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Encyclopedia > Jan Matejko
 Jan Matejko , self-portrait.
Jan Matejko , self-portrait.

Jan Matejko (Polish pronunciation ) (also known as Jan Mateyko; June 24, 1838, Free City of Kraków; - November 1, 1893, Kraków) was a Polish painter known for paintings of notable historical Polish political and military events.[1][2] His most famous works include oil on canvas paintings like Battle of Grunwald, paintings of numerous other battles and court scenes, and a gallery of Polish kings. He is counted among the most famous Polish painters.[1][2] Image File history File links Jan_Matejko-Auto_portrait. ... Image File history File links Jan_Matejko-Auto_portrait. ... Self Portrait is a 1970 double album by Bob Dylan. ... Image File history File links Pl-Jan_Matejko. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Free City of Kraków (Polish: Wolne Miasto Kraków), also known as Republic of Kraków (Rzeczpospolita Krakowska), was a city-state created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and controlled by its three neighbors, Russia, Prussia and Austria until 1846. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... Painter redirects here. ... This is a gallery of Jan Matejko’s paintings. ... Oil on Canvas is a live album by Japan, released in 1983 by Virgin Records, after the band had split in 1982. ... Combatants Kingdom of Poland Grand Duchy of Lithuania Teutonic Order and Mercenaries and Various Knights from the rest of Europe Commanders WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o, Vytautas the Great Ulrich von Jungingen† Strength 39,000 27,000 Casualties Unknown 8,000 dead 14,000 captured The Battle of Grunwald... Generally, a battle is an instance of combat in warfare between two or more parties wherein each group will seek to defeat the others. ... A royal or noble court, as an instrument of government broader than a court of justice, comprises an extended household centered on a patron whose rule may govern law or be governed by it. ... Mieszko I. BolesÅ‚aw I Chrobry. ... This is an alphabetical listing of Polish painters. ...

Contents

Biography

Matejko was born in the Free City of Kraków, part of the Polish territory annexed by Austria during the Partitions of Poland. His father, Franciszek Ksawery Matejko was a Czech from the village of Rudnice. He was a tutor and music teacher who first worked for the Wodzicki family in Kościelniki, then moved to Kraków, where he married the half-German, half-Polish Joanna Karolina Rossberg. Jan was the ninth child from eleven that his parents had. After the death of his mother in 1846, Matejko and his siblings were taken care of by his aunt, Anna Zamojska. The Free City of Kraków (Polish: Wolne Miasto Kraków), also known as Republic of Kraków (Rzeczpospolita Krakowska), was a city-state created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and controlled by its three neighbors, Russia, Prussia and Austria until 1846. ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ...

Kraków Academy of Fine Arts named after Matejko in 1979, where he served as president of many years.
Kraków Academy of Fine Arts named after Matejko in 1979, where he served as president of many years.

From his earliest days Matejko showed exceptional artistic talent that allowed him to advance from grade to grade, although he had great difficulty with other subjects. He never mastered a foreign language and did not do well even with his native Polish language. As a result, the public appearances he was obliged to make all his life must have been difficult for him. At a young age he witnessed the Kraków revolution of 1846 and the 1848 siege of Kraków by the Austrians, the two events which ended the existence of the Free City of Kraków. His two older brothers served in them under General Józef Bem and one died. He attended St.Anna high school which he dropped out of in 1851 because of poor results. Despite that and because of his exceptional talent he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków from 1852 to 1858 under Wojciech Korneli Stattler and Władysław Łuszczkiewicz. During this time he begun exhibiting historical paintings at the Society of Friends of the Fine Arts there (see e.g. Sigismund I Bestowing Nobility on the Professors of the University of Kraków in 1535.). After studying under the historical painter Hermann Anschütz in Munich (1859) (where he got a bronze medal for a study of male act) and then briefly and less successfully in Vienna, Matejko returned to Kraków, where he lived for the rest of his life and where, beginning in 1873, he was for many years the principal of the Academy of Fine Arts. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 763 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 763 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków ... The Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków or Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts (Polish: ) is the oldest run Polish Fine Arts Academy, established in 1818. ... Polish (jÄ™zyk polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... The Kraków Uprising of February 1846 was an attempt to incite an all-Polish fight for home-rule but was in fact limited only to the Free City of Kraków. ... The Free City of Kraków (Polish: Wolne Miasto Kraków), also known as Republic of Kraków (Rzeczpospolita Krakowska), was a city-state created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and controlled by its three neighbors, Russia, Prussia and Austria until 1846. ... Józef Bem Józef Zachariasz Bem (1794-1850) was a Polish general and a national hero of Poland and Hungary. ... The Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków or Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts (Polish: ) is the oldest run Polish Fine Arts Academy, established in 1818. ... Machabeusze (Maccabees), 1842. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara... Jagiellonian University (Polish: Uniwersytet JagielloÅ„ski) is a university in Krakow, Poland. ... , For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... “Wien” redirects here. ...

