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Encyclopedia > James Harrison Oliver

James Harrison Oliver (1857April 6, 1928) was a Rear Admiral and member of the Naval Board of Strategy during World War I. He was also the first military Governor of the United States Virgin Islands from 1917 to 1919. He was often referred to as J. H. Oliver. 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russian Empire Kingdom of Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria German Empire Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nikolay II Nikolay Yudenich Radomir Putnik Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail... List of U.S. Virgin Islands Governors 1917 - 1917 Edwin Taylor Pollock 1917 - 1919 James Harrison Oliver 1919 - 1921 Joseph Wallace Oman 1921 - 1922 Sumner Ely Wetmore Kittelle 1922 - 1923 Henry Hughes Hough 1923 - 1925 Philip Williams 1925 - 1927 Martin Edwin Trench 1927 - 1931 Waldo A. Evans 1931 - 1935 Paul...


Oliver was born in Houston County, Georgia. He graduated from Washington and Lee University in 1872 and the United States Naval Academy in 1877. In 1893, he moved to Shirley Plantation in Charles City, Virginia and married; this would remain his home, while not serving in the Navy, for the remainder of his life. Houston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, located adjacent to Virginia Military Institute. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is located in Annapolis, Maryland. ... Shirley Plantation is located on the north bank of the James River in Charles City County, Virginia. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1619 Seat Charles City Area  - Total  - Water 529 km² (204 mi²) 56 km² (21 mi²) 10. ...

Contents


Resignation from the Navy

In 1904, while a Lieutenant Commander commanding the USS Culgoa, his ship was involved in a collision with a schooner in Delaware Bay which resulted in the deaths of 29 crewmembers of the schooner. He was arrested and to be court martialed, but the trial was delayed for more than a year while he remained in command of his ship-- despite being technically under arrest. (In Navy tradition, he had also been stripped of his sword-- a humiliation.) He was subsequently acquitted "with honor". At the ceremony officially returning his sword to him, he broke the sword and threw it into the ocean and immediately resigned from the Navy. While retired, he was briefly appointed as the inspector of the Fourteenth lighthouse district in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt formally reinstated his commission, reportedly saying (with respect to his resignation) "I'd have done the same thing myself." When reinstated, he was simultaneously promoted to Commander. In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... USS Culgoa (AF-3) was a refrigerated supply ship built in 1889 by J.L. Thompson and Sons, Ltd. ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner (IPA: ) is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... Delaware Bay Delaware Bay is a large esturarial inlet of the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Delaware River along the coast of the United States. ... A court-martial (plural courts-martial) is a military court that determines punishments for members of the military subject to military law. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Queen City Location Location in Hamilton County, Ohio Coordinates: Government Country State County United States Ohio Hamilton Founded Incorporated 1788 1819 Mayor Mark L. Mallory (D) Geographical characteristics Area 206. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ...


He was promoted to Captain in 1910 and Rear Admiral in 1916, just prior to the United States entrance into World War I. He was subsequently elevated to Chief of Naval Intelligence by 1917. This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russian Empire Kingdom of Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria German Empire Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nikolay II Nikolay Yudenich Radomir Putnik Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail...


Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands

On March 28, 1917, he was appointed as Governor of the United States Virgin Islands by President Woodrow Wilson. (Edwin Taylor Pollock was made acting-Governor until his arrival.) He remained as Governor for two years, until 1919. March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in leap years). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States (1913–1921). ... Edwin Taylor Pollock (October 25, 1870 – 1943) was a veteran of the Spanish-American War who subsequently rose to the rank of Captain in the United States Navy. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Oliver was quickly granted a loan of $200,000 ($3.4 million, adjusted for inflation) by the government of the United States for expenses relating to the occupation, including the building of fortifications on the island and the stationing of troops. Being disappointed with the quality of native educators, he also requested that additional instructors be sent from the mainland.


From 1919 until the end of the war, Oliver served on the Naval Board of Strategy. Oliver retired from the Navy in January 1921. He died of heart disease in 1928 at his home in Virginia.


References

  • Orders to Naval Officers. The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Jul 27, 1905. pg. 7, 1 pgs - Announcing his retirement / resignation.
  • ORDERS TO NAVAL OFFICERS. The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Sep 23, 1905. pg. 4, 1 pgs - Appointment as inspector, listed as retired.
  • ARMY ORDERS. The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Aug 7, 1906. pg. 3, 1 pgs - Appointment as Commander
  • OLIVER TO GOVERN OUR NEW ISLANDS. Special to The New York Times. New York Times. New York, N.Y.: Mar 29, 1917. pg. 12, 1 pgs
  • RNDER THE STARS AND STRIPES THE VIRGIN ISLANDS ARE A DISAPPOINTMENT TO THE NATIVES. Current Opinion. New York: Feb 1918. Vol.VOL. LXIV, Iss. No. 2; pg. 152, 2 pgs
  • $200,000 FOR VIRGIN ISLANDS.; Wilson Authorizes Gov. Oliver to Spend Sum "in His Discretion." The Washington Post (1877-1954). Washington, D.C.: Jul 28, 1918. pg. ES4, 1 pgs
  • ADMIRAL J.H. OLIVER IS DEAD IN VIRGINIA. New York Times. New York, N.Y.: Apr 7, 1928. pg. 11, 1 pgs
  • Admiral Oliver, Who Broke Sword and Resigned, Dies. Special to The Washington Post. The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Apr 7, 1928. pg. 1, 2 pgs
  • Oliver Laid To Rest While Guns Salute. The Atlanta Constitution. Atlanta, Ga.: Apr 8, 1928. pg. 17A, 1 pgs

External links

Preceded by:
Edwin Taylor Pollock
Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands
1917–1919
Succeeded by:
Joseph Wallace Oman
Governors of U.S. Virgin Islands Flag of U.S. Virgin Islands
PollockOliverOmanKittelleHoughWilliamsTrenchEvansPearsonHerrickCramerHarwoodHastiede CastroAlexanderClaunchGordonMerwin • Paiewonsky • King • Evans • King • Luis • Farrelly • Schneider • Turnbull

 
 

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