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Encyclopedia > Jagiellonian University

Jagiellonian University
Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Latin: Universitas Jagellonica Cracoviensis

Motto Plus ratio quam vis (Let reason prevail over force)
Established 1364
Rector Professor Karol Musioł
Students 44,214 (2006)
Location Kraków, Poland
Address Collegium Novum
ul. Gołębia 24
31-007 Kraków
Poland
Affiliations EUA, Coimbra Group
Europaeum
Utrecht Network
Website http://www.uj.edu.pl/
For several academies alternatively called "Krakow Academy", see Education in Kraków

The Jagiellonian University (Polish: Uniwersytet Jagielloński, often shortened to UJ) is located in Kraków, Poland. It has been ranked by the Times Higher Education Supplement as the best Polish university. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings, but all of them indicate someone who is in charge of something. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... The European University Association (EUA) is the main voice of the higher education community in Europe. ... The Coimbra Group (CG) is a network of European universities that gathers 38 universities, some of which are among the oldest and most prestigious in Europe. ... The Europaeum is a loose organisation of ten leading European universities. ... The Utrecht Network consists of 28 members, representing 31 universities from European countries. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... This is a list of universities and other institutions of higher education in Kraków. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... The Times Higher Education Supplement, known as The Times Higher for short, is a newspaper based in London, United Kingdom, that reports specifically on issues related to education. ...


Originally founded as Akademia Krakowska in 1364 by Casimir III the Great, it is the second oldest university in Central Europe after the University of Prague founded 4 years earlier,[1] and one of the oldest universities in Europe. Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ... Noble Family or Dynasty Piast dynasty Coat of Arms Piast Eagle Parents Władysław I the Elbow-high, Jadwiga Kaliszka, of Gniezno and Greater Poland Consorts Aldona Ona, Adelheid of Hessen, Christina, Jadwiga of Glogow and Sagan Children 5 daughters Date of Birth 1310 Place of Birth Kowal Date... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Map of medieval European universities This is a list of the oldest extant universities in the world. ...


For the first 453 years of its history, it was known as the Cracow Academy. It was renamed in 1817 [2] to commemorate the Jagiellonian dynasty of Polish-Lithuanian kings, in accordance with the Organic Statute issued by the Organisation Commission of the Free City of Kraków established in 1815. 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... The Free City of Kraków (Polish: Wolne Miasto Kraków), also known as Republic of Kraków (Rzeczpospolita Krakowska), was a city-state created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and controlled by its three neighbors, Russia, Prussia and Austria until 1846. ...

Contents

History

Casimir III realized that the nation needed a class of educated people, especially lawyers, who could codify the laws and administer the courts and offices in the reunified state. He was also aware that the parish school network was growing and its 3,000 schools[citation needed] were short of teachers. His efforts to found an institution of higher learning in Poland were rewarded in 1364, when Pope Urban V granted him permission to open the Cracow Academy. Its development was stalled by the death of the king, and later the university was re-established (1400) by King Wladislaus Jagiełło and his wife Jadwiga. The queen donated all of her personal jewelry to the university, allowing it to enrol 203 students. By the end of the century about 18,000 students, many of them foreign, 50% of burgher origin, had passed through its gates. The faculties of astronomy, law and theology attracted eminent scholars: for example, Stanisław of Skalbmierz, Paweł Włodkowic, Jan of Głogów, and Albert Brudzewski, who from 1491 to 1495 was one of Nicolaus Copernicus's teachers. Blessed Urban V, né Guillaume Grimoard (1310 – December 19, 1370), Pope from 1362 to 1370, was a native of Grizac in Languedoc (today part of the commune of Le Pont-de-Montvert, département of Lozère). ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of... Wladislaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Jagello redirects here. ... This article is about the 14th-century queen and saint. ... Jewelry (the American spelling; spelled jewellery in Commonwealth English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ... PaweÅ‚ WÅ‚odkowic, Paulus Wladimiri (1370-1435) was a distinguished scholar, lawyer and the rector of the University of Cracow. ... Wojciech Brudzewski Albert Blar Brudzewski, also known as Wojciech Brudzewski or Albert Blar of Brudzewo (Latin: Albertus de Brudzewo) (1445 in Brudzewo, Masovia – 1497 in Vilnius) was a Polish astronomer, mathematician and prominent professor at the Akademia Krakowska in Cracow, where he stayed for twenty years. ... “Copernicus” redirects here. ...