Polonia (Poland), 1863. Oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. Pictured is the aftermath of the failed January 1863 Uprising; one of the most patriotic and symbolic paintings by Matejko. Captives await exile to Siberia. Russian officers and soldiers supervise a blacksmith placing shackles on a woman (Polonia). The blonde next to her may represent Lithuania.
Polonia (Poland), 1863. Oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. Pictured is the aftermath of the failed January 1863 Uprising; one of the most patriotic and symbolic paintings by Matejko. Captives await exile to Siberia. Russian officers and soldiers supervise a blacksmith placing shackles on a woman (Polonia). The blonde next to her may represent Lithuania.

During the January Uprising of 1863 in which he did not participate because of poor health, Matejko gave financial support and transported arms to the insurgents' camp in Goszcza). In 1864 he married Teodora Giebultowska, with whom he had four children: Beata, Helena, Tadeusz, and Jerzy. In the same year he became a member of Scientific Society in Kraków. At that time Matejko started to gain international recognition; literally a starving artist during his younger days, in 1865, his painting Skarga's Sermon won the gold medal at the annual Paris salon. It was subsequently purchased by Count Maurycy Potocki for 10,000 guldens. In 1867, the painting Rejtan won the gold medal at the World Exhibition in Paris. French critics included Matejko among the most outstanding representatives of historical painting in Europe. Through his painting, he succeeded in reminding Europe that partitioned Poland still existed despite political realities. 1863 - Polonia by Jan Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... 1863 - Polonia by Jan Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... // Polonia, the name for Poland in Latin and many Romance and other languages, refers in modern Polish to the Polish diaspora—people of Polish origin who live outside Polish borders. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... National Muzeum, main building located at 3 Maja Street, Kraków. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... Patriotism is a feeling of love and devotion to ones own homeland (patria, the land of ones fathers). ... Exile (band) may refer to: Exile - The American country music band Exile - The Japanese pop music band Category: ... “Siberian” redirects here. ... A shackle is a U-shaped piece of metal secured with a pin or bolt across the opening, or a hinged metal loop secured with a quick-release locking pin mechanism. ... // Polonia, the name for Poland in Latin and many Romance and other languages, refers in modern Polish to the Polish diaspora—people of Polish origin who live outside Polish borders. ... Polonia (Poland), 1863, by Jan Matejko, 1864, oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. ... A tower of confiscated smuggled weapons about to be set ablaze in Nairobi, Kenya Gunrunning, also known as arms trafficking, is trafficking in (smuggling) contraband weapons and ammunition. ... A starving artist is an artist who sacrifices greatly in order to enhance his or her artwork. ... Honoré Daumier satirized the bourgeoises scandalized by the Salons Venuses, 1864 The Paris Salon (French: Salon de Paris) is the official art exhibition of the Académie des beaux-arts in Paris, France. ... The guilder (Dutch gulden), represented by the symbol ƒ, was the name of the currency used in the Netherlands from the 15th century until 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (coins and notes were not introduced until 2002). ... Although the majority of the szlachta was reconciled to the end of the Commonwealth in 1795, the possibility of Polish independence was kept alive by events within and without Poland throughout the nineteenth century. ...


Matejko died in Kraków and was buried in the center of the Alley of the Meritorious at Kraków's Rakowicki Cemetery. Rakowicki Cemetery Polish: is one of the largest cemeteries in Kraków, Poland. ...


