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Encyclopedia > Jan van Goyen
River Scene
River Scene

Jan van Goyen (January 13, 1596, Leiden - April 27, 1656, The Hague) was a Dutch landscape painter. Download high resolution version (1099x730, 111 KB)River Scene by Jan van Goyen This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1099x730, 111 KB)River Scene by Jan van Goyen This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Leyden redirects here. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Arms of The Hague Flag of The city of The Hague. ...

Contents

Biography

Like many Dutch painters of his time, Jan van Goyen studied art in the town of Haarlem. At age 35, he established a permanent studio at Den Haag (The Hague). Country Netherlands Province North Holland Coordinates Area 32. ... This article is about the city in the Netherlands; there is also a region known as (the) Hague in France. ...


Typically, a Dutch painter of the 17th century (also known as the Dutch Golden Age) will fall into one of four categories, a painter of portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, or genre. Dutch painting was highly specialized and rarely could an artist hope to achieve greatness in more than one area in a lifetime of painting. Jan van Goyen would be classified primarily as a landscape artist with an eye for the genre subjects of everyday life. He painted many of the canals in and around Den Haag as well as the villages surrounding countryside of Delft, Rotterdam, Leiden, and Gouda. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Rembrandt The Nightwatch (1642) The Dutch Golden Age (1584-1702) was a period in Dutch history, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Country Netherlands Province South Holland Coordinates Area 24. ... Rotterdam Location Coat of arms The coat of arms reads Sterker door Strijd, i. ... Leyden redirects here. ... Goudas 15th Century Town Hall Flag of Gouda Goudas Cheese Market Gouda (population 71,797 in 2004) is a city in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ...


Van Goyen's Technique

Jan van Goyen would begin a painting using a support primarily of thin oak wood.


To this panel, he would scrub on several layers of a thin animal hide glue. An animal glue is an adhesive that is created by prolonged boiling of animal connective tissue. ...


Then with a blade, scrape over the entire surface a thin layer of tinted white lead to act as a ground and to fill the low areas of the panel. The ground was tinted light brown, sometimes reddish, or yellow ocher in colour. The word ground has several meanings: The surface of the Earth Soil, a mixture of sand and organic material present on the surface of the Earth Ground (electricity), in electrical engineering, something that is connected to the Earth or at the voltage defined as zero (in the US, called ground...


Next, Van Goyen would loosely and very rapidly sketch out the scene to be painted with pen and ink without going into the small details of his subject. This walnut ink drawing can be clearly seen in some of the thinly painted areas of his work. For a guide, he would have turned to a detailed drawing. The scene would have been drawn from life outdoors and then kept in the studio as reference material. Drawings by artists of the time were rarely works of art in their own right as they are viewed today. Walnut ink is an ink made from walnuts. ...


On his palette he would grind out a colour collection of neutral grays, umbers, ocher and earthen greens that looked like they were pulled from the very soil he painted. A varnish oil medium was used as vehicle to grind his powered pigments into paint and then used to help apply thin layers of paint which he could easily blend. Jacques Maroger [pron. ...


The dark areas of the painting were kept very thin and transparent with generous amounts of the oil medium. The light striking the painting in these sections would be lost and absorbed into the painting ground. The lighter areas of the picture were treated heavier and opaque with a generous amount of white lead mixed into the paint. Light falling on the painting in a light section is reflected back at the viewer.


The effect is a startling realism and three-dimensional quality. The surface of a finished painting resembles a fluid supple mousse, masterfully whipped and modeled with the brush. When looking at a Van Goyen painting one can almost feel the wind in the trees laced with the scent of a bluest smoke lingering above a rustic cottage, or taste the salted air near the seashore he painted.


External links

  • View of Dordrecht 1644
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Jan van Goyen

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Other popular Dutch landscape painters of the sixteenth and seventeenth century


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jan Josephszoon Van Goyen - LoveToKnow 1911 (829 words)
JAN JOSEPHSZOON VAN GOYEN (1596-1656), Dutch painter, was born at Leiden on the 13th of January 1596, learned painting under several masters at Leiden and Haarlem, married in 1618 and settled at the Hague about 1631.
Atmospheric effect in landscapes of cool tints varying from grey green to pearl or brown and yellow dun is the principal object which van Goyen holds in view, and he succeeds admirably in light skies with drifting misty cloud, and downs with cottages and scanty shrubbery or stunted trees.
Van Goyen's pictures are comparatively rare in English collections, but his work is seen to advantage abroad, and chiefly at the Louvre, and in Berlin, Gotha, Vienna, Munich and Augsburg.
Jan van Goyen, Village at the River (561 words)
Van Goyen's exquisite and fragile style of painting seascapes, river scenes and landscapes led him to be neglected for 200 years after his death, when a more finished type of picture was preferred.
Van Goyen was born in Leiden and spent his early life there, being apprenticed, as was the young Rembrandt a few years later, to Isaac Nicolai van Sweenburgh.
Van Goyen's development as an artist is relatively easy to follow, as a sufficiently large number of his pictures are signed and dated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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