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Encyclopedia > Janjevci
Janjevci
Total population

10,000 approx.

Regions with significant populations
Croatia, Serbia (Kosovo)
Languages
Traditionally: Torlakian; officially Croatian
Religions
Catholic
Related ethnic groups
Croats, Serbs, Bosniaks, South Slavs
Part of a series of articles on
Croats

Culture of Croatia
Literature · Music · Art · Cinema
Cuisine · Costume · Sport Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Torlakian is the name used for the Slavic dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia, Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia and the Republic of Macedonia. ... The Bosniaks (Bosnian: BoÅ¡njaci, IPA: ) are a South Slav people living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Kosovo and Macedonia. ... Countries inhabited by South Slavs (in black) Distribution of Slavic peoples by language The South Slavs are a southern branch of the Slavic peoples that live in the Balkans, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Image File history File links Croatia,_Historic_Coat_of_Arms. ... The culture of Croatia in Slavonia and Dalmatia links as far back as the Late Middle Ages. ... // (ca. ... The music of Croatia, like the country itself, has three major influences: the influence of the Mediterranean especially present in the coastal areas, of the Balkans especially in the mountainous, continental parts, and of central Europe in the central and northern parts of the country. ... Croatian cuisine is heterogeneous and is therefore known as the cuisine of regions, since every region has its own distinct culinary traditions. ...

Croats by region or country
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia (Vojvodina · Kosovo)
Boka Kotorska
Slovakia · Czech Rep. · Hungary · Romania
Italy · Macedonia · Slovenia · Austria Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Croats are the fourth largest ethnic group in the Vojvodina province of Serbia. ... The Croats have a minority in Boka Kotorska (Bay of Kotor), a coastal region in Montenegro, the largest of their kind in Tivat. ...


Croatian diaspora
Australia · Argentina · Canada
Chile · Germany
South Africa · United States Croatian Diaspora refers to the Croatian communities that have formed outside the traditional homeland of the Croatian people. ...


Subgroups and
closely related peoples

Bunjevci · Šokci · Krashovani
Serbs · Bosniaks · Montenegrins
South Slavs · "Yugoslavs" The Catholic Church in the Bunjevac village of Stari Žednik Bunjevci (Bunjevac, Serbian and Croatian: Bunjevci/Буњевци, singular Bunjevac/Буњевац, pronounced as Bunyevtzi and Bunyevatz, also in Hungarian: bunyevácok) are a South Slavic ethnic group originally from the Dinaric Alps region, now mostly living in the Bačka region... Catholic Church in the Å okac village of Sonta, Serbia Å okci (Croatian & Serbian Latin: Å okci, singular Å okac, Serbian Cyrillic: Шокци, singular Шокац, pronounced as Shoktzi and Shokatz, also in Hungarian: Sokácok) are a South Slavic ethnic group living in various settlements along the Danube and Sava rivers in the historic regions of... The Krashovani (Croatian and Serbian: KraÅ¡ovani, Крашовани, KaraÅ¡ovani or KraÅ¡ovanje, KaraÅ¡evci and KoroÅ¡evci; Romanian: CaraÅŸoveni, CârÅŸoveni, CotcoreÅ£i or CocoÅŸi; also known as Krashovans) are a South Slavic people indigenous to CaraÅŸova and other nearby locations in CaraÅŸ-Severin County within... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia and the Republic of Macedonia. ... The Bosniaks (Bosnian: BoÅ¡njaci, IPA: ) are a South Slav people living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Kosovo and Macedonia. ... Montenegrins (Serbian and Montenegrin: Црногорци / Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ... Countries inhabited by South Slavs (in black) Distribution of Slavic peoples by language The South Slavs are a southern branch of the Slavic peoples that live in the Balkans, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps. ... Yugoslav (Serbian and Macedonian Cyrillic: Југословени, Latin: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) was an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ...