Works

In 1860 Matejko issued an illustrated album, Ubiory w Polsce (Clothing in Poland), a project reflecting his intense interest in historical records of all kinds and his desire to promote such interest among the Polish people in an effort to intensify their patriotic feelings. In 1861 he had an exhibition Otrucie królowej Bony (Poisoning of Queen Bona) in Warsaw's Zachęta. The national defeats forced him to abandon the religious painting which, he believed, was his vocation and to devote himself almost exclusively to historical painting. In fact he created a vision of Polish history from which we can not liberate ourselves despite of perennial criticism of the scientists. Matejko often placed on his paintings people who were not present at this location (f.ex. Hugo Kołłątaj, and General Józef Wodzicki, on The Battle of Racławice). He was not interested in presenting factual events but in representation of a historical-philosophical synthesis. Matejko's work has to be viewed not only in artistic terms, but also in terms of the social function it performed and continues to perform today. He considered history as a function of the present and the future. His paintings are not historical illustrations, rather they are powerful expressions of the artist's psyche and his attitude to the world. Categories: People stubs | 1494 births | 1557 deaths | Polish queen consorts ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... ZachÄ™ta (lit. ... Jacques-Louis Davids Oath of the Horatii (1784) dramatises a historical event A history painter is not only a painter of historical motifs but depicts, in a grand style, man in general, and particularly the great events of Greek and Roman fable and history, the capital subjects of scripture... The people of Poland took pride in their long history, filled with the struggle to get, keep, and regain freedom—the main value for Poles. ... Noble Family KoÅ‚Å‚Ä…taj Coat of Arms Kotwica Parents Antoni KoÅ‚Å‚Ä…taj Marianna MierzeÅ„ska Consorts None Children None Date of Birth April 1, 1750 Place of Birth NiecisÅ‚owice Date of Death February 28, 1812 Place of Death Warsaw Hugo KoÅ‚Å‚Ä…taj (1750-1812) was a Polish Roman Catholic... Combatants Poland Russia Commanders Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Fiodor Denisov Strength 4 440 and 11 cannons 5 000 and 30 cannons Casualties 500 1100 The Battle of RacÅ‚awice was one of the first battles of the Polish KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising against Russia. ... The article is about functionalism in sociology; for other uses, see functionalism. ...

Stańczyk by Jan MatejkoThe jester is the only person at a royal ball who is troubled by the news that the Russians have captured Smolensk. This event happened in 1514.
Stańczyk by Jan Matejko
The jester is the only person at a royal ball who is troubled by the news that the Russians have captured Smolensk. This event happened in 1514.
Gamrat and Stańczyk by Jan Matejko
Gamrat and Stańczyk by Jan Matejko
"Coronation of the First King of Poland," by Jan Matejko, 1889, oil on canvas, Royal Castle, Warsaw.
"Coronation of the First King of Poland," by Jan Matejko, 1889, oil on canvas, Royal Castle, Warsaw.
Bolesław Chrobry and Svetopelk at Kiev, in a legendary (if ahistorical) moment of hitting the Golden Gate with Szczerbiec sword. Painting by Jan Matejko.
Bolesław Chrobry and Svetopelk at Kiev, in a legendary (if ahistorical) moment of hitting the Golden Gate with Szczerbiec sword. Painting by Jan Matejko.
The Battle of Racławice, a major battle of the Kościuszko Uprising, 1794. Oil on canvas, 1888, National Museum in Kraków. 4th April 1794, Kościuszko Uprising.
The Battle of Racławice, a major battle of the Kościuszko Uprising, 1794. Oil on canvas, 1888, National Museum in Kraków. 4th April 1794, Kościuszko Uprising.
The Sermon of Skarga, predicting the end of the Golden Age of Poland. Oil on canvas, 1862, 224 x 397 cm, Royal Castle in Warsaw.
The Sermon of Skarga, predicting the end of the Golden Age of Poland. Oil on canvas, 1862, 224 x 397 cm, Royal Castle in Warsaw.
The Battle of Grunwald, oil on canvas, 1878, 426 x 987 cm, National Museum in Warsaw.
The Battle of Grunwald, oil on canvas, 1878, 426 x 987 cm, National Museum in Warsaw.
"The Prussian Tribute": Albert and his brothers receive the Duchy of Prussia as a fief from the Polish King, Sigismund I the Old in 1525 (painting by Jan Matejko, 1882)
"The Prussian Tribute": Albert and his brothers receive the Duchy of Prussia as a fief from the Polish King, Sigismund I the Old in 1525 (painting by Jan Matejko, 1882)

