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Encyclopedia > Jajce
Jajce
Јајце
[[Image:|100px|Coat of arms]]
Municipality coat of arms
Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina
General Information
Entity {{{entity}}}
Land area
Population (1991 census) 45,007
Population density
Area code +387 30
Mayor Nisvet Hrnjić (SDA)
Website http://www.opcina-jajce.ba

Jajce (Cyrillic: Јајце) is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation. It is on the crossroads between Banja Luka, Mrkonjić Grad and Donji Vakuf, on the confluence of the rivers Pliva and Vrbas. Image File history File links Jajce_Municipality_Location. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Map showing the location of this canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina Central Bosnia Canton is one of the 10 cantons of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mrkonjić-Grad (Cyrillic: Мркоњић-Град) is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Donji Vakuf is a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Pliva d. ... The Vrbaš is a major river in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

Contents

History

Jajce is a town that was first built in the 14th century and which served as the capital of the independent Bosnian kingdom during its time. The town has gates as fortifications, as well as a castle which has walls which lead to the various gates around the town, to protect the castle. When the Bosnian kingdom fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1463, Jajce was taken by the Ottomans but was retaken next year by Matthew Corvin, who was Hungarian King. About 10-20km from the Jajce castle lies the Komotin castle and town area which is older but smaller than Jajce, it is believed the town of Jajce was previously Komotin but was moved after the black death. This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Ottoman Empire, 1299]] Sultans  - 1281–1326... Events January 5 - Poet Francois Villon is banned from Paris Births January 17 - Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (died 1525) February 24 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (died 1494) October 20 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (died 1512) Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Italian patron of the arts (died 1503...


During this period, the last Bosnian queen Katarina Kosača-Kotromanić restored the Church of Saint Luke in Jajce, today the oldest church in town. Eventually, in 1527, Jajce became the last Bosnian town to fall to Ottoman rule. There are several churches and mosques built in different times during different rules, making Jajce a rather diverse town in this aspect. Look up Queen in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Katarina Kosača Katarina Kosača-Kotromanić was queen of Bosnia as the wife of Stjepan TomaÅ¡. She was a daughter of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, duke of Hum, and Jelena BalÅ¡ić, grand-daughter of Serbian Prince Lazar. ... Luke the Evangelist (Greek Λουκας Loukas) is said by tradition to be the author of both the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, the third and fifth books of the New Testament. ... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Look up Ottoman, ottoman in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Jajce gained prominence during the Second World War because it hosted the second convention of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia on November 29, 1943, a meeting that set the foundation for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia after WWII. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... AVNOJ, Antifašističko V(ij)eće Narodnog Oslobođenja Jugoslavije, stands for Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia. ... November 29 is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian and languages of other nationalities. ...


In the census of 1991, the municipality of Jajce was inhabited by 45,007 people: 17,380 (38.75%) Bosniaks, 15,811 (35.13%) Croats, 8,663 (19.25%) Serbs, 2,490 (5.53%) Yugoslavs, and 657 (1.23%) others. The town of Jajce itself had 15,454 residents, of which 36.10% Bosniaks, 24,60% Serbs, 22,10% Croats, 14,58% Yugoslavs and 2.62% others. Town itself had; 13 589 (without Carevo Polje) Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Languages Bosnian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups Slavs (South Slavs) The Bosniaks or Bosniacs[1] (Bosnian: Bošnjaci, IPA: ) are a South Slavic people, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Croatia... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ...

  • Settlement: Bos Srbs Croats Yugos Others Sum B% S% C% Y% O%
  • Basceluci 983 334 379 280 54 2030 48% 16% 19% 14% 3%
  • Kozluk 1035 46 159 116 23 1379 75% 3% 12% 8% 2%
  • Pijavice 237 505 229 139 32 1142 21% 44% 20% 12% 3%
  • Skela 499 412 616 75 15 1617 31% 25% 38% 5% 1%

In Basceluci and Kozluk Bosniaks were majority, and in Pijavice Serbs, and in Skela Croats. Source[1].


At the beginning of the Bosnian war, Jajce was inhabited by people from all ethnic groups, and was situated at a junction between areas of Serb majority to the north, Bosnian Muslim majority areas to the south-east and Croatian majority areas to the south-west. Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim...


At the end of April and the beginning of May 1992, almost all Serbs left the city and fled to territory under Bosnian Serb control Republika Srpska. In the summer of 1992, the Bosnian Serb army started heavy bombardment of the city. Serb forces entered Jajce in October 1992, apparently due to lack of cooperation between Bosnian Muslim and Croatian forces. The Bosniak and Croat population escaped through Divicani into Travnik. In the Croat counteroffensives of August-September 1995 the town was taken by Croatian forces with most of the Serb population fleeing. Jajce became part of the Muslim-Croat Federation according to the Dayton Agreement. 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde2 (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Mayor Tarih Lendo (SDA) Land area 35 km² Population 70,000 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 30 Subdivisions Website http://www. ... The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton-Paris Agreement, is the peace agreement reached at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris on December 14...


