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Encyclopedia > Javanese people
Javanese

Javanese rambutan seller wearing
Batik shirt and peci hat
Total population

approximately 85 million (2000 census) Javanese is a term used to describe a native of the Indonesian island of Java. ... Image File history File links PakJawa1. ... Binomial name L. The rambutan (IPA: , Nephelium lappaceum) is a medium-sized tropical tree in the family Sapindaceae, and the fruit of this tree. ... This article is about the textile dyeing technique. ... A peci is an Indonesian cap, with nationalist connotations, made popular by Sukarno. ...

Regions with significant populations
Indonesia: 83.2 million

Central Java: 30.6 million
East Java: 27.5 million
Lampung: 4.2 million
West Java: 3.9 million
North Sumatra: 3.7 million
Yogyakarta: 3 million
Jakarta: 2.9 million
South Sumatra: 1.9 million
Riau: 1.2 million
Banten: 1.0 million
East Kalimantan: 0.7 million
Jambi: 0.7 million
Aceh: 0.6 million
South Kalimantan: 0.4 million
Bengkulu: 0.3 million
Central Kalimantan: 0.3 million
Papua: 0.3 million

Malaysia: 1 million
Suriname: 75,000
New Caledonia: 5,000
Netherlands: 150,000-300,000[citation needed] Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is a province of Indonesia. ... Lampung is a province of Indonesia, located on the southern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Map of North Sumatra province within Indonesia North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Map of South Sumatra province in Indonesia South Sumatra or Sumatera Selatan is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. ... For the Banten meteorite of 1933, see Meteorite falls. ... East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur abbrv. ... For other uses, see Jambi (disambiguation). ... Aceh (pronounced , generally Anglicized as IPA: ) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Bengkulu is a province of Indonesia. ... Central Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Tengah often abbreviated to Kalteng) is a province of Indonesia, one of four in Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. ... Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising a majority part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands (see also Western New Guinea). ...

Languages
Javanese, Indonesian, Malay, Madurese, Dutch, French, German, Chinese language, Indian languages and others
Religion
Predomatinely Islam. Some adherents of Kejawen Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Sundanese, Madurese, Balinese, Malays

The Javanese are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java. They are predominantly located in the central to eastern parts of the island. At 90 million people (as of 2004), it is the largest ethnic group on the island, and also in Indonesia. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... Madurese is the spoken language of people from Madura island in Indonesia; it is also spoken on Kangean Islands, Sapudi Islands, and in parts of province of East Java. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... The article describes the languages spoken in the Republic of India. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have principles embodying a search for inner self but at the core is the concept of Peace Of Mind. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Buddhism, a Dharmic faith, is usually considered one of the worlds major religions, with between 230 to 500 million followers. ... Map showing the location of the Sundanese in Java The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia, numbering approximately 31 million. ... The Madurese are an ethnic group originally from the island of Madura but now found in many parts of Indonesia, where they are the third-largest ethnic group by population. ... The Balinese population of 3. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Origin and distribution

Like most Indonesian ethnic groups, including the Sundanese of West Java, the Javanese are of Austronesian origins whose ancestors are thought to have originated in Taiwan, and migrated though the Philippines, reaching Java between 1,500BCE and 1,000BCE.[1] Map showing the location of the Sundanese in Java The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia, numbering approximately 31 million. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... The Austronesian languages are a family of languages widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ...


The Javanese were traditionally concentrated in the provinces of East Java, Central Java and Yogyakarta, but due to migration within Indonesia (as part of government transmigration programs or otherwise) there are now high populations of Javanese people in almost all the Indonesian provinces. (The province of West Java is home to the Sundanese, Indonesia's second largest ethnic group who are ethnically distinct from the Javanese). East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is a province of Indonesia. ... Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... The transmigration program (transmigrasi in Indonesia) was an initiative by the government of Indonesia to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the Indonesian archipelago. ... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia. ...


Language

Javanese people use Javanese language in everyday speech. In a public poll held circa-1990, approximately 12% of Javanese used Indonesian, around 18% used both Javanese and Indonesian, and the rest used Javanese exclusively. However since that time use of Indonesian is likely to have increased. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ...


Family

Culturally, Javanese people adopt a paternalistic system that traces the hierarchic lineage of the father. This system is particularly used to determine descendants' right to use royal titles before their names. However, it is not customary for Javanese to have a descended family name. Patrilineality is a system in which one belongs to ones fathers lineage; it generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles through the male line as well. ...


Religion

Most Javanese officially profess Islam as their religion. Some also follow Christianity (Protestantism and Catholicism), which are rather concentrated in Central Java (particularly Surakarta, Magelang and Yogyakarta for Catholicism). In a much smaller scale, Buddhism and Hinduism also are found in the Javanese community. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... As a Christian ecclesiastical term, Catholic—from the Greek adjective , meaning general or universal[1]—is described in the Oxford English Dictionary as follows: ~Church, (originally) whole body of Christians; ~, belonging to or in accord with (a) this, (b) the church before separation into Greek or Eastern and Latin or... Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... Surakarta (its formal name; locally it is referred to as Solo) is an Indonesian city of approximately 500,000 people located in Central Java. ... Magelang is the largest town in the Kedu Plain between Mount Merbabu and Mount Sumbing in Central Java, Indonesia. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Buddhism, a Dharmic faith, is usually considered one of the worlds major religions, with between 230 to 500 million followers. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


Many Javanese follow the ethnic religion Kejawen, which is animistic with strong influences of Hinduism and Buddhism and some rituals in Islam. The Javanese community is also known for syncretism of beliefs. All the outside cultures were absorbed and interpreted according to the Javanese traditional values, creating a new set of religious beliefs unique to local culture. Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have principles embodying a search for inner self but at the core is the concept of Peace Of Mind. ... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Buddhism, a Dharmic faith, is usually considered one of the worlds major religions, with between 230 to 500 million followers. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... For the linguistic term, see syncretism (linguistics). ...


