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Encyclopedia > James A. Walker

James Alexander Walker (August 27, 1832October 21, 1901) was a Virginia lawyer, politician, and Confederate general during the American Civil War, later serving as a United States Congressman for two terms. He earned the nickname "Stonewall Jim" for his days as commander of the famed Stonewall Brigade, which at one time had been led by its namesake, Stonewall Jackson. August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Largest city Richmond Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 110,862 km²  - Width 320 km  - Length 690 km  - % water 7. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February 1861 to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when seven southern states seceded from the United States (with four more to follow). ... Combatants Union (remaining U.S. states) Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties KIA: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 94,000 Total dead: 258,000 Wounded: 137,000+  The... Congress in Joint Session. ... The Stonewall Brigade of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, was one of the most famous combat units in United States history. ... Stonewall Jackson Thomas Jonathan Stonewall Jackson (January 20 or 21[1], 1824 – May 10, 1863) was an American teacher and soldier. ...


Walker was born near Mount Meridian in Augusta County, Virginia. He attended private schools as a youth and attended Virginia Military Institute. In 1852, he was expelled just before his graduation for alleged disobedience in Jackson's classroom. Cadet Walker had challenged Professor Jackson to a duel over a perceived insult. Then, he studied law at the University of Virginia in 1854 and 1855 before being admitted to the bar the following year. He established a successful law practice in Newbern in Pulaski County. In 1858, he married Sarah A. Poague of Augusta County, Virginia. The couple would have six children. He became an attorney for the commonwealth in 1860. Augusta County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... The Virginia Military Institute (VMI), located in Lexington, Virginia, is the oldest state military college in the United States. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Website Virginia. ... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Pulaski County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Augusta County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... The English noun Commonwealth dates originally from the fifteenth century. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...


With the outbreak of the Civil War and Virginia's eventual secession, Walker entered the Confederate Army in April 1861 as captain of the "Pulaski Guards," which soon became Company C of the 4th Virginia Infantry. In July 1861, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and assigned to the 13th Virginia. Walker was again promoted, this time to colonel, in March 1862, leading his regiment in several actions. He was promoted to brigadier general and assigned command of the Stonewall Brigade in May 1863, leading it during the Gettysburg Campaign, where his regiment participated in the attacks on Culp's Hill. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Eastern Theater operations in 1863, showing Chancellorsville and the Gettysburg Campaign (through July 3) The Gettysburg Campaign was a series of battles fought in June and July, 1863, during the American Civil War. ... Battle of Gettysburg Conflict American Civil War Date July 1–3, 1863 Place Adams County Result Union victory The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863), fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, was the largest battle ever conducted in North America...


When the war ended in 1865, he returned to his law practice and political career, being elected as a Democrat to the House of Delegates of Virginia in 1871 and 1872. VMI granted him an honorary degree in 1872 in recognition of his Civil War service. Five years later, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. In 1893, Walker switched allegiances and joined the Republican Party. He was elected to the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Congresses (serving from 1895 until 1899. During his second term, Walker served as chairman of the Committee on Elections. After being defeated for reelection in 1898, he retired from politics and resumed his law practice. Walker died in Wytheville, Virginia, and was buried in the town's East End Cemetery. 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other one being the Republican Party. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... A Lieutenant Governor is a government official who is the subordinate or deputy of a Governor or Governor-General. ... The Republican Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States two-party system, the other one being the Democratic Party. ... Dates of Sessions 1895-1897 The first session of this Congress took place in Washington, DC from December 2, 1895 to June 11, 1896. ... // Dates of Sessions March 4, 1897, to March 3, 1899 Major Political Events Officers Senate House of Representatives Speaker of the House Thomas Brackett Reed Members of the Fifty-fifth United States Congress Senate Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich (R-RI) William Vincent Allen (Pop-NE) William Boyd Allison (R-IA) Augustus... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Wytheville is a town located in Wythe County, Virginia. ...


References

  • Caldwell, Willie Walker, Stonewall Jim: A Biography of General James A. Walker, C.S.A. (Elliston, Virginia: Northcross House, 1990)
  • Confederate Military History edited by Clement A. Evans, (Atlanta, Georgia: Confederate Publishing Company, 1899)

 
 

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