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Encyclopedia > Japanese battleship Kaiyo Maru
Career RN Ensign
Builder: The Netherlands
Ordered: 1863
Laid down: August 1863
Launched: 3 November 1865
Commissioned: 10 September 1866
Arrived in Japan: 26 March 1867
Decommissioned: 1869
Fate: Wrecked in a storm

Salvaged in 1990 Japanese warship Kaiyoumaru, around 1867. ... Download high resolution version (900x600, 46 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

General Characteristics
Displacement: 2,590 t
Length: 72.2 m LOA
Beam: 13.04 m
Draught: 6.40 m
Propulsion: Ship-rigged 3-masted sailboat (20,970 sqm of sails)

400 hp auxiliary steam engine A full rigged ship (a vessel with 3 or more masts, all square-rigged) is said to have a ship rig. ...

Fuel: Coal
Speed: 10 knots
Complement: 400
Armament: 18-16cm, 8-30pdr, 5 more cannons later

Kaiyō Maru (Japanese: 開陽丸) was one of Japan's first modern warships, powered by both sails and steam. She was ordered in the Netherlands in 1863 by the Bakufu, the government of the Shogun. USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga class cruiser. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... For the James Clavell novel, see Shogun or for the TV Miniseries. ... In Japanese history, a shōgun (将軍) was the practical ruler of Japan for most of the time from 1192 to the Meiji Era beginning in 1868. ...

She was brought back to Japan early in 1867 by Enomoto Takeaki, a Japanese Navy student who had been sent to study Naval science in the Netherlands for five years, together with fifteen other students. Enomoto Takeaki was to become vice-admiral of the modernized Bakufu fleet upon his return to Japan, and Kaiyō Maru was to become his flagship. 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Enomoto Takeaki at the time of Republic of Ezo in 1869. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ...

The Boshin War erupted soon after, near the end of 1867, in which pro-Imperial forces fought the Bakufu forces between 1867 and 1869. In September 1868, Enomoto Takeaki decided to continue combat in northern Japan together with the Daimyos faithful to the Bakufu regime, and sailed out of Shinagawa in Tokyo towards the north, with Kaiyō Maru and seven other modern ships. The ship was also carrying on board a handful of French military advisors, and their leader Jules Brunet. The rebels ended up in Hokkaido, where they established an independent and ephemeral Ezo Republic. The Boshin War (戊辰戦争 Boshin Sensō, literally War of the Year of the Dragon) was fought in 1868-1869 between the Tokugawa Shogunate and the pro-Imperial forces in Japan. ... The daimyo (大名: daimyō) were the most powerful feudal rulers from the 12th century to the 19th century in Japan. ... Shinagawa (品川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... The modern skyline of Tokyo is highly decentralized. ... The French military mission before its departure to Japan. ... Hokkaidō (Japanese: 北海道, literal meaning: North Sea Route, Ainu: Mosir), formerly known as Ezo, is the second largest island of Japan. ... Enomoto Takeaki (front, right) and the leaders of his loyalist troops in Hokkaido, 1869. ...

Kaiyō Maru eventually became the main ship of the fleet in Hokkaido. Many hopes were put in her to achieve naval superiority against a weaker and nascent Imperial Japanese Navy, but she eventually was wrecked in Esashi, Hokkaido, during a storm on 15 November 1868. The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) (大日本帝國海軍 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun) was the navy of Japan before 1945. ... Esashi is the name of several places. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

Her demise is said to have demoralized Enomoto Takeaki, who had brought her from the other side of the world, and clearly reduced the chances of the rebel forces to succeed.

Kaiyō Maru was discovered on the seafloor in 1975, and she was salvaged and reconstructed in 1990. She is now visible at the docks in Esashi and has become a tourist attraction. 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

The salvaged Kaiyō Maru in Esashi



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