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Encyclopedia > James Blake (bus driver)

James F. Blake (April 14, 1912March 21, 2002) was the bus driver whom Rosa Parks defied in 1955, prompting the Montgomery Bus Boycott. April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rosa Lee Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African American civil rights activist and seamstress whom the U.S. Congress dubbed the mother of the modern-day civil rights movement. Parks is famous for her refusal in 1955 to obey a bus drivers demand... It has been suggested that Montgomery Improvement Association be merged into this article or section. ...


Blake served in the Army in the European theater during World War II. He worked as a bus driver for Montgomery City Bus Lines until 1974.[1] US Army Seal HHC, US Army Distinctive Unit Insignia The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini // Preceding events Main articles: Events preceding World War II in Europe, Causes of World War II After Germany lost World War I, the Treaty of Versailles placed punitive conditions on the country, including significant financial reparations, the loss of territory (some only temporarily), and war... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...


Blake used his discretion to set stringent rules. One day in 1943, Parks boarded his bus and paid the fare. She then moved to her seat but Blake told her to follow his rules and enter the bus again from the back door. Parks walked off but did not board again.[2] 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ...


On December 1, 1955 they encountered each other again when Blake ordered Rosa Parks and three other blacks to move from the middle to the back of his Cleveland Avenue bus (number 2857) in order to make room for a white passenger. By Parks' account, Blake said, "Y'all better make it light on yourselves and let me have those seats." When she refused, Blake contacted the police and signed the warrant for her arrest (Chapter 6, Section II of the city code gave drivers police powers to racially assign seats[3]). This arrest sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and 1956 United States Supreme Court decision abolishing segregation in transportation. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rosa Lee Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African American civil rights activist and seamstress whom the U.S. Congress dubbed the mother of the modern-day civil rights movement. Parks is famous for her refusal in 1955 to obey a bus drivers demand... It has been suggested that Montgomery Improvement Association be merged into this article or section. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States...


Commenting on the event afterwards, Blake stated, "I wasn't trying to do anything to that Parks woman except do my job. She was in violation of the city codes, so what was I supposed to do? That damn bus was full and she wouldn't move back. I had my orders."[4]


Blake continued working at the bus company for another 19 years. He died of a heart attack in his Montgomery home in 2002. A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ...


Notes

  1. ^  "Bus driver who had Parks arrested dies at 89", Sun Herald, March 24, 2002
  2. ^  "Rosa Parks / 1913-2005", Los Angeles Times, October 25, 2005
  3. ^  "City charge faced by negro bus rider", Montgomery Advertiser, December 2, 1955
  4. ^ "Obituary: James F Blake", The Guardian, 27 March 2002

The Los Angeles Times (also known as the LA Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the western United States. ... The Montgomery Advertiser is a daily newspaper located in Montgomery, Alabama. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External link

  • http://www.alasu.edu/asutoday/archives_detail.aspx?id=478

  Results from FactBites:
 
James Blake - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (687 words)
Blake was born in Yonkers, New York to parents Thomas Sr.
Blake was inspired to pursue tennis after hearing his role model, Arthur Ashe, speak to the Harlem Junior Tennis Program.
Blake was named Rookie of the Year for the 2000 World Team Tennis season, and he has appeared in People magazine's "Sexiest Man Alive" issue.
Rosa Parks Bus FAQ (547 words)
When Rosa Parks was arrested on a Montgomery City bus on December 1, 1955, no one officially recorded the number of the bus on which the event occurred.
However, bus company employees knew that the bus with GM Serial Number 1132 and coach ID #2857 was reputed to be the Rosa Parks bus.
Thus, we know that bus #2857 was in Montgomery in 1955, that it was informally documented as the Rosa Parks bus at the time, and that employees passed this information on to Mr.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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