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Encyclopedia > Javanese
Javanese
Total population approximately 85 million (2000 census)
Regions with significant populations Indonesia: 83.2 million

Malaysia: 2 million
Suriname: 75,000
New Caledonia: 5,000 This article is about the year 2000. ... Map of Central Java province within Indonesia Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ... Map showing Lampung province in Indonesia Lampung is a province of Indonesia, located on the southern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Map of North Sumatra province within Indonesia North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta, formerly Batavia, as well as Jayakarta) is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Map of South Sumatra province in Indonesia South Sumatra or Sumatera Selatan is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. ... Map showing Banten within Indonesia Banten is one of the provinces of Indonesia and located at the western end of the island of Java. ... Map of Indonesia showing East Kalimantan province Kalimantan Timur, or East Kalimantan, is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... This article is about the province of Indonesia. ... Aceh (IPA pronunciation: , pronounced approximately AH-chay, but with [e], not [ei] at the end) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Map showing Bengkulu province in Indonesia Bengkulu is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Map of Indonesia showing Central Kalimantan province Central Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Tengah often abbreviated to Kalteng) is a province of Indonesia, one of four in Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. ... Papua is: Another name for New Guinea Papua (Australian territory): A former Australian territory comprising the southeastern quarter of the island of New Guinea, now the southern part of Papua New Guinea Papua (Indonesian province): An Indonesian province comprising the western half of the island of New Guinea Related Words...

Language Javanese, Indonesian, Malay, Madurese, Dutch, French and others
Religion Kejawen, Islam, Christian, Hindu, and Buddhist
Related ethnic groups Sundanese, Madurese, Balinese

Javanese is a term used to describe a native of the Indonesian island of Java. At 90 million people (as of 2004) it is the largest ethnic group in Indonesia. The Javanese language is the spoken language of the people in the central and eastern part of the island of Java, in Indonesia. ... The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who reside in the Malay peninsula, southern Thailand, Philippines, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, and parts of the coast of Borneo. ... Madurese is the spoken language of people from Madura island in Indonesia; it is also spoken on Kangean Islands, Sapudi Islands, and in parts of province of East Java. ... Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have principles embodying a search for inner self but at the core is the concept of Peace Of Mind. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus, whom they regard as a/the Christ. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia. ... The Madurese are an ethnic group originally from the island of Madura but now found in many parts of Indonesia, where they are the third-largest ethnic group by population. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Javanese were traditionally concentrated in the provinces of East Java, Central Java and Yogyakarta, but due to migration within Indonesia (as part of government transmigration programs or otherwise) there are now high populations of Javanese people in almost all the Indonesian provinces. Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ... Map of Central Java province within Indonesia Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... The transmigration program (transmigrasi in Indonesia) was an initiative by the government of Indonesia to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the Indonesian archipelago. ... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ...

Contents


Language

Javanese people use Javanese language in everyday speech. In a public poll held circa-1990, approximately 12% of Javanese used Indonesian, around 18% used both Javanese and Indonesian, and the rest used Javanese exclusively. The Javanese language is the spoken language of the people in the central and eastern part of the island of Java, in Indonesia. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... This article is about the year. ...


Family

Culturally, Javanese people adopt a paternalistic system that traces the hierarchic lineage of the father. This system is particularly used to determine descendants' right to use royal titles before their names. However, it is not customary for Javanese to have descended family name. Patrilineality is a system in which one belongs to ones fathers lineage; it generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles through the male line as well. ...


Religion

Most Javanese are Muslim. Some also follow Christianity (Protestantism and Catholicism). This is also true in rural areas. Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth, and on his life and teachings as presented in the New Testament. ... Protestantism is one of three primary branches of Christianity. ... In Christianity, the term Catholicism (from Greek: καθολικός (katholikos), meaning general or universal) has two main ecclesiastical meanings, described in Websters Dictionary as: The whole orthodox Christian church, or adherence thereto. ...


