FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > James Roosevelt Bayley
James Roosevelt Bayley †
Image:Bayley.gif
Senior posting
See   Archdiocese of Baltimore
Title   Archbishop of Baltimore
Period in office   July 30, 1872October 3, 1877
Predecessor   Martin John Spalding †
Successor   James Cardinal Gibbons
Religious career
Priestly ordination   March 2, 1844
Previous bishoprics   Diocese of Newark
Personal
Date of birth   August 23, 1814(1814-08-23)
Place of birth   Rye, New York
Date of death   October 3, 1877 (aged 63)
Place of death   Baltimore, Maryland

James Roosevelt Bayley, D.D. (August 23, 1814October 3, 1877), was the first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore. Image File history File links Bayley. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. ... As of 2005, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore covers the City of Baltimore as well as Allegany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, and Washington counties, Maryland. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Archbishop Martin John Spalding (May 23, 1810 - February 7, 1872) was the seventh Roman Catholic archbishop of Baltimore, Maryland from 1864 to 1872. ... James Cardinal Gibbons (23 July 1834 - 24 March 1921) was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Baltimore from 1877 until his death, and in 1886 became the second man from the United States to be made a cardinal. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Diocese of Newark may refer to two different organizations: The Episcopal Diocese of Newark The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark Category: ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Rye, New York is the name of two places in Westchester County, New York. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Baltimore redirects here. ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Archdiocese of Newark is a Catholic Archdiocese governing the Diocese of Camden, the Diocese of Metuchen, the Diocese of Paterson and the Diocese of Trenton in the state of New Jersey. ... As of 2005, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore covers the City of Baltimore as well as Allegany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, and Washington counties, Maryland. ...

Contents

Early life

Bayley was born in Rye, New York, the nephew of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton. Bayley had been an Episcopal priest prior to his conversion in 1842. Rye, New York is the name of two places in Westchester County, New York. ... Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton (August 28, 1774 - January 2, 1821) was born an Episcopalian but changed her confession to Roman Catholic. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


His Dutch and English non-Catholic ancestors were locally notable. His father was the son of Dr. Richard Bayley, professor of anatomy in Columbia College, New York, and inaugurated the New York quarantine system.


Mother Seton, foundress of the Sisters of Charity in the United States, was his aunt. He was named after his maternal grandfather, James Roosevelt, a merchant of large fortune, who made him his heir, but altered the will when Bayley became a Catholic priest, under the mistaken idea that priests could not possess property. A large part of the money went to build the Roosevelt Hospital in New York. Bayley's early schools days were spent at Amherst College, where he once thought of going to sea and obtained a commission of midshipman in the navy. He abandoned the plan, however, and continuing his studies, entered Trinity College (Connecticut), to prepare for the Episcopalian ministry. Amherst College is a private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. It is the third oldest college in Massachusetts. ... Trinity College is a private liberal arts college in Hartford, Connecticut. ...


He graduated here in 1835 and after receiving orders was appointed rector of St. Peter's church, Harlem, New York. He resigned this charge in 1841 and went to Rome, where on 28 April 1842, he was baptized and received into the Catholic church in the room of St. Ignatius by Father Esmond, S.J. He then entered the seminary of St. Sulpice at Paris for his theological studies. Returning to New York, he was ordained priest by Bishop Hughes, 2 March 1844, and made a professor and the vice-president of the seminary at St. John's College. is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Baptism is a water purification ritual practiced in certain religions such as Christianity, Mandaeanism, Sikhism, and some historic sects of Judaism. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Fordham University is a private, coeducational research university[2] in the United States, with three residential campuses located in and around New York City. ...


He was acting president there in 1846 and was next given charge of the parish at the Quarantine Station on Staten Island, so long the residence of his grandfather, Dr. Bayley. Bishop Hughes then appointed him his private secretary, an office he held for several years and in which his administrative ability was specially manifested. He devoted some of his leisure to the collection and preservation of local historical data, much of which would otherwise have been lost. Part of this material he published in a small volume "A Brief Sketch of the Early History of the Catholic Church on the Island of New York" (New York, 1853; 2nd ed., 1870).


