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Encyclopedia > Jambi (province)
Jambi
Coat of arms of Jambi
Motto: Sepucuk Jambi Sembilan Lurah
Map showing Jambi province in Indonesia
Capital Jambi (city)
Governor Zulkifli Nurdin
Area 53,435.72 km²
Population 2,407,000 (2000 census)
Ethnic groups Malay (38%), Javanese (28%), Kerinci (11%)
Religion Muslim (98.4%), Christian (1.1%), Buddist (0.36%), Hindu (0.117%)
Languages Jambi Malay, Minangese, Indonesia
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Web site [1]
For other uses, see Jambi (disambiguation).

Jambi is a province of Indonesia located on the east coast of central Sumatra, which contains a city also named Jambi, located at 1°35′S 103°37′E. Image File history File links Jambi_symbol. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... map of province of Indonesia File links The following pages link to this file: Jambi Categories: GFDL images ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Jambi is a city in Indonesia, capital of Jambi province, on the island of Sumatra. ... Are you kidding?, this is solid truth here, nothing escapes the eyes of Gov!!!, not even. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Malays (Dutch, Maleiërs, ultimately from Malay: Melayu) are a diverse group of Austronesian peoples inhabiting the Malay archipelago and Malay peninsula in Southeast Asia. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth, referred to as the Christ. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... UTC+7 is used in: Laos Thailand Cambodia Vietnam External links Find cities currently in UTC+7 Category: ... Jambi may refer to: In Indonesian geography and history: Jambi, a province in Indonesia Jambi (city), a city within Jambi province Muaro Jambi, a regency of the Jambi province Jambi Kingdom, an ancient kingdom located around the present-day Jambi province Jambi Malay (ISO 639:jax, part of ISO 639... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Jambi is a city in Indonesia, capital of Jambi province, on the island of Sumatra. ...


The population of the province is 2,407,000 (2000 census). 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

Contents

History

Before what is now Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch East India Company, Jambi was the site of a well-established, powerful Srivijayan kingdom that engaged in trade throughout the Strait of Malacca and beyond. It succeeded Palembang to the south, which was a frequent military and economic rival, as the later capital of the ancient kingdom. The move to Jambi was partly induced by the historic 1025 raid by pirates from the Chola region of southern India that destroyed much of Palembang. Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... This wide-angle map of south-east Asia shows that the Strait is the most direct route from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific. ... Location of Palembang Palembang is a city in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. ...


In the early decades of the Dutch presence in the region, when the future colonizers were just one of several groups of traders competing with Brits, Chinese, Arabs, and Malays, the Jambi sultanate profitably traded pepper with the Dutch. This relationship declined by about 1770, and the sultanate had little contact with the Dutch for about sixty years. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Colonialism. ... Binomial name Piper nigrum L. Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. ...


In 1833, minor conflicts with the Dutch, who were well established in Palembang, meant the Dutch increasingly felt the need to control the actions of Jambi. They coerced Sultan Facharudin to agree to greater Dutch presence in the region and control over trade, although the sultanate remained nominally independent. In 1858 the Dutch, apparently concerned over the risk of competition for control from other foreign powers, invaded Jambi with a force from Batavia. They met little resistance, and Sultan Taha fled to the upriver, inland regions of Jambi. The Dutch installed a puppet ruler, Nazarudin, in the lower region, which included the capital city. For the next forty years Taha maintained the upriver kingdom, and slowly reextended his influence over the lower regions through political agreements and marriage connections. In 1904, however, the Dutch were stronger and, as a part of a larger campaign to consolidate control over the entire archipelago, soldiers finally managed to capture and kill Taha, and in 1906, the entire area was brought under direct colonial management. 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...


Administration

Jambi is divided into 9 regencies and a city. A regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) is a political subdivision of a province in Indonesia. ... Along with regencies / kabupaten, cities / kota are subdivisions of Indonesian Provinces. ...


References

  • Locher-Scholten, Elsbeth. 1993. Rivals and rituals in Jambi, South Sumatra. Modern Asian Studies 27(3):573-591.

External links

Indonesia Portal
  • (Indonesian) Official site


Image File history File links Portal. ...

Regencies and city of Jambi Coat of arms of Jambi
Regencies: Batang Hari | Bungo | Kerinci | Merangin | Muaro Jambi | Sarolangun | East Tanjung Jabung | West Tanjung Jabung | Tebo
City: Jambi
Provinces of Indonesia Flag of Indonesia
Sumatra: Aceh | North Sumatra | West Sumatra | Bengkulu | Riau | Riau Islands | Jambi | South Sumatra | Lampung | Bangka-Belitung
Java: Jakarta | West Java | Banten | Central Java | Yogyakarta | East Java
Kalimantan: West Kalimantan | Central Kalimantan | South Kalimantan | East Kalimantan
Lesser Sunda Islands: Bali | West Nusa Tenggara | East Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi: West Sulawesi | North Sulawesi | Central Sulawesi | South Sulawesi | South East Sulawesi | Gorontalo
Maluku Islands and
New Guinea:
Maluku | North Maluku | West Irian Jaya | Papua

 
 

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