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Encyclopedia > Jamestown, Rhode Island
Image:RI towns Jamestown.png
Location of Jamestown, Rhode Island

Jamestown is a town located in Newport County, Rhode Island, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 5,622. The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Newport County is one of five counties located in the state of Rhode Island. ... In 2000, censuses were conducted in United States: The 22nd federal United States 2000 Census Costa Rica: The 9th Costa Rican Census of population. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 91.5 km² (35.3 mi²). 25.1 km² (9.7 mi²) of it is land and 66.4 km² (25.6 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 72.55% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the Geographic references#2|2]] of 2000, there were 5,622 people, 2,359 households, and 1,625 families residing in the town. The population density was 224.0/km² (580.0/mi²). There were 2,769 housing units at an average density of 110.3/km² (285.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 15.34% White, 75.23% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 10.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 2,359 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 75.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.88. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 33.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $63,073, and the median income for a family was $25,990. Males had a median income of $17,185 versus $16,056 for females. The per capita income for the town was $38,664. 30.4% of the population and 56.3% of families were below the poverty line. 1.4% of those under the age of 18 and 3.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

Humans arrived in the area about 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, at the end of the last ice age; where they set up camp near streams and rivers. Ongoing melting of glaciers caused the sea level to rise, covering low-lying areas and eventually filling Narragansett Bay. The rising sea forced humans to higher elevations, and submerged most traces of the earliest inhabitants. The oldest human artifacts found on Conanicut Island date from around 3000 BC. Narragansett Bay, shown in pink. ... Conanicut Island Conanicut Island is the second largest island in Narragansett Bay, in the state of Rhode Island. ...


In 1524, the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazano and his crew visited Narragansett Bay. In 1636 or 1637, "Dutch Island" was used by fur traders. In 1638 the English made arrangements to use Conanicut Island for grazing sheep. Giovanni da Verrazano (c. ...


Ferries were in operation between Conanicut Island and Newport by 1675. In 1678, Conanicut Island was incorporated as the town of Jamestown. There were about 150 residents. The town was named for James, Prince of Wales, who would become King James II in 1685. Newport as seen from the International Space Station. ... James II of England/VII of Scotland (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701) became King of Scots, King of England, and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685, and Duke of Normandy on 31 December 1660. ...


By 1710, many of Conanicut Island's current roads were in place. In 1728, the town of Jamestown built a windmill for grinding corn, which used the sea breeze for power since there was no source of running water to turn a waterwheel.


On December 10, 1775, 200 British and Hessian troops landed at East Ferry on Conanicut Island and marched to West Ferry, where they burned the ferry house. As they returned to East Ferry, they destroyed many buildings, including fourteen homes; which caused more than 200 of Conanicut Island's 556 residents to flee to the mainland. December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... ...


In December, 1776, a British fleet arrived in Narragansett Bay and occupied Newport. The British took over the colonial militia batteries at Fort Dumpling (now part of Fort Wetherill) and the Conanicut Battery at Beavertail (just south of Fort Getty). The British left Narragansett Bay in October 1779. As they departed, they destroyed the fortifications they had occupied, and burned Beavertail lighthouse.


By 1784, Beavertail light was back in operation. In 1787, Jamestown rebuilt the windmill and Quaker Meetinghouse that had been destroyed during the occupation.


In 1800 Fort Dumpling was established on the site of previous fortifications overlooking East Passage. A tall stone tower atop the highest cliff could hold eight guns.


In 1872, the town of Jamestown commissioned a steam powered ferryboat. In May 1873, service was initiated between Jamestown and Newport. The availability of reliable and comfortable ferry service to and from Newport had a significant impact on agricultural Conanicut Island. Jamestown became a destination for both day trips and summer vacations.


The 1880s and 1890s saw a construction boom, with hotels, private summer homes and municipal buildings going up. The island's population tripled between 1870 and 1900.


There was a burst of military fortification activity from 1890 to the end of World War I. The Spanish-American War, which began in 1898, was a catalyst. Work on Dutch Island's Fort Grebel began. The War Department bought 31 acres for Fort Getty and fortifications were quickly erected. Summer homes were condemned near Fort Dumpling to establish Fort Wetherill. More land was acquired at Prospect Hill, near the Conanicut Battery site, for an observation and fire control station. The Government established a torpedo station and test facility on Gould Island. Then, at the end of the First World War, the Conanicut Island fortifications fell into disuse. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow... Combatants United States Cuba Philippines Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (only 332 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties Unknown[1] The Spanish-American War was...


Meanwhile, Jamestown was a bustling summer destination. In 1903, it had nine hotels. But the golden age of large resort hotels was brief in Jamestown and elsewhere. Patronage rapidly declined in the nineteen-twenties. The Thorndike Hotel was demolished in 1938.