First Bishop of Newark

On October 30, 1853 Bayley was consecrated the first bishop of the Diocese of Newark. Bayley's mission for the fledgling Diocese was to establish Catholic education as he said, "In our present position, the schoolhouse has become second in importance to the House of God itself ... [our ambition is to have] ... every Catholic child in the state in a Catholic school." is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Bayley realized that in order to be effective in his mission he needed the help of a Diocesan community; as he put it, "no one can fill that most important office so effectually as religious women." In 1857 a group of Benedictine Sisters arrived from Pennsylvania and in the following year Bayley sent five women to train with the Sisters of Charity. Many other communities of religious men and women joined the Diocese in the next decades.


When the Diocese of Newark was established he was named its first bishop and consecrated 30 October 1853, in St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York, by Archbishop Gaetano Bedini, the Apostolic Nuncio to Brazil, who was then enroute to Rome. The Bishops of Brooklyn and Burlington were consecrated at the same time, the first occurrence of such an elaborate ceremony in the United States. Bishop Bayley's work of organizing the new diocese was not easy. He had more than 40,000 Catholics, mainly of Irish and German extraction, with only twenty-five priests to minister to them. There was not a single diocesan institution, no funds, and poverty on all sides. He therefore applied for help to the Association of the Propagation of the Faith of Lyons, France, and to the Leopoldine Association of Vienna and from both received material assistance. is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Picture of Cardinal Bedini site in Viterbos cathedral. ... A Papal Nuncio (also known as an Apostolic Nuncio) is a permanent diplomatic representative (head of mission) of the Holy See to a state, having ambassadorial rank. ...


Bishop Bayley saw need for a Catholic college, and on September 1, 1856 the need was filled by the opening of Chegary Academy (Old Seton Hall) in Madison. In 1860 the school moved to its present location in South Orange and was incorporated into a college by the state of New Jersey in 1861. The College also had a seminary which was necessary for educating new priests. Despite the original need, the number of new recruits exceeded the abilities of the seminary. Bayley was instrumental in the founding of the North American College in Rome at the request of Pope Pius IX, where he sent a young seminarian by the name of Michael Corrigan. is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The North American College The Pontifical North American College is an institution of higher learning and continuing education of the Roman Catholic Church and is located in Rome, Italy. ... Pope Pius IX (May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, reigned as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from his election in June 16, 1846, until his death more than 31 years later in 1878. ...


In a letter he wrote April 10, 1865, reviewing the condition of the diocese after his first ten years there he says: is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...

I find that while the Catholic population has increased a third, the churches and priests have doubled in number. In 1854 there was no religious community. Now we have a monastery of Benedictines, another of Passionists, a mother-house of Sisters of Charity, conducting seventeen different establishments; two convents of Benedictine nuns, two others of German Sisters of Notre Dame and two others of the Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis. In 1854 there was no institution of learning; to-day we have a flourishing college and a diocesan seminary, an academy for young ladies, a boarding school for boys, and parish schools attached to almost all the parishes. Passionists are a Roman Catholic religious order founded by St Paul of the Cross (Paul Francis Danei). ...

In addition to these he introduced the Jesuits and the Sisters of St. Joseph and of St. Dominic into the diocese, and was one of the strongest upholders of the temperance movement of the seventies. He made several journeys to Rome and the Holy Land, attending the canonization of the Japanese martyrs at Rome in 1862; the centenary of the Apostles in 1867; and the ecumenical Council in 1869. The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...


Bishop Bayley served the developing Diocese for 19 years until he was appointed Archbishop of Baltimore on July 30, 1872. is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Archbishop of Baltimore

Archbishop Bayley
Archbishop Bayley

At the death of Archbishop Spalding of Baltimore he was promoted, on July 30, 1872, to succeed that prelate. He left Newark with much reluctance. In 1875 as Apostolic Delegate he imposed the cardinal's biretta on Archbishop John McCloskey of New York. In May, 1876, he consecrated the Baltimore cathedral, having freed it from debt. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 414 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3032 × 4392 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 414 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3032 × 4392 pixel, file size: 1. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... John McCloskey, later John Cardinal McCloskey, (March 10, 1810 - October 10, 1885) born to Irish immigrants, in Brooklyn, was the fifth bishop (second archbishop) of the Roman Catholic diocese of New York. ...


