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Encyclopedia > Java (island)
Java
Country Indonesia
Locality Sunda Islands
Capital Jakarta
Area 126 700 km²
Population
  –Total (2005 est.)
  –Density

124 million
981/km²

Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. It is the most populous island, and one of the most densely-populated regions in the world. The former site of powerful Hindu kingdoms and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies, Java now plays a dominant role in the economic and political life of Indonesia. Image File history File links JavaLocatie-1-.png Summary Source: Wikipedia NL Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Java (island) ... The Sunda Islands are a group of islands in west part of the Indonesian Archipelago. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Map of Java, Indonesia Adapted from http://www. ... The Javanese language is the spoken language of the people in the central and eastern part of the island of Java, in Indonesia. ... Sundanese (Basa Sunda, literally language of Sunda) is the language of about 27,000,000 people from the western third of Java or about 15% of Indonesian population. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ... This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands-Indië) was the name of the colonies set up by the Dutch East India Company, which came under administration of the Netherlands during the 19th century (see Indonesia). ...

Contents


Geography

Nature

Java (7° S 109° E) is in a chain of islands with Kalimantan (Borneo) to the north, Sumatra to the northwest, Bali to the east, Sulawesi to the northeast and Christmas Island to the south. It is the world's 13th largest island. Image File history File links Semeru_Bromo_Temple. ... Image File history File links Semeru_Bromo_Temple. ... Semeru volcano Semeru is the tallest volcano on the island of Java and one of the most active. ... View into the Mount Bromo crater Mount Bromo (also known as Tengger Caldera) is one of the most popular tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. ... Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ... Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. ... Borneo (left) and Sulawesi. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the 3rd largest island of Indonesia after Kalimantan and New Guinea. ... Bali is an Indonesian island located at , , one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. ... Sulawesi (formerly Celebes ) is a large island in Indonesia. ... This is a list of islands in the world ordered by area. ...


Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin; and contains no fewer than thirty-eight mountains of that conical form, which indicates their having at one time or another been active volcanoes. See Volcanoes of Java. This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin, and contains no less than thirty-eight mountains of that conical form which indicates their having at one time or other been active volcanoes. ...


The island's longest river is the Bengawan Solo River, at some 540 km in length. The Bengawan Solo rises from its source in central Java at the Tawu volcano, flows north then eastwards to its mouth in the Java Sea, near the city of Surabaya. The Murray River in Australia. ... The Bengawan Solo River (alternatively, Solo River) is the longest river on the Indonesian island of Java, approximately 540 km in length. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Binomial name Acacia pruinocarpa Tindale Acacia pruinocarpa, commonly known as black gidgee, gidgee or tawu, is a tree in the family Fabaceae. ... The Java Sea (Jawa Sea) is a large (310,000 km²), shallow sea in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Surabaya (formerly Soerabaja) is Indonesias second-largest city, and the capital of the province of East Java. ...


Demographics

Central Jakarta
Central Jakarta

Java contains the capital of Indonesia, Jakarta. Popular tourist destinations include the city of Yogyakarta, a massive pyramid-like monument to Buddha known as Borobudur; and Prambanan, the largest Hindu temple in Java. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 893 KB) Summary created by Daniel Berthold Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Jakarta Java (island) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 893 KB) Summary created by Daniel Berthold Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Jakarta Java (island) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ... Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Buddhism is a religion and philosophy focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who probably lived in the 5th century BCE. Buddhism spread throughout the ancient Indian sub-continent in the five centuries following the Buddhas death, and propagated into Central, Southeast, and East Asia... , Borobudur from a distance Borobudur is a Buddhist stupa related to the Mahayana tradition, and is the largest Buddhist monument on earth. ... The Prambanan temple complex Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple compound in Indonesia, located in central Java, approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ...


Java is by far the most populous island in Indonesia, with nearly 85% of the overall population of the country residing there [1]. With an area of 126,700 square km, and 124 million inhabitants at 981 people per km² it would, if it were a country, be the second-most densely-populated country of the world after Bangladesh, except for some very small city-states. To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². ...


