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Encyclopedia > Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
Soldier's Monument and First Church in Jamaica Plain Unitarian Universalist
Soldier's Monument and First Church in Jamaica Plain Unitarian Universalist

Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood of 4.4 sq. miles in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Founded by Boston Puritans seeking farm land to the south, it was originally part of the city of Roxbury. The community seceded from Roxbury as a part of the new town of West Roxbury in 1851, and became part of Boston when West Roxbury was annexed to Boston in 1874.[1] In the 19th century, Jamaica Plain became one of the first Streetcar Suburbs in America and home to a significant portion of Boston's Emerald Necklace of parks, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. According to an official city estimate, it had a population of 38,196 in October 2003. Boston redirects here. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... The Puritans were members of a group of radical Protestants which developed in England after the Reformation. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts USA. It was one of the first towns founded in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and became a city in 1846 until it was annexed to Boston on January 5, 1868. ... Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury, Massachusetts was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. ... A streetcar suburb is a community whose growth and development was strongly shaped by the use of streetcar lines as a primary means of transportation. ... Boston Public Garden, the second link of the Emerald Necklace The Emerald Necklace consists of an 1,100-acre chain of parks linked by parkways and waterways in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts. ... {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ...

Contents

History

Colonial Era

Milestone marks five miles (8 km) from the Boston Town House (now the site of the Old State House in downtown Boston) placed at the current day Soldier's Monument by Paul Dudley in 1735
Milestone marks five miles (8 km) from the Boston Town House (now the site of the Old State House in downtown Boston) placed at the current day Soldier's Monument by Paul Dudley in 1735

Shortly after the founding of Boston in 1630, William Heath and three other families settled on land just south of Parker Hill in what is now Jamaica Plain.[1] In the next few years, William Curtis, John May and others set up farms nearby along Stony Brook, which flowed from south to north from present day Forest Hills neighborhood to an outlet in the Charles River marshes in the current filled in Fens area of Boston. John Polley followed with a farm which he purchased from Lt. Joshua Hewe in 1659 at the site of the present day Soldier's Monument at the intersection of South and Centre Streets, closer to the "Great Pond", later known as Jamaica Pond. Later, for services rendered during the Pequot War, Joseph Weld received a grant of 278 acres (1.1 km²) of land between South Street to Centre Street. His son John later built a home along South Street in what is now the Arnold Arboretum, and his descendants continued to live in the area for many generations[2]. The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University. ... Lion Gardiner in the Pequot War from a Charles Stanley Reinhart drawing circa 1890 The Pequot War was an armed conflict in 1636-1638 between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies, with Native American allies (the Narragansett, and Mohegan tribe), against the Pequot tribe. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ...


In the late 17th century, the name "Jamaica" first appears for the area of Roxbury between Stony Brook and the Great Pond. There are a number of theories regarding the origin of the name Jamaica Plain. A well-known theory traces the origin to "Jamaica rum," a reference to Jamaica cane sugar's role in the Triangle Trade of sugar, rum, and slaves[3]. However, a more likely explanation is that "Jamaica" is an anglicization of the name Kuchamakin, regent to Chickatawbut, the underage sachem (chief) of the Massachusett tribe[4]. John Ruggles and Hugh Thomas donated land in 1676 for the building of the community's first school. A gift of 75 acres of land south of the "Great Pond" by John Eliot provided financial support for the school, which was named the Eliot School[5] (which still exists) in his honor. A triangular trade is any three-way exchange, but the term is often used to refer to one particular instance: the 18th century trade between Europe, the west coast of Africa, and the Caribbean. ... Anglicisation is a process of making something English. ... A sagamore is the head of a Native American tribe. ... The Massachusett were tribal communities of Native Americans who lived in areas surrounding Massachusetts Bay in what is now the state of Massachusetts. ... John Eliot is the name of several notable individuals. ...


During the 18th century, the farms of the Jamaica section of Roxbury transitioned from subsistence to market orientation, serving the growing Boston population.[1] At the same time, wealthy men bought land and built estates in the bucolic countryside. In 1740, Benjamin Faneuil, nephew of Boston merchant Peter Faneuil, bought land between Centre Street and Stony Brook. In 1752, Joshua Loring[6] bought the old Polley farm and built a home to which he retired. At Jamaica Pond, the provincial governor, Francis Bernard, built a summer home on 60 acres. In 1775, troops from Rhode Island and Connecticut were quartered with residents of Jamaica Plain. General Washington stationed troops on Weld Hill, today's Bussey Hill in the Arnold Arboretum. The units protected the road south to Dedham (Centre Street), where the American arsenal was kept, in case the British broke the siege of Boston. Peter Faneuil (June 20, 1700 – March 3, 1743) was a wealthy American colonial merchant and philanthropist who donated Faneuil Hall to Boston. ... Sir Francis Bernard (1712-1779) was a British colonial administrator who served as Governor in New Jersey and Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... Combatants New England militia, Continental Army Great Britain Commanders Artemas Ward, George Washington Thomas Gage, William Howe Strength 17,000 The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the American Revolutionary War, in which New England militiamen—and then the Continental Army—surrounded...