Founding of the Academy, painting by Jan Matejko
Founding of the Academy, painting by Jan Matejko

Throughout the history of the University, thousands of students from all over Poland, from Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, Hungary, Bohemia, Germany and Spain have studied there. In the second half of the 15th century, over 40% of university students came from the countries other than the Kingdom of Poland. For several centuries, virtually the entire intellectual elite of Poland was educated at the University. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 467 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (623 × 800 pixel, file size: 192 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Założenie Szkoły Głównej przeniesieniem do Krakowa ugruntowane. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 467 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (623 × 800 pixel, file size: 192 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Założenie Szkoły Głównej przeniesieniem do Krakowa ugruntowane. ... Jan Matejko , self-portrait. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ...


The first chancellor of the university was Piotr Wysz and the first professors were Czechs, Germans and Poles, many of them trained at the Charles University in Prague in Bohemia. The university and the chancellors were partisans of the Council of Basel. Of the students attending about one third were Poles. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... The Council of Basel was a council of bishops and other ecclesiastics of the Roman Catholic Church that was held at Basel, Switzerland. ...


Johann Haller established a printing press in Krakow around 1500. By 1520 Greek philology was introduced by Constanzo Claretti, Wenzel von Hirschberg and Libanus; Hebrew was also taught. Johann Haller or Jan Haller (born 1463 in Rothenburg, died 1525) is considered to be the founder of the printing press in Poland. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1520 (MDXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Mount Lebanon (disambiguation). ...

Jagiellonian University in Krakow Old Town District

The Golden era of the University took place during the Polish Renaissance, between 1500 and 1535, when it was attended by 3215 students in the first decade of the 16th century. As the popularity declined, this record was not surpassed until the late 18th century. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Stare Miasto (English: ) refers to the central historical district of Kraków. ... The Polish Renaissance, whose influence originated in Italy, started spreading in Poland in the 15th and 16th century. ...


In 1846, after the Kraków Uprising,[3] the city and its university became part of the Austrian Empire. The threat of a closure of the University was dissipated in 1847 by the Austrian Emperor's decree to maintain it. New buildings, like the Collegium Novum opened in 1887, were added. The Kraków Uprising of February 1846 was an attempt to incite an all-Polish fight for home-rule but was in fact limited only to the Free City of Kraków. ... Anthem Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) The Austrian Empire Capital Vienna Language(s) German Hungarian Romanian Czech Slovakian Slovenian Croatian Serbian Italian Polish Ruthenian Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Ausgleich 1867 The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was a modern era successor empire founded... Collegium Novum, front entrance Collegium Novum (Latin for New College) is the Neo-Gothic main building of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland, built in 1873-1887. ...


Nowadays, the administrative offices including those of the Rector and Deans are located at the historic Collegium Novum.


Alumni

Monument to Nicolaus Copernicus next to the Jagiellonian University's Collegium Novum (New College) in Kraków.
Monument to Nicolaus Copernicus next to the Jagiellonian University's Collegium Novum (New College) in Kraków.

Famous historical figures connected with the University: Download high resolution version (563x996, 264 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (563x996, 264 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Monument (disambiguation). ... “Copernicus” redirects here. ... Collegium Novum, front entrance Collegium Novum (Latin for New College) is the Neo-Gothic main building of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland, built in 1873-1887. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ...

