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Encyclopedia > Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

In office
January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963
Preceded by Mamie Eisenhower
Succeeded by Lady Bird Johnson

Born July 28, 1929(1929-07-28)
Southampton, New York, U.S.
Died May 19, 1994 (aged 64) (cancer)
New York, New York, U.S.
Spouse John F. Kennedy (1953–63)
Aristotle Onassis (1968–75)
Relations John Vernou Bouvier III and Janet Norton Lee
Children Arabella, Caroline, John and Patrick Kennedy
Occupation First Lady of the United States, Doubleday editor
Religion Roman Catholic

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (July 28, 1929May 19, 1994) was the wife of United States President John F. Kennedy from 1953 to his death in 1963. She served as First Lady of the United States from 1961 until her husband's assassination. She was married to Aristotle Onassis from 1968 until his death in 1975. In later years she had a successful career as a book editor. She preferred her first name to be pronounced in the French manner (IPA: /ʒækˈliːn/).[1] After her marriage to Kennedy she was known as Jacqueline Kennedy or Jackie Kennedy; upon her marriage to Onassis and thereafter she was known as Jacqueline Onassis, Jackie Onassis, or more informally as Jackie O. Simpsons redirects here. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 472 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (935 × 1187 pixel, file size: 167 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Official White House portrait of former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy. ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower (November 14, 1896 – November 1, 1979) was the wife of General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and First Lady of the United States from 1953 to 1961. ... Claudia Alta Lady Bird Taylor Johnson (December 22, 1912 – July 11, 2007)[1] was First Lady of the United States from 1963 to 1969, having been the wife of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Aristotelis Sokratis (also Ari) Onassis (in Greek, Αριστοτέλης Ωνάσης) (January 20, 1900 – March 15, 1975) was the most famous shipping magnate of the 20th century. ... John Vernou Bouvier III (1892–1957) was a Wall Street stockbroker who was the father of the late former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and her younger sister, Lee Radziwill. ... Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss Morris (December 3, 1907–July 22, 1989) was the mother of United States First Lady Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis; she often stood in for her daughter as hostess for official White House functions; although as a social climber, she often felt that her daughter... Caroline Bouvier Kennedy (born November 27, 1957) is the daughter of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline. ... John F. Kennedy Jr. ... For other persons named Patrick Kennedy, see Patrick Kennedy (disambiguation). ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... It has been suggested that The Crime Club be merged into this article or section. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... For other uses, see President (disambiguation). ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... Aristotelis Sokratis (also Ari) Onassis (in Greek, Αριστοτέλης Ωνάσης) (January 20, 1900 – March 15, 1975) was the most famous shipping magnate of the 20th century. ...

Contents

Early Life

Jacqueline was born in Southampton, New York, in a world of wealth and privilege. She was the daughter of Wall Street Stockbroker, John Vernou Bouvier III and his wife Janet Norton Lee. She had a younger sister, Caroline Lee, born in 1933, and later known as Lee Radziwill. Southampton, New York is the name of three entities on Long Island in Suffolk County, New York in the United States. ... John Vernou Bouvier III (1892–1957) was a Wall Street stockbroker who was the father of the late former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and her younger sister, Lee Radziwill. ... Janet Norton Lee Bouvier Auchincloss Morris (December 3, 1906—July 22, 1989) was the mother of United States First Lady Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis; she often stood in for her daughter as hostess for official White House functions, although as a socially conscious woman, she often felt that her... Caroline Lee Bouvier Canfield Radziwiłł Ross (born March 3, 1933 in Southampton, New York) is an American socialite, public relations executive, and former actress, best known as Lee Radziwill. ...


The name "Jacqueline Lee" commemorated both sides of her family — "Jacqueline" celebrating three generations of "Jacks" on her father's side and "Lee" celebrating the surname of her maternal grandparents. In attempts to get on the social register both sides of her family were to make exaggerations about their heritage, with Bouviers making claims they descended from the royal Fontaines in France and the Lees declaring they were part of the "Virginia Lees".[2] She was of mostly Irish, Scottish, and English descent; her French paternal ancestry is distant, with her last French ancestor being Michel Bouvier, a Philadelphia-based cabinetmaker who was her great grandfather. Specific to the United States, the Social Register is a directory of names and addresses of the powerful and wealthy individuals who form the social elite, though until recently not necessarily the political or corporate elite; inclusion in the Social Register was formerly a guide to the members of polite...


Jacqueline spent her early years between New York City and Easthampton, New York at the Bouvier Family estate "Lasata", where she became at a very early age an accomplished equestrienne. As a child, she also enjoyed drawing, reading, and writing poems. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... East Hampton, New York can refer to: East Hampton (town), New York, a town in Suffolk County, New York, USA East Hampton (village), New York, a village in the town of East Hampton, Suffolk County, New York, USA Category: ... Lasata in 2007 Photos of Jackie at Lasata appear in Young Jackie Lasata was the girlhood summer home of First Lady of the United States Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in East Hampton, New York until she was about 12. ...


Her father was a playboy whose womanizing led to her parents' divorce in 1940. While he never remarried, her mother married her second husband, Standard Oil heir Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr. in 1942, and had two children with him, Janet Auchincloss Jennings and James Auchincloss. Jacqueline lived with her mother's new family, dividing her time between her stepfather's two vast estates, Merrywood in Mclean, Virginia, and Hammersmith Farm, in Newport, Rhode Island. In later years, Jacqueline's mother married Bingham Morris. Standard Oil was a predominant integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ... Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. ... Boundaries of the McLean CDP as of 2003. ... Hammersmith Farm is located in Newport, Rhode Island and was the childhood home to Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. ... Newport, Rhode Island Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ...


