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Encyclopedia > James River (Virginia)
The James River at Cartersville

The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 660 km (410 miles) long including its Jackson River source and drains a watershed comprising 27,019 kmĀ² (10,432 square miles). The watershed includes about 4% open water and an area with a population of 2.5 million people (2000). It is the tenth longest river in the United States that remains entirely in a single state. Image File history File links James_River. ... Image File history File links James_River. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... This article is about the U.S. state. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ...

Contents

Geography, watershed

The James River forms in the Allegheny Mountains, near Iron Gate on the border between Alleghany and Botetourt counties from the confluence of the Cowpasture and Jackson Rivers, and flows into the Chesapeake Bay at Hampton Roads. Tidal waters extend west to Richmond, the capital of Virginia, at its fall line, (the head of navigation). Larger tributaries draining to the tidal portion include the Appomattox River, Chickahominy River, Warwick River, Pagan River, Nansemond River, and Elizabeth River. The Allegheny Mountain Range (also spelled Alleghany and Allegany) -- informally, the Alleghenies -- is part of the Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States. ... Iron Gate is a town located in Alleghany County, Virginia. ... Alleghany County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... Botetourt County, Virginia, from 1895 state map Botetourt County iis a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... The Cowpasture is one of the chief rivers contributing to the James River of Virginia. ... The Jackson River is a major tributary of the James River of Virginia in the United States. ... The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ... This view from space in July 1996 shows portions of each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roads which generally surround the harbor area of Hampton Roads, which framed by the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel visible to the east (right), the Virginia Peninsula subregion to the north (top), and the... Nickname: Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ... Head of navigation is a term used to describe the farthest point above the mouth of a river that can be navigated by ships. ... The Appomattox River at Matoaca, Virginia The Appomattox River is a tributary of the James River, approximately 137 mi (220 km), in central and eastern Virginia in the United States. ... Chickahominy also known as the Chick is a river in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Virginia, near which several battles of the United States Civil War were fought in 1862 and 1864. ... The Warwick River is a short tidal estuary which empties into the James River a few miles from Hampton Roads at the southern end of Chesapeake Bay in southeast Virginia in the United States. ... The Nansemond River is a tributary of the James River in the U.S. state of Virginia. ... The Elizabeth River is a short tidal estuary forming an arm of Hampton Roads at the southern end of Chesapeake Bay in southeast Virginia in the United States. ...


History

The Native Americans called the James River the Powhatan River. The English colonists named it "James" after King James I of England, as they also constructed their first permanent English settlement in the Americas in 1607 at Jamestown, along the banks of the James River. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... James Stuart (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old. ... English colonization of the Americas began in the late 16th century. ... Year 1607 (MDCVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Jamestown Settlement. ...


The upper reaches of the river were explored by fur trading parties sent by Abraham Wood during the late 17th century. Abraham Wood was an English fur trader (specifically the deerskin trade) and explorer of colonial Virginia during the 17th century. ...


Navigation of the river played an important role in early Virginia commerce and the settlement of the interior. Produce from the Piedmont and Great Valley regions traveled down the river to seaports at Richmond through such port towns as Lynchburg, Scottsville, Columbia and Buchanan. Below the falls at Richmond, many James River plantations had their own wharfs, and additional ports and/or early railheads were located at Warwick, Bermuda Hundred, City Point, Claremont, Scotland, and Smithfield, and, during the 17th century, the capital of the Colony at Jamestown. The James River winds its way among piedmont hills in central Virginia. ... The Great Valley, also called the Great Appalachian Valley or Great Valley Region, is one of the major landform features of eastern North America. ... Lynchburg is an independent city located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Scottsville is a town located in Virginia. ... Buchanan is a town located in Botetourt County, Virginia. ... James River Plantations were established in the Virginia Colony along the James River between the mouth at Hampton Roads and the head of navigation at the fall line where Richmond is today. ... Warwick was an unincorporated town in Chesterfield County, Virginia at the northwestern quadrant of the location where a local tributary, Falling Creek, has its confluence with the navigable portion of the James River about 6 miles south of Richmond, Virginia (and east of the fall line). ... Bermuda Hundred was the first incorporated town in the English settlement of Virginia. ... Waterfront at City Point, Virginia (now Hopewell) in 1865 City Point was a town in Prince George County, Virginia in the state of Virginia. ... Claremont is a town located in Surry County, Virginia. ... Pocahontas bound for Scotland in Surry County is seen leaving Glasshouse Point at Jamestown, is one of four ferryboats operating the Jamestown-Scotland Ferry service on the James River. ... Smithfield is a town located in Isle of Wight County, in the South Hampton Roads region of Virginia in the United States. ...


