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Encyclopedia > Jaffna Nagas

The Northern part of the Indian Ocean's Island(today's Sri Lanka)throve during the Naga Kingdom from 6th century BC to the middle of the 3rd century AD. Nagas were a group who spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ...


The Jaffna Nagas

Naga people were of Tibeto-Burman origin, a Mongoloid race and migrated to India in 4000 BC, driven by some political disturbances from Central Asia through the North Eastern frontier of the Himalayan mountain range. The Nagas were a prominent non-Aryan race in India and their names are still extant in various parts of India.The Nagas were dependent on the sea for their living and established trade with India, and developed art and culture. They also worshipped serpents, which is in the icon of Lord Siva. Naga people The Naga people of about two and half million are found in Nagaland, parts of Manipur, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar. ... The Tibeto-Burman linguistic subfamily of the proposed Sino-Tibetan language family is spoken in various central and south Asian countries: Myanmar (Burmese language), Tibet (Tibetan language), northern Thailand (Mong language), Nepal, Bhutan, India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and the Ladakh region of... Typical Mongoloid Skull A portrait of the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan; the Mongolians, for which the term Mongoloid was named after, are an example of the prototype Northern Mongoloid. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Himalayan can refer to: Himalaya, the mountains: Himalayan (cat), the type of cat Himalayan, the breed of rabbit This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Aryan () is an English language word derived from the Sanskrit and Iranian terms ārya-, the extended form aryāna-, ari- and/or arya- (Sanskrit: आर्य, Persian: آریا). Beyond its use as the ethnic self-designation of the Proto-Indo-Iranians, the meaning noble/spiritual one has been attached to it in Sanskrit... Serpent can be any of the following: The reptile commonly called snake. ... Lord Śiva. ...


The Naga Kingdom was flourishing in various parts of the North of Island and the Jaffna Peninsula. Naga means East and Nagas are easterners or Mongoloid people. It is said that Lord Buddha visited Jaffna to resolve a crisis over a jewel between the Naga chieftains and introduced Buddhism to them. Archeological findings in Kantharodai, Nagadeepa, Nagar Kovil and Vallipuram areas in the Jaffna Peninsula are evidence to prove the existence of Buddhism. Long before Buddhism crept into some areas of the Jaffna peninsula the Nagas who lived in Jaffna were worshiping Lord Shiva. The Nagas were good sea traders and Ptolemy, the famous Greek-speaking geographer and astronomer who lived in Roman Egypt between 85 A.D. and 165 A.D. and travelled around the world observed that one of the oldest seaports of the Island was in the Northern part of the Jaffna Peninsula and was used since 6th century B.C. The Chieftains is an Irish musical group founded in 1962, known for performing and popularizing Irish traditional music. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, which is also a philosophy and a system of psychology[]. Buddhism is also known as Buddha Dharma or Dhamma, which means the teachings of the Awakened One in Sanskrit and Pali, the languages of ancient Buddhist texts. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; c. ... A geographer is a crazy psycho whose area of study is geocrap, the pseudoscientific study of Earths physical environment and human habitat and the study of boring students to death. ... An astronomer or astrophysicist is a person whose area of interest is astronomy or astrophysics. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Yakshapatnam or Yashapatnam may be the origin of Yazhpatnam and later Yazhpanam. It means 'the City of the Yakshas'. Similar names are also found nearby. Eg: Iyakkachi, Nagar Kovil, and Nagapatnam.


Yakshas, a tribal group also were living in isolation with Nagas together in the Jaffna Peninsula. Yakkas mean Yaksha and most probably they are the Negritoid people who lived along the western coast. Both Yakshas and Nagas are mentioned in Mahabharatham and Ramayana and they not only lived in Lanka, but also throughout South Asia. As such Nagas from Nagaland are also linked very much to these Nagas and they are mostly of South East Asian origin. Mathura , 1st-2nd century CE Greek scroll supported by Indian Yaksha, Amaravati, 3rd century CE, Tokyo National Museum. ... Tribal refers to a culture or society based on tribes or clans. ... Mathura , 1st-2nd century CE Greek scroll supported by Indian Yaksha, Amaravati, 3rd century CE, Tokyo National Museum. ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), is one of the three major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the others being the Ramayana and the Bhagavatam. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Nagaland (Hindi: नागालैंड)   Nagaland is a vibrant hill state located in the far northeastern part of India. ...


The ‘Yakkas’, possibly early immigrants to the Island, were numerous and very powerful, and held themselves aloof and confined themselves mostly to the mountain fastnesses of the North- Central region of the Island, whereas the 'Nagas' confined themselves to the seaboard. Ptolemy called the Mahaweli River as "Phasis fluvius", which means the Persian river, indicating that the Yakkas who dwelt there, were connected to the Persia. This place now is called Pasi Kudah and is a tourist resort which may have been an ancient seaport. The river he mentioins is most probably the longitudinal lagoon which extends for hundreds of miles parallel to the seashore along the coast. Kuveni was the queen of Yakkhas and became the consort of Prince Vijaya(B.C. 543-504) who eventually bacame the first Indo-Aryan king of Sri Lanka with the Kalinga ancestry. Later he married a princess from the Dravidian Kingdom of Pandy in South India. Kuveni, Banda, Elara and Gemunu names are of eastern African origin and found in Malawi and Zimbabwe. Certain Bantu names are common in Sinhalese. Shona grammar is similar to Tamil and Sinhalese. Mahaweli Ganga is the longest river in Sri Lanka. ... Look up Persian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Kuveni was the queen of Yakkhas of ancient Lanka. ... The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for the member of the highest aristocracy. ... There is a story about Vijaya and his men landing on the shores of Sri-Lanka. ... Kalinga is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Dravidian may refer to: Dravidian languages, including the Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada languages spoken especially in southern India and Sri Lanka. ... The Pandyan kingdom பாண்டியர் was an ancient Tamil state in South India of unknown antiquity. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (dull yellow) vs. ... Shona is the principle language of Zimbabwe, in southern Africa. ...