Education, introduction to society, and first job

Jacqueline entered Chapin in New York City in 1935 for kindergarten and the early years of grammar school. From 1942 to 1944 she attended the Holton-Arms School in Washington, DC through her first year of high school; she transferred to Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut for the remainder of high school, graduating in 1947. She spent her first two years of college at Vassar in Poughkeepsie, New York, and spent her junior year (1949-1950) in France at the University of Grenoble and The Sorbonne in a program through Smith College. She returned to The George Washington University in Washington, D.C., graduating in 1951 with a B.A in French Literature[3] Holton-Arms is a prestigious independent college-preparatory school for girls in grades 3–12 dedicated to the “education not only of the mind, but of the soul and spirit. ... Miss Porters School, sometimes simply referred to as Farmington, is a preparatory school for girls, located in Farmington, Connecticut. ... Coordinates: NECTA Hartford Region Capitol Region Incorporated 1645 Government  - Type Council-manager  - Town manager Kathleen Eagen  - Council chairman Michael Clark Area  - City 74. ... Vassar College is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college situated in the town of Poughkeepsie, New York, USA. Founded as a womens college in 1861, it was the first member of the Seven Sisters to become coeducational. ... Poughkeepsie City of Poughkeepsie Town of Poughkeepsie Poughkeepsie, Arkansas This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Grenoble (Franco-Provençal: Grenoblo) is a city and commune in south-east France situated at the foot of the Alps where the Drac joins the Isère River. ... Inscription over the entrance to the Sorbonne The front of the Sorbonne Building Sorbonne Place The name Sorbonne (La Sorbonne) is commonly used to refer to the historic University of Paris in Paris, France or one of its successor institutions (see below), but this is a recent usage, and Sorbonne... Smith College is a private, independent womens liberal arts college located in Northampton, Massachusetts. ... The George Washington University (GW) is a private, coeducational university located in Washington, D.C., United States. ...


Jacqueline was named "Debutante of the Year" for the 1947–48 season. A debutante (or deb) (from the French débutante, female beginner) is a young lady from an aristocratic or upper class family who has reached the age of maturity, and as a new adult, is introduced to society at a formal presentation known as her debut or coming out. Originally...


In 1951, she took her first job as the "Inquiring Camera Girl" for The Washington Times-Herald. Her job was to ask witty questions of people she met in Washington, D.C. The questions and amusing responses would then appear alongside the interviewee's photograph in the newspaper. During that period she was briefly engaged to a young stockbroker, John Husted, but the engagement was called off after three months. The Washington Times-Herald was an American daily newspaper once published in Washington, D.C.. The Times-Herald was created by the 1939 merger of two former Hearst dailies, the Times (not to be confused with the current Washington Times) and the Herald. ... John G.W. Husted Jr. ...


Kennedy marriage and family

Jacqueline Kennedy at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island on the day of her wedding in 1953.
Jacqueline Kennedy at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island on the day of her wedding in 1953.

Jacqueline Bouvier and then Congressman John Kennedy were in the same social circle and attended the same functions several times between 1948 and 1952 including a wedding of a mutual friend on Long Island in 1948, a dinner party in May 1951 at the home of Charles and Martha Bartlett in Washington, DC, and a large event in Palm Beach, Florida in the winter of 1951. After her engagement with Husted was called off, the Bartletts hosted another dinner party on May 8, 1952 and her romance with Kennedy began. [4] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 408 × 599 pixels Full resolution (2424 × 3559 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 408 × 599 pixels Full resolution (2424 × 3559 pixel, file size: 1. ... Being largely seasonal, downtown Palm Beachs streets are virtually vacant in the summer. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


They were married on September 12, 1953, at Newport, Rhode Island. The wedding was considered the social event of the season with an estimated 700 guests at the ceremony and 900 at the lavish reception that followed at Hammersmith Farm. Her wedding dress was created by the Afro-American designer, Ann Lowe of New York City.[5] The dress is now housed in the Kennedy Library in Boston, Massachusetts. is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Newport, Rhode Island Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ...


After a brief honeymoon, they returned to Washington, DC. Behind all the glamour, however, Jacqueline found it hard to adjust to the demands of political life and the pressure put on her by the Kennedy family. Her husband had serious health issues, suffering from Addison's Disease, and from crippling back pain from a wartime injury. He underwent two spinal surgeries which proved almost fatal due to complications. While he was recovering from the surgeries, Jacqueline encouraged him to write a book, Profiles in Courage, which is about several U.S. senators who had risked their careers to fight for the things in which they believed. The book was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1957. Addisons disease(also known as chronic adrenal insufficiency, hypocortisolism or hypocorticism) is a rare endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gland produces insufficient amounts of steroid hormones (glucocorticoids and often mineralocorticoids). ... Profiles in Courage book cover Profiles in Courage is a book written by John F. Kennedy, describing acts of bravery and integrity by eight United States Senators from throughout the Senates history. ...


Jacqueline was fond of her father-in-law, Joseph P. Kennedy, and the affection was returned. He saw the great PR potential of her as a politician's wife. Jackie's relationship with Rose Kennedy was more distant. She was also close to her brother-in-law Bobby. Yet she was not fond of the competitive, sporty, and somewhat abrasive nature of the Kennedy clan. She was quieter and more reserved. She preferred to have time alone with John rather than with him and the entire family. The Kennedy sisters nicknamed her "the deb", and Jacqueline was always reluctant to join in the traditional family touch-football games. Once she broke her ankle in a game of touch-football with them. Joseph Joe Patrick Kennedy, Sr. ... Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (July 22 , 1890 - January 22, 1995) married into the Kennedy family and became its matriarch in the second half of the 20th century, when its members helped shape American politics. ... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ...


Eager to start a family, Jacqueline suffered a miscarriage in 1955 and gave birth to a stillborn baby girl in 1956, while her husband was away vacationing. This sad event led to a brief separation, but the couple reconciled and moved in a townhouse on N Street in Georgetown. Jacqueline successfully gave birth to a second daughter, Caroline, in 1957, and to a son, John, in 1960, both via Caesarean section. Georgetown is a neighborhood of Washington, DC, the capital of the United States. ... A caesarean section (AE cesarean section), or c-section, is a form of childbirth in which a surgical incision is made through a mothers abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more babies. ...

Name Birth Death Notes
Arabella Kennedy August 23, 1956 August 23, 1956 Stillborn daughter
Caroline Bouvier Kennedy November 27, 1957 Married to Edwin Schlossberg; has two daughters and a son. She is the last surviving child of Jacqueline and John F. Kennedy.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr. November 25, 1960 July 16, 1999 Married to Carolyn Bessette. Both Kennedy and Bessette died in plane crash, as did sister-in-law Lauren Bessette on July 16, 1999, off Martha's Vineyard in a Piper Saratoga II HP piloted by Kennedy.
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy August 7, 1963 August 9, 1963 Died from hyaline membrane disease, which is now more commonly called respiratory distress syndrome.