Profession

In Indonesia, Javanese can be found in all professions, especially in the government and the military. Traditionally, most Javanese are farmers. This was especially common because of the fertile volcanic soil in Java.


Social stratification

The famous American anthropologist Clifford Geertz in the 1960s divided the Javanese community into three aliran or "streams": santri, abangan and priyayi. According to him, the Santri followed an orthodox interpretation Islam, the abangan was the followed a syncretic form of Islam that mixed Hindu and animist elements (often termed Kejawen), and the priyayi was the nobility.[2] But today the Geertz opinion is often opposed because he mixed the social groups with belief groups. It was also difficult to apply this social categorisation in classing outsiders, for example other non-indigenous Indonesians such as persons of Arab, Chinese and Indian descent. This article is about the social science. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Santri are the population of Javanese Muslims who practice more orthodox version of Islam in contrast to the abangan classes. ... The Abangan form a large majorty of the Javanese Muslims. ... Priyayi is the traditional aristocratic class of Java, the most populous island of Indonesia. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have principles embodying a search for inner self but at the core is the concept of Peace Of Mind. ... The term indigenous peoples or autochthonous peoples can be used to describe any ethnic group who inhabit the geographic region with which they have the earliest historical connection. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ...


Social stratification is much less rigid in northern coast area, which is much more egalitarian.

Map of Javanese language distribution. The homeland of the Javanese people is almost identical to the language distribution.

File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Art

Javanese refined art of royal court dance.

Javanese origin artforms are among the best known in Indonesia and the whole archipelago. The famous Javanese wayang puppetry culture was influenced by Hindu and Buddhist traditions. The Wayang repertoire stories, lakon, are mostly (loosely) based on epics from India; Ramayana and Mahabharata. These epics and stories influenced wayang puppetry as well as Javanese classical dances. The influences from Islam and the Western world also can be found. The art of Batik and Keris dagger are among Javanese origin art expressions. Gamelan musical ensembles are found in both Java and Bali. All of these artforms holds important position, and function within Javanese culture and tradition. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (480x640, 209 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cosmetics Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (480x640, 209 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cosmetics Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Wayang is an Indonesian/Malay word for theater. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Occident redirects here. ... This article is about the textile dyeing technique. ... A keris or spelled as kris in English is a symbolic weapon that is mainly used in Southeast Asian countries. ... Javanese gamelan ensamble with two female sinden (choral singer) during traditional Javanese wedding at Sasono Utomo, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta, Indonesia A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesia typically featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... This article is about the Indonesian island. ...


Names

Main article: Javanese names

Javanese do not usually have family names or surnames. Many have just a single name. For example, Sukarno or Suharto. Javanese names may come from traditional Javanese languages, many of which are derived from Sanskrit. Names with the prefix Su-,which means good, are very popular. After the advent of Islam, many Javanese began to use Arabic names, especially among clerics and northern coast populations, where Islamic influences are stronger. Commoners usually only have one-word names, while nobilities use two-or-more-word names, but rarely a surname. Due to the influence of other cultures, many people started using names from other languages, mainly European languages. Christian Javanese usually use Latin baptist names followed by a traditional Javanese name. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Sukarno (June 6, 1901 – June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. ... Suharto GCB (born June 8, 1921) is a former Indonesian military and political leader. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... European languages are the object of Eurolinguistics. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is...


Some people use a patronymic. For example, Abdurrahman Wahid's name is derived from his father's name (Wahid Hasyim) who was an independence fighter and minister. In turn, Wahid Hasyim's name was derived from that of his father: Hasyim Asyari, a famous cleric and founder of the Nahdlatul Ulama organization. Look up patronymic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Abdurrahman Wahid (also known as Gus Dur) (born August 4, 1940) was the President of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001, and founder of the National Awakening Party (PKB). ... Wahid Hasyim (or Hasjim) (Jombang, 1914 – Cimahi, 19 April 1953) was the first Minister of Religious Affairs in the government of President Sukarno of Indonesia, a post he held in 1945, and from 1949 to 1952. ... Hasyim Asyarie (often Asyari or Asyari in English, or Ashari in Malay) (10 April 1875 – 25 July 1947) was the founder of Nahdatul Ulama, a conservative Sunni Islam group in Indonesia. ... The Nahdatul Ulama, known as Nahdlatul Ulama or NU, is a traditionalist conservative Sunni Islam group in Indonesia. ...


See Also

Entertainers A.R. Badul - Malaysian actor A.R. Tompel - Malaysian actor Adlin Amani Ramli - Malaysian actor Aziz Satar - Malaysian actor Mawi - Malaysian singer Sudirman Haji Arshad - Malaysian singer Politicians Khir Toyo - Chief Minister of Selangor, Malaysia ...

References

  1. ^ Taylor (2003), p. 7.
  2. ^ McDonald, Hamish (1980). Suharto's Indonesia. Melbourne: Fontana, pp. 9-10. ISBN ISBN 0-00-635721-0. 

Further reading

  • Kuncaraningrat. (1985) Javanese culture Singapore: Oxford University Press,

 
 

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