Buddhism and Hinduism also are found in the Javanese community. Some Javanese also follow the ethnic religion Kejawen, which is animistic with strong influences from Hinduism and Buddhism. Buddhism (also known as Buddha Dharma, meaning approximately Law of the Awakening) is a religion, a practical philosophy, and arguably a psychology, focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who lived in ancient India most likely from the mid-6th to the early 5th century BCE... Hinduism (Sanskrit - Sanātana (eternal) Dharma also known as Vaidika (Vedic) Dharma) is a religion or philosophy that originated from the Indian subcontinent and nearby surrounding areas. ... Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have priciples embodying a search for inner self but at the core is the concept of Peace Of Mind. ... In religion, the term Animism is used in a number of ways. ... Hinduism (Sanskrit - Sanātana (eternal) Dharma also known as Vaidika (Vedic) Dharma) is a religion or philosophy that originated from the Indian subcontinent and nearby surrounding areas. ... Buddhism (also known as Buddha Dharma, meaning approximately Law of the Awakening) is a religion, a practical philosophy, and arguably a psychology, focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who lived in ancient India most likely from the mid-6th to the early 5th century BCE...


The Javanese community is also known for syncretism of beliefs. All the outside cultures were absorbed and interpreted according to the Javanese values so the beliefs sometimes became hazy. Syncretism is the attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought. ...


Profession

In Indonesia, Javanese can be found in all professions, especially in the government and the military. Traditionally, most Javanese are farmers. This was especially common because of the fertile volcanic soil in Java.


Social stratification

Map of Javanese language distribution. The homeland of the Javanese people is almost identical to the language distribution.
Map of Javanese language distribution. The homeland of the Javanese people is almost identical to the language distribution.

The famous American anthropologist Clifford Geertz in the 1960s divided the Javanese community into three groups: Santri, Abangan and Priyayi. According to him, the Santri was the follower of the religion Islam that obeyed, the Abangan was the follower Islam nominally or the follower Kejawen, whereas the Priyayi was the nobility. But today the Geertz opinion is often opposed because he mixed the social groups with belief groups. It was also difficult to apply this social categorisation in classing outsiders, for example other non-indigenous Indonesians such as persons of Arab, Chinese and Indian descent. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος, human or person) consists of the study of humanity (see genus Homo). ... Clifford James Geertz (born August 23, 1926 in San Francisco) is an American anthropologist serving as professor emeritus at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey. ... The Abangan form a large majorty of the Javanese Muslims. ... Priyayi is the traditional aristocratic class of Java, the most populous island of Indonesia. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... The term has no universal, standard or fixed definition. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ...


Social stratification is much less rigid in northern coast area, which is much more egalitarian.


Art

The famous Javanese wayang puppetry culture was influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism. The Wayang repertoire stories, lakon, are mostly (loosely) based on epics from India; Ramayana and Mahabharata. There are also influences from Islam and the Western world. Wayang is an Indonesian word for theater. ... The (Devanagari: ) is a Sanskrit epic attributed to the poet Valmiki and is an important part of the Hindu canon (smá¹›ti). ... Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra The (Devanagari: ), is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the . ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... The term Western world or the West can have multiple meanings depending on its context. ...


Gamelan musical ensembles are found in both Java and Bali. Gamelan - Indonesian Embassy in Canberra A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesian origin typically featuring metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Bali is an Indonesian island located at , , one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. ...


Names

Main article: Javanese names

Javanese do not usually have family names or surnames. Many have just a single name. For example, Sukarno or Suharto. Names may have come from traditional Javanese languages, which in turn many derived from Sanskrit. Names with the prefix Su-,which means good, is very popular. After the advent of Islam, many Javanese used Arabic names, especially among cleric and northern coast population, where islamic influences are stronger. Commoners usually only have one-word names, while nobilities use two-or-more-word names, but rarely a surname. Due to other cultures' influence, many people started using names from other languages, mainly European languages. Christian Javanese usually use Latin baptist names followed with traditional Javanese name. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... It has been suggested that Languages of the European Union be merged into this article or section. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus, whom they regard as a/the Christ. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church. ...