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994) was the wife of John F. Kennedy from 1953 to 1963 and was known as Jacqueline Kennedy or Jackie Kennedy. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Caroline Bouvier Kennedy (born November 27, 1957) is the daughter of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... John F. Kennedy Jr. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy (January 7, 1966 _ July 16, 1999) was born Carolyn Jeanne Bessette, the daughter of William J. Bessette and his then-wife, née Ann Messina. ... For other persons named Patrick Kennedy, see Patrick Kennedy (disambiguation). ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... There are two forms of respiratory distress syndrome: ARDS, which is acute (or adult) respiratory distress syndrome or infant respiratory distress syndrome which is a complication of premature birth. ... There are two forms of respiratory distress syndrome: ARDS, which is acute (or adult) respiratory distress syndrome or infant respiratory distress syndrome which is a complication of premature birth. ...

Candidate's wife

Jacqueline Kennedy campaigning alongside her husband in Appleton, Wisconsin, in March 1960
Jacqueline Kennedy campaigning alongside her husband in Appleton, Wisconsin, in March 1960

In January 1960, Senator John Kennedy announced his candidacy for Presidency of the United States, and began campaigning around the country. Jackie took an active role in the campaign, even speaking to grocery store shoppers over the PA system in one town. In Appleton, Wisconsin, she signed autographs for junior high school students, commenting that her signature would be more legible than Jack's. Campaigning in West Virginia hit Jacqueline the hardest, as she had not witnessed that degree of poverty before. Later, in the White House, when the need for new glassware came up, Jackie suggested that Morgantown Glassware from the impoverished state supply it. Image File history File links Jfk-appleton. ... Image File history File links Jfk-appleton. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ...


Shortly after, Jacqueline learned that she was pregnant and due to previous problem pregnancies, her doctor instructed her to stay at home. From Georgetown, Jacqueline helped her husband by answering thousands of campaign letters, taping TV commercials, giving interviews both televised and printed and by writing a weekly newspaper column, Campaign Wife, which was distributed across the country. She was assisted by her personal secretary, Mary Barelli Gallagher.[6] See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... A television advertisement is a span of television programming produced and paid for by an organisation that conveys a message. ... For other uses, see Interview (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Secretary (disambiguation). ...


First Lady of the United States

Celebrity status

Mrs. Kennedy, the president, André Malraux, Marie-Madeleine Lioux Malraux, Lyndon B. Johnson and Lady Bird Johnson having just descended the White House Grand Staircase on their way to a dinner with the French cultural minister, May 1962. Mrs. Kennedy wears a gown designed by Guy Douvier for Christian Dior.
Mrs. Kennedy, the president, André Malraux, Marie-Madeleine Lioux Malraux, Lyndon B. Johnson and Lady Bird Johnson having just descended the White House Grand Staircase on their way to a dinner with the French cultural minister, May 1962. Mrs. Kennedy wears a gown designed by Guy Douvier for Christian Dior.

In the general election on November 8, 1960, John F. Kennedy narrowly beat Republican Richard Nixon in the 1960 presidential election. Two weeks later, Jacqueline gave birth to a son, John, by Caesarean delivery. She toured the White House shortly after with Mamie Eisenhower walking her around the vast house, but never telling her there was a wheelchair for her use.[7] At age 31, she was one of the youngest First Ladies in history, just behind Frances Folsom Cleveland and Julia Tyler. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (647x652, 52 KB) John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy with French Culture Minister André Malraux. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (647x652, 52 KB) John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy with French Culture Minister André Malraux. ... André Malraux, French author, adventurer, and statesman André Malraux (November 3, 1901 – November 23, 1976) was a French author, adventurer and statesman, and a dominant figure in French politics and culture. ... LBJ redirects here. ... Claudia Alta Lady Bird Taylor Johnson (December 22, 1912 – July 11, 2007)[1] was First Lady of the United States from 1963 to 1969, having been the wife of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. ... Christian Dior (January 21, 1905 – October 23, 1957), was an influential French fashion designer. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nixon redirects here. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower (November 14, 1896 – November 1, 1979) was the wife of General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and First Lady of the United States from 1953 to 1961. ... Frances Folsom Cleveland (July 21, 1864 – October 29, 1947), wife of Grover Cleveland, was First Lady of the United States from 1886 to 1889 and 1893 to 1897. ... White House portrait Julia Gardiner Tyler (July 23, 1820 - July 10, 1889), second wife of John Tyler, was First Lady of the United States from June 26, 1844 to March 4, 1845. ...


She was a stark contrast from her recent predecessors who were all much older. She was not only young and attractive, but intelligent and cultivated, and possessed an innate sense of style and elegance. Though she was sometimes criticized for her aloofness, expensive tastes, and European ways, the American public quickly took to her, and made her its idol. Like any First Lady, she was forced into the public spotlight with everything in her life under scrutiny. While she did not mind giving interviews or being photographed, she was worried about the effect it would have on her children. Jacqueline was determined to protect them from the press and give them a normal childhood.


Social success and relations with foreign leaders

Mrs. Kennedy planned numerous social events that brought the First Couple into the nation's cultural spotlight. She had also invited artists, writers, scientists, poets, and musicians to mingle with politicians, diplomats, and statesmen. She spoke fluent French. This appreciation for art, music, and culture marked a new chapter in American history. Jackie's skill at entertaining gave White House events the reputation of being magical. For instance, when she orchestrated a dinner at Mount Vernon in honor of Pakistan's President Ayub Khan, whom President Kennedy wanted to honor for his role in supporting the U.S. in a recent crisis, she banished large U-shaped dining tables, replacing them with smaller round tables that seated eight. Her social graces were legendary, as can be noted from the way she communicated with Charles De Gaulle in Paris and Nikita Khruschev in Vienna. The President's summit in Vienna turned out to be a disaster, but the Premier's enjoyment of Mrs. Kennedy's company was subsequently deemed one of the few positive outcomes. When Soviet Premier Khrushchev was asked to shake President Kennedy's hand for a photo, the Communist leader said, "I'd like to shake her hand first."[8] This article is about a Pakistani military officer. ... This article is about the person. ... Nikita Khrushchev in 1962 Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: Ники́та Серге́евич Хрущёв) (nih-KEE-tah khroo-SHCHYOFF) (April 17, 1894 – September 11, 1971) was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ...