In 1938 a major hurricane caused much property damage and the loss of more than 300 lives in the Narragansett Bay region. It swept much of the sand from the Mackerel Cove beach, destroyed its popular Beach Pavilion and speeded approvals for a bridge to Saunderstown by destroying the West Ferry docks. The first Jamestown Bridge opened in the summer of 1940, replacing West Ferry service with a continuously available link to the west. The original Jamestown Bridge was first opened to traffic in 1940. ...


In 1941 the Gardner House, one of the larger hotels, was taken down after being idle for several years. A USO building was constructed on its site. (After the war, the building was purchased by the town and is now known as the Community Center. It was extensively landscaped and remodeled in 2002.)


World War II brought establishment or reactivatation of military bases around Narragansett Bay, including Forts Getty and Wetherill on Conanicut Island, Fort Greble on Dutch Island, a torpedo factory on Goat Island and a torpedo station on Gould Island. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000,000 Civilian dead: 4,000,000 Total dead 12,000,000 World War II (abbreviated WWII), or the Second World War, was a worldwide conflict...


In 1969, the Newport (Pell) Bridge was completed, establishing Route 138 as a continuous highway from South County to Newport. With its completion, traditional ferry service was eliminated. (The bridge is celebrated on the Rhode Island commemorative quarters.) The Claiborne Pell (Newport) Bridge. ... Categories: ...


The Bay View Hotel, the last of the very large hotels, ceased operation in the 1960s. The building was demolished in 1985. Four years later, the Bay View Condominiums opened for occupancy. The building exterior was carefully designed to closely resemble the hotel. The Bay Voyage Hotel, operating as a time share resort, is the only survivor of the many hotels that once lined Jamestown's eastern harbor area.


In 1992, the Jamestown-Verrazano Bridge replaced the narrow steel bridge erected in 1940. It was accompanied by construction of a new western-end access road and a cross-Conanicut Island highway. These roadway improvements were the last critical components in creating a high capacity bridge and road system linking the naturally water-separated population centers of the Ocean State. The Jamestown-Verrazano Bridge spans the West Passage of Narragansett Bay. ...


Some believe that the survival of Jamestown's identity is being challenged as a result of improved access to the island and population growth. Many of the island's newer residents are employed elsewhere in the state. Newer subdivisions and in-fill housing construction have brought aspects of suburban life to the island. The population of the island is currently growing at more than 1% a year.


Even with the recent growth in population, Conanicut Island retains much of its quiet rural character. The historic center of Jamestown remains a viable traditional village. There are several active farms on the island, old neighborhoods are intact and historic properties in and near the island - such as windmills and the remains of old military fortifications - remain in place; serving as constant reminders of the history of the island, the Bay and this country.

Part of "Me, Myself, and Irene" was filmed in Jamestown, including all scenes with water in the background and the scene with the motorcycle in the barbershop.


Geological History

All of Rhode Island was part of a volcanic arc or micro-continent called Avalonia, which formed south of the equator more than 565 million years ago.


Avalonia drifted northward; eventually colliding with Proto North America about 400 million years ago. The impact contributed most of the land that has become the New England states and created most of the northern Appalachians.


About 350 million years ago, North America and North Africa collided as part of the formation of a supercontinent, Pangaea. For more than 100 million years, Jamestown was located deep within the supercontinent. The layers of shale and coal that are common in the Narraganset Bay area were formed during this period. About 200 million years ago, Pangaea broke up, the Atlantic Ocean formed and slowly widened.


During the past 75,000 years, Jamestown was visited by glaciers at least twice. They gouged out channels in the Narragansett Basin and left deposits of rocks and soil throughout the area. The last glaciers left the area about 12,000 years ago. Sea level was hundreds of feet lower than today; but as additional glaciers melted around the world, the sea rose, covering the continental shelf and eventually filling Narragansett Bay.

External links

Flag of Rhode Island State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
 Topics 

Culture · Geography · Government · History · Images Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Rhode_Island. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... State nickname: The Ocean State, Little Rhody Other U.S. States Capital Providence Largest city Providence Governor Donald Carcieri (R) Senators Jack Reed (D) Lincoln Chafee (R) Official language(s) None Area 4,005 km² (50th)  - Land 2,709 km²  - Water 1,296 km² (32. ... The history of Rhode Island includes the history of Rhode Island from colonial times to modern day. ...

 Capital 

Providence Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: Beehive of Industry, The Renaissance City, The Divine City Location in Rhode Island Coordinates: Country United States State Rhode Island County Providence  - Mayor David N. Cicilline (D) Area    - City 53. ...

 Regions 

Blackstone Valley · Block Island · East Bay · Newport County · Providence · South County · Warwick/West Bay This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Blackstone Valley or Blackstone River Valley is a region of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. ... Block Island, shown in red, off the coast of the State of Rhode Island Block Island is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, a fragment of glacial terminal moraine approximately ten miles off the coast of Rhode Island, of which it is part, and from which it is separated by... Narragansett Bay divides the state of Rhode Island nearly in two. ... The Newport County is one of seven designated regions within the state of Rhode Island. ... The Providence County is one of seven designated regions within the state of Rhode Island. ... The South County is one of seven designated regions within the state of Rhode Island. ... The Warwick/West Bay Region is one of seven designated regions within the state of Rhode IslandHOME OF THE WEST BAY PATRIOTS.[] Warwick, Rhode Island Categories: | | ...

