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Encyclopedia > James W. Prescott

James W. Prescott is a developmental psychologist, whose research focused on the origins of violence, particularly as it relates to a lack of mother-child bonding.


Prescott was a health scientist administrator at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), one of the Institutes of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 1966 to 1980. He created and directed the Developmental Behavioral Biology Program at the NICHD where he initiated NICHD-supported research programs to study the relationship between mother-child bonding and the development of social abilities in adult life. Inspired by Harry Harlow's famous experiments on rhesus monkeys, which established a link between neurotic behavior and isolation from a care-giving mother, Prescott further proposed that a key component to development comes from the somesthetic processes (body touch) and vestibular-cerebellar processes (body movement) induced by mother-child interactions, and that deprivation of this stimulation causes brain abnormalities. By analogy to the neurotic behavior in monkeys, he suggested that these developmental abnormalities are a major cause of adult violence amongst humans.


Prescott followed up on this study of behavioral effects through anthropological surveys of primitive cultures including the effects of sensory deprivation of human sexual pleasure and affection during adolescence, which he wrote up in the paper Body Pleasure and the Origins of Violence. In this paper, he presents evidence suggesting that societies open to touch and sexuality suffer from less violence than intolerant societies. He has derived from this a theory of somatosensory-affectional deprivation (S-SAD).


Prescott also served as assistant head of the Psychology Branch of the Office of Naval Research (1963 to 1966) and as president of the Maryland Psychological Association (1970 to 1971).


External links

  • http://www.violence.de/ has the essentials of Prescott's work
  • James W. Prescott: Curriculum Vitae (http://violence.de/prescott/cv.html)
  • Body Pleasure and the Origins of Violence (http://www.violence.de/prescott/bulletin/article.html)
  • K5 discussion on the validity of Body Pleasure and the Origins of Violence (http://www.kuro5hin.org/comments/2003/4/23/182233/949/210#210)

  Results from FactBites:
 
AAS Biographical Memoirs - James Arthur Prescott 1890-1987 (9645 words)
Prescott demonstrated that such soils are associated with the eroded and redistributed remnants of lateritic soils formed originally under earlier climatic conditions on ancient peneplains of low relief and restricted drainage with a seasonally oscillating water table causing alternate oxidation and reduction in that portion of the soil mantle where laterite had consequently formed.
Prescott was Chairman of the CSIR Oenological Research Committee from 1938 to 1955 and a member of and scientific adviser to the Council of the Australian Wine Research Institute from 1955 to 1970.
Prescott's view that research and education were of mutual benefit was summed up in a letter he wrote in 1947 to the entomologist Charles Birch: 'I have always held the view that with few exceptions research must be associated either with teaching or advisory work.
James W. Prescott - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (274 words)
Prescott was a health scientist administrator at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), one of the Institutes of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 1966 to 1980.
Prescott followed up on this study of behavioral effects through anthropological surveys of various cultures including the effects of sensory deprivation of human sexual pleasure and affection during adolescence, which he wrote up in the paper Body Pleasure and the Origins of Violence.
Prescott also served as assistant head of the Psychology Branch of the Office of Naval Research (1963 to 1966) and as president of the Maryland Psychological Association (1970 to 1971).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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