French influence in the Kennedy White House

Due in part to her French ancestry, Jacqueline had always felt a bond with France, which was reinforced by her education there. This was a love that would later be reflected in many aspects of her life, such as the menus she chose for White House State Dinners and her taste in clothing and love of ballet. She chose French interior designer Stéphane Boudin of Maison Jansen to consult on the White House Restoration and decoration of the private family quarters on the second and third floors of the Executive Mansion. Mrs. Kennedy recruited a Vietnamese-born French chef to become White House chef. State dinners in different countries follow different rules and are governed by different protocols. ... Stéphane Boudin, 1888–1967, French interior designer and president of Maison Jansen (House of Jansen) the Paris based international interior decorating office. ... The White House Red Room as designed by Stéphane Boudin during the administration of John F. Kennedy. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ...


White House restoration

The White House Blue Room as redecorated by Stéphane Boudin in 1962. Boudin chose the period of the Madison administration, returning much of the original French Empire style furniture.
The White House Blue Room as redecorated by Stéphane Boudin in 1962. Boudin chose the period of the Madison administration, returning much of the original French Empire style furniture.

The restoration of the White House was Jacqueline Kennedy's first major project. She was dismayed during her pre-inauguration tour of the White House to find little of historic significance in the house. The rooms were furnished with undistinguished pieces that she felt lacked a sense of history. Her first efforts, begun her first day in residence (with the help of society decorator Sister Parish), were to make the family quarters attractive and suitable for family life and included the addition of a kitchen on the family floor and rooms for her children. Upon almost immediately exhausting the funds appropriated for this effort, she established a fine arts committee to oversee and fund the restoration process; she also asked early American furniture expert Henry du Pont to consult. Image File history File links BoudinBlueRoom. ... Image File history File links BoudinBlueRoom. ... The Blue Room, looking toward the southeast. ... For other persons named James Madison, see James Madison (disambiguation). ... Sister Parish (born Dorothy May Kinnicutt, 1910-1994) was an American interior decorator. ... Henry Francis du Pont (1880-1969), was an American horticulturist and a member of the prominent Du Pont family. ...


Her skillful management of this project was hardly noted at the time, except in terms of gossipy shock at repeated repainting of a room, or the high cost of the antique Zuber wallpaper panels installed in the family dining room ($12,000 in donated funds), but later accounts have noted that she managed the conflicting agendas of Parish, du Pont, and Boudin with seamless success; she initiated publication of the first White House guidebook, whose sales further funded the restoration; she initiated a Congressional bill establishing that White House furnishings would be the property of the Smithsonian Institution, rather than available to departing ex-presidents to claim as their own; and she wrote personal requests to those who owned pieces of historical interest that might be donated to the White House. The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ...


On February 14, 1962, Mrs. Kennedy took American television viewers on a tour of the White House with Charles Collingwood of CBS. In the tour she said, "I just feel that everything in the White House should be the best — the entertainment that's given here. If it's an American company you can help, I like to do that. If not — just as long as it's the best." Working with Rachel Lambert Mellon, Mrs. Kennedy oversaw redesign and replanting of the White House Rose Garden and the East Garden, which was renamed the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden after her husband's assassination. Jacqueline Kennedy's efforts on behalf of restoration and preservation at the White House left a lasting legacy in the form of the White House Historical Association, the Committee for the Preservation of the White House which was based upon her White House Furnishings Committee, a permanent Curator of the White House, the White House Endowment Trust, and the White House Acquisition Trust. is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... Charles Collingwood (June 4, 1917 - October 3, 1985) was a CBS television newscaster. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... The tulips are in full bloom in the Rose Garden at the White House, April 20, 2005. ... Spring in the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden. ... The wordmark of the White House Historical Association incorporates calligraphic script with serif capitals. ... The White House Red Room before refurbishment during the administration of Bill Clinton. ... The Curator of the White House, or less formally White House Curator, is head of the White House Office of the Curator which is charged with the preservation and study of the collection of art, furniture and decorative objects used to furnish both the public and private rooms of the... The White House Endowment Trust, sometimes also called the White House Endowment Fund, is a private, non-profit, tax-exempt fund established to finance the ongoing restoration and refurbishment of the state rooms at the White House, the official home and principal workplace of the President of the United States. ... The White House Acquisition Trust is a private, non-profit, tax-exempt fund established to finance the purchase of fine art and decorative arts for the White House, the official home and principal workplace of the President of the United States. ...


Foreign Policy

Tour of France

Before the Kennedys visited France, a television special was shot in French with Jackie on the White House lawn. When the First Couple visited France, she'd already won the hearts of the French people, impressing Charles de Gaulle and the French public with her ability to speak French. At the conclusion of the visit, Time magazine seemed delighted with the First Lady and noted, "There was also that fellow who came with her." Even President Kennedy joked, "I am the man who accompanied Jacqueline Kennedy to Paris — and I have enjoyed it!" TIME redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Tour of India and Pakistan

Pakistani President Ayub Khan and Jacqueline Kennedy with Sardar.
Pakistani President Ayub Khan and Jacqueline Kennedy with Sardar.

At the urging of John Kenneth Galbraith, President Kennedy's ambassador to India, Mrs. Kennedy undertook a tour of India and Pakistan, taking her sister Lee Radziwill along with her, which was amply documented in photojournalism of the time as well as in Galbraith's journals and memoirs. At the time, Ambassador Galbraith noted a considerable disjunction between Mrs Kennedy's widely-noted concern with clothes and other frivolity and, on personal acquaintance, her considerable intellect. Image File history File links Jackiesardar. ... Image File history File links Jackiesardar. ... This article is about a Pakistani military officer. ... For other uses, see Sardar (disambiguation). ... John Kenneth Galbraith John Kenneth Galbraith (October 15, 1908–April 29, 2006) was an influential Canadian-American economist. ... Caroline Lee Bouvier Canfield Radziwiłł Ross (born March 3, 1933 in Southampton, New York) is an American socialite, public relations executive, and former actress, best known as Lee Radziwill. ...