James River and Kanawha Canal

The James River was also considered as a route for transport of produce from the Ohio Valley. The James River and Kanawha Canal was built for this purpose, to provide a link between the James and the Kanawha River, a tributary of the Ohio River. However, before it could be fully completed, in the mid-19th century, railroads emerged as a more practical technology and eclipsed canals for economical transportation. In the 1880s, the Richmond and Allegheny Railroad was laid along the eastern portion of the canal's towpath. In modern times, this rail line serves as a water-level route of CSX Transportation, used primarily in transporting West Virginia coal to export coal piers at Newport News. Carl D. Perkins Bridge in Portsmouth, Ohio with Ohio River and Scioto River tributary on right. ... The James River and Kanawha Canal was a canal in Virginia, which was built to facilitate shipments of passengers and freight by water between the western counties of Virginia and the coast. ... Map of the Kanawha River watershed, showing its main tributary, the New River. ... View of Pittsburgh, the largest metropolitan area on the Ohio River, where the Allegheny River (left) and the Monongahela River (right) join at Point State Park to form the Ohio River Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... Richmond and Allegheny Railroad was built along the James River along the route of the James River and Kanawha Canal from Richmond on the fall line at the head of navigation to a point west of Lynchburg near Buchanan, Virginia. ... CSX Transportation (AAR reporting marks CSXT) is a Class I railroad in the United States, owned by the CSX Corporation. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Aerial view looking east of Virginian Railway coal piers at Sewells Point on Hampton Roads near Norfolk, Virginia. ... Location in the State of Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States State Virginia County Independent city Incorporated 1896 Government  - Mayor Joe Frank Area  - City  119. ...


Recreation

The James River also contains numerous parks and other recreational attractions. Canoeing, fishing, kayaking, hiking, and swimming are some of the activities that people enjoy along the river during the summer. From the river's start in the Blue Ridge mountains to Richmond, Virginia, numerous rapids and pools offer fishing and white water rafting. The most intense whitewater stretch is a 2 mile segment that ends in downtown Richmond where the river goes over the fall line. This is the only place in North America where at least class III (class IV with above average river levels) whitewater conditions exist within sight of skyscrapers. After the fall line and continuing east of Richmond, the river is better suited for water skiing and other large boat recreation. The lower james river (below richmond)is known for its blue catfish, reaching average sizes of 20 to 30 pounds, and frequently being caught in excess of 50. Blue Ridge Mountains, Shining Rock Wilderness Area Appalachian Mountain system The Blue Ridge is a mountain chain in the eastern United States, part of the Appalachian Mountains, forming their eastern front from Georgia to Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ...


Bridges

Main article: List of crossings of the James River (Virginia)

This is a list of bridges and other crossings of the James River in the U.S. state of Virginia from the Chesapeake Bay upstream to its source. ...

Highway bridges below Richmond

In the Hampton Roads area, the river is as much as five miles (8 km) wide at points. Due to ocean-going shipping upriver as far as the Port of Richmond, a combination of ferryboats, high bridges and bridge-tunnels are used for highway traffic. Crossings east to west include: This view from space in July 1996 shows portions of each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roads which generally surround the harbor area of Hampton Roads, which framed by the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel visible to the east (right), the Virginia Peninsula subregion to the north (top), and the... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... volcanic rock. ... Aerial view of parallel trestles and one of four man-made islands which anchor tunnel portions of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel in Virginia, longest in the world A bridge-tunnel is a water crossing facility which uses a combination of bridge and tunnel structures. ...

