FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > James Whale
James Whale

Born July 22, 1889
Dudley, Worcestershire, England
Died May 29, 1957
Hollywood, California
Years active 1930 - 1949

James Whale (July 22, 1889May 29, 1957) was a ground-breaking British Hollywood film director, best known for his work in the horror movie genre, making such pictures as Frankenstein, Bride of Frankenstein, and The Invisible Man. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Map sources for Dudley at grid reference SO9390 Dudley is a town in the West Midlands, England. ... Worcestershire (pronounced ; abbreviated Worcs) is a county located in the West Midlands region of central England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem specific to England — the United Kingdom anthem is God Save the Queen. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Greetings from Hollywood Hollywood is a district of the city of Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., that extends from Vermont Avenue on the east to just beyond Laurel Canyon Boulevard above Sunset and Crescent Heights Boulevards on the west; the north to south boundary east of La Brea Avenue... See also: 1929 in film 1930 1931 in film 1930s in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films The Indians Are Coming Madam Satan Der Blaue Engel Academy Awards Best Picture: All Quiet on the Western Front - Universal Studios Best Actress: Norma Shearer - The Divorcee... See also: 1948 in film 1949 1950 in film 1940s in film 1950s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films North America Adams Rib Jolson Sings Again Pinky I Was a Male War Bride, The Snake Pit, Joan of Arc Academy Awards Best Picture: All the... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... DVD cover showing horror characters as depicted by Universal Studios. ... Frankenstein is a 1931 science fiction film from Universal Pictures directed by James Whale and very loosely based on the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Invisible Man is a film produced by Universal Pictures in 1933 and directed by James Whale. ...

Contents

Early life

Whale was born in Dudley, England, the sixth of the seven children of a blast furnaceman and a nurse. He was thought not strong enough to follow his brothers into the local heavy industries and started work as a cobbler. He realized some talent for signwriting and used his additional income to pay for evening classes at the Dudley School of Arts and Crafts.[citation needed] Map sources for Dudley at grid reference SO9390 Dudley is a town in the West Midlands, England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem specific to England — the United Kingdom anthem is God Save the Queen. ... Blast furnace in Sestao, Spain. ... // A nurse is a health care professional who is engaged in the practice of nursing. ... Cobbler may mean: a person who makes and repairs shoes and boots for a living. ...


In October 1915, with World War I underway, he enlisted for the Army and was commissioned second lieutenant. He was taken a prisoner of war in August 1917 and, while imprisoned, he continued his love of drawing and sketching but discovered a talent for staging theatrical productions. Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ...


Beginnings in the theatre

After the armistice he returned to Birmingham and embarked on a professional stage career. In 1928 he was offered the opportunity to direct two fringe performances of R. C. Sherriff's then unknown play Journey's End starring the young, and hardly better known, Laurence Olivier. The play was a remarkable success and transferred to the West End (now with a young Colin Clive in the lead role) where it played for 600 performances. Whale also directed the Broadway stage version and a Hollywood film adaptation of the play. Clive reprised his role in the film. A white flag is traditionally used to represent a truce. ... Birmingham (pron. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert Cedric Sherriff (6 June 1896 – 13 November 1975) was an English writer. ... A Penguin edition of R.C. Sherriffs Journeys End Journeys End is the seventh and most famous play by R. C. Sherriff. ... Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM (22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an Academy Award, Golden Globe, BAFTA and four-time Emmy winning English actor, director, and producer. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Colin Clive (20 January 1900 – 25 June 1937) was an English stage and screen actor most famous for portraying Dr. Frankenstein in James Whales two Universal Frankenstein films Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein. ... The Lion King at the New Amsterdam Theatre, 2003 Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ...


