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Encyclopedia > Jami
Illustration from Jami's Rose Garden of the Pious, dated 1553. The image blends Persian poetry and Persian miniature into one, as is the norm for many works of Persian literature.
Illustration from Jami's Rose Garden of the Pious, dated 1553. The image blends Persian poetry and Persian miniature into one, as is the norm for many works of Persian literature.

Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jami (Persian: نورالدین عبدالرحمن جامی) (August 18, 1414November 19, 1492) was one of the greatest Persian poets in the 15th century and one of the last great Sufi poets. His fame rests even more on his mystical authority than on his talents as a poet and writer. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (469x640, 523 KB)Image of this 16th century manuscript is by Zereshk. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (469x640, 523 KB)Image of this 16th century manuscript is by Zereshk. ... Persian literature (in Persian: ‎ ) spans two and a half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. ... Safavid era Miniature painting kept at Shah Abbas Hotel in Isfahan. ... Jami or Jaami is a village and a Mandal in Vizianagaram district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Council of Constance begins. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ...

Contents

Biography

He was born in a village near Jam, then Khorasan, now located in Ghor Province of Afghanistan, but a few years after his birth, his family migrated to the cultural city of Herat in present-day Afghanistan where he was able to study Peripateticism, mathematics, Arabic literature, natural sciences, and Islamic philosophy at the Nizamiyyah University of Herat. Friday Mosque in Herat, a city which is known as The Pearl of Khorasan Greater Khorasan is a modern term for eastern territories of ancient Persia. ... Ghowr province (sometimes spelled Ghor) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. ... Herāt (Persian: ‎ ) is a city in western Afghanistan, in the province also known as Herāt. ... The Peripatetics were a school of philosophy in ancient Greece. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Arabic literature (Arabic ,الأدب العربي ) Al-Adab Al-Arabi, is the writing produced, both prose and poetry, by speakers of the Arabic language. ... The term natural science as the way in which different fields of study are defined is determined as much by historical convention as by the present day meaning of the words. ... Islamic philosophy (الفلسفة الإسلامية) is a branch of Islamic studies, and is a longstanding attempt to create harmony between philosophy (reason) and the religious teachings of Islam (faith). ... Nizamiyah Madrasahs (schools) were established by Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk, the most famous vizier of the Seljuk Empire, thus the name Nizamiyyah became popularized in Islamic History. ...


Afterwards he went to Samarqand, the most important centre of scientific studies in the Islamic World and completed his studies there. He was a famous Sufi, and a follower of the Naqshbandiyyah Sufi Order. At the end of his life he was living in Herat. Samarkand (Samarqand or Самарқанд in Uzbek) (population 400,000) is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan, capital of the Samarkand region (Samarqand Wiloyati). ... The Islamic world is the world-wide community of those who identify with Islam, known as Muslims, and who number approximately one-and-a-half billion people. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam and encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ... Naqshbandi (Naqshbandiyya) is an order (tarika) in Sufi Islam. ... Herāt (Persian: ‎ ) is a city in western Afghanistan, in the province also known as Herāt. ...

Conversation on Love between father and son From the Haft Awrang of Jami, in the story "A Father Advises his Son About Love." See Nazar ill'al-murd Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
Conversation on Love between father and son
From the Haft Awrang of Jami, in the story "A Father Advises his Son About Love." See Nazar ill'al-murd Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jamis Haft Awrang (Seven Thrones) is a classic of Persian literature. ... As a practice by some antinomian Sufis, which was seen as deviant by Rumi and Shams [1], the meditation known in Arabic as Nazar illal-murd (Arabic: ) refers to the concept of contemplation of the beardless. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ...

Teachings

In his role as Sufi shaykh, Jami expounded a number of teachings regarding following the Sufi path. In his view, love was the fundamental stepping stone for starting on the spiritual journey. To a student who claimed never to have loved, he said, "Go and love first, then come to me and I will show you the way."[1] Shaikh (شيخ, also rendered as Sheik, Shaykh or Sheikh) is a word in the Arabic language meaning an elder or a revered old man. ... Love is any of a number of emotions and experiences related to a sense of strong affection or profound oneness. ...