The SR 895 high level crossing is the last bridge east of the Deepwater Port of Richmond and head of ocean-going navigation at the fall line of the James River. West of this point, potential flooding is more of an engineering concern than clearance for watercraft. Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel (MMMBT) is the 4. ... James River Bridge, near Hampton Roads in Virginia. ... Jamestown Ferry (also known as the Jamestown-Scotland Ferry) is an automobile ferry on the James River in Virginia, connecting Jamestown in James City County with Scotland in Surry County. ... Benjamin Harrison Memorial Bridge, on the James River near Hopewell, Virginia The Benjamin Harrison Memorial Bridge carries Virginia State Highway 156 across the James River between Jordans Point in Prince George County and Charles City County near the independent city of Hopewell, Virginia in the United States. ... Drawbridge at the fort of Ponta da Bandeira; Lagos, Portugal A drawbridge is a type of movable bridge typically associated with the entrance of a castle, but the term is often used to describe all different types of movable bridges, like bascule bridges and lift bridges. ... State Route 156 is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. ... Varina-Enon Bridge carries Interstate 295 across the James River near Dutch Gap between Chesterfield County and Henrico County near Richmond, Virginia. ... A cable-stayed bridge is a bridge that consists of one or more columns (normally referred to as towers or pylons), with cables supporting the bridge deck. ... Interstate 295 (abbreviated I-295) is an eastern bypass of Richmond and Petersburg as well as a northern bypass of Richmond. ... Vietnam Veterans Memorial Bridge carries the Pocahontas Parkway, signed as Virginia State Highway 895, across the James River between the independent city of Richmond and Henrico County. ... Pocahontas Parkway (also known as Virginia State Highway 895) is a toll road near Richmond, Virginia. ... State Route 895, also known as the Pocahontas Parkway, is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. ... State Route 150, also known as the Chippenham Parkway, is a primary state highway in and near Richmond, Virginia, United States. ... I-95 south coming off the old Woodrow Wilson Bridge Interstate 95 runs 179 miles through Virginia. ... The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ...


Highway bridges at Richmond

The following is a list of extant highway bridges across the James River with one or both ends within the City of Richmond.

James River Bridge in Richmond, Virginia carries Interstate 95 across the James River. ... I-95 south coming off the Woodrow Wilson Bridge Interstate 95 runs 179 miles through Virginia. ... Mayo Bridge (also known as Richmonds 14th St. ... Manchester Bridge in Richmond, Virginia carries U.S. Highway 60 across the James River. ... The Robert E. Lee Memorial Bridge in Richmond, Virginia carries U.S. Highway 1 and U.S. Highway 301 across the James River at the fall line. ... Boulevard Bridge in the independent city of Richmond, Virginia is a toll bridge which carries Virginia State Highway 161 across the James River. ... Powhite Parkway Bridge crosses the James River in the independent city of Richmond, Virginia. ... The Powhite Parkway in Richmond, Virginia is a toll road operated by the Richmond Metropolitan Authority (RMA). ... Huguenot Memorial Bridge is located in Henrico County and the independent city of Richmond, Virginia. ... Edward E. Willey Bridge is a highway bridge which crosses the upper James River (above the fall line at Richmond) in the western portion of Henrico County, Virginia. ...

Highway bridges west of Richmond

The following is a partial, incomplete list of extant highway bridges across the James River west of Richmond.

U.S. Route 15 near Bremo Bluff, Virginia World War II Veterans Memorial Bridge is a twin-span 3,642-foot-long bridge which carries Virginia State Highway 288 across the James River between Powhatan County and Goochland County in Virginia. ... U.S. Highway 522 is a spur of U.S. Highway 22. ... State Route 45 is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. ... U.S. Route 6 is a main route of the U.S. Highway system, running east-northeast from Bishop, California to Provincetown, Massachusetts. ... Columbia is a town located in Fluvanna County, Virginia. ... For the former State Route 20, see State Route 20 (Virginia 1918-1933). ... Scottsville is a town located in Virginia. ... Carter Glass Memorial Bridge crosses the James River between the independent city of Lynchburg and Amherst County, Virginia. ... United States Highway 29 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 1,036 miles (1,667 km) from the western suburbs of Baltimore to Pensacola, Florida. ... Lynchburg is an independent city located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ...


