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Encyclopedia > Japanese Self Defense Forces
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Japan's honor guard often marches to greet the arrival of foreign dignitaries.

Japan Self-Defence Forces (Japanese: 自衛隊, Jieitai) is a military force in Japan that was established after the end of World War II. The force has been engaged in no real combat but has been engaged in some peacekeeping operations.


The Japanese military is severely limited by Article 9 of the Japanese constitution that renounces force as a means of settling international disputes and prohibits the creation of an army, navy, and air force. The exact limits of Article 9 is a controversial issue in Japan, but it has been interpreted as allowing for self-defense forces. Thus the JSDF has a very limited oversea capability, lacks long range offensive capabilities like long range anti ground missiles, air-refueling (as of 2004), Marines or amphibious units, special forces, large cache of ammunitions, or ROE (Rules of Engagement). Japan's USD $42.6 billion/year budget makes it the fourth largest military spender in the world, after the big three -- United States, Russia and the People's Republic of China. About 50% of that is spent on the personnel and rests are split on supplies, new weapons, upgrades, etc.[1] (http://www.cdi.org/budget/2004/world-military-spending.cfm)


As a reflection of the forces' role, the Japanese term 軍 (pronounciation: gun), referring to a military force, and the English terms "military", "army", "navy", and "air force" are never used in official references to the JSDF.


The first overseas deployment of the Japanese military under UN since World War II occurred in 1992. The troops were sent to Cambodia to watch over the first free election. The first overseas deployment without an UN agreement occurred in 2004. The troops were sent to Iraq as peace keepers.


Self-Defense Forces numbered about 246,400 in 1992: Ground Self-Defense Force 156,000, Maritime Self-Defense Force 44,400, and Air Self-Defense Force 46,000. Reserves 48,400.


Military Units: Five armies, five maritime districts, and three air defense forces. Main bases in Hokkaido, eastern Honshu, central and western Honshu and Shikoku, and Kyushu.


Military branches: Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (Army), Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (Navy), Japan Air Self-Defense Force (Air Force)


Equipment: Ground Self-Defense Force: medium tanks, reconnaissance vehicles, armored personnel carriers, towed and self-propelled howitzers, mortars, single rocket and multiple rocket launchers, air defense guns, surface-to-surface missiles, antitank missiles, fixed-wing aircraft, attack helicopters, and transport helicopters. Maritime Self-Defense Force: diesel submarines, guided missile destroyers, frigates with helicopters, frigates, patrol and coastal combatants, mine warfare ships, amphibious ships, auxiliaries, ground based fixed-wing aircraft, and helicopters. Air Self-Defense Force: ground attack aircraft, fighters, reconnaissance aircraft, airborne early warning aircraft, transport aircraft, surface-to-air missiles, air-to-surface missiles, air-to-air missiles, and air-defense control and warning units.


Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age


Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 30,259,247 (2000 est.)


Military manpower - fit for military service: males age 15-49: 26,139,516 (2000 est.)


Military manpower - reaching military age annually: males: 771,452 (2000 est.)


Military expenditures - dollar figure: $42.9 billion (FY98/99)


Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 0.9% (FY98/99) Japan keeps direct defense expenses at about 1 percent of GNP for political reasons.


Foreign Military Treaty: Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security with United States (1960); can be revoked on one-year's notice by either party and is updated by minutes periodically.


Police Forces: Independent municipal and local police forces, all under supervision of National Police Agency in 1993. National Rural Police at prefecture level.

Contents

List of notable JSDF figures

See also

References

External links

  • JDA Cabinet Office (http://www.cao.go.jp/) (Japanese)
  • Japanese Defense Agency (http://www.jda.go.jp/) (Japanese)
    • Joint Staff Council (http://www.jda.go.jp/join/) (Japanese)
    • Air Self-Defense Forces Website (http://www.jda.go.jp/jasdf/) (Japanese)
  • kamouflage.net: online index of camouflage uniforms from around the world (http://www.kamouflage.net/) (English)
    • kamouflage.net > Asia > Japan > JGSDF camouflage pattern (http://www.kamouflage.net/camouflage/en_00037.php) (English)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Japan Self-Defense Forces - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4428 words)
The JSDF numbered 239,430 in 2005 with 147,737 in the Ground Self-Defense Force, 44,327 in the Maritime Self-Defense Force, 45,517 in the Air Self-Defense Force, and 1,849 in the Joint Staff Office.
The law states that ground, maritime, and air forces are to preserve the peace and independence of the nation and to maintain national security by conducting operations on land, at sea, and in the air to defend the nation against direct and indirect aggression.
Although the Japanese people retained a lingering suspicion of the armed services, in the late 1980s antimilitarism had moderated, compared with its form in the early 1950s when the SDF was established.
Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1393 words)
The force is based strictly on defensive armament, largely lacking the offensive weapons typically handled by naval forces of equivalent size.
Defense planners believe the most effective approach to combating submarines entails mobilizing all available weapons, including surface combatants, submarines, aircraft, and helicopters, and the numbers and armament of these weapons were increased in the Mid-Term Defense Estimate.
Each Escort force is formed as an 8-8 fleet of 8 destroyers and 8 on-board helicopters, a modification of the old Japanese Navy fleet layouts of 8 battleships and 8 cruisers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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