Matejko was focusing on major themes in Polish history and using historical sources to paint events in minute historical detail. He created two groups of historical paintings. The earlier one starting with the painting Stańczyk (1862) was directed against the magnates whose lack of patriotism caused, in his opinion, the fall of Poland. Stanczyk, the court jester to King Sigismund I (1437-1548), to whom Matejko gave his own features. The jester is presented as a symbol of the nation's conscience: he sits glumly in a chair apart from the other figures, alone in seeing that events during the wars against Moscow would ultimately end in tragedy. This group of paintings included among others also Kazanie Skargi (Sermon of Piotr Skarga) (1864) and Reytan (1866). Image File history File links Stanczyk_Matejko. ... Image File history File links Stanczyk_Matejko. ... This is a gallery of Jan Matejko’s paintings. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 387 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1324 × 2048 pixel, file size: 635 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 387 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1324 × 2048 pixel, file size: 635 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... StaÅ„czyk by Jan Matejko The jester is the only person at a royal ball to become worried after the news that the city of Smolensk was captured by the Russians reaches the court. ... Coronation of the first King of Poland by Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Coronation of the first King of Poland by Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... you such ass Royal Castle, Warsaw. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 402 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 745 pixel, file size: 76 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 402 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 745 pixel, file size: 76 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... , The extant reconstruction of the gates has been dismissed by art historians as a highly controversial revivalist fantasy. ... Hilt of Szczerbiec Szczerbiec (, literally notched sword) is a sword that was traditionally used in the coronation ceremony of Polish kings. ... Battle of Raclawice by Jan Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Battle of Raclawice by Jan Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Combatants Poland Russia Commanders Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Fiodor Denisov Strength 4 440 and 11 cannons 5 000 and 30 cannons Casualties 500 1100 The Battle of RacÅ‚awice was one of the first battles of the Polish KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising against Russia. ... KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising 1794 The KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising took place in Poland in 1794. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising 1794 The KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising took place in Poland in 1794. ... Sermon of Skarga by Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Sermon of Skarga by Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Skargas Sermon, by Jan Matejko, 1862, oil on canvas, 224 x 397 cm. ... Royal Castle in Warsaw Royal Castle after the Warsaw Uprising Royal Castle in Warsaw (Polish Zamek Królewski), is the royal palace and official residence of the Polish monarchs, in Warsaw. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Combatants Kingdom of Poland Grand Duchy of Lithuania Teutonic Order and Mercenaries and Various Knights from the rest of Europe Commanders WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o, Vytautas the Great Ulrich von Jungingen† Strength 39,000 27,000 Casualties Unknown 8,000 dead 14,000 captured The Battle of Grunwald... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links The Prussian Tribute by Jan Matejko, 1882 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links The Prussian Tribute by Jan Matejko, 1882 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Prussian Tribute, oil on canvas, Jan Matejko, 1882, 388 x 875 cm, National Museum in Kraków. ... Coat of arms Duchy of Prussia (striped) in the second half of the 16th century Capital Königsberg Religion Protestant (Lutheran) Government Monarchy Duke of Prussia  - 1525 — 1568 Albert I  - 1568 — 1618 Albert Frederick History  - Secularisation April, 1525  - Personal Union (with Brandenburg) August 27, 1618  - Independence September 19, 1657 The... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara... Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other in the home of Manzs mother on Neustadt-Gasse, Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... StaÅ„czyk by Jan Matejko The jester is the only person at a royal ball to become worried after the news that the city of Smolensk was captured by the Russians reaches the court. ... Defence of the fatherland is a commonplace of patriotism: The statue in the courtyard of École polytechnique, Paris, commemorating the students involvement in defending France against the 1814 invasion of the Coalition. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara... The Muscovite-Lithuanian Wars (Russian: , Polish: , also known as Russo-Lithuanian Wars, or just either Muscovite Wars or Lithuanian Wars) [1] were a series of wars between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, allied with the Kingdom of Poland, and Muscovite Russia. ... Skargas Sermon, by Jan Matejko, 1862, oil on canvas, 224 x 397 cm. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The second group, painted after the defeat of January Uprising, is dedicated to famous events in Polish history. Matejko depicted many major events and battles in Polish history. His most famous work is Bitwa pod Grunwaldem (Battle of Grunwald) (1878) depicting the 1410 Polish victory over the Teutonic Knights; a painting showing "clearly nationalist endeavour"[3] which garnered it international acclaim as "an unrivaled icon of Polish nationalism"[4]. Other paintings in this group include Unia Lubelska (Union of Lublin) (1869), Stefan Batory pod Pskowem (Stefan Batory at the siege of Pskov) (1872), Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus), Dzwon Zygmunta (Sigismund's Bell) (1874), Hołd Pruski (Prussian Tribute) (1882), Sobieski pod Wiedniem (Jan III Sobieski at the siege of Vienna) (1883), Wernyhora, Kościuszko pod Racławicami (Tadeusz Kościuszko at the battle of Racławice) (1888), Dzieje Cywilizacji w Polsce (History of civlization in Poland) (1889) and Konstytucja 3 Maja (Constitution of the 3rd May) (1891). From 1890 to 1892 he also painted all of the Polish kings compiled in his book Portraits of Polish Kings (1890); his dedication to detail is evident in that he attended the opening of Queen Jadwiga's sarcophagus in 1887 to make sketches of her skull. Polonia (Poland), 1863, by Jan Matejko, 1864, oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. ... Combatants Kingdom of Poland Grand Duchy of Lithuania Teutonic Order and Mercenaries and Various Knights from the rest of Europe Commanders WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o, Vytautas the Great Ulrich von Jungingen† Strength 39,000 27,000 Casualties Unknown 8,000 dead 14,000 captured The Battle of Grunwald... For the state, see Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights Gays/Transsexes/Intersexes rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Feminism Mens/Fathers rights... The Union of Lublin, painted by Jan Matejko The Union of Lublin (Lithuanian: Liublino unija; Belarusian: Лю́блінская ву́нія; Polish: Unia lubelska) - signed on July 1, 1569 in Lublin, united the Kingdom of Poland and the... For other persons of the same name, see Báthory. ... Combatants Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Tsardom of Russia Commanders King Stefan Batory Prince Ivan Shuisky Prince Vasili Skopin-Shuisky Strength 31 000 16 000 Siege of Pskov, the last (and unfinished) painting of Karl Briullov; the siege from Russian perspective. ... “Copernicus” redirects here. ... The Prussian Tribute, oil on canvas, Jan Matejko, 1882, 388 x 875 cm, National Museum in Kraków. ... Jan III Sobieski (1629-1696) (also known in English literature as John Sobieski) was one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 until his death. ... // Combatants Austria with Bohemian, German & Spanish mercenaries Ottoman Empire Commanders Nicholas, Graf von Salm Suleiman I Strength over 16,000 [1] 120,000 [1] Casualties Unknown Unknown The Siege of Vienna of 1529, as distinct from the Battle of Vienna in 1683, was the Ottoman Empires first attempt to... Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura KoÅ›ciuszko ( ; 1746 – 1817) was a Polish and Lithuanian national hero, general and a leader of 1794 uprising (which bears his name) against the Russian Empire. ... “KoÅ›ciuszko” redirects here. ... Combatants Poland Russia Commanders Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Fiodor Denisov Strength 4 440 and 11 cannons 5 000 and 30 cannons Casualties 500 1100 The Battle of RacÅ‚awice was one of the first battles of the Polish KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising against Russia. ... May 3rd Constitution (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). ... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... This article is about the 14th-century queen and saint. ... Stone sarcophagus of Pharaoh Merenptah Detail of a stone sarcophagus in the Istanbul Archeological Museum showing a hunting scene Anthropoid sarcophagus discovered at Cádiz A sarcophagus is a stone container for a coffin or body. ...