Hollywood career

Whale was best known for his work in the horror genre, making such momentous and iconic pictures as Frankenstein, where he was one of the first directors ever to move the camera through the shot (the German silent cinema, and especially the films of F. W. Murnau, seem to have heavily influenced Whale in their use of the fluidly moving camera), Bride of Frankenstein and The Invisible Man. Universal Pictures owed its stellar success in the 1930s much in part to the huge box-office receipts of these three blockbusters. Further, these pictures established the screen careers of Gloria Stuart, Colin Clive, Elsa Lanchester, Boris Karloff and Claude Rains, to name just a few, most of whom Whale had known previously in England and had personally selected for their roles in his films. Whale was also responsible for such major films as the original Waterloo Bridge (1931), The Old Dark House (1932), the 1936 Show Boat (all for producer Carl Laemmle, Jr.), and The Man in the Iron Mask, which he made for independent producer Edward Small. Whale directed The Road Back in 1937, starring Richard Cromwell and Noah Beery, Jr. It was the ill-fated sequel to All Quiet on the Western Front. Over Whale's protest, The Road Back was re-cut and shortened to the studio's liking before it was released, reportedly to appease the Nazi regime in Germany, and then when it (not surprisingly) fared poorly at the box-office, Whale was relegated to B-movies at Universal. In 1937, he made The Great Garrick at Warner Brothers - his only film there. A fictional comedy about the actor David Garrick, it featured an astoundingly detailed reconstruction of the eighteenth century, but was another flop. So was Port of Seven Seas, his only film at MGM, a somewhat disguised film version in English of Marcel Pagnol's Fanny trilogy, and Wives Under Suspicion, his next to last film at Universal, a remake of his earlier success The Kiss Before the Mirror. Whale made only one more successful film - The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) , starring Louis Hayward and Joan Bennett. He then made Green Hell at Universal, an ordinary jungle adventure starring Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Joan Bennett, and Vincent Price, his last full-length film. In the 1940's he made a featurette, an adaptation of William Saroyan's one-act play, Hello-out there!, which was never released, but never made another film after that. DVD cover showing horror characters as depicted by Universal Studios. ... Frankenstein is a 1931 science fiction film from Universal Pictures directed by James Whale and very loosely based on the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. ... F W Murnau Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (December 28, 1888 - March 11, 1931) was one of the most influential directors of the silent film era. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... See Invisible Man for the novel by Ralph Ellison. ... Gloria Stuart (born July 4, 1910) is an American stage, television and film actress and artist. ... Colin Clive (20 January 1900 – 25 June 1937) was an English stage and screen actor most famous for portraying Dr. Frankenstein in James Whales two Universal Frankenstein films Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein. ... Lanchester in Naughty Marietta Elsa Lanchester (October 28, 1902 - December 26, 1986 in Woodland Hills, California) was an Oscar-nominated English character actress who became a naturalized American citizen in 1950 along with her husband, actor Charles Laughton. ... Boris Karloff (born William Henry Pratt) (London, November 23, 1887 – February 2, 1969) was an English actor, who immigrated to Canada in the 1910s, best known for his roles in horror films and the creation of Frankensteins monster in 1931s Frankenstein. ... Claude Rains (November 10, 1889 – May 30, 1967) was a British-born theatre and film actor, who later held American citizenship, best known for his many roles in Hollywood films. ... Waterloo Bridge is a popular Broadway drama written by Robert E. Sherwood. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Old Dark House is a 1932 horror film directed by James Whale and starring Boris Karloff, produced just one year after their success with Frankenstein. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Show Boat the name of a musical film based on the stage musical of the same name by Oscar Hammerstein II, which was adapted from the novel by Edna Ferber. ... Carl Laemmle Jr. ... There have been several movies entitled The Man in the Iron Mask, all based on the final section of the novel The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas, which was itself based on the 18th century myth of the Man in the Iron Mask. ... Edward Small (February 1, 1891 - January 25, 1977) was a film producer from the late 1920s through 1970. ... The Road Back ( Der Weg zurück ) is a novel by German author Erich Maria Remarque, written in 1931. ... Richard Cromwell (January 8, 1910 - October 11, 1960) was an American actor, born LeRoy Melvin Radabaugh. ... Noah Beery (August 10, 1913 – November 1, 1994) was an American actor specializing in warm, friendly character parts similar to the ones played by his legendary uncle Wallace Beery, although Noah Beery, Jr. ... All Quiet on the Western Front is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque, a German veteran of World War I, about the horrors of that war and also the deep detachment from German civilian life felt by many men returning from the front. ... The Road Back ( Der Weg zurück ) is a novel by German author Erich Maria Remarque, written in 1931. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... The Great Garrick (1937) is a motion picture directed by James Whale. ... Warner Bros. ... David Garrick by Thomas Gainsborough. ... Port of Seven Seas is a 1938 film starring Wallace Beery. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Marcel Pagnol (February 28, 1895 - April 18, 1974) was a French novelist, playwright, and filmmaker. ... Look up Fanny, fanny in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wives Under Suspicion is a 1938 film directed by James Whale and starring Warren William, Gail Patrick, and Constance Moore. ... The Kiss Before the Mirror is a 1933 suspense film directed by James Whale about a prosecutor (Frank Morgan) who realizes that his own wife (Nancy Carroll) might be having an affair while he prosecutes a cuckolded wife-killer. ... The Man in the Iron Mask was a prisoner believed to have been held in the Bastille prison from an unknown date to his death on November 19, 1703. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Louis Hayward, born Seafield Grant, (March 19, 1909-February 21, 1985), was a British actor born in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Joan Bennett on the December, 1945 issue of Movie Story Magazine Joan Geraldine Bennett (February 27, 1910 – December 7, 1990) was an American film actress who also achieved success later in life as a television actress. ... Infobox Film | name = Green Hell | image = | image_size = | caption = | director = James Whale | producer = Harry E. Edington | writer = Frances Marion | narrator = | starring = Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. ... Douglas Elton Fairbanks, Jr. ... Vincent Leonard Price Jr. ... Celluloid media Featurette is a term used in the American film industry to designate a film of approximately 3-4 reels length, or about 20-44 minutes in running time - thus midway between a short subject and a feature film; thus it is a small feature (ette is a common... William Saroyan, 1940 William Saroyan (August 31, 1908 - May 18, 1981) was an American author who wrote many plays and short stories about growing up impoverished as the son of Armenian immigrants. ... Hello-out there!, is a one act play by William Saroyan, written early in August 1941. ...