John Cantius Saint John Cantius (b. ... Jan DÅ‚ugosz Jan DÅ‚ugosz, also known as Joannes Longinus or Joannes Dlugossius (1415-1480) was a Polish historian (a chronicler) and a secretary of Bishop Zbigniew OleÅ›nicki of Kraków. ... “Copernicus” redirects here. ... Heliocentric Solar System Heliocentrism (lower panel) in comparison to the geocentric model (upper panel) In astronomy, heliocentrism is the theory that the sun is at the centre of the Universe and/or the Solar System. ... FranciÅ¡ak Skaryna (or Skoryna; the first name also spelled as Francis, Franciszak, Frantsiszak, Francisk, Frantzisk, Francysk; Belarusian: ) was a Belarusian famous for being the printer of the first book in an Eastern Slavic language. ... Belarusian is the language of the Belarusian nation. ... Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski (Andreus Fricius Modrevius) (ca. ... // Marcin Kromer Marcin Kromer (German: Martin Cromer or Kromer, 1512-89) was a Prince-Bishop of Warmia, cartographer, diplomat and historian in Poland and later in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Prince-Bishop was the title given bishops who held secular powers, beside their inherent clerical power. ... Prince Bishops / Bishops of Warmia: 1250-1274 Anselm of Meissen 1278-1300 Heinrich I Fleming 1301-1326 Eberhard of Neisse 1327-1328 Jordan 1329-1334 Heinrich II Wogenap 1337-1349 Herman of Prague 1350-1355 Joannes I of Meissen 1355-1373 Joannes II Stryprock 1373-1401 Heinrich III Sorbom 1401... Jan Kochanowski Jan Kochanowski (1530 - August 22, 1584) was a Polish Renaissance poet and writer. ... Polish (jÄ™zyk polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... Noble Family Koniecpolski Coat of Arms Pobóg Parents Aleksander Koniecpolski Anna Sroczycka Consorts Katarzyna Żółkiewska (1615) Krystyna Lubomirska (1619) Zofia OpaliÅ„ska (1656) Children Aleksander Koniecpolski Date of Birth 1590/1594 Place of Birth Koniecpol Date of Death March 11, 1646 Place of Death Brody StanisÅ‚aw Koniecpolski, (1590... Hetman`s coat of arms Hetman StanisÅ‚aw Koniecpolski of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Hetman was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1569 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Consorts Marie... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... // For siege of Vienna in 1529 see Siege of Vienna Combatants Holy League: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria, Saxony, Franconia, Swabia, Bavaria Ottoman Empire, Khanate of Crimea, Transylvania, Wallachia, Moldavia Commanders John III Sobieski, Charles V of Lorraine Kara Mustafa Pasha Strength 70,000, (10,000 during siege) 138,000, (200... Austrian School economist Carl Menger Carl Menger Carl Menger (February 28, 1840 – February 26, 1921) was the founder of the Austrian School of economics. ... The Austrian School, also known as the Vienna School or the Psychological School, is a school of economic thought that advocates adherence to strict methodological individualism. ... WacÅ‚aw Franciszek SierpiÅ„ski (March 14, 1882 — October 21, 1969), a Polish mathematician, was born and died in Warsaw. ... Henryk SÅ‚awik (1894-1944) was a Polish politician, diplomat, and social worker who during World War II helped save 5,000 Hungarian and Polish Jews from Budapest by giving them false Polish passports. ... Righteous Among the Nations (Hebrew: חסידי אומות העולם, Hasidei Umot HaOlam), in contemporary usage, is a term often used to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust in order to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Tadeusz Pankiewicz (November 21, 1908, Samborze, Poland - November 5, 1993), Polish pharmacist in the Kraków Ghetto, a Righteous Among the Nations who rescued Jews during the Holocaust. ... Righteous Among the Nations (Hebrew: חסידי אומות העולם, Hasidei Umot HaOlam), in contemporary usage, is a term often used to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust in order to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis. ... Deportation of Jews from the Kraków Ghetto, March 1943 The Jewish ghetto in Kraków (Cracow) was one of the five main ghettos created by the Nazis in the General Government, during their occupation of Poland during World War II. It was a staging point to begin dividing able... Józef Cyrankiewicz (April 23, 1911 - January 20, 1989) was a Polish communist political figure. ... Antoni KÄ™piÅ„ski (b. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope (from Latin... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      This article... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Zbigniew Czajkowski (born 5 February 1921 in Lwów) - One of the most famous and accomplished fencing coaches in the modern sport, Czajkowski has been dubbed Father of the Polish School of fencing. ... StanisÅ‚aw Lem ( , September 12, 1921 – March 27, 2006) was a Polish science fiction, philosophical and satirical writer. ... WisÅ‚awa Szymborska WisÅ‚awa Szymborska (IPA: [], born July 2, 1923, Bnin - now a district of Kórnik), Poland) is a Polish poet, essayist and translator. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... Norman Davies, Warsaw (Poland), October 7, 2004 Norman Davies (born June 8, 1939 in Bolton, Lancashire) is an English historian of Welsh descent, noted for his publications on the history of Poland, Europe and the British Isles. ... Krzysztof Zanussi, (b. ...

Famous professors

  • Stanisław of Skarbimierz (1360-1431), rector, theologian, lawyer
  • Paweł Włodkowic (1370-1435), lawyer, diplomat and politician, representative of Poland on the Council of Constance
  • Albert Brudzewski (1445-1497), astronomer and mathematician
  • Maciej Miechowita (1457-1523), historian, chronicler, geographer, medic
  • Jan Brożek (1585-1652), mathematician, physician and astronomer
  • Walery Jaworski (1849–1924), gastroenterologist
  • Tadeusz Sulimirski (1898-1983), historian and archaeologist, experts on the ancient Sarmatians