While in Karachi she found some time to take a ride on a camel with her sister.[9] In Lahore, Pakistani President Ayub Khan presented Mrs. Kennedy with a much-photographed horse, Sardar (the Urdu term meaning ‘leader’). Subsequently this gift was widely misattributed to the king of Saudi Arabia, including in the various recollections of the Kennedy White House years by President Kennedy's friend, journalist and editor Benjamin Bradlee. It has never become clear whether this general misattribution of the gift was carelessness or a deliberate effort to deflect attention from the USA's preference for Pakistan over India.[10] While at a reception for herself at Shalimar Gardens, Mrs. Kennedy told guests "all my life I've dreamed of coming to the Shalimar Gardens. It's even lovelier than I'd dreamed. I only wish my husband could be with me."[11] While in Lahore, she had a friendly chat with Iranian Empress Farah Pahlavi, whom many compared to Mrs. Kennedy.   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... This article is about a Pakistani military officer. ... For other uses, see Sardar (disambiguation). ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (born August 26, 1921) is the vice president of the Washington Post. ... The Shalimar Gardens (Urdu: شالیمار باغ), sometimes written Shalamar Gardens, were built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore, modern day Pakistan. ... Official State portrait of Empress Farah of Iran, taken during the visit of American president Richard Nixon to Iran on May 30, 1972. ...


Death of an infant son

Early in 1963, Jacqueline became pregnant again, and curtailed her official duties. She spent most of the summer in the Kennedy family's Cape Cod compound at Hyannis Port, where she went into premature labor on August 7, 1963. She gave birth to a baby boy , named Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, via emergency Caesarian section at Otis Air Force Base, five and one-half weeks early. Because his lungs were not fully developed, Patrick could not breathe and he was air-lifted to Boston Children's Hospital where he was placed in an oxygen-rich, pressurized room. He died of Hyaline Membrane disease (now known as Respiratory Distress Syndrome) on August 9, 1963. The couple was devastated by the loss of their infant son, and that tragedy brought them closer together than ever before. This article is about the area of Massachusetts known as Cape Cod. For other uses, see Cape Cod (disambiguation). ... Hyannis Port (or Hyannisport) is a small community on Cape Cod, Massachussetts. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Patrick Kennedy, see Patrick Kennedy (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Childrens Hospital Boston is a childrens hospital located in the Longwood Medical and Academic Area of Boston, Massachusetts. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...


Shortly after, Jacqueline, still despondent at the loss of Patrick, received an invitation, through her sister Lee, to a Mediterranean cruise aboard Aristotle Onassis's luxury yacht. Despite concerns of the President's entourage over possible bad publicity it might bring, Jacqueline and her sister went on the cruise along with Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. and his wife. Upon her return, feeling reinvigorated, she made her first public appearance at the White House in the middle of November 1963 and decided to accompany her husband on an official pre re-election campaign visit to Texas. The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Aristotelis Sokratis (also Ari) Onassis (in Greek, Αριστοτέλης Ωνάσης) (January 20, 1900 – March 15, 1975) was the most famous shipping magnate of the 20th century. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ...


Assassination and funeral of John F. Kennedy

The Presidential limousine before the assassination. Jacqueline is in the back seat to the President's left.

On November 21, 1963 they left Andrews Air Force Base, first stopped in San Antonio, and then went to Houston where they toured NASA facilities. Their last stop that day was in Ft. Worth. After a breakfast the next day, November 22, with the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce at The Hotel Texas, President and Mrs. Kennedy flew to Dallas's Love Field. A short motorcade was to take them to the Trademart where he was scheduled to speak. Jackie was seated next to her husband in the limousine when he was shot and mortally wounded in Dealey Plaza. Vice President Johnson and his wife followed in another car in the motorcade. After the President was hit, Jacqueline climbed out of the back seat and crawled toward the Secret Service agent who was at the back. After his death she refused to remove her blood-stained clothing, and regretted having washed the blood off of her face and hands. She continued to wear the famous stained pink suit as she stood next to Johnson on board the plane when he took the oath of office as President. She told Lady Bird Johnson, "I want them to see what they have done to Jack".[12] John F. Kennedy The assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 PM Central Standard Time (18:30 UTC). ... Image File history File links JFKmotorcade. ... Image File history File links JFKmotorcade. ... The Presidential State Car carrying President George W. Bush The Presidential State Car is a name that can be given to several limousines used by the President of the United States. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Emblem of the AFDW Andrews Air Force Base (ICAO code KADW) is a United States Air Force base near Washington, DC and the home base of the U.S. presidential aircraft, Air Force One. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Bexar County Government  - Mayor Phil Hardberger Area  - City  412. ... Houston redirects here. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... Fort Worth is the sixth-largest city in the state of Texas, located about 30 miles west of Dallas on the West Fork Trinity River and forming part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dallas Love Field (IATA: DAL, ICAO: KDAL, FAA LID: DAL) is a public airport located five miles (8 km) northwest of the central business district (CBD) of the City of Dallas, in Dallas County, Texas, USA. The airport covers 1,300 acres and has three runways. ... Motorcade for the British Queen Elizabeth II in Koblenz 1964 A motorcade is a procession of cars carrying VIPs, especially political figures. ... Kennedy Assassination redirects here. ... Claudia Alta Lady Bird Taylor Johnson (December 22, 1912 – July 11, 2007)[1] was First Lady of the United States from 1963 to 1969, having been the wife of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. ...

Jacqueline Kennedy, Robert Kennedy, John Jr., Caroline, and Peter Lawford depart the U.S. Capitol after a lying-in-state ceremony for John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 24 November 1963

Jacqueline took an active role in planning the details of the state funeral for her husband including the riderless horse and Lincoln catafalque on which his coffin rested in the Capitol rotunda. She led the nation in mourning as the President lay in repose at the White House and then lay in state in the Capitol. The funeral service was held for the President at St. Matthew's Cathedral. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery and Jackie was the first to light the eternal flame at the grave site, which had been created at her request. Lady Jean Campbell reported back to The London Evening Standard: "Jacqueline Kennedy has given the American people… one thing they have always lacked: majesty."[13] Image File history File links ARC194186. ... Image File history File links ARC194186. ... Look up catafalque in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An aerial view of the casket of JFK during his funeral at St. ... The Cathedral of St. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Evening Standard is a newspaper published in London. ...


