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Encyclopedia > James McClelland

James L. (Jay) McClelland (born December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 30 days remaining. Events 1640 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. 1822 - Peter I is crowned as Emperor of Brazil. 1824... December 1, 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 1 - Nationalisation of UK railways to form British Railways. Arab militants lay siege to the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. First day of the Italian republican constitution. January 4... 1948) is a Professor of Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul and logos = word) is the study of mind, thought, and behaviour. It is largely concerned with humans, although the behaviour and thought of other animals is also studied; either as a subject in its own right (see animal cognition), or more controversially, as a way... Psychology and Cognitive neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience involving the study of the neural mechanisms of cognition or put simply: how the brain thinks. Cognitive neuroscience overlaps with cognitive psychology, but whereas psychologists seek to understand the mind, cognitive neuroscience is concerned with understanding how the mental processes take place in... Cognitive Neuroscience at Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was formed in 1967 by the union of the Carnegie Institute of Technology (which was Carnegie Technical Schools until 1912), founded in 1900 by Andrew Carnegie, and the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research, founded in 1917 by... Carnegie Mellon University. He is best known for his work concerning Connectionism today generally refers to an approach in the fields of cognitive psychology, cognitive science and philosophy of mind which models mental or behavioral phenomena with neural networks, and is associated with a certain set of arguments for why this is a good idea. Basic Principles All modern connectionist models... Parallel Distributed Processing, applying connectionist models (or A neural network is an interconnected group of neurons. The prime examples are biological neural networks, especially the human brain. In modern usage the term most often refers to artificial neural networks (ANN), or neural nets for short, and this is the sense that is used in the rest of... neural networks) to explain cognitive phenomena such as spoken word recognition and visual word recognition. McClelland is to a large extent responsible for the "connectionist revolution" of the 1980's, which saw a large increase in scientific interest for connectionist models. In 1986, he published Parallel distributed processing: Explorations in the microstructure of cognition with David Rumelhart, which some still regard as a bible for Cognitive science is usually defined as the scientific study either of mind or of intelligence (e.g. Luger 1994). Practically every introduction to cognitive science also stresses that it is highly interdisciplinary; it is often said to consist of, take part in, and collaborate with psychology (especially cognitive psychology), linguistics... cognitive scientists.
His present work focuses on learning, memory processes and psycholinguistics, still within the framework of connectionist models.

External links

  • Personal website (http://www.cnbc.cmu.edu/~jlm/)

  Results from FactBites:
James W. McClelland - professional profile | Marine Science Institute (656 words)
McClelland, J. Holmes, B. Peterson, and M. Stieglitz.
Peterson, B. Holmes, J. McClelland, C. Vorosmarty, R. Lammers, A. Shiklomanov, I. Shiklomanov, and S. Rahmstorf.
Valiela, I., M. Geist, J. McClelland, and G. Tomasky.
James was born in Campsie, NSW on 11
James and Sylvia continued to live at Campsie for a short while after their marriage before they moved to Marrickville to live with Sylvia's grandmother and their three adopted sons.
James worked as a prison officer at Dharruk Prison for many years and for the final twenty years of his working life was employed as a Security Guard for Crane and Field Metal.
  More results at FactBites »



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