-making organisation of the defence alliance. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... Willy Claes (born November 24, 1938) was Secretary General of NATO and a Belgian politician. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Atlanticism is a philosophy of cooperation among Western European and North American nations (specifically the United States, and Canada) regarding political, economic, and defense issues, with the purpose to maintain the security of the participating countries, and to protect the values that unite them: democracy, individual liberty and the rule... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural referendums or referenda), ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


Solana immediately had to take command of the Balkans NATO mission Operation Joint Endeavour that consisted of a multinational peacekeeping Implementation Force (IFOR) of 60,000 soldiers which took over from a United Nations mission on December 20. This came about through the Dayton agreement, after NATO had bombed selected targets in Bosnia and Herzegovina the previous August and September. He did this by deploying the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC). In December 1996 the ARRC was again activated, with IFOR being replaced by a 32,000-strong Stabilisation Force (SFOR) operating under codenames Joint Guard and later Joint Forge. Balkan redirects here. ... The acronym IFOR may also refer to the International Fellowship of Reconciliation. ... UN redirects here. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton-Paris Agreement, is the peace agreement reached at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris on December 14... The Headquarters Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps, (HQ ARRC or ARRC) was created in 1992 based on the former British I Corps. ... Members of the Dutch, French, German and U.S. military watch as an Italian honour guard hoists the new Stabilisation Force flag during the Stabilisation Force (SFOR) activation ceremony in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the 20 of December 1996. ...


Under Solana's guidance, NATO reorganised its political and military structure and changed its basic strategies. He gained the reputation of being a very successful, diplomatic Secretary General who was capable of negotiating between the differing NATO members and between NATO and non-NATO States. In December 1995 France partially returned to the military structure of NATO, while in November 1996 Spain joined it. On May 27, 1997, after 5 months of negotiations with Russian foreign minister Yevgeny Primakov, an agreement was reached resulting in the Paris Foundation Act. This was considered a considerable diplomatic achievement as it formally ended hostilities between Russia and NATO. On the same day, Solana set up the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council to improve relations between European NATO and non-NATO countries. In July of 1997, the former Eastern bloc nations of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland were invited to begin talks towards their accession into NATO, which occurred on March 12, 1999. is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC), a NATO institution, is a multilateral forum created to improve relations between NATO and non-NATO countries in Europe and those parts of Asia on the European periphery. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc 1948-1989. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...


Kosovo war

Keeping the peace in the former Yugoslavia continued to be both difficult and controversial. IFOR and SFOR had received a lot of criticism for their inability to capture the Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadžić and Ratko Mladić. In late 1998 the conflict in the Serbian province of Kosovo between the Serbian authorities and the Kosovar Albanian guerilla Kosovo Liberation Army deteriorated, culminating in the Racak incident, a massacre of 45 Albanians on January 15, 1999. NATO decided that the conflict could only be settled by introducing a proper military peacekeeping force under their auspices, to forcibly restrain the two sides.[citation needed] On January 30, 1999 NATO announced that it was prepared to launch air strikes against Yugoslav targets. On February 6 Solana met both sides for negotiations at the Château de Rambouillet, but they were unsuccessful. Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Radovan Karadžić during a visit to Moscow in 1994. ... Ratko Mladić General Ratko Mladić during UN-mediated talks at Sarajevo airport in 1993. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Château de Rambouillet, which is the summer residence of the Presidents of France, is located in the town of Rambouillet, Yvelines département, France, 50 km (30 miles) southwest of Paris. ...


On March 24, NATO forces launched air attacks on military and civilian targets in Yugoslavia, without authorization from the United Nations Security Council. Solana justified the attacks on humanitarian grounds, and on the responsibility of NATO to keep peace in Europe and to prevent recurrences of ethnic cleansing and genocide similar to those which occurred during the Bosnian War (1992-1995). is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbian Government Republic President  - 1992 - 1993 Dobrica Ćosić  - 1993 - 1997 Zoran Lilić  - 1997 – 2000 Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević  - 2000 - 2003 Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Prime Minister  - 1992 - 1993 Milan Panić  - 1993 - 1998 Radoje Kontić  - 1998 - 2000 Momir Bulatović  - 2000 - 2001 Zoran Žižić  - 2001 - 2003 DragiÅ¡a Pe... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia took place during the Kosovo War. ... Humanitarianism is the view that all people should be treated with the respect and dignity they deserve as human beings, and that advancing the well-being of humanity is a noble goal. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For the video game, see Ethnic Cleansing (computer game). ... For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Srebrenica massacre. ... Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim...

