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Encyclopedia > James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon
The Rt Hon.
The Viscount Craigavon, PC


In office
1921 – 1940
Preceded by Office Created
Succeeded by John Miller Andrews
Constituency County Down

Born January 8, 1871(1871-01-08)
Sydenham, Belfast
Died November 24, 1940 (aged 69)
Political party Ulster Unionist Party

James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, PC (8 January 187124 November 1940) was a prominent Irish unionist politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. Image File history File links Sir James Craig, Lord Craigavon — first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. ... The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland was the head of the Government of Northern Ireland, appointed by the Governor of Northern Ireland under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Millar Andrews (July 17, 1871 - August 5, 1956) was the second Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Sydenham is a place, for the most part, in the London Borough of Lewisham; though some streets towards Crystal Palace Park and Penge are in the London Borough of Bromley, and some streets off Sydenham Hill are in the London Borough of Southwark. ... This article is about the city in Northern Ireland. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP, sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or OUP or, in a historic sense, simply the Unionist Party) is a moderate unionist political party in Northern Ireland. ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the context of Irish politics, Unionists are people in Northern Ireland, who wish to see the continuation of the Act of Union 1800, as amended by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, under which Northern Ireland, created in that latter Act, remains part of the United Kingdom of Great... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP, sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or OUP or, in a historic sense, simply the Unionist Party) is a moderate unionist political party in Northern Ireland. ... The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland was the head of the Government of Northern Ireland, appointed by the Governor of Northern Ireland under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. ...


James Craig was born at Sydenham, Belfast, the son of a wealthy whiskey distiller. His father owned a large house, Craigavon, overlooking Belfast Lough. Sydenham is an electoral ward of East Belfast based on the area of the same name and containing the George Best Belfast City airport. ... Whisky (or whiskey) is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grain, often including malt, which has then been aged in wooden barrels. ... Belfast Lough (Loch Lao in Irish) is a large intertidal sea lough situated at the mouth of the River Lagan on the east coast of Northern Ireland. ...


He was educated at Merchiston Castle School in Edinburgh, Scotland, and after working as a stockbroker served with the British Army in the Second Boer War. On his return to Ireland he was Member of Parliament for East Down from 1906-1918. From 1918 to 1921 he represented Mid Down, and served in government as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Pensions (1919-1920) and Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty (1920-1921). This page is about the School. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Combatants British Empire Orange Free State South African Republic Commanders Sir Redvers Buller Lord Kitchener Lord Roberts Paul Kruger Louis Botha Koos de la Rey Martinus Steyn Christiaan de Wet Casualties 6,000 - 7,000 (A further ~14,000 from disease) 6,000 - 8,000 (Unknown number from disease) Civilians... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... East Down was a former UK Parliament constituency in Ireland. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Mid Down was a former UK Parliament constituency, in Ireland. ... The Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Pensions was a junior Ministerial office at Parliamentary Secretary rank in the United Kingdom Government, supporting the Minister for Pensions. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The First Secretary of the Admiralty was an office of English Royal Naval Admiralty. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Lord Craigavon rallied the Ulster unionist opposition to Irish Home Rule in Ulster before the First World War, organising the paramilitary Ulster Volunteers and buying arms from Imperial Germany. He succeeded Edward Carson as leader of the Ulster Unionist Party in February 1921. This article is about the nine-county Irish province. ... Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... This article is about the nine-county Irish province. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is a Northern Ireland loyalist paramilitary group. ... This article or section should include material from German Monarchy The term German Empire (the translation from German of Deutsches Reich) commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... Edward Carson HMSO image The Right Honourable Edward Henry Carson, Baron Carson, PC (February 9, 1854 – October 22, 1935) was a leader of the Irish Unionists, a Barrister and a Judge. ... The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP, sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or OUP or, in a historic sense, simply the Unionist Party) is a moderate unionist political party in Northern Ireland. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In the 1921 Northern Ireland general election, the first ever, he was elected to the newly created Northern Ireland House of Commons as member for County Down. Two elections in Ireland took place in 1921, as a result of the Government of Ireland Act 1920 to establish the House of Commons of Northern Ireland and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. ... The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the home rule legislature created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which existed from June 7, 1921 to March 30, 1972, when it was suspended. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Downpatrick Area: 2,448 km² Population (est. ...


In June 1921 Craig became the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. A dedicated member of the Orange Order and staunchly Protestant[1], he famously stated, in 1935, in response to Éamon de Valera's 1934 assertion that Ireland was a "Catholic nation"[2] The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland was the head of the Government of Northern Ireland, appointed by the Governor of Northern Ireland under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. ... The Orange Order is a Protestant fraternal organisation largely based in the province of Northern Ireland and in western Scotland but which has a worldwide membership. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Éamon de Valera (born with the name Edward George de Valera, IPA: [1][2]) (14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was one of the dominant political figures in 20th century Ireland. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

"I have always said I am an Orangeman first and a politician and Member of this Parliament afterwards ... The Hon. Member must remember that in the South they boasted of a Catholic State. They still boast of Southern Ireland being a Catholic State. All I boast is that we are a Protestant Parliament and a Protestant State."[3]

—James Craig

He was made a baronet in 1918, and was in 1927 created Viscount Craigavon, of Stormont in the County of Down. He was also the recipient of honorary degrees from the Queen's University of Belfast (1922) and Oxford University (1926). A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a hereditary title awarded by the British Crown known as a baronetcy. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stormont is Stormont, a suburb of Belfast Stormont Castle, a castle in the area Parliament Building of Northern Ireland, known as Stormont a nickname for the former Parliament of Northern Ireland and its unionist-dominated executive, the Government of Northern Ireland Stormont County an old county that is now a... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Downpatrick Area: 2,448 km² Population (est. ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum, not to be confused with an honors degree) is an academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... The Queens University of Belfast (QUB) is a university in Belfast, Northern Ireland; the university is often called Queens University Belfast. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lord Craigavon was still prime minister when he died peacefully at his home at [1] Glencraig, County Down in 1940. He was buried on the Stormont Estate, and was succeeded as leader of the Northern Ireland Government by the Minister of Finance John Miller Andrews. Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Downpatrick Area: 2,448 km² Population (est. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Northern Ireland Parliament Buildings Parliament Buildings, known as Stormont because of its location in the Stormont area of Belfast, served as the seat of the Parliament of Northern Ireland and successive Northern Ireland assemblies and conventions. ... The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the home rule legislature created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which existed from June 7, 1921 to March 30, 1972, when it was suspended. ... John Millar Andrews (July 17, 1871 - August 5, 1956) was the second Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. ...


His wife, Cecil Mary Nowell Dering Craig (The Viscountess Craigavon), née Tupper, President of the Ulster Women's Unionist Council, was created a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1941. Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand Cross... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...


References

  1. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/crights/pdfs/truth.pdf
  2. ^ Bardon, Jonathan (1992), A History of Ulster p. 538
  3. ^ Bardon, Jonathan [November 1992] (December 1992). A History of Ulster, 2nd, Belfast: The Blackstaff Press, pp. 539. ISBN 0-85640-476-4.  Sir James Craig, Unionist Party, then Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, 24 April 1934. This speech is often misquoted as: "A Protestant Parliament for a Protestant People", or "A Protestant State for a Protestant People".

See also

Political offices
Preceded by
Newly Created Title
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
1921-1940
Succeeded by
John Miller Andrews
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Newly Created Title
Viscount Craigavon
1927-1940
Succeeded by
James Craig

 
 

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