With the American Revolution, most of the estate owners fled the country, and were replaced by the rising elite of the new Boston. In 1777, John Hancock settled on an estate near the pond. David S. Greenough and his wife bought the estate once owned by Loyalist Joshua Loring (which is still standing, as the Loring-Greenough House). When Samuel Adams became governor of Massachusetts, he bought the former Peacock Tavern at today's Centre and Allandale Streets, near the Faulkner Hospital. With his wealth made in the China trade, James Perkins built his home, Pinebank[7], overlooking Jamaica Pond in 1802. During these years, the community built its first church, the First Congregational Society of Jamaica Plain, opposite the Loring-Greenough house. John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... John Hancock (January 23 [O.S. January 12] 1737– October 8, 1793) was President of the Second Continental Congress and of the Congress of the Confederation, the first Governor of Massachusetts, and the first person to sign the United States Declaration of Independence. ... The Loring-Greenough House is the last surviving 18th century residence located at 12 South Street on Monument Square at the edge of Sumner Hill, a historic district of Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. ... For other uses, see Samuel Adams (disambiguation). ...


Revolution to Annexation

Jamaica Plain 1832
Jamaica Plain 1832

The early years of the 19th century continued the trends of the post-Independence years. An aqueduct was built to Boston and inner Roxbury by the Jamaica Pond Aqueduct Corporation, which provided water to Boston, Roxbury and later the Town of West Roxbury, from 1795 to 1886.[1] Carriages carried people to Roxbury and Boston on Centre Street (then, the Highway to Dedham), and in 1806 on the new Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike tollroad (present day Washington Street). In 1826, "hourlies" ran from Jamaica Plain to Roxbury and Boston on a regular schedule, and the 1830s brought larger "omnibuses" to carry the growing passenger base. The first train line reached Jamaica Plain in 1834 when the Boston and Providence Rail Road began service, with special low "commuter" fares offered residents in 1839. Stops at Boylston Street and Tollgate (present day Forest Hills) were joined by a station at Green Street at the request of local residents. The Attleboro/Stoughton Line is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system running southwest from Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The main line was originally built by the Boston and Providence Rail Road, and now carries service during the week between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island, and weekend service to South...


Green Street, laid out in 1836 to connect Centre Street and the Tollroad, (Washington Street) became a hub of local artisans and builders. Soon after, Centre Street near Green Street became a retail main street, with grocers attracting local business providing products from the West Indies and common household goods. During the 1840s, as commuters from Boston settled in Jamaica plain, the local market grew, with artisans and businesses - with proprietors living in the community - providing much of the needed products and services. In the Stony Brook valley along the rail line adjacent to Roxbury, a small industrial center formed, with small chemical factories, tanneries and soap factories taking advantage of the running water, isolation, access to transportation, and available land. Reflecting the growing population, a number of new churches were built. Along with the First Church - now Unitarian - St John's Episcopal (1841), First Baptist (1843), and Central Congregational (1856) opened and served the new, more varied population.

Jamaica Plain in 1858
Jamaica Plain in 1858

By 1850, the once agricultural community had seen a significant change in its population. Only 10% of its heads of household were listed as farmers, while 28% were businessmen and professionals, and another 20% were Irish-born.[1] In an effort to stem the increase in property taxes to support the rapidly urbanizing inner Roxbury area, the owners of the large estates in the Jamaica plain led a successful effort in 1851 to secede from Roxbury and form a new, suburban town of West Roxbury. Meanwhile, growth continued unabated. In 1850, David S. Greenough developed the south end of his family land into four streets, including today's McBride Street. Three years later, he sold land along the east side of the railroad tracks for the new Jamaica Plain Gas Light Company. In 1857, the new West Roxbury Railroad Company extended their horse rail car line to a depot on South Street, at the site of today's public housing project opposite McBride Street.

Skating On Jamaica Pond. Winslow Homer, 1859
Skating On Jamaica Pond. Winslow Homer, 1859

During the same years, ice houses lined the south shore of Jamaica Pond. Ice was harvested each winter by the Jamaica Plain Ice Company and sold in Boston and beyond until the 1890s, when the City of Boston bought the pond. Continuing the transportation development that both served Jamaica Plain's commuters and spurred further urban development, the Boston and Providence company added a second track in 1860, a third in 1870, and a fourth in 1890. Many of the new residents were Irish and Catholic, and to serve their needs the Archdiocese of Boston began construction of St Thomas Aquinas Church on South Street, with a grammar school following in 1873. In less than a generation, Jamaica Plain had changed significantly, and the weathly estate owners no longer held power. In 1873, West Roxbury residents - most living in Jamaica Plain - voted in favor of annexation to Boston. The Town of West Roxbury had grown from 2,700 residents in 1850 to 9,000 in 1875,[1] and many of the new residents wanted the advantages of the services (street grading, sewer lines) that the City of Boston could provide.