Croatian languages and dialects
Croatian ·
Chakavian · Kajkavian · Shtokavian
Burgenland dialect · Molise dialect Chakavian (Čakavian, čakavski) dialect is one of the three dialects of Croatian language. ... Kajkavian (kajkavski) dialect is one of the three dialects of Croatian language. ... Shtokavian (Å tokavian, Å¡tokavski/штокавски) is the primary dialect of the Central South Slavic languages system, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian language. ... Burgenland Croatian language or dialect (gradišćanskohrvatski jezik) belongs to the South Slavic branch of the Slavic languages. ... Molise Croatian dialect (also: Molise Slavic, Slavisano, na-naÅ¡o) is spoken in the Campobasso Province in the Molise Region of Italy, in three villages — Montemitro (Mundimitar), Aquaviva Collercroce (Živavoda Kruč) and San Felice del Molise (Å tifilić). These have approximately 3,000 speakers. ...

History · Rulers
Origins of the Croats This is the history of Croatia. ... // The details of the arrival of the Croats are scarcely documented. ... The origin of the Croatian tribe before the great migration of the Slavs is uncertain. ...

v  d  e

Janjevci are the inhabitants of the Kosovo town of Janjevo and surrounding villages, located near Pristina as well as villages centered on Letnica near Vitina (Papare, Vrmez, Vrnavo Kolo). Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Prishtinë/Prishtina (Albanian indefinite/definite form) or Priština (Приштина) (Serbian) is the capital city of Kosovo, a landlocked province of Serbia located at 42°65′ N 21°17′ E. It is estimated that the current population of Prishtina is... Letnica is one of the quarters of the city of GdaÅ„sk, Poland. ... Vitina (Viti in Albanian) is the capital of the Municipality of Vitina in Kosovo. ...


The Janjevci as a specific group are one of two regional subgroups in Kosovo with strong links to the Croats. They belong to the Slavic ethnicities and are believed to be mostly descended from traders who settled in Kosovo during the 14th century from the Republic of Dubrovnik, modern-day Croatia, and nearby Bosnia and Herzegovina. They have maintained their Catholic faith and Croatian identity throughout the centuries [citation needed]. Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples. ... The Republic of Dubrovnik, also known as the Republic of Ragusa, was a maritime city-state that was based in the city of Dubrovnik from the 14th century until 1808. ...


The first written mention is by pope Benedict XII in 1303, mentioning Janjevo as the center of the catholic parish of Sveti Nikola. Benedict XII, née Jacques Fournier (c. ...


Since 1991, due to Serbian pressure first, and then because of the Kosovo War they have been migrating from Kosovo, mostly to Croatia, a singular choice for Slavic catholics during the process of Yugoslavia's disintegration and the Yugoslav wars. The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - dissolution June 25... This does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 1992, some inhabitants from Letnica, another Croatian village in Kosovo, emigrated to Croatia and settled in abandoned homes of Serbs in the villages of Voćin and Varešnica in western Slavonia. The previous Serb landlords fled during the war. Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia and the Republic of Macedonia. ... Voćin is a village in western Slavonia, Croatia, located southwest of Slatina and east of Daruvar. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Combatants Croatian Army Paramilitary organisations Bosnia and Herzegovina Republic of Serb Krajina Army Yugoslav Peoples Army Paramilitary organisations Commanders Franjo TuÄ‘man (President of Croatia) Anton Tus (Chief of Staff of Croatian Army 1991-1992) Janko Bobetko (Chief of Staff of Croatian Army 1992-1995) Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević (President...


Many of the Janjevci settled in Serb homes in inner Dalmatia in 1996, particularly the village of Kistanje, which was abandoned in 1995 following Operation Storm. After the return of Serbian refugees, the village became divided between two hostile communities. The Janjevci have since returned the Serbian houses to their owners and instead built properties for themselves in a new part of Kistanje called Novo Naselje (lit. New Settlement). Kistanje (Serbian Cyrillic: Кистање) is a town and a municipality in Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia. ... Combatants Croatia Republic of Serbian Krajina Commanders general Zvonimir Červenko general Mile Mrkšić Strength 150,000 soldiers, 350 tanks, 800 artillery pieces, 50 rocket launchers, 30 aircraft and helicopters 40,000 soldiers, 200 tanks, 350 artillery pieces, 25 rocket launchers, 20 aircraft and helicopters Casualties 174 soldiers killed, 1...


