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Encyclopedia > Jasper National Park
Jasper National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Jasper Park Location
Location: Alberta, Canada
Nearest city: Jasper
Coordinates: 52°52′23″N, 118°04′56″W
Area: 10,878 km²
Established: 1907
Visitation: 1,891,100 (in 2004)
Governing body: Parks Canada

Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning 10,878 km² (4200 mi²). It is located in the province of Alberta, to the north of Banff National Park and west of the city of Edmonton. The park includes the glaciers of the Columbia Icefield, hot springs, lakes, waterfalls and, of course, mountains. Wildlife in the park include elk, moose, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, grizzly bears, black bears, beavers, Rocky Mountain pika, hoary marmots and caribou. The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (976x790, 57 KB) Summary Location of Canadian national parks Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: List of Canadian national parks Point Pelee National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park Gros Morne National Park Forillon National Park Cape Breton... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English (see below) Flower   Wild rose Tree Lodgepole Pine Bird Great Horned Owl Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total... Jasper is a specialized municipality in western Alberta, Canada. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Parks Canada is a Canadian government agency whose purpose is to protect and present nationally significant examples of Canadas natural and cultural heritage and foster public understanding, appreciation and enjoyment in ways that ensure their ecological and commemorative integrity for present and future generations. ... The Canadian National Parks system encompasses over forty protected areas, including National Parks, National Park Reserves and National Marine Conservation Areas. ... Ringrose Peak, Lake OHara, British Columbia, Canada The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains range. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English (see below) Flower   Wild rose Tree Lodgepole Pine Bird Great Horned Owl Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total... Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Athabasca Glacier, Columbia Icefield, Canadian Rockies. ... Elk may refer to two distinct species of large deer: In Europe it refers to Alces alces, which is called a Moose in North America In North America it refers to Cervus elaphus, which is called a Red Deer in Europe. ... Binomial name Alces alces (Linnaeus, 1758) Moose range map Alces alces, called the moose in North America and the elk in Europe (see also elk for other animals called elk) is the largest member of the deer family Cervidae, distinguished from other members of Cervidae by the form of the... Binomial name Oreamnos americanus (Blainville, 1816) The Rocky Mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus), often called simply mountain goat, is a large hoofed mammal found only in North America. ... Binomial name Ovis canadensis Shaw, 1804 Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) is a species of sheep in North America with two endangered subspecies: Desert Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni) California Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana). ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) The reindeer, known as caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ...

Contents

History

Jasper was named after Jasper Hawes, who operated a trading post in the region for the North West Company. Before this it was referred to as Fitzhugh. The park was established on September 14, 1907 as Jasper Forest Park, and was granted national park status in 1930, with the passing of the National Parks Act.[1] A trading post is a place where trading of goods takes place. ... Today, the North West Company is a grocery vendor in remote communities across northern Canada, Alaska and Greenland. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... The National Parks Act is a Canadian federal law that regulates protection of natural areas of national significance. ...


In 2004, Jasper National Park had 1,891,100 visitors.[2]


World Heritage Site

This park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984, together with the other national and provincial parks that form the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, for the mountain landscapes containing mountain peaks, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, canyons and limestone caves as well as fossils found here. Image File history File links World_Heritage_logo. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This article is about national parks. ... // Alberta Aspen Beach Provincial Park Beauvais Lake Provincial Park Big Hill Springs Provincial Park Big Knife Provincial Park Bow Valley Provincial Park Calling Lake Provincial Park Carson-Pagasus Provincial Park Chain Lakes Provincial Park Cold Lake Provincial Park Crimson Lake Provincial Park Cross Lake Provincial Park Cypress Hills Provincial Park... The Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage Site is located in the Canadian Rockies. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Grand Canyon, Arizona A canyon or gorge is a deep sonoma often carved from the Earth by a river. ... An ammonite fossil Fossils (from Latin fossus, literally having been dug up) are the mineralized or otherwise preserved remains or traces (such as footprints) of animals, plants, and other organisms. ...

Geography

Major river systems originating in the park include the North Saskatchewan River (part of the Hudson Bay basin) and The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river flowing east from the Canadian Rockies to Lake Winnipeg. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ...


Attractions

Some of the park's many photogenic vistas include Mount Edith Cavell, Pyramid Lake with Pyramid Mountain, Maligne Lake, Medicine Lake, and the Tonquin Valley all considered best photographed at sunrise except for Maligne Lake, which is best in the evening. Other attractions are the Marmot Basin ski area, the Snocoach (bus-sized snowmobile) tours of the Athabasca Glacier, a distributary of the Columbia Icefield, Athabasca Falls, Maligne Canyon, Whistler Sky-Tram, and numerous other outdoor related recreational activities (such as hiking, fishing, wildlife viewing, rafting, kayaking and camping). The Miette Hotsprings are located close to the notheast entrance. Mount Edith Cavell is located in the Athabasca River and Astoria River valleys of Jasper National Park. ... Pyramid Mountain is a peak in Jasper National Park, Canada named for its pyramid like shape. ... Maligne Lake Maligne Lake is a popular destination in Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada. ... Cedar strip freighter canoes on Medicine Lake, 1991 Medicine Lake is located within Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada. ... The Tonquin Valley is located in Jasper National Park located in Alberta, Canada. ... Marmot Basin is an alpine ski area located in Albertas Jasper National Park. ... Athabasca Glacier The Athabasca Glacier is one of the six principal toes of the Columbia Icefield, located in the Canadian Rockies. ... Athabasca Falls in Jasper National Park is just 23 metres high. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle_Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ... Rafting is a recreational activity utilizing a raft to navigate a river or other body of water. ... Kayaking is the use of a kayak for moving across water. ...


Photo gallery

See also

The Canadian National Parks system encompasses over forty protected areas, including National Parks, National Park Reserves and National Marine Conservation Areas. ... The Canadian National Parks system is run by Parks Canada, which also runs Canadas National Historic Sites. ...

References

  1. ^ Parks Canada - Jasper National Park Visitor Information
  2. ^ Alberta Tourism - Tourist statistics and revenue

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Jasper National Park
  • Official Parks Canada website
  • Jasper National Park in Bivouac.com
  • Photo Gallery of Jasper Journal

 
 

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