Bicycles

The Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel prohibit bicycles, but bicyclists may take the Jamestown Ferry. [1] After a fatal accident on the Boulevard Bridge, the City of Richmond requires bicycles to travel on the sidewalk for the length of the bridge. Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel (MMMBT) is the 4. ... Jamestown Ferry (also known as the Jamestown-Scotland Ferry) is an automobile ferry on the James River in Virginia, connecting Jamestown in James City County with Scotland in Surry County. ... Boulevard Bridge in the independent city of Richmond, Virginia is a toll bridge which carries Virginia State Highway 161 across the James River. ...


Trivia

  • The James River Reserve Fleet, part of the National Defense Reserve Fleet, known locally as the "Ghost Fleet", is anchored in James River at Mulberry Island and Fort Eustis near Newport News.

The College of William and Mary (also known as William & Mary, W&M or The College) is a small, selective, coeducational public university located in Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. ... Binomial name Tunstall, 1771 Global range (shaded green, dark dots on islands) The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), occasionally known in North America as the Duck Hawk, is a medium-sized falcon about the size of a large crow: 380–530 millimetres (15–21 in) long. ... Benjamin Harrison Memorial Bridge, on the James River near Hopewell, Virginia The Benjamin Harrison Memorial Bridge carries Virginia State Highway 156 across the James River between Jordans Point in Prince George County and Charles City County near the independent city of Hopewell, Virginia in the United States. ... Buchanan is the surname of: Barry Buchanan (born 1968), professional wrestler (Bull Buchanan) Bay Buchanan, sister to Pat Buchanan, President of The American Cause Claudius Buchanan (1766-1815), English divine Edgar Buchanan, American actor Francis Buchanan, (1762-1829), Scottish surgeon, geographer and naturalist Franklin Buchanan (1800-1874), Confederate admiral George... Botetourt County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... Chesterfield County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ... James City County, Virginia as shown on 1895 map James City County (formally, the County of James City) is a county located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ... Mulberry Island is located along the James River in southeastern Virginia at the confluence of the Warwick River on the Virginia Peninsula. ... Fort Eustis is a military base facility of the United States military located in Newport News, Virginia. ... Newport News is an independent city located in Virginia. ...

Gallery

See also

This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of Virginia, as listed in The Hornbook of Virginia History (1994 edition). ... Bateau men poling the James River The James River Bateau was a shallow draft river craft used during the period from 1775 to 1840 to transport tobacco and other cargo on the James river and its tributaries in the state of Virginia. ... The Army of the James was a Union Army that was composed of unites from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina and served along the James River during the last opperations of the Civil War in Virginia. ...

References

  • Chesapeake Bay Program Watershed Profile James River

Further reading

  • Heritage of the James River Talk by Ann Woodlief at James River Symposium, 1995
  • James River Association
  • The River Where America Began - Bob Deans

  Results from FactBites:
 
James River Plantations: Berkeley - Between Richmond and Williamsburg (408 words)
Berkeley, on the James River between Williamsburg and Richmond, is the birthplace of a signer of the Declaration of Independence and a U.S. President.
Benjamin Harrison, son of the builder of Berkeley and the plantation's second owner, was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and three-time Governor of Virginia.
Berkeley's ten acres of formal terraced boxwood gardens and lawn extend a quarter-mile from the front door to the James River.
Sherpa Guides | Virginia | Mountains | River Valleys | The James River (1391 words)
The headwaters of the James, Virginia's mightiest river, are more accessible, although it is still a moving experience to stand at the exact point in the Alleghaeny Mountains a mile below the community of Iron Gate where two smaller rivers—the Jackson and the Cowpasture—merge to become the state's longest and most hallowed ribbon of water.
The James is not only one of the longest rivers in America lying completely within the borders of a single state, but its drainage base takes in nearly one-fourth of Virginia's total land mass.
The canal that snaked alongside the James River and into the mountains was Virginia's largest public works project at the time and one of the most ambitious undertakings in the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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