Solana with Bill Clinton and Madeleine Albright, 1999
Solana with Bill Clinton and Madeleine Albright, 1999

Solana and NATO were criticised for the civilian casualties caused by the bombings.[3][4] On April 23-24, the North Atlantic Council met in Washington D.C. where the Heads of State of the member nations agreed to the New Strategic Concept, which changed the basic defensive nature of the organisation and allowed for NATO intervention in a greater range of situations than before. Image File history File links Javier_Solana_Clinton. ... Image File history File links Javier_Solana_Clinton. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Madeleine Korbel Albright (born Marie Jana Korbelová, IPA: , on May 15, 1937) was the first woman to become United States Secretary of State. ... North Atlantic Council is the most senior political governing body of NATO. The NAC can be held at the Permanent Representative Level (PermReps), or can be comprised of member states Ministers of State, Defense, or Heads of State. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys...


On June 10, Serbian forces withdrew from Kosovo, and NATO stopped its attacks, which ended the Kosovo War. The same day UN Security Council Resolution 1244 authorised NATO to active the ARRC, with the Kosovo Force launching Operation Joint Guardian and occupying the province on June 12. Solana left NATO on October 6 , 1999, two months ahead of schedule, and was replaced by George Robertson. is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wikisource. ... Pocket badge of the KFOR Ukrainian soldier on foot patrolling in Serbian village near Brezovica KFOR vehicle of the French Army The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing and maintaining security in Kosovo. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... George Robertson pictured at The Pentagon in June 2001 The Right Honourable George Islay MacNeill Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, KT, GCMG, FRSA, PC (born 12 April 1946, in Port Ellen, Isle of Islay, Scotland) was the Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, between October 1999 and...


EU foreign policy chief

European Union

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Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy, or CFSP, was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1999. ...

Politics

CFSP High Representative
The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ...

Javier Solana

Foreign and Security Policy
Security and Defence Policy
Defence Initiative
Defence Procurement
Petersberg tasks
Foreign relations The Common Foreign and Security Policy, or CFSP, was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1999. ... The European Security and Defence Policy or ESDP is a major element of the Common Foreign and Security Policy pillar of the European Union (EU). ... The European Defence Initiative is a proposal for enhanced European Union defence cooperation presented by France, Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg in Brussels on 29 April 2004. ... European defence procurement refers to the collective armaments purchasing polices of European nations. ... The European Security and Defence Policy or ESDP is considered a major element of the Common Foreign and Security Policy pillar of the European Union (EU). ... Foreign relations of the European Union Foreign relations of Austria Foreign relations of Belgium Foreign relations of Cyprus Foreign relations of the Czech Republic Foreign relations of Denmark Foreign relations of Estonia Foreign relations of Finland Foreign relations of France Foreign relations of Germany Foreign relations of Greece Foreign relations...

Bodies

Political and Security Committee
Military Committee
Military Staff
Defence Agency
Institute for Security Studies
Satellite Centre The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... We dont have an article called European Union Military Committee Start this article Search for European Union Military Committee in. ... More on the Council of the European Union; General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union; Private office; Departments attached to the Secretary-General/High Representative; See also Military of the European Union External links http://www. ... Agency of the European Union Location: Brussels, Belgium Formation - Signed - Established July 2004 Superseding pillar: Common Foreign and Security Policy Director: Kriegstreiber Javier Solana Website: eda. ... The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) came into being on July 20, 2001 as a replacement to the Western European Union Institute for Security Studies, and thus represents a part of the transfer of functions from the Western European Union (WEU) to the European Union EU, and more... The European Union Satellite Centre (EUSC) was set up in 2002 in order to replace the Western Union Satellite Centre and thus represents a part of the transfer of functions from the Western European Union (WEU) to the European Union EU, and more specifically to the Common Foreign and Security...

Military Forces

Helsinki Headline Goal
EUFOR
Battlegroups
Gendarmerie
Eurocorps
Deployments The European Union is not a state and does not have its own dedicated military forces, although there are a number of multi-national military and peacekeeping forces which are ultimately under the command of the EU. An early attempt (1952) to form a European Defence Community failed, and no... This article is about the European Union military capability. ... EUFOR former Commander General David Leakey. ... European Union battlegroups (EU BGs) are military forces of 1500 combat soldiers under the control of the European Union. ... The European Gendarmerie Force or EGF was launched by an agreement between five members of the European Union (France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands) and its purpose was the creation of a European intervention force which would have military police (gendarmerie) functions, and be specialized in crisis management. ... The badge of the Eurocorps Eurocorps is a force which consists of up to 60,000 soldiers drawn from the armies of Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and Spain. ...