 Counties 

Bristol · Kent · Newport · Providence · Washington List of Rhode Island counties: Rhode Island Bristol County: formed in 1747 from land gained from Bristol County, Massachusetts after resolution of a boundary dispute between the two colonies. ... Bristol County is a county located in the state of Rhode Island. ... Kent County is a county located in the state of Rhode Island. ... Newport County is one of five counties located in the state of Rhode Island. ... Providence County is a county located in the state of Rhode Island. ... Washington County is a county located in the southeastern part of Rhode Island, a U.S. state. ...

 Cities 

Central Falls · Cranston · East Providence · Newport · Pawtucket · Providence · Warwick · Woonsocket Barrington Central Falls Chapatchit Cranston East Providence Johnston Narragansett Newport Pawtucket Providence Smithfield Warwick Woonsocket Categories: Cities in Rhode Island | Lists of cities in the United States ... Central Falls is a city located in Providence County, Rhode Island. ... Location of Cranston, Rhode Island. ... Location of East Providence, Rhode Island. ... Newport as seen from the International Space Station. ... Pawtucket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. ... Nickname: Beehive of Industry, The Renaissance City, The Divine City Location in Rhode Island Coordinates: Country United States State Rhode Island County Providence  - Mayor David N. Cicilline (D) Area    - City 53. ... Warwick is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. ... Woonsocket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. ...

 Towns 

Barrington · Bristol · Burrillville · Charlestown · Coventry · Cumberland · East Greenwich · Exeter · Foster · Glocester · Hopkinton · Jamestown · Johnston · Lincoln · Little Compton · Middletown · Narragansett · New Shoreham (Block Island) · North Kingstown · North Providence · North Smithfield · Portsmouth · Richmond · Scituate · Smithfield · South Kingstown · Tiverton · Warren · West Greenwich · West Warwick · Westerly This is a complete list of the thirty-two towns in Rhode Island. ... Image:RI towns Barrington. ... Nickname: Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Burrillville is a town located in Providence County, Rhode Island. ... Charlestown is a town located in Washington County, Rhode Island. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Rhode Island County Kent Town Manager Richard Sullivan (Acting) Area    - City 64. ... Location of Cumberland, Rhode Island. ... Location of East Greenwich, Rhode Island. ... Exeter is a town in Washington County, Rhode Island, United States. ... Location of Foster, Rhode Island. ... Location of Glocester, Rhode Island. ... Hopkinton is a town located in Washington County, Rhode Island. ... Johnston is a town located in Providence County, Rhode Island. ... Image:RI towns Lincoln. ... Location of Little Compton, Rhode Island. ... Middletown is a town located in Newport County, Rhode Island. ... Image:RI towns Narragansett. ... New Shoreham is a town located on Block Island in Washington County, Rhode Island. ... Image:RI towns North Kingstown. ... Location of North Providence, Rhode Island. ... North Smithfield is a town located in Providence County, Rhode Island. ... Location of Portsmouth, Rhode Island Portsmouth is a town in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States. ... Richmond is a town located in Washington County, Rhode Island. ... Location of Scituate, Rhode Island. ... Image:RI towns Smithfield. ... Image:RI towns South Kingstown. ... This is for the town, for the census designated place, see Tiverton (CDP), Rhode Island Tiverton is a town in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States. ... Warren is a town located in Bristol County, Rhode Island. ... West Greenwich is a town located in Kent County, Rhode Island. ... Location of West Warwick, Rhode Island. ... Westerly, founded in 1669 by John Babcock, is a beachfront community on the south shore of Washington County, Rhode Island. ...

 Reservations

Narragansett Indian Tribe BIA map of Indian reservations in the continental United States. ... Tribal flag // The Narragansett tribe, or more accurately Nahahiganseck Sovereign Nation, are a Native American tribe who controlled the area surrounding Narragansett Bay in present-day Rhode Island, and also portions of Connecticut, and eastern Massachusetts. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jamestown, Rhode Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1664 words)
Jamestown is a town located in Newport County, Rhode Island, in the United States.
In 1969, the Newport (Pell) Bridge was completed, establishing Rhode Island State Highway 138 as a continuous highway from South County to Newport.
There are several active farms on the island, old neighborhoods are intact and historic properties in and near the island - such as windmills and the remains of old military fortifications - remain in place; serving as constant reminders of the history of the island, the Bay and this country.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Rhode Island (1192 words)
Rhode (pronounced "Road") Island is part of the New England region, and was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution.
Rhode Island is known as "The Ocean State", due to its naval history and the fact that every point in the state is within 30 miles of sea water.
Rhode Island is bordered on the north and east by Massachusetts, on the west by Connecticut, and on the south by Rhode Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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