Stanislaw of Skarbimierz (1360-1431) - from 1400 rector of Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland. ... Paweł Włodkowic, Paulus Wladimiri (1370-1435) was a distinguished scholar, lawyer and the rector of the University of Cracow. ... The Council of Constance was an ecumenical council considered valid by the Roman Catholic Church. ... Wojciech Brudzewski Albert Blar Brudzewski, also known as Wojciech Brudzewski or Albert Blar of Brudzewo (Latin: Albertus de Brudzewo) (1445 in Brudzewo, Masovia – 1497 in Vilnius) was a Polish astronomer, mathematician and prominent professor at the Akademia Krakowska in Cracow, where he stayed for twenty years. ... Maciej Miechowita Maciej Miechowita (also known as Maciej z Miechowa, Maciej of Miechów, Maciej Karpiga, Matthias de Miechow) (1457 - 8 September 1523) was a Polish renaissance scholar, professor of Jagiellonian University, historian, chronicler, geographer, medical doctor (royal physician of king Zygmunt I the Old of Poland), alchemist[1], astrologist... Jan Brożek Jan Brożek (Joannes Broscius) (b. ... Walery Jaworski (1849-1924), Polish astroenterologist, one of the pioneers of gastroenterology in Poland. ... Tadeusz Sulimirski (1898–1983) was a Polish-born historian and archaeologist, who emigrated to the United Kingdom in 1939. ... Sarmatia Europea in Scythia map 1697 AD Sarmatia Europæa separated from Sarmatia Asiatica by the Tanais (the River Don), based on Greek literary sources, in a map printed in London, ca 1770 Great steppe in early spring. ...

Enrollment

With 42,325 (2005) students and 3605 scientists it is one of the leading universities in Poland. The school also enjoys an exclusive exchange program with The Catholic University of America and its Columbus School of Law.[4] Through this program there are a significant amount of students from the United States that study at the university. The Catholic University of America (abbreviated CUA), located in Washington, D.C., is unique as the national university of the Roman Catholic Church and as the only higher education institution founded by U.S. Roman Catholic bishops. ... The Columbus School of Law is the law school of The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1897. ...


Library

The university's Jagiellonian Library (Biblioteka Jagiellońska) is one of the largest in the country, with almost 5.5 million volumes. It has a large collection of medieval manuscripts [5], for example Copernicus' De Revolutionibus or Balthasar Behem Codex. Biblioteka JagielloÅ„ska Main entrance to the library Copernicus De Revolutionibus is one of many priceless possessions of the library Jagiellonian Library (Polish: , popular nickname Jagiellonka) is the library of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków and with almost 5. ... Nicolaus Copernicus (in Latin; Polish Mikołaj Kopernik, German Nikolaus Kopernikus - February 19, 1473 – May 24, 1543) was a Polish astronomer, mathematician and economist who developed a heliocentric (Sun-centered) theory of the solar system in a form detailed enough to make it scientifically useful. ... The privileges and statutes of the city of Krakow and its guilds were collected in the 1505 Balthasar Behem Codex, named for the chancellor at the time. ...


It also gathered the underground literature (so called drugi obieg or samizdat) from the period of communist rule (1945-1989). Samizdat, book published by Pathfinder Press containing a collection of forbidden Trotskyist Samizdat texts. ...


Organization

Globus Jagellonicus - made in 1510 is the first known globe to mention the name of America.

The university is divided in 15 faculties: Download high resolution version (903x485, 205 KB)Globus Jagellonicus This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (903x485, 205 KB)Globus Jagellonicus This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Globus Jagellonicus The Globus Jagellonicus was the first known globe to mention the name America. ... Year 1510 (MDX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 - February 22, 1512) was an Italian merchant, explorer and cartographer. ...

  • Law and Administration
  • Medicine
  • Pharmacy and Medical Analysis
  • Health Care
  • Philosophy
  • History
  • Philology
  • Polish Language and Literature
  • Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science
  • Mathematics and Computer Science
  • Chemistry
  • Biology and Earth Sciences
  • Management and Social Communication
  • International and Political Studies
  • Biotechnology

Since 2000 the university is building a new complex of university buildings, the so-called Third Campus.


Note

  1. ^ The Jagiellonian University at York University homepage [1]
  2. ^ Jagiellonian University (homepage), "Calendar" [2]

York University (French: Université York), located in Toronto, Ontario, is Canadas third-largest university and has produced several of the countrys top leaders in the fields of law, politics, business, space sciences, and fine arts. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Official Homepage

Coordinates: 50°3′39″N, 19°55′58″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jagiellonian University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (586 words)
Jagiellonian University (Polish: Uniwersytet Jagielloński, often shortened to UJ) is a university in Krakow, Poland.
The university and the chancellors were partisans of the Council of Basel.
Golden era of the University took place during the Polish Renaissance, between 1500 and 1535, when it was attended by 3215 students in the first decade of the 16th century - a record not surpassed until the late 18th century.
Jagiellonian University - definition of Jagiellonian University in Encyclopedia (507 words)
Jagiellonian University (Polish: Uniwersytet Jagielloński) is a university in Krakow, Poland.
Its development was stalled by death of the king, and later the university was re-established (1400) by King Wladislaus Jagiello and his wife Hedwig.
The first chancellor of the university was Peter Wysz and the first professors were Czechs, Germans and Poles, many of them trained at the University of Prague in Bohemia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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