Related organisations

Western European Union
North Atlantic Treaty Organization  â€¢  â€¢  â€¢ Membership 10 member states 6 associate member states 5 observer countries 7 associate partner countries Establishment Treaty of Brussels  -  Signed 17 March 1948  The Western European Union (WEU) is a partially dormant European defence and security organization, established on the basis of the Treaty of Brussels of 1948 with the... This article is about the military alliance. ...


 v  d  e 

After leaving NATO, Solana took up a role in the European Union. Earlier in the year, on the 1999-07-04, he was appointed by the Cologne European Council as Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union. An administrative position but it was decided that the Secretary-General would also be appointed High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). In this role he represented the EU abroad where there was an agreed common policy. He took up the post on 1999-10-18, shortly after standing down from NATO. The post has a budget of 40 million, most of which goes to Balkan operations. From 25 November 1999-11-25 he was also appointed Secretary-General of Western European Union (WEU), overseeing the transfer of responsibilities from that organisation to the CFSP. In 2004 his 5 year mandate was renewed. He has also become president of the European Defence Agency. Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... List of European Councils, by presidency, date, and location. ... Established 1952 Presiding Country Portugal President Luís Amado President in Office José Sócrates Members 27 (at one time) Political parties 7, including: European Peoples Party Party of European Socialists Meeting place Justus Lipsius, Brussels, Belgium, European Union Web site http://www. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy, or CFSP, was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1999. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...  â€¢  â€¢  â€¢ Membership 10 member states 6 associate member states 5 observer countries 7 associate partner countries Establishment Treaty of Brussels  -  Signed 17 March 1948  The Western European Union (WEU) is a partially dormant European defence and security organization, established on the basis of the Treaty of Brussels of 1948 with the... Agency of the European Union Location: Brussels, Belgium Formation - Signed - Established July 2004 Superseding pillar: Common Foreign and Security Policy Director: Kriegstreiber Javier Solana Website: eda. ...


The Clinton administration claimed in May 2000 that Solana was the fulfilment of Henry Kissinger's famous desire to have a phone number to talk to Europe.[citation needed] In December 2003 Solana released the European Security Strategy, which sets out the main priorities and identifies the main threats to the security of the EU, including terrorism. On March 25, 2004 Solana appointed Gijs de Vries as the anti-terrorist co-ordinator for the CFSP, and outlined his duties as being to streamline, organise and co-ordinate the EU's fight against terrorism. William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American politician, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ... The European Security Strategy is the policy document that guides the European Union in international affairs. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gijs de Vries (born February 22, 1956 in New York) was a Dutch Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) politician and deputy Interior Minister between 1998 and 2002 who on March 25, 2004 bacame the European Unions anti-terrorism co-ordinator. ...


On June 29, 2004 he was designated to become the EU's first "Union Minister for Foreign Affairs", a position created by the European Constitutional Treaty combining the head of the CFSP with that of the European Commissioner for External Relations. It would give a single voice to foreign policy and combine the powers and influence of the two posts with a larger budget, more staff and a coherent diplomatic corps. The position (colloquially known as "Mr. Europe") has been partly maintained in the Reform Treaty as High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, but it is unknown if Solana will still take the post. is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe The constitutional treaty as signed in Rome on 29 October 2004 by representatives of the EU member states The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE), commonly referred to as the European Constitution, was an unimplemented... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... The Current Commissioner with the First Lady of Argentina, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner The Commissioner for the External Relations is the member of the European Commission responsible for the Commissions external representation in the world, the current Commissioner is Benita Ferrero-Waldner (EPP-ED). ... For other uses, see Treaty of Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Javier Solana, expected to be the first combined High Representative The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy is a new European Union political post envisaged under the proposed Reform Treaty. ...