He lived with producer David Lewis who released Whale's suicide note shortly before his own death in 1987. Whale is the subject of the novel Father of Frankenstein by Christopher Bram which was the basis for the biopic Gods and Monsters (1998). The film, which won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, starred Ian McKellen as Whale. Biographies of Whale have been written by Mark Gatiss (James Whale: A Biography or James Whale: the Would-Be Gentleman) and James Curtis (James Whale: A New World of Gods and Monsters). David Lewis (14 December 1903, Trinidad, Colorado - 13 March 1987, Los Angeles), born David Levy, was a Hollywood film producer who produced such films as Dark Victory (1939), Arch of Triumph (1948), and Raintree County (1957). ... Father of Frankenstein is a 1995 novel by Christopher Bram which speculates on the last days of film director James Whale. ... Christopher Bram (born 1952, Buffalo, New York) is a writer. ... A biographical film or biopic is a film about a particular person or group of people, based on events that actually happened. ... Gods and Monsters is a 1998 film which recounts the (somewhat fictionalized) last days of the life of troubled film director James Whale, whose homosexuality is a central theme. ... // February 14 - Sharon Stone marries Phil Bronstein. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... Sir Ian Murray McKellen, CBE (born May 25, 1939) is an English stage and screen actor, the recipient of a Tony Award and two Oscar nominations. ... Sir Thomas Malory wrote the most famous fictional biography of the Middle Ages with Le Morte dArthur about the life of King Arthur. ... Mark Gatiss (born October 17, 1966) is an English actor and writer. ...