Jamaica Plain: A Boston Neighborhood

Classic three deckers near South Street
Classic three deckers near South Street


As Jamaica Plain became a part of Boston, the rate of growth continued to increase. The three decker house, a defining image in urban New England architecture, first showed up in the 1870s, and spread rapidly in the 1890s. In Jamaica Plain, the first commercial blocks were built in the 1870s, with the first brick commercial building erected in 1875. In 1873, the imposing brick police station was built on Seavern's Avenue, and a year later the recently built Eliot School was renamed West Roxbury High School, only to be changed to Jamaica Plain High School after annexation. The Stony Brook valley had long been the industrial center of Jamaica Plain. In 1871, the Haffenreffer brewery opened near Boylston and Amory Streets, taking advantage of the Stony Brook aquifer and the presence of German immigrants in the area. The same year, the Boylston Schul Verien German social club opened just across the railroad tracks, one of many organizations that served German residents in the neighborhood. To the south, the B.F. Sturtevant Company opened an industrial fan factory in 1878 along the railroad tracks between Williams and Green Street, which grew to employ 500 employees.[1] In 1901, the factory suffered a massive fire[8] and the company moved to Hyde Park several miles south. Ships of the line were 1st, 2nd, or 3rd-rated ships in the rating system of the Royal Navy. ...


The continued movement of both residents and businesses into the Stony Brook valley brought calls to contain the brook, prevent floods, and provide sewer drainage[9]. During the 1870s, the brook was deepened and contained within wooden walls, but the spring thaw resulted in flooding of surrounding streets, and a new effort. Work continued until 1908, when the brook was placed into a shallow culvert from Forest Hills to its present outlet in the Boston Fens, behind the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. In the following years, the brook that once defined the industrial heart of Jamaica Plain was largely forgotten until it was memorialized by the new Stony Brook Orange Line station at Boylston Street. Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (Doù venons-nous? Que faisons-nous? Où allons-nous?) (1897). ...

The former Haffenreffer Brewery today
The former Haffenreffer Brewery today

Breweries continued to be major employers during these years[10]. On Heath Street, the Highland Spring Brewery had been operating since 1867. In the 1880s, the Eblana and Park breweries and the American Brewing Company opened, taking advantage of local German and Irish immigrants to fill jobs. Franklin Brewery extended the beermaking district to Washington Street. These and other breweries were all closed to beer making during Prohibition, and few survived to reopen after repeal, although many found other uses, and some still stand. An exception was Haffenreffer, which continued until 1964. The old building now houses a number of commercial establishments, including the Boston Beer Company, brewers of Samuel Adams beer.[11] A late survivor was Croft Ale, brewed in the Highland Spring Brewery building until 1953, when it became the Rosoff Pickle factory, where the pickle vats could be seen from the commuter trains passing by. The Boston Beer Company (NYSE: SAM) is an American brewing company founded in 1985 by Jim Koch in Boston, USA. The beers were originally contract brewed by the Pittsburgh Brewing Company, though today, more than 60% of its beer is produced at the companys Cincinnati brewery. ...


A notable company that moved to Heath Street after prohibition was the Moxie soft drink company. Invented by Augustin Thompson in Lowell Massachusetts in 1876, the distinctively flavored Moxie made the move from medicinal "tonic" to soft drink, much like Coca-Cola, and actually outsold Coke in 1920. The company stopped advertising their distinctive product during the Depression, and never recovered their lost market share. The plant closed in 1953, and the building was torn down by the City of Boston for the new Bromley Heath public housing projects[12]. Moxie, a carbonated beverage, is considered by some to be the USAs first mass produced soft drink, although both Vernors ginger ale and Hires Root Beer predate it by a decade. ... The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ...

House on Sumner Hill
House on Sumner Hill

During the late 1800s, Jamaica Plain's housing stock grew with the commercial development, providing homes for workers in local businesses and commuters as well. Sumner Hill, based on the old Greenough estate, became home to business owners and managers. In the 1880s, the Parley Vale estate and Robinwood Avenue were developed to serve the same market. Ten years later, Moss Hill Road and Woodland Road were laid out on land owned by the Bowditch family, creating the most exclusive neighborhood in Jamaica Plain until this day. At the same time, the land off South Street was being developed into streets and filled with houses for the working class population, especially the Irish. By the early 20th century, the streets of Jamaica Plain were filled in, and houses or businesses were on most buildable plots. The entire housing stock of Jamaica Plain had been owned, divided, financed, built and sold largely by Jamaica Plain residents.


Jamaica Plain Enters The 20th century

The year 1900 brought another major employer to Jamaica Plain when Thomas Gustave Plant built a factory for his Queen Quality Shoe Company at Centre and Bickford Streets[13], said to be the largest women's shoe factory in the world at the time, with five thousand workers. In order to avoid the labor strife that was common at the time, the company offered a park beside the factory, recreation rooms, a gym, library, dance hall, and sponsored sports teams that competed in local leagues. Shoes continued to be made in the building until the 1950s, but arson burned the massive brick structure down in 1976[14]. The site is now home to a supermarket. Thomas Gustave Plant (1859-1941) was a French-Canadian immigrant who made his fortune manufacturing shoes under the Queen Quality Shoes label. ...


In 1900, Jamaica Plain had a significant immigrant population, which helped shape the future of the community.[1] The Irish had settled in large numbers in the Heath Street, South Street, Forest Hills and Stony Brook area (Brookside), taking laboring and domestic jobs, and becoming a quarter of the population. Germans had reached 14%, living in Hyde Square, Egleston Square and Brookside, employed as skilled workers and managers, with their own social clubs and churches. Canadians, many from the Maritime Provinces, made up 12% of the population, often working in white collar or skilled jobs. Italians would come as well, in the years after 1910. New technologies allowed local businesses to provide jobs into the new century. In the 1910s, Randall-Faichney Company manufactured automobile parts, and the Holtzer-Cabot Company moved from making electric motors and telephone switching equipment to add electric automobiles.