Foreign affairs

Solana with Colin Powell in April 2003
Solana with Colin Powell in April 2003

He has negotiated numerous Treaties of Association between the European Union and various Middle Eastern and Latin American countries, including Bolivia and Colombia. Solana played a pivotal role in unifying the remainder of the former Yugoslavian federation. He proposed that Montenegro form a union with Serbia instead of having full independence, stating that this was done to avoid a domino effect from Kosovo and Vojvodina independence demands. Local media sarcastically named the new country "Solania". Image File history File links Javier_Solana_Colin_Powell. ... Image File history File links Javier_Solana_Colin_Powell. ... General Colin Luther Powell, United States Army (Ret. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... The domino effect refers to a small change which will cause a similar change nearby, which then will cause another similar change, and so on in linear sequence, by analogy to a falling row of dominoes standing on end. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Vojvodina (red) is one of Serbias two autonomous provinces Capital (and largest city) Novi Sad Official languages Ethnic groups  2. ...


On January 21, 2002 Solana said that the detainees at Guantanamo Bay should be treated as prisoners of war under the Geneva Convention. The EU has stated that it hopes to avoid another war like the Iraqi invasion through this and future negotiations, and Solana has said the most difficult moments of his job were when the United Kingdom and France, the two permanent EU Security Council members, were in disagreement. is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Detainees upon arrival at Camp X-Ray, January 2002 Guantánamo Bay detainment camp serves as a joint military prison and interrogation center under the leadership of Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO), has occupied a portion of the United States Navys base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba since 2002. ... The Geneva Conventions consist of treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The so-called Vilnius letter, a declaration of support by eastern European countries for the United States' aim of régime change in Iraq, and the letter of the eight, a similar letter from the UK, Italy, and six second-tier countries, are generally seen as a low-water mark of the CFSP. The Vilnius letter was a declaration of support for the United States aim of régime change in Iraq by means of an invasion. ... The letter of the eight was signed on 30 January 2003, by the prime ministers for five of then fifteen members of the European Union in addition to three high representatives, including Václav Havel, for the Central European countries that were to enter the union in 2004. ...


Solana has played an important role working toward a resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and continues to be a primary architect of the "Road Map for Peace," along with the UN, Russia, and the United States in the Quartet on the Middle East. On July 22, 2004 he met Ariel Sharon in Israel. Sharon had originally refused to meet Solana, but eventually accepted that, whether he liked it or not, the EU was involved in the Road Map. He criticised Israel for obstructing the Palestinian presidential election of January 9, 2005, but then met Sharon again on January 13. Israel, with the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an ongoing dispute between the State of Israel and Arab Palestinians. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... The Quartet on the Middle East, sometimes called the Diplomatic Quartet or simply the Quartet, is a foursome of nations and international entities involved in mediating the peace process between Israel and the Palestinian People. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... The 2005 Palestinian presidential election — the first to be held since 1996 — took place on January 9, 2005 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In November 2004 he assisted the United Kingdom, France and Germany in negotiating a nuclear material enrichment freeze with Iran. In the same month he was involved in mediating between the two presidential candidates in the post-election developments in Ukraine, and on January 21, 2005 he invited Ukraine's new President Viktor Yushchenko to discuss future EU membership.[5] Below is the timeline of events that followed the runoff presidential election held in Ukraine on November 21, 2004 that sparked off the Orange Revolution. Orange-clad supporters of Viktor Yushchenko gather in Independence Square in Kiev. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:  ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ...


Other

Javier Solana
Javier Solana

Solana is married to Concepción Giménez, and they have two adult children, Diego and Vega. He lives in Brussels, where his apartment has a reputation of being a focal point for Spanish politicians in or visiting this capital. He speaks fluent French, as well as English. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1980x2940, 1426 KB)NATO Secretary General Javier Solana, of Spain, listens to remarks made by Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen during an award ceremony for Solana in the Pentagon on Sept. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1980x2940, 1426 KB)NATO Secretary General Javier Solana, of Spain, listens to remarks made by Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen during an award ceremony for Solana in the Pentagon on Sept. ... This article is about the settlement itself. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


General Wesley Clark once asked Solana the secret of his diplomatic success. He answered: "Make no enemies, and never ask a question to which you do not know or like the answer."[5] He has been described as a "squarer of circles."[citation needed] Wesley Kanne Clark (born December 23, 1944) is a retired four-star general of the United States Army. ... Squaring the circle: the areas of this square and this circle are equal. ...


