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Encyclopedia > James Outram (British officer)
Sir James Outram
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Sir James Outram

Sir James Outram (January 29, 1803-March 11, 1863), English general, and one of the heroes of the Indian Mutiny, was the son of Benjamin Outram of Butterley Hall, Derbyshire, civil engineer. His father died in 1805, and his mother, a daughter of Dr James Anderson, the Scottish writer on agriculture, moved to Aberdeenshire in 1810. From Udny school the boy went in 1818 to the Marischal College, Aberdeen; and in 1819 an Indian cadetship was given him. Soon after his arrival at Bombay his remarkable energy attracted notice, and in July 1820 he became acting adjutant to the first battalion of the 12th regiment on its embodiment at Poona, an experience which he found to be of immense advantage to him in his after career. January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... An engraving titled Sepoy Indian troops dividing the spoils after their mutiny against British rule gives a contemporary view of events from the British perspective. ... Derbyshire (pronounced Dar-bee-shur) is a county in the East Midlands of England, which boasts some of Englands most attractive scenery. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Aberdeens location in Scotland Aberdeen (Scottish Gaelic: Obar Dheathain or The Granite City) is Scotlands third largest city, with a population of 212,125, and the greatest part of the unitary council area named the City of Aberdeen, which is surrounded by, but not within, the Aberdeenshire council... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Pune, formerly called Poona, is the second largest city (after Mumbai) in the state of Maharashtra, India. ...


In 1825 he was sent to Khandesh, where he trained a light infantry corps, formed of the wild robber Bhils, gaining over them a marvellous personal influence, and employing them with great success in checking outrages and plunder. Their loyalty to him had its principal source in their boundless admiration of his hunting achievements, which in cool daring and hairbreadth escapes have perhaps never been equalled. Originally a puny lad, and for many years after his arrival in India subject to constant attacks of sickness, Outram seemed to win strength by every new illness, acquiring a constitution of iron, nerves of steel, shoulders and muscles worthy of a six-foot Highlander. 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Kandesh (also Khandesh) is a region of central India, which forms the northwestern portion of Maharashtra state. ... Highlander may refer to the following: Persons: A person from the Scottish Highlands A person from the Highlands in Southern Poland: Gorals A person from the central plateaux of Madagascar Film and TV: Highlander (film): Highlander I, II, III & IV: fantasy movies. ...


In 1835 he was sent to Gujarat to make a report on the Mahi Kantha district, and for some time he remained there as political agent. On the outbreak of the first Afghan War in 1838 he was appointed extra aide-decamp on the staff of Sir John Keane, and besides many other brilliant deeds performed an extraordinary exploit in capturing a banner of the enemy before Ghazni. After conducting various raids against Afghan tribes, he was promoted to major in 1839, and appointed political agent in Lower Sind, and later in Upper Sind. Here he strongly opposed the policy of his superior, Sir Charles Napier, which led to the annexation of Sind. But when war broke out he heroically defended the residency at Hyderabad against 8000 Baluchis; and it was Sir Charles Napier who then described him as the Bayard of India. On his return from a short visit to England in 1843, he was, with the rank of brevet lieutenant-colonel, appointed to a command in the Mahratta country, and in 1847 he was transferred from Satara to Baroda, where he incurred the resentment of the Bombay government by his fearless exposure of corruption. 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Gujarat (Gu: , Hi: ; , IPA ; also spelled Gujrat and sometimes (incorrectly) Gujarath) contained many of the former Princely states of India, and is the second-most industrialized state in the Republic of India after Maharashtra. ... A series of three wars between Britain and the Afghans in the 19th century and early 20th century was formerly called the Afghan Wars but is now referred to as the Anglo-Afghan wars perhaps to distinguish them from the civil strife in the 1980s. ... Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... John Keane could be one of several notable people: John Keane was one of Irelands most outstanding hurlers. ... Minaret, July 2001 Ghazni is a city in central Afghanistan, situated on a plateau at 7280 feet above sea level. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... General Sir Charles James Napier Sir Charles James Napier (August 10, 1782 - August 29, 1853) was a British general and Commander-in-Chief in India. ... Hyderabad may refer to various places: Hyderabad, India, Hyderabad state, the pre-1956 Indian state Hyderabad, Pakistan, for the city in Sindh, Pakistan This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Charles Napier can refer to: Charles Napier, an American actor General Sir Charles James Napier, a British soldier Admiral Sir Charles Napier, a British naval officer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Satara is a town and district of Maharashtra state of India. ... Vadodara, also known as Baroda, is the third-most populated town in Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat (the three towns with a population of over 1 million in Gujarat). ...