Following the assassination, she stepped back from official public view. She was spared the ordeal of appearing at the trial of Lee Harvey Oswald, due to his murder while in police custody on November 24, 1963. She did, however, make a brief appearance in Washington to honor the Secret Service agent, Clint Hill, who had climbed aboard the limousine in Dallas to try to shield her and the President. Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was, according to four United States government investigations, the assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... USSS redirects here. ... Secret Service agent Clint Hill riding behind the presidents limousine moments before Kennedy was shot. ...


Life following the assassination

A week after the assassination, the President's widow was interviewed in Hyannisport on November 29 by Theodore H. White of Life magazine. In that session, she compared the Kennedy years in the White House to King Arthur's mythical Camelot, commenting that the President often played the title song of Lerner and Loewe's musical recording before retiring to bed. She also quoted Queen Guinevere from the musical, trying to express how the loss felt. "Now he is a legend when he would have preferred to be a man." Hyannis is a village in the city of Barnstable, Massachusetts. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Theodore H. White (May 6, 1915 - May 15, 1986) was an American political writer and journalist whose book about the 1960 U.S. Presidential election became a surprise best-seller and won the Pulitzer Prize. ... A cover of Life Magazine from 1911 Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States. ... For other uses, see King Arthur (disambiguation). ... This article is about the mythical castle. ... Lerner and Loewe is a designation for the musical comedy writing team of lyricist and librettist Alan Jay Lerner and composer Frederick Loewe. ... For other uses, see Guinevere (disambiguation). ...


The steadiness and courage of Jacqueline Kennedy during the assassination and funeral won her admiration around the world. Following his death, Jackie and her children remained in their quarters in the White House for two weeks, preparing to vacate. Johnson made several phone calls that were recorded via Dictabelt from the Oval Office to Jackie in the residence; the two also shared several letters and notes back and forth through messengers after the assassination. In the first call on December 2, 1963, she told him that she knew how rare it was to have something in a President's handwriting and that she now had more in his handwriting than she did in Jack's. The President encouraged her to come and visit with him to spend time talking. is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...


After spending the winter of 1964 in Averill Harriman's home in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C., Jackie decided to purchase a luxury apartment at 1040 Fifth Avenue in New York in the hope of having more privacy for her children. She sold the home she had built in Atoka, Virginia, where she had intended to retire with her husband. She spent a year in mourning, making no public appearances, then zealously guarded her privacy. During this time, her daughter Caroline told her school teacher that her mother cried frequently. William Averell Harriman William Averell Harriman (November 15, 1891 – July 26, 1986) was a Governor of New York. ...


She perpetuated her husband's memory by visiting his grave site on important anniversaries and attending selected memorial dedications. These included the 1967 christening of the Navy aircraft carrier named USS John F. Kennedy (decommissioned in 2007), in Newport News, Virginia, and a memorial in Hyannisport, Massachusetts. In May 1965, Jacqueline Kennedy and Queen Elizabeth II jointly dedicated the United Kingdom's official memorial to President Kennedy at Runnymede, England. This memorial included several acres of soil given in perpetuity from the United Kingdom to the United States of America on the meadow where the Magna Carta had been signed by King John in 1215. The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault ship USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and recover aircraft, acting as a sea-going airbase. ... USS (CVA/CV-67) (or Big John) is a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier. ... Hyannis is a village in the city of Barnstable, Massachusetts. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Location of Runnymede at grid reference SU998727 in the United Kingdom Runnymede is a water-meadow alongside the River Thames in the county of Surrey, England, associated with the signing of the Magna Carta and today the site of a collection of memorials. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the English charter issued in 1215. ... This article is about the King of England. ...


She oversaw plans for the establishment of the John F. Kennedy Library, which is the repository for official papers of the Kennedy Administration. Original plans to have the library situated in Cambridge, Massachusetts, near Harvard University, proved problematic for various reasons, so it is situated in Boston. The finished library, designed by I.M. Pei, includes a museum and was dedicated in Boston in 1979 by President Jimmy Carter, nearly 16 years after the assassination. The governments of many nations donated money to erect the library, in addition to corporate and private donations. The John F Kennedy Library The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Library is the presidential library and museum of U.S. President John F. Kennedy. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - Total 7. ... Harvard redirects here. ... Ieoh Ming Pei (貝聿銘 pinyin Bèi Yùmíng) is a Chinese American architect born in Suzhou, China on April 26, 1917. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ...


Onassis marriage

On October 20, 1968, Jacqueline Kennedy married Aristotle Onassis, a Greek shipping tycoon, on Skorpios, Greece. Following this, her legal name was changed to Jacqueline Onassis. Four and a half months earlier her brother-in-law, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, had been assassinated in Los Angeles. At that point, Jacqueline feared that the Kennedys were being "targeted", and that she and her children had to leave the United States. Marriage to Onassis appeared to make sense: he had the money and power to give her the protection she needed, while she had the social cachet he craved. He allegedly ended his affair with opera diva Maria Callas to marry her. Jacqueline gave up Secret Service protection and franking privilege, to which a widow of a president of the United States is entitled, after her marriage to Onassis. is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aristotelis Sokratis (also Ari) Onassis (in Greek, Αριστοτέλης Ωνάσης) (January 20, 1900 – March 15, 1975) was the most famous shipping magnate of the 20th century. ... Skorpios is an island in the Ionian Sea off the western coast of Greece. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Maria Callas in a casual moment, 1960s Maria Callas (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας) (December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was an American born, Greek dramatic coloratura soprano and perhaps the best-known opera singer of the post-World War II period. ... Franking is also the passing of franking credits to shareholders in countries that have dividend imputation to reduce or eliminate double taxation of company profits. ...