U.S. ambassador to NATO Alexander Vershbow said of him: "He is an extraordinary consensus-builder who works behind the scenes with leaders on both sides of the Atlantic to ensure that NATO is united when it counts."[citation needed] He is a frequent speaker at the prestigious U.S. based Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). He is likewise active in the Foreign Policy Association (FPA) as well as the New York City based East West Institute. For other uses, see Ambassador (disambiguation). ... Alexander Vershbow in 2005. ... The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an influential and independent, nonpartisan foreign policy membership organization founded in 1921 and based at 58 East 68th Street (corner Park Avenue) in New York City, with an additional office in Washington, D.C. Through its membership, meetings, and studies, it has been...


He is a Knight of the Order of St Michael and St George, a member of the Spanish section of the Club of Rome. He has received the Grand Cross of Isabel the Catholic in Spain and the Manfred Wörner Medal from the German Defence Ministry. He has been President of the Madariaga European Foundation since 1998. He received the Vision for Europe Award in 2003. Also in 2003, he received the 'Statesman of the Year Award' from the EastWest Institute, a Transatlantic think tank that organizes an annual Security Conference in Brussels. In 2006 Solana received the Carnegie-Wateler peace prize. He has also been awarded the Charlemagne Prize for 2007 for his distinguished services on behalf of European unification.[6] On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... The Club of Rome is a global think tank that deals with a variety of international political issues. ... Isabella I of Castile (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen regnant of Castile and Leon. ... Manfred Wörner (born September 24, 1934 in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt; died August 13, 1994 in Brussels) was a German politician and diplomat. ... Madariaga European Foundation is an organisation which aims to promote the working models of the European Union (EU) through out Europe. ... The Wateler Peace Prize is awarded annually by the Dutch Carnegie Foundation and is named for J.G.D. Wateler who, upon his death on on July 22nd 1927 bequeathed his estate to the Dutch State, under the proviso that the annual revenue accruing from it should be expended upon... Bill Clinton received the Karlspreis in 2000. ...


See also

// Origins of the EU History of the European Union European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Euratom Single market. ... The General Affairs and External Relations Council is one of the oldest configurations of the Council of the European Union. ... Serbia and Montenegro is part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which remained after Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia broke away from it. ... This article deals with the politics of the European continent. ... Family photo of European leaders at the signing of the constitutional treaty in Rome This article discusses the history of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, which was signed in 2004 and is currently awaiting ratification by European Union member states. ... The European Union is a unique geo-political entity covering a large portion of the European continent. ... The European Union (EU) was created by six founding states in 1957 (following the earlier establishment by the same six states of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952) and has grown to 27 member states. ...

References

  1. ^ Nieves Hayat de Madariaga Genealogy
  2. ^ Cideob biography
  3. ^ New Figures on Civilian Deaths in Kosovo War by Human Rights Watch
  4. ^ Human Rights Watch Letter to NATO Secretary General Javier Solana
  5. ^ a b Clark, Wesley K. WAGING MODERN WAR. New York: Perseus Books Group, 2001-2002, p. 15
  6. ^ Internationaler Karlspreis zu Aachen - News

Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ...

