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Encyclopedia > Jaffrey, New Hampshire
Jaffrey, New Hampshire
Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°48′50″N 72°01′23″W / 42.81389, -72.02306
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Cheshire County
Incorporated 1773
Government
 - Board of Selectmen Rick Lambert, Chairman
G. Clay Hollister
Franklin Sterling
Area
 - Town  40.0 sq mi (103.7 km²)
 - Land  38.3 sq mi (99.2 km²)
 - Water  1.7 sq mi (4.5 km²)
Elevation  991 ft (302 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 5,476
 - Density 143.0/sq mi (55.2/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
Website: town.jaffrey.nh.us

Jaffrey is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, USA. The population was 5,476 at the 2000 census. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cheshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. ... In political geography and international politics, a country is a political division of a geographical entity, a sovereign territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation and government. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... List of New Hampshire counties: New Hampshire counties Belknap County: formed in 1840 from parts of Merrimack County and Strafford County. ... Cheshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. ... In local government, incorporation occurs when municipalities such as cities, towns, townships, villages, and boroughs become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... EDT (shown in yellow) is UTC-4 The Eastern Time Zone of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Cheshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ...

Contents

History

Meetinghouse in c. 1905
Meetinghouse in c. 1905

First granted in 1736 to soldiers from Rowley, Massachusetts returning from the war in Canada, the town was known as "Rowley-Canada." In 1749, the town was re-chartered by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth as "Monadnock No. 2," sometimes called "Middle Monadnock" or "Middletown." It was one of the first towns established under the New Hampshire proprietors' purchase of undivided lands under the Masonian claim. Image File history File links Town_House,_East_Jaffrey,_NH.jpg Summary Town House, built in 1775, East Jaffrey, NH; from a c. ... Image File history File links Town_House,_East_Jaffrey,_NH.jpg Summary Town House, built in 1775, East Jaffrey, NH; from a c. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... Settled: 1638 â€“ Incorporated: 1639 Zip Code(s): 01969 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ... Benning Wentworth (1696–1770) was the colonial governor of New Hampshire from (1741-1766). ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... Captain John Mason (1586–1635) was born in Norfolk. ...


Settled about 1758, the town was regranted in 1767. It would be incorporated in 1773 by Governor John Wentworth, and named for George Jaffrey, member of a prominent Portsmouth family. Jaffrey's son was a life trustee of Dartmouth College, and designer of the official college seal. The Contoocook River provided water power for mills. Village prosperity would be expressed in fine antique architecture, including the Town Meetinghouse, built in 1775. 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... John Wentworth (1737-1820) was the British colonial governor of New Hampshire at the time of the American Revolution. ... Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Rockingham County Incorporated 1653 Mayor Steve Marchand City manager John P. Bohenko Area    - City 43. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, in the United States. ... The Contoocook River is a 71 mile long river in New Hampshire. ... Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ... Section of the dome of Florence Cathedral. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Baker House, oldest in Jaffrey, in c. 1907
Baker House, oldest in Jaffrey, in c. 1907

Beginning in the 1840s, the area's scenic beauty attracted tourists, and several summer hotels were built at the base of Mount Monadnock, enduringly popular with hikers. Some who scaled the summit were Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau and Rudyard Kipling. The experience inspired Emerson in 1845 to write the poem, "Monadnoc." Image File history File links Old_Baker_Home,_Jaffrey,_NH.jpg Summary Old Baker Home, oldest house in Jaffrey, NH; from a c. ... Image File history File links Old_Baker_Home,_Jaffrey,_NH.jpg Summary Old Baker Home, oldest house in Jaffrey, NH; from a c. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... // First use of general anesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long The first electrical telegraph sent by Samuel Morse on May 24, 1844 from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.. First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi, Northland New Zealand. ... Mount Monadnock, or Grand Monadnock, is a 3,165 foot (965 m) peak in southwestern New Hampshire that has drawn attention for years by its relative isolation from other mountains. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ... Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau[1]) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance... This article is about the British author. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Jaffrey was the setting for a 1950 biography by Elizabeth Yates entitled "Amos Fortune, Free Man," winner of the 1951 Newbery Medal. Amos Fortune was an African-born slave who purchased his freedom and that of his wife, and established a tannery in the village. He is buried in the local cemetery, together with bandbox craftswoman, Hannah Davis, and author, Willa Cather, who was a summer resident. Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elizabeth Yates (December 6, 1905 - July 29, 2001) was a prolific American author. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children of the American Library Association (ALA) to the author of the outstanding American book for children. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Tanned leather in Marrakech This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Willa Cather photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1936 Wilella Sibert Cather (December 7, 1873[1] – April 24, 1947) is among the most eminent American authors. ...


Jaffrey was the inspiration for a chapter in Parliament of Whores by PJ O'Rourke, who was a resident for several years. P.J. ORourke Patrick Jake ORourke (born November 14, 1947) is an American political satirist, journalist, and writer. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 103.7 km² (40.0 mi²). 99.2 km² (38.3 mi²) of it is land and 4.5 km² (1.7 mi²) of it is water, comprising 4.32% of the town. Thorndike Pond is in the north, and Contoocook Lake is on the southern boundary. Mount Monadnock, elevation 3,165 feet (965 meters) above sea level and the highest point in Jaffrey, is in the northwest. Jaffrey lies mostly within the Merrimack River watershed, via the Contoocook River in the eastern part of the town, with the northwest corner of town lying in the Ashuelot River watershed.[1] The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Thorndike Pond is a 249-acre water body located in Cheshire County in southwestern New Hampshire, in the towns of Jaffrey and Dublin. ... Contoocook Lake is a 380-acre water body located in Cheshire County in southwestern New Hampshire, United States, in the towns of Jaffrey and Rindge. ... Mount Monadnock, or Grand Monadnock, is a 3,165 foot (965 m) peak in southwestern New Hampshire that has drawn attention for years by its relative isolation from other mountains. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Merrimack River watershed The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used) is a -long river in the Northeastern United States. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The Contoocook River is a 71 mile long river in New Hampshire. ... The Ashuelot River is a tributary of the Connecticut River, approximately 64 mi (102 km) long, in southwestern New Hampshire in the United States. ...