For a time, the marriage brought her adverse publicity and seemed to tarnish the image of the grieving presidential widow. However, others viewed the marriage as a positive symbol of the "modern American woman" who would not be afraid to look after her own financial interests and to protect her family. The marriage initially seemed successful, but stresses soon became apparent. The couple rarely spent time together. Though Onassis got along with Caroline and John, Jr. (his son Alexander introduced John to flying; coincidentally, both would die in plane crashes), Jacqueline did not get along with stepdaughter Christina Onassis. She spent most of her time traveling and shopping. Alexander Onassis (20 April 1948-23 January 1973) was the only son of Aristotle Onassis and Athina Livanos (alternate spelling: Livanou), also known as Tina. ... Christina Onassis (Greek: Χριστίνα Ωνάση) (December 11, 1950 – November 19, 1988) was the daughter of the billionaire Aristotle Onassis and Athina Livanos. ...


In the 1970s, the First Lady's sister Lee Radziwill discussed creating a documentary with Albert and David Maysles about Jacqueline's girlhood in East Hampton. At about the same time, Jackie's aunt on her father's side Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale "Big Edie" and her daughter "Little Edie" received unwanted national attention when the National Enquirer ran an expose on the deplorable conditions of their East Hampton mansion, Grey Gardens. The Suffolk County, New York Board of Health made a raid ordering them to clean up the property which was falling into disrepair and was being overrun with feral cats. Jacqueline donated $32,000 to clean the house and install a new furnace and plumbing system and cart away 1,000 bags of garbage. The Maysles interviewed the Edies and showed the footage of Radziwill who confiscated the film.[14] The Maysles changed the focus of their documentary to be the Edies instead of the First Lady, and it has become the cult documentary Grey Gardens. David and Albert Maysles Brothers Albert and David Maysles were a documentary filmmaking team whose films include Salesman, Gimme Shelter and Grey Gardens. ... Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale (October 5, 1894-February 5, 1977), aunt of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, made world headlines for the deplorable conditions of her mansion and eccentric relationship with her daughter Edith Bouvier Beale that was highlighted in the documentary Grey Gardens. ... Edith Bouvier Beale (November 7, 1917 – January 14, 2002) was a first cousin of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill. ... The National Enquirer is a national American supermarket tabloid. ... For other uses, see Grey Gardens (disambiguation). ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... For other uses, see Grey Gardens (disambiguation). ...


Jacqueline was with her children in New York when Onassis died in 1975. Her legacy was severely limited by a rumored prenuptial agreement and by legislation that Onassis had allegedly persuaded the Greek government to approve, which limited how much a non-Greek surviving spouse could inherit. Jacqueline eventually accepted Christina's offer of $26,000,000, waiving all other claims to the Onassis estate. A prenuptial agreement or antenuptial agreement, commonly abbreviated to prenup or prenupt, is a contract entered into by two people prior to marriage or civil union. ...


Later Years

Life and career in New York

Jackie Kennedy's Official White House Portrait
Jackie Kennedy's Official White House Portrait

Onassis's death in 1975 made Jacqueline, then 46, a widow for the second time. Now that her children were older, she decided to find work that would be fulfilling to her. Since she had always enjoyed writing and literature, Jacqueline accepted a job offer as an editor at Viking Press and then, in 1978, moved to Doubleday as an associate editor under an old friend, John Sargent, living in New York City, Martha's Vineyard and the Kennedy Compound in Hyannis, Massachusetts. From the mid 1970s until her death, her companion was Maurice Tempelsman, a Belgian-born industrialist and diamond merchant who was long separated from his wife. [15] Image File history File links Jacqueline_Lee_Bouvier_Kennedy. ... Image File history File links Jacqueline_Lee_Bouvier_Kennedy. ... Viking Press was founded on March 1, 1925, in New York City, by Harold K. Guinzburg and George S. Oppenheim. ... It has been suggested that The Crime Club be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Map of Marthas Vineyard. ... The Kennedy Compound consists of about 6 acres (24,000 m²) of waterfront property along Nantucket Sound. ... Hyannis Harbor, Hyannis Statue of Iyannough, in downtown Hyannis. ... Maurice Tempelsman (born August 26, 1929) is an American diamond merchant and industrialist of Belgian Jewish extraction. ... This article is about the mineral. ...


Among the many books she edited was Larry Gonick's The Cartoon History of the Universe. He expressed his gratitude in the acknowledgments in Volume 2. Jacqueline Onassis's continuing charisma is indicated by the delight the Canadian author Robertson Davies took in discovering that at a commencement exercise at an American university at which he was being honored, Jacqueline Kennedy was on hand, circulating among the honorees. On the other hand, her efforts on behalf of Doubleday to enlist Frank Sinatra, the Duchess of Windsor and not surprisingly Queen Elizabeth II as Doubleday authors were firmly rebuffed. Larry Gonick is a cartoonist best known for The Cartoon History of the Universe, a history of the world in comic book form, which he has been publishing in installments since 1977. ... The Cartoon History of the Universe is an ongoing book series about the history of the world. ... William Robertson Davies, CC, FRSC, FRSL (born August 28, 1913, at Thamesville, Ontario, and died December 2, 1995 at Orangeville, Ontario) was a Canadian novelist, playwright, critic, journalist, and professor. ... Sinatra redirects here. ... Wallis, Duchess of Windsor and the Duke of Windsor on their wedding day Bessie Wallis Warfield, more widely known as Wallis Simpson and later The Duchess of Windsor (June 19, 1896–April 24, 1986) was the wife of Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor, the former King Edward VIII of the... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The...

Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in 1986 during a visit from the President and First Lady, Ronald and Nancy Reagan
Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in 1986 during a visit from the President and First Lady, Ronald and Nancy Reagan

Jacqueline Onassis also appreciated the contributions of African-American writers to the American literary canon and encouraged Dorothy West, her neighbor on Martha's Vineyard and the last surviving member of the Harlem Renaissance, to complete The Wedding: a multi-generational story about race, class, wealth, and power in the United States. The novel received great literary acclaim when it was published by Doubleday in 1995 and Oprah Winfrey introduced the story in 1998 to millions of Americans via a television film of the same name starring Halle Berry. Dorothy West acknowledged Jacqueline Onassis's kind encouragement in the foreword. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Reagan redirects here. ... Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ... For other persons named Dorothy West, see Dorothy West (disambiguation). ... Map of Marthas Vineyard. ... The Harlem Renaissance was named after the anthology The New Negro, edited by Alain Locke in 1925. ... Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ... Halle Maria Berry (IPA: ; born August 14, 1966)[1] is an American actress, former fashion model and beauty queen. ...


