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Encyclopedia > Jasper
Polished jasper pebble, one inch (2.5 cm) long.
Polished jasper pebble, one inch (2.5 cm) long.
Jasper that has not been polished.
Jasper that has not been polished.
Green Jasper.
Green Jasper.
Yellow Jasper. Can also be brighter and less brown.
Yellow Jasper. Can also be brighter and less brown.

Jasper is an opaque, impure variety of quartz, usually red, yellow or brown in color. This mineral breaks with a smooth surface, and is used for ornamentation or as a gemstone. It can be highly polished and is used for vases, seals, and at one time for snuff boxes. When the colors are in stripes or bands, it is called striped or banded jasper. Jaspilite is a banded iron formation rock that often has distinctive bands of jasper. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 388 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (405 × 626 pixel, file size: 76 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 388 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (405 × 626 pixel, file size: 76 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 246 KB) A piece of jasper fresh out of the ground. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 246 KB) A piece of jasper fresh out of the ground. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A substance or object that is opaque is neither transparent nor translucent. ... For other uses, see Quartz (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... A yellow Tulip. ... The brown and orange disks of color are objectively identical, in identical gray surrounds, in this image; their perceived color categories depend on what white they are compared to. ... For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Gemstone (disambiguation). ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in genus Nicotiana. ... 2. ...

Contents

Etymology and historical/mythical usage

The name means "spotted stone", and is derived from Anglo-French jaspre, from Old French jaspe, from Latin iaspidem, the accusative of iaspis, from Greek iaspis, via a Semitic language (cf. Hebrew yashepheh, Akkadian yashupu), ultimately from Persian yashp. Anglo-French is a term that may be used in several contexts: Nationality, eg. ... Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of modern Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic (from the Biblical Shem, Hebrew: שם, translated as name, Arabic: سام) was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Akkadian (lišānum akkadītum) was a Semitic language (part of the greater Afro-Asiatic language family) spoken in ancient Mesopotamia, particularly by the Assyrians and Babylonians. ... “Farsi” redirects here. ...


The word yashepheh in the masoretic text of Exodus 28:20, referring to a stone in the Hoshen, is thus reflected in the Septuagint by the word Iaspis, and usually translated into English as Jasper. Despite the most common form of Jasper being red, scholars think that the yashepheh here actually refers to a green form of Jasper - which was very rare, and so highly prized; the Greeks used Iaspis to refer to the green form, while the red form simply fell under the term Sard - which just means red. Rebbenu Bachya argues that this stone represents the tribe of Benjamin, but there is actually a wide range of views among traditional sources about which tribe the stone refers to. The Masoretic Text (MT) is the Hebrew text of the Tanakh approved for general use in Judaism. ... Exodus is the second book of the Torah, the Tanakh, and the Old Testament. ... The Hoshen (Khosen) was the breastplate of Judgment worn by the High Priest in the book of Exodus in the Bible, covered by 12 stones that represented the 12 tribes of Israel. ... The Septuagint: A column of uncial text from 1 Esdras in the Codex Vaticanus, the basis of Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brentons Greek edition and English translation. ... Not to be confused with Bahya ibn Paquda. ... For other uses, see Benjamin (disambiguation). ...


It is described in the Book of Revelation (21:11) as follows: "It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal." Visions of John of Patmos, as depicted in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry. ...


Types of jasper

Jasper can appear as an opaque rock of shades of red due to mineral impurities. Patterns can arise from the formation process and from flow patterns in the sediment or volcanic ash that was saturated with silica to form jasper, yielding bands or swirls in the rock. This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Ash plume from Mt Cleveland, a stratovolcano Diamond Head, a well-known backdrop to Waikiki in Hawaii, is an ash cone that solidified into tuff Volcanic ash consists of very fine rock and mineral particles less than 2 mm in diameter that are ejected from a volcanic vent. ...


Jasper may be permeated by dendritic minerals providing the appearance of vegetative growths. The jasper may have been fractured and/or distorted after formation, later rebonding into discontinuous patterns or filling with another material. Heat or environmental factors may have created surface rinds (such as varnish) or interior stresses leading to fracturing. A crystal dendrite is a crystal that develops with a typical multi-branching tree-like form. ...


Egyptian jasper is a brown jasper, appearing as nodules in the Libyan desert and in the Nile valley between the Red Sea and Cairo, Egypt, distinguished by a zonal order of light and dark shades of colors. Egyptian jasper is also known as Egyptian pebble.


Picture jaspers simultaneously exhibit several of these variations (such as banding, flow patterns, dendrites or color variations) resulting in what appear to be scenes or images in a cut section (as in Biggs, Deschutes, Owyhee, Poppy and other named types). Spherical flow patterns produce a distinctive orbicular appearance (porcelain jaspers such as Blue Mountain, Bruneau and Willow Creek). Complex mixes of impurities produce wild color variations (as in McDermitt jasper). Healed fractures produce brecciated jasper (such as Canyon Creek). Examples of this can be seen at Llanddwyn Island. Bruneau Jasper is a gemstone that comes from the region near the Bruneau River in western Idaho, United States. ... Breccia, derived from the Latin word for broken, is a sedimentary rock composed of angular fragments in a matrix that may be of a similar or a different material. ... Ynys Llanddwyn or Llanddwyn Island is a small tidal island off the west coast of Anglesey, north Wales. ...


Jasper is the gemstone of the Rooster from the Chinese Zodiac.


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Jasper

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Gem animals. ... Imprint of a carnelian seal with Brahmi inscription Kusumadasasya (Flowers servant). 4-5th century CE, probably Punjab. ... Sard is a reddish-brown chalcedony, SiO2, much used by the ancients as a gemstone. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Handbook of Texas Online: JASPER COUNTY (1978 words)
Jasper County (J-23) is located in Southeast Texas, bordered on the north by San Augustine and Sabine counties, on the east by Newton County, on the south by Orange County, and on the west by Hardin and Tyler counties.
The population of the county increased to 15,569 by 1920 and to 17,408 by 1930.
The population of the county increased to 24,692 in 1970, 30,781 in 1980, and 31,102 in 1990.
Jasper - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (349 words)
Jasper is an opaque, impure variety of quartz that is usually red, yellow or brown in color.
Jasper may be permeated by dentritic minerals providing the appearance of vegetative growths.
Picture jaspers simultaneously exhibit several of these variations (such as bandedness, flow patterns, dentrites or color variations) resulting in what appear to be scenes or images in a cut section (as in Biggs, Deschutes, Owyhee, Poppy and other named types).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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