In his later days, Whale experienced difficulty with his memory due to a debilitating stroke. He became lonely and suffered from depression and had difficulty putting the war behind him. He committed suicide by drowning himself in his swimming pool on May 29, 1957 at the age of 67. As his suicide note was originally withheld (and first published in James Curtis's biography of the director), circumstances of his death were not known until years later. His suicide note read, "The future is just old age and illness and pain... I must have peace and this is the only way." Stroke (or cerebrovascular accident or CVA) is the clinical designation for a rapidly developing loss of brain function due to an interruption in the blood supply to all or part of the brain. ... “Sad” redirects here. ...


James Whale was openly gay during his time in Hollywood. The fictionalized film Gods and Monsters featured this aspect of his personality, his amateur painting, his medical condition, his mental health, and his emotional condition. Gods and Monsters is a 1998 film which recounts the (somewhat fictionalized) last days of the life of troubled film director James Whale, whose homosexuality is a central theme. ...


A memorial statue was erected for Whale in 2002 in the grounds of a new multiplex cinema of his home town, Dudley, England. The statue depicts a roll of film with the face of Frankenstein's monster engraved into the cells and the names of his most famous films etched into the film-tin shaped base-stone. This is about Dudley, England, for other places by the same name, see Dudley (disambiguation) Dudley is a town in the West Midlands of England. ... Boris Karloff as Frankensteins Monster in Frankenstein (1931). ...

James Whale memorial statue in Dudley, England.

Image File history File links Memorial Statue to James Whale Copyright Image used with permission of photographer. ... Image File history File links Memorial Statue to James Whale Copyright Image used with permission of photographer. ...

Filmography

A Penguin edition of R.C. Sherriffs Journeys End Journeys End is the seventh and most famous play by R. C. Sherriff. ... Waterloo Bridge is a popular Broadway drama written by Robert E. Sherwood. ... Frankenstein is a 1931 science fiction film from Universal Pictures directed by James Whale and very loosely based on the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. ... The Old Dark House is a 1932 horror film directed by James Whale and starring Boris Karloff, produced just one year after their success with Frankenstein. ... The Kiss Before the Mirror is a 1933 suspense film directed by James Whale about a prosecutor (Frank Morgan) who realizes that his own wife (Nancy Carroll) might be having an affair while he prosecutes a cuckolded wife-killer. ... The Invisible Man is a movie produced by Universal Pictures in 1933 and directed by James Whale. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Show Boat is the name of a musical film based on the stage musical of the same name by Oscar Hammerstein II, which was adapted from the novel by Edna Ferber. ... The Road Back ( Der Weg zurück ) is a novel by German author Erich Maria Remarque, written in 1931. ... The Great Garrick (1937) is a motion picture directed by James Whale. ... Wives Under Suspicion is a 1938 film directed by James Whale and starring Warren William, Gail Patrick, and Constance Moore. ... Port of Seven Seas is a 1938 film starring Wallace Beery. ... The Man in the Iron Mask is a 1939 film adaption of the last section of the novel The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas, which is itself based on the French legend of The Man in the Iron Mask. ... Infobox Film | name = Green Hell | image = | image_size = | caption = | director = James Whale | producer = Harry E. Edington | writer = Frances Marion | narrator = | starring = Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
James Whale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (678 words)
James Whale (July 22, 1889 - May 29, 1957) was a ground-breaking Hollywood film director, best known for his work in the horror genre, making such momentous and iconic pictures as Frankenstein, Bride of Frankenstein, and The Invisible Man.
Much to Whale's protest, The Road Back was re-cut and shortened to the studio's liking before it was released, and then when it (not surprisingly) fared poorly at the box-office, Universal declined to renew Whale's contract.
Whale is the subject of the novel Father of Frankenstein by Christopher Bram, which was the basis for the 1998 film Gods and Monsters.
Frankenstein Lives! James Whale (1630 words)
James Whale was born on July 22, 1889 in the small town of Dudley.
Whale - even in the spring of his youth - rebelled against the strict cultural and formal mores that divided the classes in England at that time.
Whale retired from filmmaking when it was clear he was no longer going to be able to exercise the total control he had under the Laemmle regime.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m