Since the 1970s, the Indonesian government has run transmigration programs aimed at resettling the population of Java on other less-populated islands of Indonesia. This program has met with mixed results, and sometimes caused conflicts between the locals and the recently arrived settlers. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1971 to 1980, inclusive. ... The transmigration program (transmigrasi in Indonesia) was an initiative by the government of Indonesia to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the Indonesian archipelago. ... Settlers are people who have travelled of their own choice, from the land of their birth to live in new lands or colonies. ...


The island is divided into 4 provinces, 1 special region* (daerah istimewa), and 1 special capital city district** (daerah khusus ibukota): Map of the provinces of Indonesia The number of provinces of Indonesia has tended to increase as new provinces have been split from existing territories. ...

Map showing Banten within Indonesia Banten is one of the provinces of Indonesia and located at the western end of the island of Java. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ... Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ...

History

View of the Puncak area in West Java, overlooking tea plantations
View of the Puncak area in West Java, overlooking tea plantations

Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 571 KB)View of the Puncak area, West Java File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 571 KB)View of the Puncak area, West Java File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Tea leaves in a gaiwan. ... A plantation is an intentional planting of a crop, on a larger scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. ...

Paleontology

The island of Java is famous for several paleoanthropological finds of early hominid specimens. In particular, the 1891 discovery of cranial fossil remains commonly known as "Java man" (now designated as Trinil 2, after the Trinil site on the Bengawan Solo River), is famous for being the first such discovery of an early hominid specimen outside of Europe. This find, and several subsequent ones which have been made at various locations along the river's valleys, are now generally classified as belonging to the species Homo erectus. Paleoanthropology is the branch of physical anthropology that focuses on the study of human evolution, tracing the anatomic and genetic linkages of pre-humans from millions of years ago, up to modern times. ... Genera Subfamily Ponginae Pongo - orangutans Gigantopithecus† Sivapithecus† Lufengpithecus† Ankarapithecus† Subfamily Homininae Gorilla - gorillas Pan - chimpanzees Homo - Humans and their immediate ancestors Ouranopithecus† Paranthropus† Australopithecus† Sahelanthropus† Orrorin† Ardipithecus† Kenyanthropus† The hominids are the members of the biological family Hominidae (the great apes), which includes humans, chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. ... Cranium can mean: The brain and surrounding skull, a part of the body. ... A fossil Ammonite Fossils (from Latin fossus, literally having been dug up) are the mineralized or otherwise preserved remains or traces (such as footprints) of animals, plants, and other organisms. ... Pithecanthropus erectus was the name first given to the Homo erectus specimen, also known as Java Man, by its discoverer Eugene Dubois. ... Trinil is a palaeoanthropological site on the banks of the Bengawan Solo River in Java, Indonesia. ... The Bengawan Solo River (alternatively, Solo River) is the longest river on the Indonesian island of Java, approximately 540 km in length. ... Binomial name †Homo erectus (Dubois, 1892) Subspecies †Homo erectus palaeojavanicus †Homo erectus soloensis Homo erectus (upright man) is a hominin species that is believed to be an ancestor of modern humans (with Homo heidelbergensis usually treated as an intermediary step). ...


Scientists speculate that, two million years ago, the rainfall in the Sunda and Digul plateaus was very heavy, which allowed heavy tropical vegetation to thrive. This, in turn allowed many prehistoric cultures to emerge, as evidenced in many fossil findings in this region. Sunda edition of Wikipedia The word Sunda refers to a kingdom and an ethnic group living in especially the west part of Java. ...


Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms

Much evidence of Java's past kingdoms remains; such as the famous Buddhist Borobudur and Hindu Prambanan temples. Indeed, the Javanese culture, and language itself, was heavily influenced by the cultures and languages of the Indian subcontinent. In the sixth and seventh centuries, many maritime kingdoms arose in Sumatra and Java, which controlled the waters in the Straits of Malacca, and flourished with the increasing sea-trade between China and India and beyond. During this time, scholars from India and China visited these kingdoms to translate literary and religious texts. Places where monarchies maintain rule appear in blue. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... , Borobudur from a distance Borobudur is a Buddhist stupa related to the Mahayana tradition, and is the largest Buddhist monument on earth. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... The Prambanan temple complex Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple compound in Indonesia, located in central Java, approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta. ... Satellite image of the Indian subcontinent Map of South Asia (see note) The Indian subcontinent is a peninsular landmass of the Asian continent occupying the Indian Plate and extending into the Indian Ocean, bordered on the north by the Eurasian Plate. ... The Straits of Malacca is a narrow stretch of water between Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ...


