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Encyclopedia > James Evans (linguist)

James Evans (January 18, 1801November 23, 1846) was a Canadian Methodist missionary and amateur linguist. He is best remembered for his creation of writing systems for several Aboriginal languages, including Ojibwe, Cree, and indirectly Inuktitut. January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... The following is a list of linguists, those who study linguistics. ... Native American languages are the indigenous languages of the Americas, spoken by Native Americans from the southern tip of South America to Alaska and Greenland. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... The Cree are an indigenous people of North America whose people range from the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean in both Canada and the United States. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ...

Evans was born in Kingston-upon-Hull in England, but emigrated with his parents to Lower Canada in 1820, where he worked as a teacher. He later moved to Rice Lake and continued his teaching work. Kingston upon Hull, more usually referred to simply as Hull, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, northern England, UK. It is situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary and on both sides of the River Hull, which flows into the Humber. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... Lower Canada was a British colony in North America, at the downstream end of the Saint Lawrence River in the southern portion of the modern-day province of Quebec. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Rice Lake is a lake in south-eastern Ontario south of Peterborough, Ontario. ...

In 1833 he was ordained as a Wesleyan (Methodist) minister, and in 1840 he was given authority over the local district in Norway House in Manitoba. It was during this time that Evans did his greatest work - the development of the Ojibwe and Cree syllabaries. Evans had a flair for languages and had picked up Ojibwe during his work among the people in Upper Canada. He created the Ojibwe syllabary after first trying to apply a Roman script to their language. Later, he modified the syllabary slightly and applied it to Cree, a related language. Both syllabaries are based on Pitman Shorthand. They are both easy to learn, and led to almost universal literacy among the Canadian Ojibwe and Cree native populations within a few years. 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English and French, per mandate of the Constitution Act 1982 Flower Prairie Crocus Tree White Spruce Bird Great Grey Owl Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14... Map of Upper Canada (orange) Upper Canada was a British territory in what is now the Canadian province of Ontario. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Evans's other missionary work was scarred by controversy. Evans clashed several times with the Hudson's Bay Company, mostly over their treatment of the native population. After the accidental shooting at Evans's hand of his friend and co-worker Thomas Hassall in 1844, Evans became increasingly unstable. He was accused of sexual misconduct with native girls under his care. Although he was acquitted, he was sent back to London to defend himself again. The stress took a toll on his health, and he died of a heart attack in 1846. The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC. TSX: HBC) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and of the United Kingdom. ...

External link

  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online



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