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Encyclopedia > James Audley

Sir James Audley, or Audeley (c. 1316 - 1386), one of the original knights, or founders, of the order of the Garter, was the eldest son of Sir James Audley of Stratton Audley in Oxfordshire. Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Hapsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Lithuania and Poland. ... A garter is one of the Orders most recognisable insignia. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Latin Oxonia) is a county in South East England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire and Warwickshire. ...


When the order of the Garter was founded, he was instituted as one of the first founders, and his stall in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, was the eleventh on the side of Edward, the Black Prince. He appears to have served in France in 1346, and in August 1350 took part in the naval fight off Sluys. When hostilities were renewed between England and France in 1354 Sir James was in constant attendance upon the Black Prince, and earned a great reputation for valour. St. ... Edward the Black Prince - illustration from Cassells History of England circa 1902 Effigy on the Black Princes tomb in Canterbury Cathedral Edward, Prince of Wales, known as the Black Prince (June 15, 1330 - June 8, 1376) was the eldest son of King Edward III of England. ... Events Hayam Wuruk becomes ruler of the Majapahit Empire The Black Death ravages Europe (1347-1351) Births Manuel II Palaeologus, future Byzantine Emperor John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (approximate date). ... Sluis is a municipality and a town in the southwestern Netherlands in the west of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ...


At the battle of Poitiers on September 19, 1356 he took his stand in front of the English army, and after fighting for a long time was severely wounded and carried from the fight. After the victory, the prince inquired for Sir James, who was brought to the royal tent, where Edward told him he had been the bravest knight on his side, and granted him an annuity of five hundred marks. Sir James made over this gift to the four esquires who had attended him during the battle, and received from the prince a further pension of six hundred marks. Battle of Poitiers Conflict Hundred Years War Date September 19, 1356 Place Near Maupertuis, 3km south of Poitiers, France Result Decisive English victory The Battle of Poitiers was fought between England and France on September 19, 1356, resulting in the second of the three great English victories of the Hundred... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... Events January 20 - Edward Balliol surrenders title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England September 19 - Battle of Poitiers The English defeat the French in the Hundred Years War, capturing the King John II of France in the process. ...


In 1359 he was one of the leaders of an expedition into France, in 1360 he took the fortress of Chaven in Brittany, and was present at Calais when peace was made between England and France in October 1360. He was afterwards governor of Aquitaine and great seneschal of Poitou, and took part in the capture of the town of La Roche-sur-Yon by Edmund, earl of Cambridge. He died in 1386 at Fontenay-le-Comte, where he had gone to reside, and was buried at Poitiers. Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Orhan I (1326-1359) to Murad I (1359-1389) Berlin joins the Hanseatic League. ... Traditional coat of arms This article is about the historical duchy and French province, as well as the cultural area of Brittany. ... This article is about the French city. ... Events Treaty of Brétigny King Valdemar Atterdag of Denmark seizes Scania (from 1658 a Swedish province). ... A seneschal was an officer in the houses of important nobles in the Middle Ages. ... La Roche-sur-Yon is a town and commune in western France, préfecture (capital) of the Vendée département. ... Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, (June 5, 1341 - August 1, 1402) was a younger son of King Edward III of England, the fourth of the five sons of the King who lived to adulthood. ... Fontenay-le-Comte is a commune of western France. ... Location within France Poitiers (population 85,000) is a city and commune in central France, préfecture (capital) of the Vienne département. ...


See Jean Froissart, Chroniques, translated by T Johnes (Hafod, 1810); GF Heitz, Memorials of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (London, 1841). Jean Froissart (~1337 - ~1405) was one of the most important of the chroniclers of medieval France. ...


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (220 words)
James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley was a medieval general, who led the Lancastrian forces during the Battle of Blore Heath in the Wars of the Roses.
Audley died sometime in the afternoon of September 23, 1459, when he was slain at the Battle of Blore Heath.
Audley's Cross still stands on the battlefield to this day, and marks the spot where he died.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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