In addition to historical events Matejko made also several portraits. Among others: Żona w sukni ślubnej ("Wife in the wedding dress") (1879), A. Potocki (1879), S. Tarnowski (1890), Autoportret (1892).


Altogether Matejko authored 320 oil paintings and several thousands drawings and watercolors. Finally he painted a monumental polychrome in St. Mary's Basilica, Kraków (1889-1891). His most important paintings were hidden during World War II (Bitwa pod Grunwaldem was buried in Lublin). After 1945 majority of his works was found and subject to restoration. They are now mainly in Warsaw's National Museum (Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie). Oil painting is done on surfaces with pigment ground into a medium of oil - especially in early modern Europe, linseed oil. ... Drawing is one way of making an image: it is the process of making marks on a surface by applying pressure from or moving a tool on the surface. ... Watercolor is a painting technique making use of water-soluble pigments that are either transparent or opaque and are formulated with gum to bond the pigment to the paper. ... Polychrome is one of the terms used to describe the use of multiple colors in one entity. ... Gothic Altarpiece by Veit Stoss Interior of the Basilica Exterior of the Basilica St. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lublin Powiat city county Gmina Lublin Established before 12th century City Rights 1317 Government  - Mayor Adam Wasilewski Area  - City 147. ... Conservation is the profession devoted to the preservation of cultural property for the future. ... National Museum in Warsaw, Masovian Voivodship, Poland - exists from May 20, 1862 as Museum of Fine Arts in Warsaw, renamed in 1916 to National Museum in Warsaw (together with inclusion of collection from different museum and cultural institutions how: the Society of Care over Relics of Past, Museum of Antiquity...


His works, disseminated in thousands of reproductions, have made him one mof the most famous painters in Poland, and became almost standard illustrations of many key events from the Polish history. The people of Poland took pride in their long history, filled with the struggle to get, keep, and regain freedom—the main value for Poles. ...


Students

His more prominent students included Maurycy Gottlieb, Jacek Malczewski, Józef Mehoffer, Witold Pruszkowski, Leon Wyczółkowski, Stanislaw Wyspianski. Self-portrait, 1876. ... Jacek Malczewski (b. ... Wawel Cathedral in Krakow, Jozef Mehoffer Józef Mehoffer (1869-1946) was a Polish painter and decorative artist, one of the leading artists of the Young Poland movement and one of the most revered Polish artists of his time. ... Falling Star, 1884 Witold Pruszkowski (1846-1896) was a Polish painter and draughtsman. ... Leon Wyczółkowski was one of the top painters of the Young Poland period, representatn of the realism in Polish contemporary art. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...


See also

  • Jan Matejko’s Gallery (famous paintings of his)
  • Culture of Kraków
  • Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków

This is a gallery of Jan Matejko’s paintings. ... Kraków is considered by many to be Poland’s capital of culture. ... The Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków or Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts (Polish: ) is the oldest run Polish Fine Arts Academy, established in 1818. ...

References

General
  • This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding Polish Wikipedia article as of 20 November 2006.
  • Biography based on Polish Wikipedia (GFDL assumed). Last accessed on 20 November 2006.
Inline
  1. ^ a b Jan Matejko: The Painter and Patriot. Last accessed on 20 November 2006.
  2. ^ a b Matejko's impact on the Polish art. Last accessed on 20 November 2006.
  3. ^ Brettell, Richard R. (1999). Modern Art 1851-1929. Oxford University Press, 202. 
  4. ^ Mendelsohn (2002). Painting a People. UPNE, 3. ISBN 1-58465-179-2. 

Polish Wikipedia is the Polish edition of Wikipedia. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

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About

  • Jan Matejko 1838-1893
  • Jan Matejko 1838-1893
  • "CLOTHING AND COSTUMES..." From the Collection of Jan Matejko
  • "THE GREAT ILLUSTRATOR - THE WOODCUTS OF JAN MATEJKO"
  • JAN MATEJKO'S HOUSE
  • "ARTISTS FROM THE SCHOOL OF JAN MATEJKO"

Galleries

Further reading

  • Batorska, Danuta (Spring, 1992). "The Political Censorship of Jan Matejko". Art Journal 51 (1): 57-63.  JSTOR

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jan Matejko: The Painter and Patriot Fostering Polish Nationalism (1884 words)
Jan Matejko was born on June 24, 1838, in Kraków, the ninth child of Franciszek and Joanna.
Thus Matejko was born and spent his early years in the Rzeczpospolita Krakowska (the Krakow Republic), a "Free City" created in the wake of Napoleon's defeat by the Congress of Vienna in 1915,.
Matejko's work has to be viewed not only in artistic terms, but also in terms of the social function it performed and continues to perform today and the response it elicits.
Jan Matejko (1030 words)
Jan Matejko was born in Krakow, the old capital of Poland located in the southern part of the country, on June 24, 1838.
The original painting (left) is a fragment of Jan Metejko's historical painting of Queen Jadwiga as the founder of the theological faculty at the Jagiellonian University of Krakow.
Jan Matejko: Commemorating the 600th anniversary of the founding of the theological faculty at the Jagiellonian University, with Queen Jadwiga presiding the ceremony.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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