Though the Nagas ruled the North of the Island, a formal Jaffna Kingdom came into being by the ambitions of two chieftains, one Kalinga Magha from Orissa, India and Chandrabhanu from Malacca in the Malay Straits region of Malaysia. Chieftain from Kalinga who was recorded by the Mahavamsa chronicle to have been the destroyer of the Sinhalese civilization of the North of Sri Lanka. ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh State anthem: Melaka Maju Jaya Capital Malacca Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertua Negeri Mohd Khalil Yaakob  - Ketua Menteri Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam History    - Malacca Sultanate 13th century   - Portuguese control 24 August 1511   - Dutch control 1641   - British control 17 March 1824   - Japanese Occupation 1942-1946... This wide-angle map of south-east Asia shows that the Strait is the most direct route from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific. ...


In 1215 the aggressive Kalinga Maga conquered Sri Lanka with his powerful army from Kalinga. Kalinga was an ancient Indo – Aryan Kingdom of central-eastern India, in the province of Orissa. The kingdom had a formidable maritime empire with trading routes linking Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Borneo, Bali, Sumatra and Java. Colonists from Kalinga settled in far away places such as Sri Lanka, Burma as well as the Indonesian archipelago. Even today Indians are referred to as "Klings" in Malaysia because of the early Indian invasions from Kalinga into Malaysia. Many Sri Lankan kings, both Sinhalese and Tamil, claimed to have descended from Kalinga dynasties. Orissa   (Devanagari: उड़ीसा) is a state situated in the east coast of India. ... From the latin maritimus, maritime refers to things relating to the sea. ... What exactly constitutes an Empire (from the Latin imperium, denoting military command within the ancient Roman government) is a topic of intense debate within the scholarly community. ... Borneo (left) and Sulawesi. ... This is the current Indonesian Collaboration of the week. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Tamil (Thamizh) is a classical language of the Dravidian language family. ... A dynasty is a family or extended family which retains political power across generations, or more generally, any organization which extends dominance in its field even as its particular members change. ...


The Yakkas and Nagas might have become the outcasts as bondsmen and slaves, after the Indo-Aryan immigrants conquered them and became the lords and aristocrats. And finally they might have assimilated within the dominant society. The Nagas' religious practices are still prevailing among the Tamils in Jaffna and other parts of the island. They have a great faith on serpents and worship by offering milk and eggs. Still they don't keep Garuda (Falcon)'s pictures at home as the Garudas have eternal enmity towards serpents. In India, the demi-god tribe called Suparnas (in which Garuda belonged) was arch-rivals of the Nagas. The customs and practices of the Nagas are still prevailing among a section of Sinhalese who were assimilated originally from Nagas in various parts of the Island. When the Hispania arrived on the borders of the Sirius Sector (just outside Omicron Alpha), a suspected Coalition spy set off a powerful bomb on the inside of the sleeper ship, causing critical internal damage. ... The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ... The Media Centre at Lords Cricket Ground Lords Cricket Ground is a cricket ground in St Johns Wood in London. ... See aristocracy (social studies; social classes). ... Assimilation, from Latin assimilatio meaning to render similar, is used to describe various phenomena: The process of assimilating new ideas into a schema (cognitive structure). ... The word dominant has several possible meanings: In music theory, the dominant or dominant note (second most important) of a key is that which is a perfect fifth above the tonic; in just intonation the note whose pitch is 1. ... Religious is a term with both a technical definition and folk use. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Species About 37; see text. ... Eternal can refer to: The British R&B group Eternal Eternals, the Marvel Comics characters created by Jack Kirby The eternity puzzle The concept of eternity The philosophical notion of the incorporeal, or immaterial realm. ... An enemy or foe is a relativist term for an entity that is seen as forcefully adverse or threatening. ... A demigod, a half-god, is a person whose one parent was a god and whose other parent was a human. ... The Suparnas were probably the Falcon worshipping or falcor rearing Iranians who conquered the Naga territories of north west India. ... Customs duty is a tariff or tax on the import or export of goods. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Jaffna Peninsula under Kalinga Maga's rule was the worst marauding regime that had existed in the Island according to historians.


References

  • THE JAFFNA PENINSULAR
  • LankaLibrary Forum
  • The 16 PLACES OF VENERATION
  • Sojourn in Jaffna : A traveller's paradise
  • PAXLanka
  • Nallur Rajadhani: City Layout
  • Comintg to Terms with the Tamils
  • Lord Buddha's three visits
  • The story of Lanka: sifting facts from folklore and legend
  • The Horizon
  • THE VIJAYAN LEGEND AND THE ARYAN MYTH
  • The original inhabitants of Lanka: Yakkas & Nagas
  • Origin of the Sinhala race
  • The Extent of the Influence of Tamil on the Malay Language: A Comparative Study

 
 

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