Convening the Eighth Provincial Synod of the clergy, August, 1875, he enacted many salutary regulations, particularly with regard to clerical dress, mixed marriages, and church music. Illness obliged him to ask for a coadjutor and Bishop James Gibbons of Richmond was appointed to that position May 29, 1877. The archbishop then went abroad to seek for relief, but in vain. He returned to his former home in Newark in August, 1877, and after lingering for two months, died in his old room, where he had laboured for so long in Newark, New Jersey, on October 3, 1877. James Cardinal Gibbons (July 23, 1834 - March 24, 1921) was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Baltimore from 1877 until his death, and in 1886 became the second man from the United States to be made a Cardinal. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County County Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - City 67. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Shortly before Bayley died he spoke of himself by saying, "I am Archbishop; I have been Bishop; but I like Father Bayley best of all."


At his own request he was buried beside his aunt, Mother Seton, at the convent at Emmitsburg, Maryland. He was a noble model of a Christian bishop. He seemed animated with the spirit of St. Francis de Sales, full of zeal in the episcopal office and of kindness and charity to all mankind. Emmitsburg was founded in 1785 and is located in Frederick County, Maryland, just south of the Mason-Dixon line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania. ... Saint Francis of Sales (in French, St François de Sales), seventeenth-century bishop of Geneva and Roman Catholic saint, was born at Thorens into a Savoyard noble family on 21 August 1567. ...


In conversation he once told the ultramontane Bishop Michael Corrigan that before his conversion he thought of becoming a Jesuit, and before his consecration a Redemptorist, but from both intentions his director dissuaded him. In addition to the volume on the Church on New York he wrote the Memoirs of Simon Gabriel Brute, First Bishop of Vincennes (New York, 1855).


Episcopal Lineage and Apostolic Succession

Picture of Cardinal Bedini site in Viterbos cathedral. ... Luigi Cardinal Lambruschini (6 March 1776-12 May 1854) was a prominent Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in the mid nineteenth century. ... Giulio Maria Cardinal della Somaglia (born July 29, 1744, Piacenza, Italy; died April 2, 1830, Rome, Italy) was one of the most prominent cardinals of the early eighteenth century. ... Hyacinthe Sigismond Gerdil (b. ... Marcantonio Colonna. ... Clement XIII, né Carlo della Torre Rezzonico (Venice, March 7, 1693 - Rome, February 2, 1769) was pope from 1758 to 1769. ... Scholar Pope, Benedict XIV Benedict XIV, né Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini (Bologna, March 31, 1675 - Rome, May 3, 1758) was pope from 1740 to 1758. ... Pope Benedict XIII, O.P. (Gravina in Puglia, February 2, 1649 – February 21, 1730), born Pietro Francesco Orsini, later Vincenzo Maria Orsini, was pope from 1724 to 1730. ... Ulderico Carpegna (born Scavolino, June 24, 1595; died Rome, January 24, 1679) was an Italian jurist and Cardinal. ... Ludovico Cardinal Ludovisi (October 22 or 27, 1595–Bologna, November 18, 1632), a cardinal and statesman of the Roman Catholic Church was a connoisseur who formed a famous collection of antiquities, housed at the Villa Ludovisi, Rome. ... Scipione Cardinal Rebiba (1504 – July 23, 1577) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. ...

References

Flynn, The Catholic Church in New Jersey (Morristown, 1904); Shea, History of the Catholic Church in the U.S. (New York, 1889 - 1892); Cathedral Records (Baltimore, 1906); Reuss, Biog. Cycl. Of the Catholic Hierarchy of the U.S. (Milwaukee, 1898).


External links

  • Catholic-Hierarchy: Archbishop James Roosevelt Bayley
Preceded by
erected
Bishop of Newark
18531872
Succeeded by
Michael A. Corrigan
Preceded by
Martin John Spalding
Archbishop of Baltimore
18721877
Succeeded by
James Cardinal Gibbons

  Results from FactBites:
 
James Roosevelt Bayley (941 words)
His father was the son of Dr. Richard Bayley, professor of anatomy in Columbia College, New York, and inaugurated the New York quarantine system.
He was named after his maternal grandfather, James Roosevelt, a merchant of large fortune, who made him his heir, but altered the will when Bayley became a Catholic priest, under the mistaken idea that priests could not possess property.
Bayley's early schools days were spent at Amherst College, where he once thought of going to sea and obtained a commission of midshipman in the navy.
James Roosevelt Bayley Biography,info (1322 words)
James Roosevelt Bayley was born in Rye, New York, on August 23, 1814.
Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley, D.D., nephew of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton, was the First Ordinary of the Diocese of Newark.
Bayley was instrumental in the founding of the North American College in Rome at the request of Pope Pius IX, where he sent a young seminarian by the name of Michael Corrigan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m