St Thomas Aquinas Church, South Street
St Thomas Aquinas Church, South Street

Religion played a great part in local life during these years. The increase in Catholic residents resulted in the building of new churches to join St Thomas Aquinas. Our Lady of Lourdes was built in 1896 in Brookside, and Blessed Sacrament, built to serve the residents of Hyde Square, was finished in 1917. St Andrews on Walk Hill street in Forest Hills came soon after. Each church had an elementary school that anchored the parish and bred a strong loyalty in parishioners, and in 1927, St Thomas parish added a high school, which remained open until 1975. Protestant churches inspired a similar local loyalty. Many of the local factory managers served in leadership positions in nearby churches.[1] Central Congregational Church had women's, children's and missionary groups that brought neighbors of different economic classes together.


Other civic associations brought the people of Jamaica Plain together.[1] In 1897, the Jamaica Plain Carnival Association formed to manage and promote the 4th of July parade, contests and fireworks. Two years later, the Jamaica Plain Businessmen's Association formed to promote commercial development. Within three years, prominent community members were invited to join the newly named Jamaica Plain Citizen's Association. The new group worked to encourage road improvement, playgrounds, lectures, schools, and other community amenities. In 1897, the Tuesday Club formed for women (who were not allowed in the other groups), and still exists today at the Loring Greenough house.

In the late 19th century, Boston's Emerald Necklace of parks was designed and built by Frederick Law Olmsted, with much of the southern section of the connecting parkland in or bordering on Jamaica Plain. Olmsted Park, Jamaica Pond, the Arnold Arboretum and Franklin Park have been enjoyed by generations of Jamaica Plain residents. The pond had long been the site of estates, which were torn down to make the new park. Fishing and ice skating were popular pastimes, and each winter ice was removed from the pond before the time of electric refrigeration. With the new park, homes and the commercial icehouses were removed. The Arnold Arboretum was developed on land originally owned by the Weld family, and donated by Benjamin Bussey, with financial support from the will of James Arnold. The Arboretum is now owned by the City of Boston, and managed by Harvard University[15]. Image File history File linksMetadata Jamaica-pond-3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jamaica-pond-3. ... Olmsted Park is a linear park in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts, and a part of Bostons Emerald Necklace of connected parks and parkways. ... Jamaica Pond, boathouse in distance, 2005 1924 Map of Jamaica Pond Skating on Jamaica Pond, 1859 Jamaica Pond is a kettle pond surrounded by Jamaica Park, part of the Emerald Necklace of parks in Boston designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ... Franklin Park may refer to: Franklin Park, Illinois Franklin Park, Florida Franklin Park, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ... Harvard redirects here. ...

Forest Hills train bridge
Forest Hills train bridge

Perhaps the most dramatic building project in Jamaica Plain history was the raising of the train line above grade in the 1890s[16]. In order to avoid accidents at street crossings, an embankment was built from Roxbury south through Forest HIlls station, with bridges over all intersecting streets. The embankement cut through most of Jamaica Plain from north to south. In time, the housing along the embankment came to be devalued, and property to the east of the train line was cut off from the higher income sections of the community. With new plans to extend highway I-95 from Canton north into downtown Boston, it was decided to remove the embankment and depress the train line in the 1970s. When the decision was made by then-Governor Francis W. Sargent to stop the interstate project, many houses and commercial building had already been taken and demolished, leaving an empty scar through the community. In the following years, it was decided to remove the elevated rapid transit train line on Washington Street and replace it with a below-grade line along side the train tracks. With the new transit lines in place following the old train embankement, the Southwest Corridor park was built from Forest Hills north through the old Stony Brook valley. Francis William Sargent (July 29, 1915 - October 21, 1998) was Governor of Massachusetts from 1969 to 1975. ... The Washington Street Elevated was an elevated segment of Bostons Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority subway system, comprising the southern stretch of the Orange Line (named after the original name for a section of Washington St, Orange St. ...

In the late 1980s, the Forest Hills Station shown here replaced the red brick structure built in the 1800s
In the late 1980s, the Forest Hills Station shown here replaced the red brick structure built in the 1800s

Changes to the transit service through Jamaica Plain were followed with a change to the streetcar route as well. The Arborway line, which had been in service since 1903, had long been considered for replacement with bus service by the transportation authority. In 1977, trolly service on the Arborway line from downtown Boston was stopped at Heath Street, with buses continuing to Forest Hills. Service resumed, but were cut again in the 1980s, and has not been resumed since. This decision has been challenged by citizen groups in Jamaica Plain in the courts, and is still in dispute (see Green Line Controversy, below). Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... Red Brick is a name given originally to the six civic British universities that were founded in the industrial cities of England in the Victorian era and achieved university status before World War II. The civic university movement started in 1851 with Owens College, Manchester (now the University of Manchester...


Urban Renewal

In the 1980s low rents brought many students to the area, especially those who attended the Museum School, Mass Art, and Northeastern University, who often lived in collective households. In addition, the neighborhood also developed a lesbian and gay community. The presence of artists in the neighborhood led to the opening of local galleries and bookstores, and arts centers like the converted Firehouse. Many first-time homebuyers were able to afford the house and condominium prices in Jamaica Plain during this time. The School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (also known as the Museum School or SMFA) is an undergraduate and graduate college located in Boston, Massachusetts and is dedicated to the visual arts. ... MassArt, August 2005 Massachusetts College of Art (also known as MassArt) is a publicly funded college of visual and applied art, founded in 1873. ... Northeastern University, occasionally abbreviated as NU or NEU, is a top-tier private research university in Boston, Massachusetts. ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...


Revitalization continued in the 1990s. Nonprofit housing groups bought up rundown houses and vacant lots to create low-income rental units.[17][18] During the same years, the former Plant Shoe Factory site was redeveloped as JP Plaza, a strip mall, and later a supermarket. A new facility for the Martha Eliot Health Center completed the site's redevelopment. As part of a city-wide effort, Boston Main Streets districts were named (Hyde/Jackson Square, Egleston Square, and Centre/South), bringing city funds and tools of neighborhood revitalization to local business owners.


Present Day

Spanish-American market near Hyde Square
Spanish-American market near Hyde Square

By the turn of the century, the neighborhood had attracted a large community of college educated, professionals, political activists and artists.[19] Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practicing the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ...


Hyde, Jackson, and Egleston Squares have significant Spanish-speaking populations from Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. As of 2000 the ethnic make-up of Jamaica Plain was 50% Non-Hispanic White, 23% Hispanic or Latino, 17% Black or African-American, 7% Asian-American, 3% Other.[20]


A hot real estate market has driven conversion of homes and older commercial buildings into condominiums. A large number of formerly vacant sites are now being converted to residential use, among them the ABC Brewery, the Gormley Funeral Home, the Eblana Brewery, the Oliver Ditson Company, 319 Centre Street, Jackson Square, JP Cohousing, Blessed Sacrament, Our Lady of the Way, and 80 Bickford Street There are two meanings of condominium In international law, a condominium is a territory in which two sovereign powers have equal rights. ...


Geography

Neighborhoods

Jamaica Plain has several botánicas, such as this one one Centre Street, that cater to the Latino community and typically sell folk medicine alongside statues of saints, candles decorated with prayers, lucky bamboo, and other items.
Jamaica Plain has several botánicas, such as this one one Centre Street, that cater to the Latino community and typically sell folk medicine alongside statues of saints, candles decorated with prayers, lucky bamboo, and other items.

Jamaica Plain is made up of a number of distinct historical subdistricts. Some of the names are now archaic, used less by long time residents than scholars and real estate agents. A botánica (often written botanica and less commonly known as a hierberia or botica) is a retail store which sells folk medicine, religious candles and statuary, amulets, and other products regarded as magical or as alternative medicine. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... A traditional healer in Côte dIvoire Folk medicine refers collectively to procedures traditionally used for treatment of illness and injury, aid to childbirth, and maintenance of wellness. ... Saints redirects here. ... For other uses, see Candle (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Prayer (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Dracaena sanderiana Sander ex Mast. ...

  • Brookside - roughly bounded by Boylston Street, Green Street, Washington Street, and the Southwest Corridor Park
  • Egleston Square - intersection of Columbus Avenue and Washington Street at the border between Jamaica Plain and Roxbury
  • Forest Hills - roughly bounded by the Arborway, Morton Street, Walk Hill Street, South Street and Forest Hills Cemetery
  • Hyde Square - the area around the intersection of Centre Street, Day Street, and Perkins Street, extending east along Centre Street towards Roxbury
  • Jamaica Hills - northwest of the Arnold Arboretum, including Moss Hill and Green Hill
  • Parkside - roughly bounded by Washington Street, Egleston Square, Morton Street and Franklin Park
  • Pondside - roughly bounded by Centre Street, Perkins Street, and the Jamaicaway
  • South Street - follows the named street on either side from the Monument to Forest Hills.
  • Sumner Hill - roughly bounded by Seaverns Avenue, Everett Street, Sedgwick Street, and Newbern Street
  • Sunnyside - roughly bounded by Centre Street, Day Street, Round Hill Street, and Gay Head Street
  • Woodbourne - south of Forest Hills, bounded by Walk Hill Street, Goodway Street, and Wachusett Street
  • White City - no longer recognized; its territory included part of Hyde Park Ave and cetain blocks of which are now considered part of Woodbourne
  • The Monument - Overlapping with Pondside above, the area around the intersection of Centre and South Streets.

Forest Hills is a part of the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Arborway is a four-lane, divided parkway in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Forest Hills Cemetery (1848) in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (formerly in the city of Roxbury, now in the city of Boston) is an early suburban garden cemetery inspired by the Mount Auburn Cemetery. ... Franklin Park, a partially-wooded 527-acre parkland in the Jamaica Plain and Roxbury neighborhoods of Boston, Massachusetts, is maintained by the Department of Conservation and Recreation. ... The Jamaicaway is a four-lane, undivided parkway in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts near the border of Brookline. ... Forest Hills is a part of the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Forest Hills is a part of the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Forest Hills is a part of the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Forest Hills is a part of the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ...

Green spaces

A scene in Arnold Arboretum
A scene in Arnold Arboretum

Jamaica Plain, often referred to in the 19th century as "the Eden of America," [2] is one of the greenest neighborhoods in the city of Boston. The community contains or is bordered by a number of jewels of the Emerald Necklace park system designed in the 19th century by Frederick Law Olmsted: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 990 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 990 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ... Boston Public Garden, the second link of the Emerald Necklace The Emerald Necklace consists of an 1,100-acre chain of parks linked by parkways and waterways in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts. ... {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ...

  • Olmsted Park, from Route 9 at the Riverway south to Perkins Street, including Leverett Pond, Willow Pond, and Ward's Pond
  • Jamaica Pond has 60 acres of surface area and is the largest and deepest body of fresh water in Boston
  • Arnold Arboretum is a 265-acre (1.1 km²) world-renowned plant collection maintained by Harvard University, and contains Peter's Hill, the highest elevation in Jamaica Plain at 235 feet (72 m).
  • Franklin Park is a 527-acre (2.1 km²) park (the largest in the city) and holds the Franklin Park Zoo (the largest zoo in New England), White Stadium and the William J. Devine Golf Course.

These parks are connected by parkways, each of which is also part of the Emerald Necklace. From south to north these are the Arborway, the Jamaicaway, and the Riverway. Olmsted Park is a linear park in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts, and a part of Bostons Emerald Necklace of connected parks and parkways. ... Jamaica Pond, boathouse in distance, 2005 1924 Map of Jamaica Pond Skating on Jamaica Pond, 1859 Jamaica Pond is a kettle pond surrounded by Jamaica Park, part of the Emerald Necklace of parks in Boston designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ... Harvard redirects here. ... Franklin Park, a partially-wooded 527-acre parkland in the Jamaica Plain and Roxbury neighborhoods of Boston, Massachusetts, is maintained by the Department of Conservation and Recreation. ... Zoo New Englands Logo The Franklin Park Zoo, located in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the oldest zoos in the U.S. It is operated by Zoo New England, which also operates the Stone Zoo in Stoneham, Massachusetts. ... For other uses, see Zoo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The Arborway is one of the four parkways designed by Frederick Law Olmsted for Bostons Emerald Necklace park system: Fenway, Riverway, Jamaicaway, and Arborway. ... The Jamaicaway is a four-lane, undivided parkway in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts near the border of Brookline. ... The Riverway ia a parkway in Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Forest Hills Cemetery, a 275-acre (1.1 km²) “garden cemetery”, and hundreds more acres of cemetery that stretch along Walk Hill Street offer more green space to the area. The Forest Hills Cemetery (1848) in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (formerly in the city of Roxbury, now in the city of Boston) is an early suburban garden cemetery inspired by the Mount Auburn Cemetery. ... The rural or “garden” cemetery was a revolutionary 19th century design that combined burials with landscaping in a rural, park-like setting. ...


Transportation

Jamaica Plain is served by the MBTA's bus and rail services. Major roads are Centre Street, the Jamaicaway (formerly US 1), the Arborway (MA 203), Washington Street, South Street and South Huntington Avenue. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls the subway, bus, commuter rail, and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ...


Public transportation

Orange Line train in the depressed Southwest Corridor

The Green Line "E" Train streetcar service terminates at Heath Street and South Huntington Avenue. Bus service continues along South Huntington Avenue, Centre Street, and South Street to its terminus at the Arborway Yard across from Forest Hills Station. The Orange Line rapid tranist train line runs below street level through the middle of Jamaica Plain, with stops at Jackson Square, Stony Brook, Green Street, and Forest Hills. Buses connect Jamaica Plain with West Roxbury, Hyde Park, and suburban Dedham and Walpole to the south, and the rest of Boston by street routes. Forest Hills Station is a major transportation hub and is walking distance to the Arnold Arboretum and Forest Hills Cemetery. Two trains at Park Street. ... The E Branch or Arborway Branch is a streetcar line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, operating as a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line. ... Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Platforms 1 island platform Parking N/A Bicycle facilities 8 spaces Other information Opened May 4, 1987 Accessible Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Services Jackson Square is a station on the Orange Line of the MBTA subway. ... Platforms 1 island platform Parking N/A Bicycle facilities 12 spaces Other information Opened May 4, 1987 Accessible Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Services Stony Brook is a station on the Orange Line of the MBTA subway. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Administrator Bill Keegan  - Board of    Selectmen Marie-Loise Kehoe Mike Butler James MacDonald Carmen DelloIocono Dennis Teehan Area  - Town  10. ... This article is about the town of Walpole, Massachusetts. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ... The Forest Hills Cemetery (1848) in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (formerly in the city of Roxbury, now in the city of Boston) is an early suburban garden cemetery inspired by the Mount Auburn Cemetery. ...


Green Line controversy

Proposed restoration of the "E" Train street car service from Heath Street to Forest Hills has caused considerable tension in the area. Some residents and commuters are eager to embrace what is seen as a reconnection with the rest of the city, while many others cite the #39 Bus along the old route and the Orange Line just a few blocks away as easy travel solutions. Advocates on both sides of the issue, including the Arborway Committee and Better Transit Without Trolleys, present compelling arguments for improved service while the MBTA has not yet committed to a permanent transit solution. The E Branch or Arborway Branch is a streetcar line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, operating as a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line. ... Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ...


Commuter rail

The Needham Line of the Commuter Rail stops at Forest Hills Station, and many other lines are easily accessible by riding the Orange Line subway train to Ruggles and Back Bay. The Needham Line is a branch of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running west from downtown Boston, Massachusetts through the Boston neighborhoods of Roxbury, Jamaica Plain, Roslindale, West Roxbury, and the town of Needham. ...


Cars and parking

Municipal parking lots are located off Centre Street at Burroughs Street in Jamaica Plain Center, across from the Mary Curley School on Centre Street at Spring Park Ave., and across from Blessed Sacrament Church in Hyde Square. There are few parking meters in Jamaica Plain; on-street parking is free. Many streets near the MBTA Orange Line stations are posted "resident permit only" during working hours (8 AM to 6 PM). This is intended to discourage commuters from using residential streets as parking lots during the day.


Bicycle paths

Two major bicycle paths serve Jamaica Plain. Along the Southwest Corridor Park is the Pierre Lallement Bicycle Path, which runs from Forest Hills to Back Bay. To the west are bicycle paths, which run through the parks of the Emerald Necklace, along the Jamaicaway and Riverway. Jamaica Plain is home to the only bike lane in a Boston street, along one block of Perkins Street at Jamaica Pond. The Southwest corridor or Southwest Expressway was a project designed to bring a four-lane highway into the City of Boston from a direction southwesterly of downtown. ... Pierre Lallement (1843?-1891) was the inventor of the bicycle. ...


Public Libraries

Jamaica Plain Branch 12 Sedgewick Road Tel.617- 524-2053


Connolly Branch 433 Centre Street Tel. 522-1960


Public Schools

Mary E. Curley School. Centre Street, near Hyde Square
  • Boston International High School - 25 Glen Road
  • Egleston Comm High School - 3134 Washington Street
  • Mary E Curley Middle - 493 Centre Street
  • James W Hennigan - 200 Heath Street
  • John F Kennedy - 7 Bolster Street
  • James M Curley - 40 Pershing Road
  • Elc - West Zone - 200 Heath Street

Maps

  • Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts is at coordinates 42°18′27″N 71°06′47″W / 42.30759, -71.113098 (Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts)Coordinates: 42°18′27″N 71°06′47″W / 42.30759, -71.113098 (Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts)

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Notable natives and residents

Alphabetically by last name:

For other uses, see Samuel Adams (disambiguation). ... Robert Low Bacon (July 23, 1884 – September 12, 1938) was a banker and congressman from New York. ... This article is about the state. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Emily Greene Balch (January 8, 1867 – January 9, 1961) was an American academic, writer, and pacifist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1946 (the prize that year was shared with John Mott), notably for her work with the Womens International League for Peace and Freedom. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Fanny Chamberlain early in her marriage, about 1856. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... A number of well-known people have been named John Collins. ... James Michael Curley (November 20, 1874-November 12, 1958) was an American political figure who served in the United States House of Representatives, as the mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, and as governor of Massachusetts. ... James Dole, founder of the Hawaiian pineapple industry, is immortalized as the Pineapple King. ... Dole Food Company, Inc. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ... Franklin Park, a partially-wooded 527-acre parkland in the Jamaica Plain and Roxbury neighborhoods of Boston, Massachusetts, is maintained by the Department of Conservation and Recreation. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Margaret Fuller, by Marchioness Ossoli. ... Holding The denial of marriage licenses to same-sex couples violated provisions of the state constitution guaranteeing individual liberty and equality, and was not rationally related to a legitimate state interest. ... Samuel Griswold Goodrich (August 9, 1793 - May 9, 1860) was an American author, better known under the pseudonym - Peter Parley. ... Samuel Griswold Goodrich Samuel Griswold Goodrich (August 9, 1793 - May 9, 1860) was an American author, better known under the pseudonym Peter Parley. ... John Hancock (January 23 [O.S. January 12] 1737– October 8, 1793) was President of the Second Continental Congress and of the Congress of the Confederation, the first Governor of Massachusetts, and the first person to sign the United States Declaration of Independence. ... This article or section should include material from Weather Folklore. ... Postcard image of school sign, Watertown Massachusetts The Perkins School for the Blind is a learning center for people who are blind, deafblind, or have multiple disabilities. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Joseph Mulrey McIntyre (aka Joe McIntyre, Joey McIntyre), born December 31, 1972 in Needham, Massachusetts, is a singer-songwriter and actor. ... This article is about the group. ... Malcolm Nichols (1876 - 1950) was a U.S. political figure. ... Francis Parkman Francis Parkman (September 16, 1823 – November 8, 1893) was born in Boston, Massachusetts and died in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, (May 16, 1804-January 3, 1894) educator who opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States. ... Andrew Peters (born May 5, 1980 in St. ... Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 – February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, and short story writer. ... Ellen Swallow Richards (December 3, 1842 — March 30, 1911) was the foremost female industrial and environmental chemist in the United States in the 1800s, pioneering the field of sanitary engineering and founding the field of home economics. ... “MIT” redirects here. ... Maurice Joseph Tobin (May 22, 1901–July 19, 1953) was a Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, governor of the U.S. state of Massachusetts, and U.S. Secretary of Labor. ... The Weld Family is an extended family of Boston Brahmin most remembered for the philanthropy of its members. ... The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

External links

In alphabetical order:

