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Encyclopedia > Jambi
Jambi
Motto: Sepucuk Jambi Sembilan Lurah
Map showing Jambi province in Indonesia
Capital Jambi (city)
Governor Zulkifli Nurdin
Area 53,435.72 km²
Population 2,407,000 (2000 census)
Ethnic groups Malay (38%), Javanese (28%), Kerinci (11%), Minangkabau (5%), Banjarese (3%), Sundanese (3%), Buginese (3%) [1]
Religion Muslim (98.4%), Christian (1.1%), Buddhist (0.36%), Hindu (0.117%)
Languages Jambi Malay, Indonesian
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Web site www.pempropjambi.go.id

Jambi is a province of Indonesia located on the east coast of central Sumatra. The capital of the province is Jambi city. Image File history File links Jambi_symbol. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... map of province of Indonesia File links The following pages link to this file: Jambi Categories: GFDL images ... Each Provinces of Indonesia has its own capital, where local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are centred. ... Jambi is a city in Indonesia, capital of Jambi province, on the island of Sumatra. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Javanese are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java. ... The Minangkabau ethnic group (also known as Minang or Padang) is indigenous to the highlands of West Sumatra, in Indonesia. ... Banjar (or Banjarese) is the name of a Malay ethnic group which consists of a majority of people now living in the vicinity of the city of Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, the biggest city on the island of Borneo. ... The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia. ... Buginese (locally Basa Ugi, elsewhere also Bahasa Bugis, Bugis, Bugi, De) is the language spoken by about four million people, mainly in the southern part of Celebes (Sulawesi), in Indonesia. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Jambi Malay is a variant of the Malay language spoken in Jambi (province). ... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... UTC+7 is used in: Laos Thailand Cambodia Vietnam External links Find cities currently in UTC+7 Category: ... Jambi may refer to: In Indonesian geography and history: Jambi, a province in Indonesia Jambi (city), a city within Jambi province Muaro Jambi, a regency of the Jambi province Jambi Kingdom, an ancient kingdom located around the present-day Jambi province Jambi Malay (ISO 639:jax, part of ISO 639... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Jambi is a city in Indonesia, capital of Jambi province, on the island of Sumatra. ...


The population of the province is 2,407,000 (2000 census). 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

Contents

History

Before what is now Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch East India Company, Jambi was the site of a well-established, powerful Srivijayan kingdom that engaged in trade throughout the Strait of Malacca and beyond. It succeeded Palembang to the south, which was a frequent military and economic rival, as the later capital of the ancient kingdom. The move to Jambi was partly induced by the historic 1025 raid by pirates from the Chola region of southern India that destroyed much of Palembang. This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... This wide-angle map of south-east Asia shows that the Strait is the most direct route from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific. ... Location of Palembang Palembang is a city in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. ...


In the early decades of the Dutch presence in the region, when the future colonizers were just one of several groups of traders competing with the British, Chinese, Arabs, and Malays, the Jambi sultanate profitably traded pepper with the Dutch. This relationship declined by about 1770, and the sultanate had little contact with the Dutch for about sixty years. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Colonialism. ... Binomial name Piper nigrum L. Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. ...


In 1833, minor conflicts with the Dutch, who were well established in Palembang, meant the Dutch increasingly felt the need to control the actions of Jambi. They coerced Sultan Facharudin to agree to greater Dutch presence in the region and control over trade, although the sultanate remained nominally independent. In 1858 the Dutch, apparently concerned over the risk of competition for control from other foreign powers, invaded Jambi with a force from Batavia. They met little resistance, and Sultan Taha fled to the upriver, inland regions of Jambi. The Dutch installed a puppet ruler, Nazarudin, in the lower region, which included the capital city. For the next forty years Taha maintained the upriver kingdom, and slowly reextended his influence over the lower regions through political agreements and marriage connections. In 1904, however, the Dutch were stronger and, as a part of a larger campaign to consolidate control over the entire archipelago, soldiers finally managed to capture and kill Taha, and in 1906, the entire area was brought under direct colonial management. 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...


Administrative divisions

Jambi province is divided into nine regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota): A regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) is a political subdivision of a province in Indonesia. ... Along with regencies / kabupaten, cities / kota are subdivisions of Indonesian Provinces. ...

Batang Hari can refers to some things: Batang Hari Regency, one of regency in Jambi, Indonesia. ... Jambi is a city in Indonesia, capital of Jambi province, on the island of Sumatra. ... Kerinci is a regency (kabupaten) in Jambi province, Indonesia. ... Muaro Jambi is a regency of Jambi, Indonesia. ...

References

  1. ^ (2003) Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 
  • Locher-Scholten, Elsbeth. 1993. Rivals and rituals in Jambi, South Sumatra. Modern Asian Studies 27(3):573-591.

External links

Indonesia Portal
  • (Indonesian) Official site

Coordinates: 1°35′S, 103°37′E Image File history File links Portal. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Provinces of Indonesia Flag of Indonesia
Sumatra: Aceh | North Sumatra | West Sumatra | Bengkulu | Riau | Riau Islands | Jambi | South Sumatra | Lampung | Bangka-Belitung Islands
Java: Jakarta | West Java | Banten | Central Java | Yogyakarta | East Java
Kalimantan: West Kalimantan | Central Kalimantan | South Kalimantan | East Kalimantan
Lesser Sunda Islands: Bali | West Nusa Tenggara | East Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi: West Sulawesi | North Sulawesi | Central Sulawesi | South Sulawesi | South East Sulawesi | Gorontalo
Maluku Islands and
New Guinea:
Maluku | North Maluku | West Papua | Papua

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