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Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan was a Pandyan king who ruled the Pandyan kingdom with Madurai as his capital, from 1251 to 1268. He succeeded Maravarman Sundara Pandyan. He is considered one of the greatest conquerors of Southern India. It was a time when the might of the Medivial Cholas was fading away and the Muslim invation of South India had begun. Jatavarman started from a well laid platform for an empire by Maravarman. During his reign the Pandyan kingdom extended to the river Krishna in the north and the island of Ceylon in the south. The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient state at the tip of South India, founded around the 6th century BCE. It was part of the Dravidian cultural area, which also comprised other kingdoms such as that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara. ... Madurai (à®®à®¤à¯à®°à¯ in Tamil) is situated on the banks of river Vaigai in Tamil Nadu, a southern Indian state. ... Events First Shepherds Crusade Births Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned from 1217 to 1252) Categories: 1251 ... Events May 18 - the Principality of Antioch falls to Mameluk Sultan Baibars. ...
Sundara Pandyan first invaded the Chera country ruled by Viraravi Udaya Marthandavarman and annexed it to his empire. He then attacked the then Cholas. Rajendra Chola III was defeated and he accepted to serve under the Pandyans and pay tribute. Sundara Pandyan then went south to Ceylon and defeated its ruler and returned with a bulk of treasures. On his return from Ceylon invasion, he went north again, this time invading Hoysalas under Someshvara. The famous Hoysala general Singana along with other generals were killed in the war between Pandyans and Hoysalas. Sundara Pandyan captured the major Hoysala forts in their southern part, resulting in Someshvara's retreat into north. Someshvara renewed his war in 1262 which saw him killed by Sundara Pandyan. The Cheras were one of the three ancient Tamil dynasties who ruled the southern tip of the peninsula of India for most of its early history. ...
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The early Pandyan dynasty of the Sangam literature went into obscurity during the invation of the Kalabhras.
The Pandyan Kingdom finally became extinct after the establishment of the Madurai Sultanate in the 16th century.
After being overshadowed by the Pallavas and Cholas for centuries, Pandyan glory was briefly revived by the much celebrated JatavarmanSundaraPandyan in 1251 and the Pandya power extended from the Telugu countries on banks of the Godavari river to the northern half of Sri Lanka.
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