The most prominent of the Hindu kingdoms was the Majapahit kingdom based in East Java, from where it ruled a large part of what is now western Indonesia. The name of the Majapahit empire is still invoked by contemporary Indonesian leaders to promote "unity", and the legitimacy of the state. The remnants of the Majapahit kingdom shifted to Bali during the sixteenth century, as Muslim kingdoms in the western part of the island gained influence. The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ... Bali is an Indonesian island located at , , one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Muslim kingdoms and the Dutch colonization

The earliest Muslim "evangelists" were called the Wali Songo, the "nine ambassadors". Several of them were of Chinese origin, leading to speculation about Zheng He's influence on the trade in the Straits of Malacca. Many of their tombs are still well-preserved, and often visited "Ziarah" for superstitious and religious reasons. Most of the brand of Islam that is adopted in Java is mixed with long-standing indigenous beliefs, and has a decidedly "local flavor". For example, the legend of Nyi Roro Kidul was invented as a mix of the superstition common on the southern coast of Java, and Islamic influences. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Evangelism is the proclaiming of the Christian Gospel. ... Zheng He wearing formal official dress Zheng He (Traditional Chinese: 鄭和; Simplified Chinese: 郑和; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Cheng Ho; Birth name: 馬三寶 / 马三宝; pinyin: Mǎ Sānbǎo; Arabic name: Hajji Mahmud) (1371–1433), is the most well-known Chinese mariner and explorer who made the voyages collectively referred to as the travels... The Straits of Malacca is a narrow stretch of water between Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... Ziarah is an Islamic grave visiting tradition common throughout the countries where holy and sacred graves attract pilgrimage and calendrically appropriate visits. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran. ... Nyi Roro Kidul or Ratu Laut Selatan (Queen South Sea) is a goddes or Queen of southern sea of java (Indian Ocean) in Javanese and Sundanese mythology. ...


The Dutch East India Company (VOC) established its trading and administrative headquarters in Batavia (now the capital city of Jakarta). This capital, along with other coastal cities such as Semarang and Surabaya, was the focus of Dutch attention during most of the colonial period. The VOC maintained control over the mountainous interior of the island through indigenous client states, such as Mataram in central Java. Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... Semarang is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Surabaya (formerly Soerabaja) is Indonesias second-largest city, and the capital of the province of East Java. ... Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. ...


The nineteenth century saw the Dutch government take over administration of Indonesia from the VOC, and in the mid-nineteenth century, they implemented new policies, usually called the Cultivation System (Dutch: cultuurstelsel). These policies, intended to increase the profitability of the colony by requiring increased production of cash crops, led to famine and widespread poverty on Java. By the beginning of the twentieth century, protest over the policy's effects, and political changes in the Netherlands and in the Indies led to the Ethical Policy. This policy of increased investment in the colony gave many more Javanese elites access to a Dutch education, both in Java and in the Netherlands itself. It was from this elite that the most prominent nationalist leaders came. They formed the core of the new government, when Indonesia became a Republic after World War II. The Cultivation System (Dutch: cultuurstelsel) was a Dutch government policy in the mid-nineteenth century which required that a portion of agricultural production in the colonial Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) must be devoted to export goods. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix Nationalism is an ideology that holds that (ethnically or culturally defined) nations are the fundamental units for human social life, and makes certain cultural and political claims based upon that belief; in particular, the claim that the nation is the only legitimate... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II...


Republican era

With the establishment of Jakarta as the capital and the Javanese roots of the majority of Indonesian political figures, the island has a dominant role in the political and economic life of the nation. While parts of rural Java are among the poorest in the nation, the urban areas of the island are Indonesia's wealthiest and most urbanized areas. Both presidents Sukarno (1945-1965) and Suharto (1965-1998), were from Java. Sukarno (June 6, 1901 – June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. ... Haji Mohammad Soeharto (born June 8, 1921), more commonly referred to as simply Soeharto (Suharto in the Anglophone world), is a former Indonesian military and political leader. ...