In 1854 he was appointed resident at Lucknow, in which capacity two years later he carried out the annexation of Oudh and became the first chief commissioner of that province. Appointed in 1857, with the rank of lieutenant-general, to command an expedition against Persia, he defeated the enemy with great slaughter at Khushab, and conducted the campaign with such rapid decision that peace was shortly afterwards concluded, his services being rewarded by the grand cross of the Bath. 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Lucknow (Hindi: लखनऊ Lakhnau) is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Awadh (also known to the British as Oudh) is a region in the center of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ...


From Persia he was summoned in June to India, with the brief explanation "We want, all our best men here". It was said of him at this time that a fox is a fool and a lion a coward by the side of Sir J. Outram. Immediately on his arrival in Calcutta he was appointed to command the two divisions of the Bengal army occupying the country from Calcutta to Cawnpore; and to the military control was also joined the commissionership of Oudh. Already the mutiny had assumed such proportions as to compel Havelock to fall back on Cawnpore, which he only held with difficulty, although a speedy advance was necessary to save the garrison at Lucknow. On arriving at Cawnpore with reinforcements, Outram, in admiration of the brilliant deeds of General Havelock, conceded to him the glory of relieving Lucknow, and, waiving his rank, tendered his services to him as a volunteer. During the advance he commanded a troop of volunteer cavalry, and performed exploits of great brilliancy at Mangalwar, and in the attack at the Alambagh; and in the final conflict he led the way, charging through a very tempest of fire. The volunteer cavalry unanimously voted him the Victoria Cross, but he refused the choice on the grounds that he was ineligible as the general under whom they served. Resuming supreme command, he then held the town till the arrival of Sir Colin Campbell, after which he conducted the evacuation of the residency so as completely to deceive the enemy. In the second capture of Lucknow, on the commander-in-chiefs return, Outram was entrusted with the attack on the side of the Gumti, and afterwards, having recrossed the river, he advanced through the Chattar Manzil to take the residency, thus, in the words of Sir Cohn Campbell, putting the finishing stroke on the enemy. After the capture of Lucknow he was gazetted lieutenant-general. In February 1858 he received the special thanks of both houses of parliament, and in the same year the dignity of baronet with an annuity of 1000. When, on account of shattered health, he returned finally to England in 1860, a movement was set on foot to mark the sense entertained, not only of his military achievements, but of his constant exertions on behalf of the natives of India, whose weal, in his own words, he made his first object. The movement resulted in the presentation of a public testimonial and the erection of statues in London and Calcutta. He died on the 11 March 1863, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where the marble slab on his grave bears the poignant epitaph The Bayard of India. This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... Kānpur (known as Cawnpore before 1948) is the most populous city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Lucknow (Hindi: लखनऊ Lakhnau) is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ... There have been several notable people named Colin Campbell: For the Scottish soldier, see Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde For the Governor of Nova Scotia, see Colin Campbell (politician) For the Scottish Vice-Chancellor of the University of Nottingham, see Colin Campbell (academic) For the oil industry analyst, see Colin... The Gomti River, also known as the Gumti or Gomati, is a tributary of the river Ganga. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The British Houses of Parliament, London, UK A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system derived from that of the United Kingdom. ... A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt), is the holder of an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown, known as a baronetcy. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... The Abbeys western façade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral, in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ...


Reference

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclop√¶dia Britannica, a publication in the public domain. The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) is the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


 
 

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