FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > James W. Black

Sir James Whyte Black, OM, FRS, FRSE, FRCP (born 14 July 1924) is a Scottish pharmacologist who invented Propranolol, synthesized Cimetidine and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1988 for these discoveries.[1] For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). ... The premises of the Royal Society in London (first four properties only). ... The Royal Society of Edinburghs Building on the corner of George St. ... College building by Denys Lasdun The Royal College of Physicians of London is the oldest medical institution in England (the oldest medical institution in the UK being the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh), and among the most active of all medical professional organisations. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Motto: (Eng: No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how substances interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ... Propranolol (INN) (IPA: ) is a non-selective beta blocker mainly used in the treatment of hypertension. ... Cimetidine is a histamine H2-receptor antagonist that inhibits the production of acid in the stomach. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Black was educated at Beath High School, Cowdenbeath, Fife, Scotland, and the University of St Andrews, Fife, where he studied medicine, spending time in Dundee (where all the clinical medical activity of St Andrews' University took place until 1967). He joined the Physiology department at University of St Andrews before taking a lecturer position at the University of Malaya. Upon return to Scotland in 1950, he joined the University of Glasgow (Veterinary School) where he established the Physiology Department. During his career he worked in both industry and academia. He was employed by ICI Pharmaceuticals (1958-1964), Smith, Kline and French (1964-1973) and Wellcome Foundation (1978-1984) and was appointed professor of pharmacology at University College London (1973-1978) and King's College London (1984-1992). He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1976 and the same year he was awarded the Lasker award. [2] High school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Cowdenbeath is a burgh in Fife, Scotland. ... Fife (Fìobh in Gaelic) is a council area of Scotland, situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with landward boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. ... St Marys College Bute Medical School Postgraduate Students Affiliations 1994 Group Website www. ... This article is about the field and science of medical practice and health care. ... Dundee (Scottish Gaelic: ) is the fourth largest city in Scotland with a population of 143,090. ... The University of Malaya (or Universiti Malaya in Malay; commonly abbreviated as UM) is the first university in Malaysia, and is situated on a 750 acre (3. ... The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451, in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) is a British chemical group and one of the largest chemical producers in the world. ... GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) plc is a pharmaceutical and healthcare company, one of the largest in the world, in fact the second largest pharmaceutical company. ... New Wellcome Trust building on Euston Road The Wellcome Trust is a United Kingdom-based charity established in 1936 to administer the fortune of the American-born pharmaceutical magnate Sir Henry Wellcome. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, is one of the colleges that make up the University of London. ... Kings College London is the largest college of the federal University of London, and, having received its royal charter in 1829, is Englands third oldest university institution. ... The premises of the Royal Society in London (first four properties only). ... The Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research is awarded by the Lasker Foundation for the understanding, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and cure of disease. ...


He was created a Knight Bachelor in 1981. In 2000 Sir James was appointed to the Order of Merit by Queen Elizabeth II. The order is limited to 24 members and is the highest honour the monarch can bestow. The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of 16 sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


Sir James Black contributed to basic scientific and clinical knowledge in cardiology, both as a physician and as a basic scientist. His invention of propranolol the beta adrenergic receptor antagonist that revolutionized the medical management of angina pectoris, is considered to be one of the most important contributions to clinical medicine and pharmacology of the 20th century.[3] [4] His method of research, his discoveries about adrenergic pharmacology, and his clarification of the mechanisms of cardiac action are all strengths of his work.[5] Cardiology is the branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels. ... An antagonist is a character or group of characters, or, sometimes an institution of a story who represents the opposition against which the heroes and/or protagonists must contend. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how substances interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ...


Sir James was the Chancellor of the University of Dundee between 1992 and May 2006. In August 2006, the Sir James Black Centre was officially incorporated into the College of Life Sciences at the university. A Chancellor is the head of a university. ... The University of Dundee is the principal university in the city and Royal burgh of Dundee, Scotland. ...


See also

George H. Hitchings (April 18, 1905 – February 27, 1998) shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Sir James Black and Gertrude Elion for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment, Hitchings specifically for his work on chemotherapy. ... Gertrude Belle Elion (January 23, 1918 – February 21, 1999) was an American biochemist and pharmacologist, and a 1988 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ Sir James W. Black: The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988. Nobelprize (1988).
  2. ^ 1976 winners: Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research. Lasker Medical Research Network (1976).
  3. ^ Melanie Patricia Stapleton (1997). Sir James Black and Propranolol. Texas Heart Institute Journal.
  4. ^ "anTAGonist" and "ciMETidine". American Chemical Society (2005). Retrieved on December 25, 2005.
  5. ^ Alan Taylor (2004). Or is this our national hero?. Sunday Herald. Retrieved on January 25, 2004.

  Results from FactBites:
 
James W. Black - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (295 words)
Black was educated at Beath High School, Cowdenbeath, Fife, Scotland, and the University of St Andrews, Fife, where he studied biology.
Sir James Black contributed to basic scientific and clinical knowledge in cardiology, both as a physician and as a basic scientist.
Sir James is the Chancellor of the University of Dundee.
James Black (disambiguation) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (157 words)
James B. Black, James Boyce Black, North Carolina politician
James R. Black reasearched electromigration and for whom the Black equation is named
James Black (clergyman) (1797-1886), Canadian clergyman, founder of the Disciples of Christ denomination in Canada
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m