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Encyclopedia > James Lawrence Orr
James Lawrence Orr
James Lawrence Orr

In office
December 7, 1857 – March 4, 1859
Preceded by Nathaniel P. Banks
Succeeded by William Pennington

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from
South Carolina's 5th district
In office
18531859
Preceded by Armistead Burt
Succeeded by John D. Ashmore

Born May 12, 1822
Craytonville, South Carolina
Died May 5, 1873
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Political party Democratic
James Lawrence Orr
James Lawrence Orr

James Lawrence Orr (May 12, 1822May 5, 1873) was an American politician who served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in the United States Congress. He later served in the Confederate Congress during the American Civil War and was a postbellum Governor of South Carolina. Image File history File links JamesLawrenceOrr. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Nathaniel P. Banks, engraving from a Mathew Brady Carte de visite Nathaniel Prentice (or Prentiss)[1] Banks (January 30, 1816 – September 1, 1894), American politician and soldier, served as Governor of Massachusetts, Speaker of the House of the United States House of Representatives, and as a Union general in the... William Pennington William Pennington (May 4, 1796–February 16, 1862) was an American lawyer and politician. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is the lower of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... The 5th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in northern South Carolina bordering North Carolina. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2912x4344, 1036 KB) Permission PD File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): James Lawrence Orr 35th United States Congress ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2912x4344, 1036 KB) Permission PD File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): James Lawrence Orr 35th United States Congress ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate Dick Cheney, R, since January 20, 2001 Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert, R, since January 6, 1999 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of January 4, 2005 elections) Democratic Party Republican Party... The Confederate Congress was the legislative body of the Confederate States of America, existing during the American Civil War between 1861 and 1865. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ... A list of South Carolina Governors. ...


Orr was born at Craytonville, South Carolina. He graduated at the University of Virginia in 1841 and became an attorney. He served as a Democratic Congressman from South Carolina from 1849 to 1859, serving as the Speaker of the House from 1857 to 1859. Congressman Orr was an advocate of States rights who used his position of power to assist those persons who promoted the continuation of slavery. He foresaw the dreadful consequences of the decision by South Carolina to attempt to secede from the Union, but he remained loyal to that State. He was one of the three commissioners sent to Washington, D.C. to effect the transfer of property to the State of South Carolina. The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is the lower of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Federal District District of Columbia Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D) City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack Evans...


Afterward, he organized and commanded Orr's Regiment of South Carolina Rifles, which saw little action before he resigned in 1862 and entered the Confederate Senate. Ironically, the regiment continued to bear his name throughout the war and fought in some of the most prominent battles of the Army of Northern Virginia. In the Senate, he remained a strong proponent of states rights. 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For the fictional documentary about alternative history, see C.S.A.: The Confederate States of America. ... The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ... In American politics and constitutional law, states rights are guaranteed by the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, (i. ...


At the end of the war, Orr was elected governor in 1865 of the state of South Carolina and served until 1868 with the passage of a new state constitution. He died in St. Petersburg, Russia shortly after being named Minister to Russia by President Ulysses S. Grant. He is interred in the First Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Anderson, SC. The 1865 South Carolina gubernatorial election was held on October 18, 1865 to select the governor of the state of South Carolina. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Ulysses S. Grant[1] (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American general and politician who was elected as the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... Anderson is a city located in Anderson County, South Carolina. ...

Preceded by
Nathaniel P. Banks
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
December 7, 1857March 4, 1859
Succeeded by
William Pennington
Preceded by
none
Representative to the Provisional Confederate Congress from South Carolina
1862
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
none
Representative to the First Confederate Congress from South Carolina
18611863
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
none
Representative to the Second Confederate Congress from South Carolina
18641865
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
Benjamin Franklin Perry
Governor of South Carolina
1865 – 1868
Succeeded by
Robert Kingston Scott

  Results from FactBites:
 
James Lawrence ORR — Infoplease.com (234 words)
Orr, of South Carolina, in the House of Representatives, May 8, 1850, in Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union, on the President’s message transmitting the constitution of California.
Orr, of South Carolina, on the bill granting public lands to Missouri to aid in constructing railroads.
James L. Orr, of South Carolina, on the slavery question.
James Lawrence Orr (1135 words)
Orr, with Stephen A. Douglas and others, addressed a Democratic meeting in Philadelphia, taking a strong stand against the Know-Nothing party, and is said by his arguments to have prevented many public men from joining its ranks.
Orr removed to New York, wood-engraving was but little used, but by advertising extensively, engaging the best assistants he could procure, and by introducing new inventions, he placed his establishment in the front rank in his profession, which position it retained for more than a quarter of a century.
Orr was an active member of the society of Odd Fellows, and from 1862 till 1871 edited and published "The American Odd Fellow," the official organ of that order.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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