Works

Youth conversing with elders about love and womenAnother illustration from the Haft Awrang
Youth conversing with elders about love and women
Another illustration from the Haft Awrang

Jami wrote approximately eighty-seven books and letters, some of which have been translated into English. His works range from prose to poetry, and from the mundane to the religious. He has also written works of history. His poetry has been inspired by the ghazals of Hafez, and his Haft Awrang is, by his own admission, influenced by the works of Nezami. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Hafez, detail of an illumination in a Persian manuscript of the Divan of Hafez, 18th century. ... Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jamis Haft Awrang (Seven Thrones) is a classic of Persian literature. ... Nezami (1141–1209) Nezāmi-ye Ganjavī (Persian: ; Azerbaijani: ;‎ 1141 – 1209), or Nezāmī (Persian: ), whose full name was Nizām ad-Dīn Abū Muhammad Ilyās ibn-Yusūf ibn-Zakī ibn-Muayyid, is considered the greatest romantic epic poet in Persian literature, who brought a colloquial...


Divan of Jami

Among his works are:

  • Baharistan (Abode of Spring) Modeled upon the Gulistan of Saadi
  • Nafahat al-Uns (Breaths of Fellowship) Biographies of the Sufi saints
  • Haft Awrang (Seven Thrones) His major poetical work. The fifth of the seven stories is his acclaimed "Yusuf and Zulaykha" which tells the story of Joseph and Potiphar's wife based on the Holy Quran.
  • Lawa'ih A treatise on Sufism
  • Diwanha-i Sehganeh (Triplet Divans)
  • Tajnīs ’al-luġāt (Homonymy/Punning of Languages) A lexicographical work containing homonymous Persian and Arabic lemmata.[1]

Saadi may refer to one of the following: Saadi (poet), the medieval Persian Sufi poet Saadi Dynasty, the Moroccan dynasty Vicente Saadi, the Argentine politician Saïd Sadi, the Algerian political activist Abd ar-Rahman as-Saadi, Islamic scholar of fiqh and tafsir Category: ... Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jamis Haft Awrang (Seven Thrones) is a classic of Persian literature. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

See also

Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Persian literature (in Persian: ‎ ) spans two and a half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. ... A Meeting of Some Iranian Poets: (L to R) Morteza Keyvan, Ahmad Shamlou, Nima Yooshij, Siavash Kasraie, and Hushang Ebtehaj. ... As a practice by some antinomian Sufis, which was seen as deviant by Rumi and Shams [1], the meditation known in Arabic as Nazar illal-murd (Arabic: ) refers to the concept of contemplation of the beardless. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Shīrānī, 6.

References

  • E.G. Browne. Literary History of Persia. (Four volumes, 2,256 pages, and twenty-five years in the writing). 1998. ISBN 0-7007-0406-X
  • Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature. Reidel Publishing Company. 1968 OCLC 460598 ISBN 90-277-0143-1
  • Ḥāfiż Mahmūd Shīrānī. “Dībācha-ye awwal [First Preface].” In Ḥifż ul-Lisān [a.k.a. Ḳhāliq Bārī], edited by Ḥāfiż Mahmūd Shīrānī. Delhi: Anjumman-e Taraqqi-e Urdū, 1944.


Jami also lives in wolverhampton, whitmore reans he loves body building and currently his quads are hurting OCLC Online Computer Library Center was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center (OCLC). ...


External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Jami (629 words)
Jami, the last great poet in classical Persian, was man of surpassing talents born into the flowering of culture under the Timurid rulers at Herat.
Jami was an independent man with a good sense of humour, and often annoyed his fellow writers with sharp comments on their wisdom and humility.
Jami wrote copiously, and among his prose works are Nafahatul Uns (Breaths of the Breeze of Friendship), Beharistan (Abode of Spring) and biographies of Sufi Saints.
Hakim Jami - Persian and Iranian Poetry at Best Iran Travel.com (558 words)
Jami returned to Herat and studied mathematics and philosophy with Ala-od-Din Ali Ghoshchi.
Jami wrote a poem in honor of saint Ali in Najaf and a poem in honor of Imam Hossein (the martyred son of Saint Ali) in Kerbala.
Jami paid special attention to Saadi and Hafez in poetry and followed Nezami (Nizami) in his masnavi.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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