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Encyclopedia > James II of Majorca
 Coat of Arms of the Kings of Majorca used only abroad
Coat of Arms of the Kings of Majorca used only abroad

James II (Catalan: Jaume II) was king of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1243 until 1311. He was the second son of James, king of Aragon, and his wife, Violant, daughter of Andrew II, king of Hungary. Image File history File links Armoiries_Majorque. ... Image File history File links Armoiries_Majorque. ... Catalan (Català IPA: ) also called Valencian (Valencià IPA: ) is a Romance language, the only official language of Andorra and co-official in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia. ... Majorca Kings Palace at Perpinyà The Kingdom of Majorca (also Kingdom of Mallorca) was created by James I of Aragon (Jaume I, The Conqueror) as a vassal kingdom of the Kingdom of Aragon. ... Lords of Montpellier William I of Montpellier (d. ... // Events Innocent IV was elected pope. ... Events Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster. ... James I of Aragon (Catalan: Jaume I, Spanish: Jaime I) (Montpellier February 2, 1208 – July 27, 1276), surnamed the Conqueror, was the king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1219 to 1276. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 269 027  2,9%  26,59/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Violant of Hungary (c. ... Andrew II (Hungarian: András or Endre, Slovak: Ondrej) (c. ...


James inherited from his father a vast realm including three of the Balearic Islands (Majorca, Ibiza and Formentera), the counties of Roussillon and Cerdanya, the dominion of Montpellier, the barony of Aumelàs, and the viscounty of Carladès. He also gained tribute from the fourth Balearic island, Minorca, which remained under Muslim control throughout his life. His status as a vassal to the Kingdom of Aragon, under the rule of his brother, Pedro III, conflicted with his management of the Kingdom of Majorca, which spread over a greater amount of land than did Aragon. Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4 992 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 14th  916 968  2,2%  183,69/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Catalan  â€“ Spanish Balearic balear balear Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166... Majorca (Mallorca in Catalan and Spanish, sometimes also encountered in English),: from Latin insula maior, later Maiorica, (major island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Illes Balears, Spanish: Islas Baleares), which are located in the Mediterranean Sea and are a part of Spain. ... Flag of Eivissa (Ibiza) Eivissa or Ibiza is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea, and belonging to Spain. ... Flag of Formentera Formentera is the smallest and most southerly island of the Balearic Islands group; it is one of the two Illes Pitiüses, along with Ibiza. ... This is a list of the counts of Roussillon (see Roussillon): Carolingian counts Flag of Roussillon These counts were nominated by the Carolingian kings of France, of whom they were vassals. ... Map of Baixa Cerdanya in Catalonia Cerdanya (French Cerdagne) is one of the historical Catalan counties in the eastern Pyrenees, bordering the county of Alt Urgell. ... Location within France Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Flag of Minorca Minorca (Menorca both in Catalan and Spanish and increasingly in English usage; from Latin Balearis Minor, later Minorica minor island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Illes Balears Catalan official name, Islas Baleares in Spanish), located in the Mediterranean Sea, and belonging to Spain. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  – Congress seats  – Senate seats... Peter III of Aragon (Catalan: Pere) (1239 - November 11, 1285, also Peter I of Valencia, Peter II of Barcelona), known as the Great, was the king of Aragon and Valencia and count of Barcelona from 1276 to 1285. ...


In the Aragonese Crusade, James allied with Pope Martin IV and king Philip III of France (the widower of his sister, Isabella) against his brother, but was defeated in the Battle of the Ant Islands in 1285. His brother, Pedro, annexed the Balearic Islands to Aragon in the conquest, but returned them in 1295 to return to the status before the war. Following this reversion, James devoted himself to running his kingdom by reforming urbanism, establishing agricultural policy, emphasizing defense, and reforming the economy. The Aragonese Crusade or Crusade of Aragón was declared by Pope Martin IV against the king of Aragón, Peter III the Great, in 1284 and 1285. ... Martin IV, né Simon de Brion (ca. ... Philippe III Philip III the Bold ( French: Philippe III le Hardi) (April 3, 1245 – October 5, 1285) reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. ... Isabella of Aragon (1247 – January 28, 1271), infanta of Aragon, was, by marriage, Queen consort of France in the Middle Ages from 1270 to 1271. ... Combatants Crown of Aragon France, Genoa Commanders Roger of Lauria Henry di Mari, John de Orreo Strength 40 galleys 30 galleys Casualties Unknown 15–20 or more galleys sunk or captured The naval Battle of Las Hormigas took place probably in the early morning of 4 September 1285 near Las... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ...


James wed Esclaramunda of Foix in 1275 through a marriage arranged by his own initiative and not that of his father's. Esclaramunda bore six children to James including: Events Eleanor de Montfort is captured by pirates in the employ of Edward I of England to prevent her marriage to Llywelyn the Last, prince of Jews over the age of 7 to wear the yellow badge and makes usury illegal Jean de Meun writes the second portion of the...

Preceded by:
James I of Aragon
King of Majorca
1276-1311
Succeeded by:
Sancho
Lord of Montpellier
1276-1311

Sancho I (Sanç I in Catalan), called the Pacific, el Pacífic, or el Pacífico (1274-1324), was king of Majorca, count of Roussillon and Cerdaña, and lord of Montpellier from 1311 to 1324. ... Two Castilian Infantes (Princes), father and son, wore this name. ... Ferdinand of Majorca (Catalan: Ferran de Mallorca) (1278 – July 5, 1316), Infante of Majorca, was the third son of James II of Majorca, Viscount of Aumelàs and Lord of Frontignan. ... James III (1315-1349), king of Majorca, grandson of James II, was driven out of his little state and finally murdered by his cousin Pedro IV of Aragon, who definitely reannexed the Balearic Islands to the crown. ... James I of Aragon (Catalan: Jaume I, Spanish: Jaime I) (Montpellier February 2, 1208 – July 27, 1276), surnamed the Conqueror, was the king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1219 to 1276. ... Majorca Kings Palace at Perpinyà The Kingdom of Majorca (also Kingdom of Mallorca) was created by James I of Aragon (Jaume I, The Conqueror) as a vassal kingdom of the Kingdom of Aragon. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Events Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster. ... Sancho I (Sanç I in Catalan), called the Pacific, el Pacífic, or el Pacífico (1274-1324), was king of Majorca, count of Roussillon and Cerdaña, and lord of Montpellier from 1311 to 1324. ... Lords of Montpellier William I of Montpellier (d. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Events Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kingdom of Majorca - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (325 words)
In 1344, James III was dispossessed of the kingdom by Peter IV of Aragon, his cousin and overlord, and was killed attempting to recover it in 1349.
Alfonso (Alfons) II (Alfonso III of Aragon, known as the liberal, in the sense of "generous"), conquered the island of Majorca in 1285 and Ibiza in 1286 from James II of Majorca, and effectively recovered Minorca from Moorish domination.
James (Jaume) III (reigned 1324–1344]]; died 1349), and also was Lord of Morea, titled as Prince of Achaia.
James II of Majorca - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (362 words)
James II (Catalan: Jaume II) was king of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1243 until 1311.
James inherited from his father a vast realm including three of the Balearic Islands (Majorca, Ibiza and Formentera), the counties of Roussillon and Cerdanya, the dominion of Montpellier, the barony of Aumelàs, and the viscounty of Carladès.
In the Aragonese Crusade, James allied with Pope Martin IV and king Philip III of France (the widower of his sister, Isabella) against his brother, but was defeated in the Battle of the Ant Islands in 1285.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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