This political dominance has resulted in resentment on the part of some residents of other islands. Indonesian author Pramoedya Ananta Toer once recommended that the Indonesian capital be moved outside the island of Java, in order to free the Indonesian nationalist movement from its Java-centric character. Pramoedya Ananta Toer (February 6 1925 - April 30 2006) was an Indonesian author of novels, short stories, essays, polemics, and histories of his homeland and its people. ...


Culture

Generally speaking, the three major cultures of Java are the Sundanese culture of West Java, the Central Java culture, and the East Java culture. In the western part of Central Java, usually named the Banyumasan region, a cultural mingling occurred; bringing together Javanese culture and Sundanese culture to create the Banyumasan culture. The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Map of Central Java province within Indonesia Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ... For the place, it is better to say Banyumas. ... The approximately 90 million Javanese form the largest ethnic group in Indonesia. ... The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia. ... For the place, it is better to say Banyumas. ...


In the central Javan court cities of Yogyakarta and Surakarta, contemporary kings trace their lineages back to the pre-colonial Islamic kingdoms that ruled the region, making those places especially strong repositories of classical Javanese culture. Classic arts of Java include gamelan music and wayang puppet shows. Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... The city of Solo, formally known as Surakarta, 65 kilometers (40 miles) northeast of Yogyakarta and slightly further southeast of Semarang in Java, Indonesia, was a center of power during the Mataram Kingdom. ... Saron - Indonesian Embassy in Canberra A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesian origin typically featuring metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs. ... Wayang is an Indonesian word for theater. ...


Java was the site of many influential kingdoms in the Southeast Asian region, and as a result, many literary works have been written by Javanese authors. These include Ken Arok and Ken Dedes, the story of the orphan who usurped his king, and married the queen of the ancient Javanese kingdom; and translations of Ramayana and Mahabarata. Pramoedya Ananta Toer is a famous contemporary Indonesian author, who has written many stories based on his own experiences of having grown up in Java, and takes many elements from Javanese folklore and historical legends. Ken Arok or Ken Angrok, (d. ... This article does not make a clear distinction between fact and fiction. ... The Rāmāyaņa (Sanskrit: रामायण (a sandhi form of rāma-ayana = march or journey (Ä€yana) of Rāma) is part of the Hindu smriti, written by Valmiki. ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), sometimes just called Bharata, is the great religious, philosophical and mythological epic of India. ... Pramoedya Ananta Toer (February 6 1925 - April 30 2006) was an Indonesian author of novels, short stories, essays, polemics, and histories of his homeland and its people. ...


See also: Culture of Indonesia This article is about the culture of Indonesia. ...


Language

Languages spoken in Java (Javanese is shown in white)
Languages spoken in Java (Javanese is shown in white)

The three major languages spoken on the island are Javanese, Sundanese and Madurese. Other languages spoken by smaller groups include Betawi, Banyumasan, Badui, Osing and Tenggerese. The vast majority of the population also speaks Indonesian, generally as a second language. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Javanese language is the spoken language of the people in the central and eastern part of the island of Java, in Indonesia. ... Sundanese (Basa Sunda, literally language of Sunda) is the language of about 27,000,000 people from the western third of Java or about 15% of Indonesian population. ... Madurese is the spoken language of people from Madura island in Indonesia; it is also spoken on Kangean Islands, Sapudi Islands, and in parts of province of East Java. ... In modern language classification, the Banyumasan language is usually considered a dialect of Javanese. ... Badui man The Badui (also known as Kanekes) are the descendants of the Pajajaran princes. ... The Indonesian Osing people are the descendants of the Majapahit princes who refused to convert to Islam in the 16th century. ... The Tenggerese are the descendants of the Majapahit princes. ...


Religion

Most Javanese (92%) are Muslims, either of the Abangan (40%) (nominal) type or orthodox (60%). Small Hindu (1-2%) enclaves are scattered through-out Java, but a large Hindu population prevails along the eastern coast nearest Bali, especially around the town of Banyuwangi. There are also Christian (2-3%) (communities; mostly in the major cities, although they are in the minority. Certain rural areas of south-central Java are strongly Catholic. Buddhist communities (1%) also exist in the major cities, primarily among the Indonesian Chinese. The approximately 90 million Javanese form the largest ethnic group in Indonesia. ... The Abangan form a large majorty of the Javanese Muslims. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Bali is an Indonesian island located at , , one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. ... The Regency of Banyuwangi is located at the easternmost end of the island of Java, and it is a very strategic area for one who wants to go to Bali. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... It has been suggested that The Indonesian Ethnic Chinese and the view of nationhood be merged into this article or section. ...