Another population center of Janjevci is on and around Konjščinska Street in the Dubrava quarter of Zagreb. They have since turned this area into a vibrant shopping district. Dubrava is one of the largest neighbourhoods of Zagreb, Croatia. ... Zagreb (pronounced: ) is the capital and largest city of Croatia. ...


Janjevci families started migrating to Croatia from the 1950's, with most settling in Zagreb. By the beginning of the 1970's, there was a large community of Janjevci along and within the vicinity of Konjšćinska Street in Dubrava, Zagreb. Since that period, Konjšćinska Street became a synonym for Janjevci, a category of cheap trade.


According to records in 2002, there are 966 families of Janjevci on Croatia, with the majority of them residing in the capital Zagreb (669 families), and the rest in other parts of Croatia (297 families).


Before 1991, there were 8,062 Janjevci in Kosovo. In 1998 about 1,300 remained. After the Kosovo War, in Janjevo itself only around 350 remained, the rest fled mostly to Croatia. The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ...


The present situation for Croats in Kosovo is as described: 'With the downfall of Milosevic's policy in Kosovo and with the exodus of most of the Serb population, the survival of the remaining Croat population also became uncertain. Albanian plunderers from neighbouring villages terrorised them and as a result they asked Croatia to help them leave Letnica collectively' [1]


There is an attempt in progress to find proper place for them in Croatia, and to enable it to take them all together on secure ground.


External links

  • http://free-zg.htnet.hr/Janjevo/index.povijest.htm
  • http://www.zvonik.org.yu/1041/ZV03.html
  • http://www.hrt.hr/arhiv/hrvati_u_svijetu/izbor_iz_emisija/11-99/hrvati_s_kosova_eng.html
  • http://72.14.253.104/search?q=cache:Iyc4F51NZ-UJ:www.unizd.hr/odjeli/geografija/Geoadria/Geo%25209-1/Siljkovic-Glamuzina%25209-1.pdf+Dubrava+janjevci&hl=en&gl=au&ct=clnk&cd=2
  • http://www.hrt.hr/arhiv/hrvati_u_svijetu/izbor_iz_emisija/05-2001/kosovo.html
  • http://www.hrt.hr/arhiv/hrvati_u_svijetu/izbor_iz_emisija/11-99/hrvati_s_kosova_eng.html
  • http://www.klapa-janjevo.hr/


Ethnic groups of Serbia
Demographic history of Serbia
Bosniaks · Ethnic Muslims · Jews · Montenegrins · Romanians · Serbs · Serbians · Vlachs

  Results from FactBites:
 
Janjevci (210 words)
Janjevci are inhabitants of the Kosovo town of Janjevo and surrounding villages, located near Pristina as well as villages centered around Letnica near Vitina.
The Janjevci as a specific group are one of two Roman Catholic South Slavic regional subgroups in Kosovo.
The Janjevci developed Croatian national identification during the 20th century as they are believed to be descended from traders that came from the Dubrovnik Republic in the late middle ages.
Janjevci Information (372 words)
Janjevci are the inhabitants of the Kosovo town of Janjevo and surrounding villages, located near Pristina as well as villages centered on Letnica near Vitina (Papare, Vrmez, Vrnavo Kolo).
The Janjevci as a specific group are one of two Croatian regional subgroups in Kosovo, belonging to the Slavic ethnic.
The present sitation is as described: 'With the downfall of Milosevic's policy in Kosovo and with the exodus of most of the Serb population, the survival of the remaining Croat population also became uncertain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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