Located in southeast Cheshire County, the town of Jaffrey is bordered by Dublin to the north, Peterborough and Sharon to the east (both part of Hillsborough County), Rindge to the south, and Troy and Marlborough to the west. Cheshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. ... Dublin is a town located in Cheshire County, New Hampshire. ... Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Hillsborough County Incorporated 1760  - Board of Selectmen Joe Byk, Chairman Gene Kellogg Elizabeth Thomas Area    - Town  38. ... Sharon is a town located in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. ... Hillsborough County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. ... Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Cheshire County Incorporated 1768  - Board of Selectmen Arthur C. Fiorelli Timothy Halliday Patricia Lang Barry Area    - Town  40. ... Troy is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, USA. The population was 1,962 at the 2000 census. ... Marlborough is a town located in Cheshire County, New Hampshire. ...


Demographics

This article describes the town of Jaffrey as a whole. Additional demographic details are available that describe only the main settlement within the town, although those details are included in the aggregate values reported here. See: Jaffrey (CDP), New Hampshire. Jaffrey CDP is a census-designated place (CDP) within the town of Jaffrey located in Cheshire County, New Hampshire. ...

Original schoolhouse in c. 1907
Original schoolhouse in c. 1907

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,476 people, 2,120 households, and 1,464 families residing in the town. The population density was 55.2/km² (143.0/mi²). There were 2,352 housing units at an average density of 23.7 persons/km² (61.4 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.32% White, 0.42% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image File history File links Old_Schoolhouse,_Jaffrey,_NH.jpg Summary Old Schoolhouse in c. ... Image File history File links Old_Schoolhouse,_Jaffrey,_NH.jpg Summary Old Schoolhouse in c. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Chief Quanah Parker of the Quahadi Comanche Native Americans in the United States (also Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are those indigenous peoples within the territory which is now encompassed by the continental United States, and their descendants in... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Hispanic flag, not widely used. ... // The term Latino is a linguistic identity that refers to an individual that has significant ancestry from a nation-state where a Latin derived language is spoken or is the offical language of the government. ...


There were 2,120 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 11.3% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 30.9% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98. “Spouse” redirects here. ...

Jaffrey Public Library & Soldiers' Monument in 1912
Jaffrey Public Library & Soldiers' Monument in 1912
Clay Library in 2006
Clay Library in 2006

In the town the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males. Image File history File links Library,_Jaffrey,_NH.jpg Summary Clay Library and Soldiers Monument in 1912, Jaffrey, NH; from an old postcard. ... Image File history File links Library,_Jaffrey,_NH.jpg Summary Clay Library and Soldiers Monument in 1912, Jaffrey, NH; from an old postcard. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The median income for a household in the town was $45,033, and the median income for a family was $48,703. Males had a median income of $35,349 versus $26,773 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,412. 7.8% of the population and 3.8% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 10.2% are under the age of 18 and 10.0% are 65 or older. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


School System

Jaffrey, along with Rindge, NH, is part of the Jaffrey-Rindge Cooperative School District, also known as SAU 47. The public schools in the town are Jaffrey Grade School (grades K-5), Jaffrey-Rindge Middle School (6-8), and Conant High School (9-12). There is also a parochial school, St. Patrick School (K-8), as well as a private high school, Victory High School (9-12). Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Cheshire County Incorporated 1768  - Board of Selectmen Arthur C. Fiorelli Timothy Halliday Patricia Lang Barry Area    - Town  40. ... Name James B. Conant High School Address 700 E. Cougar Trail Town Hoffman Estates, Illinois Established 1964 Type Public Secondary Religion No Affiliation Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 District 211 Nickname Cougars Colors Blue & White with a hint of scarlet Website www. ...


Since 1997, there has been debate over the necessity of a new high school due to increasing enrollment.[1] Overcrowding is said to be a problem, but voters have failed to pass votes for a new one. Six modular classrooms (two at the high school, four at the middle school) are currently rented to accommodate students. In 2005, voters passed a bill to add an addition onto the existing middle school, update the science laboratories in the high school, and construct a running track in place of existing wetlands. The whole project is scheduled to be completed in 2008.[2] Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  1. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ Town of Jaffrey. "2004 Economic Development Plan", 2004. Retrieved on 2006-2-28. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jaffrey, New Hampshire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (721 words)
Jaffrey was the setting for a 1950 biography by Elizabeth Yates entitled "Amos Fortune, Free Man," winner of the 1951 Newbery Medal.
Jaffrey was the inspiration for a chapter in Parliament of Whores by PJ O'Rourke, who was a resident for several years.
Located in southeast Cheshire County, the town of Jaffrey is bordered by Dublin to the north, Peterborough and Sharon to the east (both part of Hillsborough County), Rindge to the south, and Troy and Marlborough to the west.
Jaffrey, New Hampshire, NH, real estate (904 words)
Climate: New Hampshire’s weather is as varied as its terrain, boasting the beauty of four very different seasons.
Government: New Hampshire’s state capitol is Concord, situated along the Merrimack River in the south central region of the state.
Taxes: Many people are drawn to New Hampshire for the lack of a state income tax and the lack of a sales tax.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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