Some people use a patronymic, for example, Abdurrahman Wahid's name is derived from Wahid Hasyim, his father, an independence fighter and minister. It is in turn derived from his grandfather named Hasyim Asyari, a famous cleric and founder of Nahdhatul Ulama organization. A patronymic, or patronym, is a component of a personal name based on the name of ones father. ...


Notable Javanese people

Historic figures

Ratu Joyoboyo, also Sri Mapanji Jayabaya or Jayabhaya reigned over the kingdom of Kediri in East Java from 1135 to 1157 AD. He reunified Java after a split that occurred with the death of his predecessor Airlangga. ... Kediri was a Hindu kingdom based in East Java from 1045 to 1221. ... Gajah Mada (?-1364) was Majapahits patih (prime minister) and army leader. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ...

Politicians

Amien Rais (born 1944) is a prominent Indonesian politician, who led and inspired the reform movement that forced the resignation of the authoritarian ruler, President Soeharto, in 1998. ... General Suharto (born June 8, 1921) was an Indonesian dictator and military strongman. ... Sukarno Sukarno (June 6, 1901 - June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. ... Abdurrahman Wahid Abdurrahman Wahid (also known as Gus Dur) (born August 4, 1940) was President of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001, and leader of the National Awakening Party, which he founded after the fall of Suharto. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان) is an adherent of Islam. ... Megawati Sukarnoputri Diah Permata Megawati Setiawati Sukarnoputri (born 23 January 1947), was President of Indonesia from July 2001 to 20 October 2004. ... -1... Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX was born in Sompilan, Ngasem, Yogyakarta in 12 April 1912. ... Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani (also publicly known as LB Moerdani or Benny Moerdani) (2 October 1932 - 29 August 2004) is Indonesias Defence and Security Minister from the period 1983 to 1988. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Dr. Nurcholish Madjid (March 17, 1939 - August 29, 2005) was an Indonesian Muslim intellectual. ...

Artists

Angguns Luminescence albumcover Anggun Cipta Sasmi (born April 29, 1974, in Jakarta, Indonesia) is a singer. ... Gesang Martohartono (b. ... Bengawan Solo may refer to: Bengawan Solo River, the longest river on the Indonesian island of Java, and the site of several notable paleoanthropology sites of early hominid remains Bengawan Solo, a famous Indonesian song about the Javanese river, composed in the 1940s by Gesang Martohartono Bengawan Solo, a baking... Inul Daratista (born Ainur Rokhimah, 3 January 1979) is a dangdut singer and performance artist from Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia. ... Dangdut is a genre of Indonesian popular music which is partly derived from Arab, Indian, and Malay folk music. ... Mark-Paul Gosselaar in arguably his most recognized role, as Zack Morris on the NBC teen sitcom Saved By The Bell. ... Asmawi bin Ani, better known as Mawi is a Malaysian singer and the winner of Akademi Fantasia 3 in Malaysia. ... Akademi Fantasia is Malaysias first reality show, which brought big changes to Malaysian entertainment scene in the year 2003, when the first season of the show aired by Astros Ria. ... Michelle Jacquet DeSevren Branch (born July 2, 1983) is an American singer, songwriter and guitarist. ... Nial Radhitia Djuliarso (Born February 5, 1981) is an Indonesian jazz pianist. ... Edward Lodewijk Van Halen, (born January 26, 1955) is a virtuoso guitarist, classically-trained pianist, and founding member of the hard rock band Van Halen. ... Alexander Arthur Van Halen (born on May 8, 1953) is a drummer and founding member of the hard rock band Van Halen, along with his brother Eddie Van Halen who plays lead guitar and keyboard. ... Van Halen is an American rock band formed in the early 1970s. ...

Others


  Results from FactBites:
 
Javanese alphabet, pronunciation and language (aksara jawa) (420 words)
The earliest known writing in Javanese dates from the 4th Century AD, at which time Javanese was written with the Pallava alphabet.
For a period from the 15th Century onwards, Javanese was also written with a version of the Arabic alphabet, called pégon or gundil.
The Javanese alphabet was also used to write Balinese and Sundanese, but has been replaced by the Latin alphabet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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