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Encyclopedia > James Duane

James Duane (February 6, 1733February 1, 1797) was a lawyer, jurist, and revolutionary leader from New York. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress, a U.S. District Judge, New York state senator, and as mayor of New York City. A photo of James Duane is available from the Columbia Library. Photo of James Duane February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1797 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki (R) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... The Continental Congress was the federal legislature of the Thirteen Colonies and later of the United States from 1774 to 1789, a period that included the American Revolutionary War and the Articles of Confederation. ... The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... For a list of the Dutch Director-Generals who governed New Amsterdam (as New York City was called when it was a Dutch-run settlement) between 1624 and 1664, see: Director-General of New Netherland. ...

Contents


Family and early career

James was the son of an immigrant. His father, Anthony Duane (c. 1679-1747), was from County Galway in Ireland and first came to New York as an officer of the British Navy in 1698. He met and courted Eva Benson, whose father, Dirck, was a local merchant. In 1702 Anthony left the navy, settled in New York City, and married Eva. They had two sons before her death. When Eva died, Anthony remarried, this time to Althea Ketaltas the daughter of another merchant family. Anthony entered commerce and prospered, and the couple had a son, James. County Galway (Contae na Gaillimhe in Irish) is located on the west coast of Ireland. ... The Royal Navy is the navy of the United Kingdom. ...


James mother, Althea died in 1736, and his father died in 1747. The young James became the ward of Robert Livingston, who was known as the 3rd Lord of the Manor. He completed his early education at Livingston Manor, then read law in the offices of James Alexander. He was admitted to the bar in 1754. Then in 1759, James married Maria Livingston, the eldest daughter of his former guardian Robert. He was Clerk of the Chancery Court of New York City in 1762, State Attorney General in 1767 and Indian commissioner for the Colony of New York in 1774. Robert Livingston (1708-1790) was the third lord of Livingston Manor. ... James Alexander may be James Alexander (lawyer) American lawyer and politician of the colonial period James Waddell Alexander American topologist ...


American revolution

Duane was a member of the Committee of 100 that began the revolution in New York City. He was made a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1774, and was continuously re-appointed through 1784, although he missed some sessions due to other duties. In the early congress, he was one of those most disposed to reconciliation with Britain. He supported the Galloway Plan, as an alternative to pressures that led to independence. The Continental Congress was the federal legislature of the Thirteen Colonies and later of the United States from 1774 to 1789, a period that included the American Revolutionary War and the Articles of Confederation. ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1775 he represented to Congress as an Indian commissioner at Albany. In 1776-1777 he attended the convention which adopted a constitution for the state of New York, and served on the committee that drafted that constitution. Also in 1777 he signed the Articles of Confederation in Philadelphia. New York State Capitol Building, completed in 1899 at a cost of $25 million was the most expensive government building of its time. ... The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, formed the first governing document of the United States of America. ... Independence Hall Philadelphia (sometimes referred to as Philly or the City of Brotherly Love) is the fifth most populous city in the United States and the largest city in the state of Pennsylvania, both in area and population. ...


When the British occupied New York City in 1776, he was forced from his home. He withdrew his wife and family to the relative safety of her father's home at Livingston Manor. He remained active as a political leader throughout the war, and returned home to Gramercy Park in 1783. Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, communications, music, fashion, and culture. ... Gramercy Park is a small, fenced-in private park in the Gramercy neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, accessible only to residents of certain townhouses in the area who have keys to the park. ...


Later years

Duane served in the New York state Senate from 1783 to 1790. He first became the Mayor of New York by appointment in 1784, serving until 1789. He was a delegate to the New York convention that ratified the Federal Constitution. In 1789, President Washington named him the first judge of the United States District Court for New York. Richard Varick followed him as mayor. 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... Order: 1st President Vice President: John Adams Term of office: April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797 Preceded by: None Succeeded by: John Adams Date of birth: February 22, 1732 Place of birth: Westmoreland, Virginia Date of death: December 14, 1799 Place of death: Mount Vernon, Virginia First Lady: Martha Washington... The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... Richard Varick (15 March 1753 - 30 July 1831) was born in Hackensack, New Jersey and died in Jersey City, New Jersey. ...


Duane served on the Federal bench until 1794 when his health forced him to resign. Throughout his life, he had worked to establish his own estate, inherited from his father, and centered at Duanesburg, New York. He had started erecting a home there for himself, but didn't live to see it completed. He died at Schenectady, New York, and is buried at Christ Episcopal Church in Duanesburg. Duanesburg is a town located in Schenectady County, New York. ... Schenectady is a city located in Schenectady County, New York, of which it is the county seat. ...


External link

  • Duane's Congressional Biography

Further reading

Edward Alexander; "Revolutionary Conservative: James Duane of New York"; 1978, AMS Press, New York, ISBN 0404003214.


  Results from FactBites:
 
James Duane - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (566 words)
James Duane (February 6, 1733–February 1, 1797) was a lawyer, jurist, and revolutionary leader from New York.
The young James became the ward of Robert Livingston, who was known as the 3rd Lord of the Manor.
Duane was a member of the Committee of 100 that began the revolution in New York City.
AllRefer.com - James Duane (U.S. History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (304 words)
James Duane[dwAn, duwAn´] Pronunciation Key, 1733–97, political figure in the American Revolution, b.
Toward the close of the war Duane was a member of George Clinton's council and from 1784 to 1789 served as mayor of New York City.
Duane, who invested heavily in land in Vermont and W New York, was long an ardent advocate of New York's claims to the New Hampshire Grants.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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