Then there are also groups of followers of Kejawen, or Javanese "mystical" groups (see "mysticism") who do not fit easily into governmental administrative categories - such as Sumarah, Subud and other groups. During the Suharto era, it was mandatory to belong to a government-approved religion in order to have an identity card, which itself was also mandatory. Followers of Kejawen had various difficulties because of this issue. Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have principles embodying a search for inner self but at the core is the concept of Peace Of Mind. ... The Flammarion Woodcut can be taken to illustrate the Gnostics mystical search for spiritual worlds by circumventing the constraints of materialism. ... Subud (pronounced /subud/) is an international spiritual organization of people of all religions as well as people with no formal religious affiliation. ... Haji Mohammad Soeharto (born June 8, 1921), more commonly referred to as simply Soeharto (Suharto in the Anglophone world), is a former Indonesian military and political leader. ... Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have principles embodying a search for inner self but at the core is the concept of Peace Of Mind. ...


Ethnic groups

The approximately 90 million Javanese form the largest ethnic group in Indonesia. ... The Javanese language is the spoken language of the people in the central and eastern part of the island of Java, in Indonesia. ... The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia. ... Sundanese (Basa Sunda, literally language of Sunda) is the language of about 27,000,000 people from the western third of Java or about 15% of Indonesian population. ... The Madurese are an ethnic group originally from the island of Madura but now found in many parts of Indonesia, where they are the third-largest ethnic group by population. ... It has been suggested that The Indonesian Ethnic Chinese and the view of nationhood be merged into this article or section. ... Cirebonese is a mixture of Javanese and Sundanese (with heavier influence of Javanese). ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are a large and heterogeneous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ...

See also

Badui man The Badui (also known as Kanekes) are the descendants of the Pajajaran princes. ... The Indonesian Osing people are the descendants of the Majapahit princes who refused to convert to Islam in the 16th century. ... At a point in time when Sri Vijaya had been the established leader in the Southeast Asian region for about 100 years, the Sailendra Kingdom of Java emerged. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Tenggerese are the descendants of the Majapahit princes. ... The 2006 Java earthquake occurred at 05:54 local time on 27 May 2006 (22:54 GMT 26 May), in the Indian Ocean around 25 km (15 miles) south-southwest of the Indonesian city of Yogyakarta, on the southern side of the island of Java (), 17. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Java
  • Java travel guide from Wikitravel
  • JAVA, FACTS AND FANCIES, by Augusta De Wit, 1905. (a searchable facsimile at the University of Georgia Libraries; DjVu & layered PDF format)


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... DjVu (pronounced deja-vu) is a computer file format designed primarily to store scanned images. ...

 
Provinces of Indonesia
Flag of Indonesia
Sumatra (Sumatera)
Aceh | North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) | West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat) | Bengkulu | Riau | Riau Islands (Kepulauan Riau) | Jambi | South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) | Lampung | Bangka-Belitung
Java (Jawa)
Jakarta | West Java (Jawa Barat) | Banten | Central Java (Jawa Tengah) | Yogyakarta | East Java (Jawa Timur)
Kalimantan
West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat) | Central Kalimantan (Kalimantan Tengah) | South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan) | East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur)
The Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara)
Bali | West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat) | East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur)
Sulawesi
West Sulawesi (Sulawesi Barat) | North Sulawesi (Sulawesi Utara) | Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) | South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) | South East Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara) | Gorontalo
The Maluku Islands and New Guinea (Irian)
Maluku | North Maluku (Maluku Utara) | West Irian Jaya (Irian Jaya Barat) | Papua

  Results from FactBites:
 
Java (island) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1506 words)
Java (7° S 109° E) is in a chain of islands with Kalimantan (Borneo) to the north, Sumatra to the northwest, Bali to the east, Sulawesi to the northeast and Christmas Island to the south.
Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin; and contains no fewer than thirty-eight mountains of that conical form, which indicates their having at one time or another been active volcanoes.
Java is by far the most populous island in Indonesia, with nearly 60% of the overall population of the country residing there [1].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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