She also worked to preserve and protect America’s cultural heritage. The notable results of her hard work include Lafayette Square in Washington, D.C, and Grand Central Terminal, New York's beloved historic railroad station. While she was First Lady, she helped to stop the destruction of historic homes in Lafayette Square, because she knew that these buildings were an important part of the nation’s capital and played an essential role in its history. Later, in New York City, she led a historic preservation campaign to save and renovate Grand Central Terminal from demolition. A plaque inside the terminal acknowledges her prominent role in its preservation. In the 1980s, she was a major figure in protests against a planned skyscraper at Columbus Circle which would have cast large shadows on Central Park, the project was cancelled, but a large twin towered skyscraper would later fill in that spot in 2003, the Time Warner Center. Presidents Park, located in Washington, D.C., includes the White House, a visitor center, Lafayette Park, and the Ellipse. ... The main concourse Grand Central Terminal (GCT, often unofficially called Grand Central Station) is a terminal rail station at 15 Vanderbilt Avenue (42nd Street and Park Avenue) in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. ... This article is about the state. ... View of Columbus Circle, looking east down Central Park South from inside the Time Warner Center. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time Warner Center and Columbus Monument. ...


From her apartment windows in New York she had a splendid view of a glass enclosed wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art which displays the Temple of Dendur. This was a gift from Egypt to the United States in gratitude for the generosity of the Kennedy administration, who had been instrumental in saving several temples and objects of Egyptian antiquity that would otherwise have been flooded after the construction of the Aswan Dam. Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as the Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... The Temple of Dendur is a Nubian temple built during the Roman period around 15 BC. It was dedicated to the goddess Isis, the gods Harpocrates and Osiris, as well as two deified sons of a local Nubian chieftain, Pedesi (he whom Isis has given) and Pihor (he who belongs... Map showing reservoir The hydroelectric power station of Aswan Dam Aswan (Assuan) is a city on the first cataract of the Nile in Egypt. ...


Death

In January 1994, Onassis was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a form of cancer. Her diagnosis was announced to the public in February. The family was initially optimistic, and she stopped smoking at the insistence of her daughter. Onassis continued her work with Doubleday, but curtailed her schedule. By April 1994, the cancer had spread, and she made her last trip home from New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center on May 18, 1994. A large crowd of well-wishers, tourists, and reporters gathered on the street outside her penthouse apartment at 1040 Fifth Avenue, and she died in her sleep at 10:15 pm on Thursday, May 19, at the age of 64. Her son said, in announcing her death to the world, "My mother died surrounded by her friends and her family and her books, and the people and the things that she loved. She did it in her own way, and in her own terms, and we all feel lucky for that."[16] 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Non-Hodgkins lymphoma is a type of cancer. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... New York-Presbyterian Hospital is a prominent university hospital in New York City, composed of two medical centers, Columbia University Medical Center and New York Weill Cornell Medical Center. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Jacqueline Onassis's funeral was held on May 23 at Saint Ignatius Loyola Roman Catholic Church at Park Avenue and East 84th Street in Manhattan, which was the same church where she was baptized in 1929. As a concession to a grieving world, audio of her private funeral, along with a special television broadcast, was broadcast around the world. At her funeral, her son, John, described three of her attributes as the love of words, the bonds of home and family, and her spirit of adventure. She was then buried next to President John F. Kennedy, and near their son Patrick and daughter Arabella at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.[17][18] The New York Daily News ran an issue the next day saying, "Missing Her". Saint Ignatius of Loyola, also known as Ignacio (Iñigo) López de Loyola (December 24, 1491 – July 31, 1556), was the principal founder and first Superior General of the Society of Jesus, a religious order of the Catholic Church professing direct service to the Pope in terms of mission. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Fashion Icon

Through the years during and after she was First Lady, Jacqueline Kennedy was a fashion icon. Many women tried to copy her clean suits, dresses and hairstyles. She had a tendency to wear French designers like Chanel, Givenchy, and Christian Dior but later made American designers like Lilly Pulitzer and Oleg Cassini well-known after wearing their clothes while being First Lady.[19] Still today Jackie is known for an impeccable style and is thought of as the most stylish of the First Ladies. The House of Chanel, more commonly known as Chanel, is a Parisian fashion house in France founded by Coco Chanel (b. ... Givenchy (pronounced ) is a French brand of clothing, accessories, perfumes and cosmetics. ... Christian Dior (January 21, 1905 – October 23, 1957), was an influential French fashion designer. ... Lilly Pulitzer (b. ... Oleg Cassini (April 11, 1913 – March 17, 2006) was an American fashion designer noted for being chosen by Jacqueline Kennedy to design her state wardrobe in the 1960s. ...


Legacy, memorials, and honors

Grave of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis at the Arlington National Cemetery.
Grave of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis at the Arlington National Cemetery.

The companion book for a series of interviews between mythologist Joseph Campbell and Bill Moyers, The Power of Myth, was created under the direction of Onassis, prior to her death. The book's editor, Betty Sue Flowers, writes in the Editor's Note to The Power of Myth: "I am grateful… to Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, the Doubleday editor, whose interest in the books of Joseph Campbell was the prime mover in the publication of this book." A year after her death in 1994, Moyers dedicated the companion book for his PBS series, The Language of Life to Onassis. The dedication read: To Jacqueline Onassis. As you sail on to Ithaka. Ithaka was a reference to the C.P. Cavafy poem that Maurice Tempelsman read at her funeral. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2000x1500, 1240 KB) Summary The final resting place of Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis in Arlington National Cemetery. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2000x1500, 1240 KB) Summary The final resting place of Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis in Arlington National Cemetery. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Joseph Campbell (disambiguation). ... Bill D. Moyers (born June 5, 1934 as Billy Don Moyers) is an American journalist and public commentator. ... The Power of Myth is a book and six part television documentary first broadcast on PBS in 1988 as Joseph Campbell and the Power of Myth. ... Betty Sue Flowers is the director of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum and a Professor of English at the University of Texas at Austin. ... It has been suggested that The Crime Club be merged into this article or section. ... The Language of Life is the fifth album by Everything but the Girl, released in 1990. ... Ithaca, see Ithaca (disambiguation). ... Constantine P. