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Encyclopedia > Jalisco
State of Jalisco
Flag of State of Jalisco
Flag
Coat of arms of State of Jalisco
Coat of arms
Nickname: Jalisco es México
Location within Mexico
Location within Mexico
Country Flag of Mexico Mexico
Capital Guadalajara
Municipalities 126
Largest City Guadalajara
Government
 - Governor Emilio González Márquez (PAN)
 - Federal Deputies PAN: 18
PRI: 1
 - Federal Senators Eva Contreras (PAN)
Héctor Pérez (PAN)
Ramiro Hernández (PRI)
Area Ranked 6th
 - Total 79,085 km² (30,534.9 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Total 6,752,113 (Ranked 4th)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.8007 - high
Ranked 13th
ISO 3166-2 MX-JAL
Postal abbr. Jal.
Website: www.jalisco.gob.mx

Jalisco is a state of Mexico. The capital of Jalisco is the city of Guadalajara. In the 2005 census, Jalisco had a population of 6,752,113 people. Jalisco is known for being the birthplace of mariachi music and tequila. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Jalisco_coat. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... Municipal Palace of Veracruz Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative division in Mexico (where the first-level administrative division is the estado, or state). ... List of largest cities in Mexico: See also: List of cities List of Cities and States and information about them in English and Spanish (in Spanish and English) Database of all Towns, cities, municipalities, and postal codes in Mexico (in Spanish) Ranking of Mexican Cities Categories: | ... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... The United Mexican States ( Mexico) is a federal republic comprising 31 states and one federal district (the Mexican Federal District, or Distrito Federal). ... Emilio González Márquez (b. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... Eva Contreras Sandoval (b. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their total population (per year 2000 census data from INEGI). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Central Standard Time Zone (CST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting six hours from Coordinated Universal Time UTC. In the United States, the time zone includes the entire area of the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas except for El... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Central Daylight Time or CDT is the Central Time Zone (or CST) during Daylight Savings Time. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... States of Mexico colored by HDI The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their Human Development Index, as reported by the United Nations in 2004. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... The United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or Mexico) comprises 31 states (estados) and one federal district (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... This article is about the Mexican musical genre and ensemble. ... For other uses, see Tequila (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Etymology

The state's name, meaning "sandy plain," derives from the Nahuatl words xalli (meaning "sand" or "gravel") and ixtli (meaning "face," or, by extension, "plain"). Nahuatl ( [1] is a term applied to a group of related languages and dialects of the Aztecan [2] branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, indigenous to central Mexico. ...


Geography

The state of Jalisco borders the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the states of Nayarit to the northwest, Zacatecas, Durango, Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosí to the north, Guanajuato to the east, and Colima and Michoacán to the south. It has an area of 79,085 km² (30,535 sq mi). The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 20 Government  - Governor Ney González Sánchez (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 2 PRD: 1  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PRD: 1 Area Ranked 23rd  - State 26,979 km²  (10,416. ... This article is about a state of Mexico. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Aguascalientes IPA: is a state of Mexico, situated in the center of the country. ... The Mexican state of San Luis Potosí has an area of 62,848 km² (24,266 mi²). It is in the north-central part of the Mexican republic, bordered by the states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Zacatecas. ... Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Colima Municipalities 10 Largest City Manzanillo Government  - Governor Jesus Silverio Cavazos Ceballos (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PAN: 2 PRI: 1 Area Ranked 29th  - State 5,191 km²  (2,004. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Michoacán Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 113 Government  - Governor Leonel Godoy (PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRD: 8 PAN: 4  - Federal Senators Jesús Garibay García (PRD) Silvano Aureoles Conejo (PRD) Marko A. Cortés (PAN) Area Ranked 16th  - Total 59,928 km² (23,138. ...


Mexico's largest freshwater lake, Lake Chapala, lies within the boundaries of Jalisco. Lake Chapala (Spanish: Lago de Chapala) is Mexicos largest freshwater lake. ...


Government and politics

The Constitution of the State of Jalisco provides that the government of Jalisco, like the government of every other state in Mexico, formally consists of three branches: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. The Constitution of the State of Jalisco (Spanish: Constitución Política del Estado de Jalisco) is the document that describes the structure and function of the government of the State of Jalisco. ... A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. ... In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ...


Executive power rests with the Governor of Jalisco, who is directly elected through secret ballot to a 6-year term, with no possibility of reelection. Legislative power rests with the Congress of Jalisco which is a unicameral legislature composed of 40 deputies. Judicial power is invested in the Superior Court of Justice of Jalisco. Governors of the Mexican state of Jalisco. ... The Congress of the State of Jalisco is the legislative branch of the government of the State of Jalisco. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...


Municipalities and regions

Like the rest of Mexico, the state of Jalisco is divided into municipalities (communes), most of which are named after the town that serves as the municipal seat. Unlike English-language municipalities, Mexican municipalities include both a central city or town and surrounding villages, towns and rural land. Each municipio has a municipal president. The largest municipio in Jalisco is Mezquitic. The Mexican state of Jalisco is divided into 126 municipalities Categories: | ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... A presidente municipal (Spanish for municipal president) is the chief of government of municipios in Mexico. ... Mezquitic is a municipality in the north of the state of Jalisco, Mexico. ...


The municipalities are grouped into the following regions (regiones):[1]

  • Altos Norte
  • Altos Sur
  • Centro
  • Ciénega
  • Costa Norte
  • Costa Sur
  • Norte
  • Sierra de Amula
  • Sierra Occidental
  • Sur
  • Sureste
  • Valles

Demography

The population of Jalisco is around 6,753,114 inhabitants according to the 2005 INEGI census. The 2000 INEGI census indicates that there are about 4,000,000 people in the greater Guadalajara metropolitan area. The overall population growth rate for Jalisco in the 2000-2005 period was 1.8%, and it is estimated that the economically active population is 1,756,501 people.[citation needed]


The majority of Jalisco's population is of Spanish descent, including many from the Criollo caste. People of Amerindian descent, mostly of Huichol origin, make up about 0.4% of the population. In addition to those of Huichol descent, some Nahua communities exist along the coast as well as in the interior of the state near present day towns of Tenemaxtlán and Atenguillo. The state also contains a large Mestizo population, who are of mixed European and Amerindian descent, centered mostly in and to the east of Guadalajara. Criollo, in the Spanish colonial Casta system (caste system) of Latin America, was a person born in the Spanish colonies deemed to have purity of blood in respect to the individuals European ancestry. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... The Huichol are an indigenous ethnic group of Western Central Mexico that live in the Sierra Madre Occidental, in the states of Nayarit and Jalisco. ... -1... Mestizo is a Spanish term that was formerly used in the Spanish Empire and continues to be used today in Latin America to refer to people of mixed European (Spaniard) and Amerindian ancestry living in the region of Latin America. ...


Mestizos

The high population of Mestizo people in Jalisco may have a number of causes. One theory states that Spanish colonial policies favored fairer skinned Amerindians and easily accepted them into European society as long as they acculturated, which allowed for extensive mixing of the races.[citation needed] While this may have been common practice throughout the Spanish Empire, it would have been especially effective in Jalisco due to the many different indigenous tribes (estimates range from 45 to over 60) living within such a small geographic area.


In addition, banning of the Native languages and cultural traditions or migrations within Jalisco (forced or otherwise) led to mixing of many different Amerindian cultures as smaller groups were absorbed into larger groups. Jalisco was also the center of the Amerindian slave trade whereby the Spanish colonial authorities (along with their indigenous allies) raided villages and captured indigenous people for slave labor. The slaves were commonly sent to other areas of Jalisco as well as to other parts of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Some were traded as far away as New Mexico, the Philippines, and Peru), so racial mixing was extremely widespread.[2] A map of the former territories of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. ... For other uses, see New Mexico (disambiguation). ...


Tequila

Jalisco is the center of the Mexican tequila industry, and the town of Tequila, Jalisco, which gave its name to the famous liquor, is located there. The volcanic soil covering much of the state of Jalisco is particularly well suited for the cultivation of the blue agave plant, which is used as the base for tequila. For other uses, see Tequila (disambiguation). ... Tequila is a municipality in the central part of the state of Jalisco, Mexico. ... This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Binomial name Agave tequilana A. Weber Ref: ??? The tequila agave Agave Tequilana Weber Azul, often called blue agave, is an agave, a principal economic product of Jalisco state in Mexico due to its role as the base ingredient of tequila, a popular alcoholic drink. ...


See also

  • Western Mexico shaft tomb tradition

A Nayarit tableau showing a multi-layered tree with birds. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.jalisco.gob.mx/nuestroedo/Municipios/index.html
  2. ^ (Spanish) "Jalisco". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Retrieved on 2007-12-06.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Jalisco

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Jalisco (250 words)
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