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Local Attachments : The Making of an American Urban Neighborhood, 1850 to 1920 (Creating the North American Landscape), by Alexander von Hoffman, The Johns Hopkins University Press (1996), ISBN 0-8018-5393-1
  2. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'People' Editor - - Weld Family
  3. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Resources' Editor - - How Jamaica Plain Got Its Name
  4. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Colonial Era' Editor - - Native Americans in Jamaica Plain
  5. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Colonial Era' Editor - - Eliot School in Session Here Since 1676
  6. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'People' Editor - - Commodore Joshua Loring, Jamaica Plain by Way of London
  7. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Locales' Editor - - Pinebank, a Former Homestead in Jamaica Plain
  8. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - '20th Century' Editor - - Sturtevant Factory Building Destroyed by Fire
  9. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Locales' Editor - - The Saga of Stony Brook
  10. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Locales' Editor - - History of Beer Making in Jamaica Plain
  11. ^ Boston Globe, February 17, 2006 accessed August 9, 2007
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Locales' Editor - - Thomas G. Plant Shoe Factory and Queen Quality Shoes
  14. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Locales' Editor - - Thomas G. Plant Shoe Factory Fire
  15. ^ Arnold Arboretum
  16. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society - 'Transportation' Editor - - Orange Line Replaced Old Railroad Embankment
  17. ^ Urban Edge History, accessed on July 30, 2006.
  18. ^ See the difference we've made, JPNDC, accessed on July 30, 2006.
  19. ^ Boston Globe Magazine, January 1, 2006
  20. ^ City of Boston/Neighborhoods

Further reading

  • A Home in the Heart of a City: A Woman's Search for Community (Hardcover), by Kathleen Hirsch, North Point Pr (1998), ISBN 0-374-28079-7.
  • Jamaica Plain: Then & Now by Anthony M. Sammarco, soft cover, 96 pages. Vintage
  • Jamaica Plain by Anthony M. Sammarco (1997.) Soft cover, 128 pages. Author and noted local historian Anthony Mitchell Sammarco combines powerful text and images in this volume to create a compelling visual history of one of New England’s loveliest neighborhoods.
  • Edwina by Jill Hofstra, soft cover, 252 pages. Jill Hofstra’s new book Edwina chronicles the life of a precocious and delightful girl who lived in Jamaica Plain in the early 1900s.
  • Streetcar Suburbs: The Process Of Growth In Boston, by Sam B. Warner, Jr. (1962), Harvard University Press and M.I.T. Press


Neighborhoods in Boston, Massachusetts

Allston/Brighton · Back Bay · Beacon Hill · Charlestown · Chinatown · Dorchester · Downtown Crossing · East Boston · Fenway-Kenmore · Government Center · Hyde Park · Jamaica Plain · Longwood · Mattapan · Mission Hill · North End · Roslindale · Roxbury · South Boston · South End · West End · West Roxbury Houses on Louisburg Square, Beacon Hill. ... Allston is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, located in the western part of the city. ... Cemetery and apartment houses along Commonwealth Avenue, Brighton, near Chandlers Pond Brighton is a neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts, located in the northwest corner of the city. ... Back Bay redirects here. ... Cutting down Beacon Hill, about 1800; a view from the north toward the Massachusetts State House. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... The Beach Street gate into Bostons Chinatown. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Financial District. ... East Boston was annexed by the City of Boston in 1636 and is separated from the rest of the city by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek. ... Fenway-Kenmore is an area of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Government Center circa 2000 Government Center is a city square and plaza in Boston, Massachusetts, bounded by Cambridge, Court, Congress, and Sudbury Streets. ... Hyde Park is the most southern neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Longwood Medical and Academic Area (also known as Longwood Medical Area, LMA, or just Longwood) is a section of Boston with a high density of hospitals, colleges, and biomedical research centers. ... Rise, a pair of statues installed in 2005, flank Blue Hill Avenue in Mattapan and define it as a gateway to Boston. ... Mission Hill is a one square mile[1] neighborhood of approximately 18,000 people in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Image of the North End, Boston neighborhood. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, bordered by Jamaica Plain, Hyde Park, West Roxbury, Mattapan and Dorchester. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts USA. It was one of the first towns founded in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and became a city in 1846 until it was annexed to Boston on January 5, 1868. ... South Boston redirects here. ... The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The West End of Boston, Massachusetts is a neighborhood bounded generally by Cambridge Street to the south, the Charles River to the west and northwest, Martha Road and Lomasney Way on the north and northeast, and Staniford Street on the west. ... Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury, Massachusetts was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts City Tour - City of Jamaica Plain. (627 words)
Jamaica Plain, more commonly known as "JP", is an historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts.
Jamaica Plain was settled by the Curtis family, circa 1640.
Jamaica Pond is a spring-fed kettle pond and at one time was a major source of water and ice.
Jamaica Plain, MA - Real Estate in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (571 words)
Jamaica Plain was originally part of the Town of Roxbury, but the secession of West Roxbury in 1851 included Jamaica Plain in the new town.
Jamaica Pond was the major water source for Boston from 1795 to 1845.
With the completion of the new Orange Line, the MDC Southwest Corridor Park (27 acres in Jamaica Plain), and the reinvestment represented by new homebuyers of houses and condominium conversions, Jamaica Plain in the 1980's became a very desirable neighborhood in which to live.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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