External links

Preceded by
Francisco Fernández Ordóñez
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Spain
1992–1995
Succeeded by
Carlos Westendorp
Preceded by
Willy Claes
Secretary General of NATO
1995–1999
Succeeded by
George Robertson
Preceded by
Jürgen Trumpf
Secretary General of the Council of the European Union
1999–
Succeeded by
Current Incumbent
Preceded by
Jürgen Trumpf
High Representative of the CFSP
1999–
Succeeded by
Current Incumbent
Preceded by
José Cutileiro
Secretary-General of the Western European Union
1999–
Succeeded by
Current Incumbent
This article does not cite any references or sources. ... CIDOB, acronym of Center of International Relations and International Cooperation (in Catalan language, Centre d’Informació i Documentació Internacionals a Barcelona), is a Barcelona, Spain -based foundation. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Francisco Fernández Ordóñez (1930-1992) was a Spanish ´politician who became Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government of Felipe González from 1985 until shortly before his death from a terminal illness in 1992. ... [edit] External links Official Website of he Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Category: ... Carlos Westendorp y Cabeza (born 1937) is a Spanish diplomat who held the post of High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina from June 1997 to July 1999. ... Willy Claes (born November 24, 1938) was Secretary General of NATO and a Belgian politician. ... Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer meeting President George W. Bush on March 20, 2006 The Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is the chair of the North Atlantic Council, the supreme decision-making organisation of the defence alliance. ... George Robertson pictured at The Pentagon in June 2001 The Right Honourable George Islay MacNeill Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, KT, GCMG, FRSA, PC (born 12 April 1946, in Port Ellen, Isle of Islay, Scotland) was the Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, between October 1999 and... Jürgen Trumpf was Secretary-General for the Council of the European Union. ... A large number of international organizations and other bodies have a secretary general or secretary-general as their chief administrative officers or in other administrative capacities. ... Established 1952 Presiding Country Portugal President Luís Amado President in Office José Sócrates Members 27 (at one time) Political parties 7, including: European Peoples Party Party of European Socialists Meeting place Justus Lipsius, Brussels, Belgium, European Union Web site http://www. ... Jürgen Trumpf was Secretary-General for the Council of the European Union. ... The High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy is the main coordinator of the Common Foreign and Security Policy within the European Union. ... The Secretary-General of the Western European Union is the head of the Western European Union, a partly-dormant European defence and collective security organisation. ... Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer meeting President George W. Bush on March 20, 2006 The Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is the chair of the North Atlantic Council, the supreme decision-making organisation of the defence alliance. ... Hastings Lionel Ismay, 1st Baron Ismay, KG, GCB, CH, DSO, PC (21 June 1887–17 December 1965) was a British soldier and diplomat. ... Paul-Henri Charles Spaak   listen? (January 25, 1899 - July 31, 1972) was a Belgian Socialist politician and statesman. ... Dirk Uipko Stikker (February 5, 1897 - December 23, 1979) is a Dutch banker, industrialist, politician, and diplomat. ... Manlio Brosio (1897-1980) was an Italian diplomat and politician. ... Joseph Antoine Marie Hubert Luns ( August 28, 1911 - July 18, 2002) was a Dutch politician and former NATO secretary-general. ... Lord Carrington wearing his robes as a Knight Companion of the Order of the Garter, in procession to St Georges Chapel, Windsor Castle for the annual service of the Order of the Garter. ... Manfred Wörner (born September 24, 1934 in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt; died August 13, 1994 in Brussels) was a German politician and diplomat. ... Sergio Balanzino was born on 20th June 1934 in Bologna, Italy. ... Willy Claes (born November 24, 1938) was Secretary General of NATO and a Belgian politician. ... Sergio Balanzino was born on 20th June 1934 in Bologna, Italy. ... George Robertson pictured at The Pentagon in June 2001 The Right Honourable George Islay MacNeill Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, KT, GCMG, FRSA, PC (born 12 April 1946, in Port Ellen, Isle of Islay, Scotland) was the Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, between October 1999 and... Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (right) and Jan Peter Balkenende Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (left) and Colin Powell Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (legally Jakob Gijsbert de Hoop Scheffer) (born April 3, 1948) is a Dutch politician who is the 11th NATO Secretary General. ... The Quartet on the Middle East, sometimes called the Diplomatic Quartet or simply the Quartet, is a foursome of nations and international entities involved in mediating the peace process between Israel and the Palestinian People. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... “Palestinian government” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1026x918, 132 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Deal or No Deal around the world ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Sergey Lavrov. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... UN redirects here. ... IPA pronunciation: This is a Korean name; the family name is Ban Ban Ki-moon (born June 13, 1944)[1] is a South Korean diplomat and the current Secretary-General of the United Nations. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Javier Solana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2967 words)
Francisco Javier Solana Madariaga (born July 14, 1942 in Madrid, Spain) is the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the Secretary-General of both the Council of the European Union (EU) and the Western European Union (WEU).
Solana comes from a well-known Spanish family and is the grandson of Spanish League of Nations disarmament chief, diplomat, writer and European integrationist Salvador de Madariaga and Scottish scholar and economic historian Constance Archibald de Madariaga.
Solana has played an important role working towards a resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and continues to be a primary architect of the "Road Map for Peace," along with the UN, Russia, and the United States in the Quartet on the Middle East.
Online NewsHour: Newsmaker with Javier Solana -- April 5, 1999 (1650 words)
JAVIER SOLANA: Well, as you know, many, many countries, not only countries that belong to NATO, but also partner countries, are offering their possibility of receiving in their countries some refugees.
JAVIER SOLANA: It is my point that the international community, of course, including NATO, should guarantee that these people that have been forced out of their country by the criminal atrocities of Milosevic to have the guarantee that they can return as they so wish to their country.
JAVIER SOLANA: I think that is absolutely necessary to continue with the air campaign, and the air campaign is what can really damage at this point in a more important manner the capabilities that the Serb army and the paramilitary forces do have.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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