Renovation and the current look of Jajce

Jajce was heavily bombed by the JNA during the Bosnian war 1992-1995. Most of the houses and government building were totally ruined as the Serbs bombed the city in 1992. The city was under serb control then until the croatian army under operation Marshal which followed Operation_Oluja retook the city in the summer of 1995. Combatants  Croatia (HV)  Bosnia and Herzegovina (ABiH)  Republic of Serbian Krajina (VSK)  Republika Srpska (VRS) Commanders Zvonimir ÄŒervenko (HV) Atif Dudakovic (ABiH) Mile MrkÅ¡ić (VSK) Strength 150,000 soldiers, 350 tanks, 400 artillery pieces, 50 rocket launchers, 50 aircraft and helicopters 40,000 soldiers, 150 tanks, 350 artillery pieces...


After the war, renovations of the city has begun, and most of the houses now are renovated or under renovation. Sadly, because of the current situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the economy of the Jajce municipality is bad and the renovations have taken a long time.


On recent day, UNESCO have started to renovate the historical parts of the city together with a Swedish organisation named Kulturarv utan gränser (Cultural Heritage without Borders).


The main project of the Swedish company is to renovate the old traditional Bosnian houses which symbolised the panoramic view of the city and the waterfall. As of 2006, most of the houses are rebuilt but there is still work to be done.


UNESCO have just started on their work on Jajce, and their aim is to fix up the waterfall on the way that it was before the war. UNESCO also have started a project together with the Bosnians, to clean up in the fortress on the top of Jajce.


As of summer 2006, works are ongoing in the fortress where the grass and trees in the fortress are going to be cleaned up and the aim is to fix up the fortress as it was before.


There are currently some tourist projects in the city, the catacombs are open and the king and queens living quarters, the castle is also open from where visitors can look at the whole city of Jajce the soroundings and also see the prison chambers.


A new supermarket has been built since the war, the hotel renovated but the economy remains poor, the only sector that thrives is the clubbing and bar scene due to the many diaspora that returns during the summer months. In the center of the town every street has a couple of bars and caffés.


Surroundings

The waterfall in Jajce
The waterfall in Jajce

The town is also famous for its beautiful waterfall where the lake Pliva meets the river Vrbas. It was 30 meters high, but during the Bosnian war, the area was flooded and the waterfall is now 20 meters high. The flooding may have been due to an earthquake and/or attacks on the hydroelectric power plant further up the river. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 863 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jajce Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 863 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jajce Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pliva d. ... The Vrbaš is a major river in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... This is a history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... An earthquake is a result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ...


The roads and other infrastructure that connect Jajce to the villages surrounding it (part of the Jajce municipality) are in bad shape due to the wartime devastation.


Jajce also lies near Pliva lake (Plivsko jezero) and the rivers Pliva and Vrbas flow through the city. Jajce has a rich history and many remains of old times like the St Luke church and the fortress. Jajce was always known for its rich history but it was in the year 2006 that the city was first nominated to be listed as a UNESCO heritage site. It may take some years or many years, but this is evidence that even UNESCO are looking at Jajce in their future plans, and maybe the city will be a UNESCO heritage site in a couple of years.


Jajce is situated in the mountains, there is very beautiful countryside near the city of forested mountains, rivers like Vrbas and Pliva, lakes like Pliva lake and also a popular destination for the local people and perhaps some tourists, which is called Brana in the local language. When you travel through the mountain roads to the city, you may not feel very comfortable because the roads are in bad shape, but the scenery is just fantastic.


You can see forested mountains, lakes like Pliva lake, rivers and high mountains. Not far from Jajce there are mountains that are over 2000 meters high like Vlasic near the city of Travnik.


External links

  • Jajce.ba(Bosnian)
  • Everything about Jajce(Bosnian)
  • Official Website(Bosnian)
 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jajce - LoveToKnow 1911 (443 words)
JAJCE (pronounced Yaitse), a town of Bosnia, situated on the Pliva and Vrbas rivers, and at the terminus of a branch railway from Serajevo, 62 m.
Jajce occupies a conical hill, overlooking one of the finest waterfalls in Europe, where the Pliva rushes down into the Vrbas, 100 ft. below.
From 1463 to 1528 Jajce was the principal outwork of eastern Christendom against the Turks.
jajce (773 words)
Education of the members of the Society, citizens of Jajce in general and young people in particular through the mass media, round tables, seminars, special exhibitions and other public activities aimed at promoting the respect and constant concern for the cultural and natural heritage.
According to the evaluation and categorization made before the war, the urban unit of Jajce was placed under the highest level of protection which means the conservation of the cultural heritage in its original state.
Jajce gives delight to the lovers of the unspoilt natural beauties and to the admirers of the long cultural tradition.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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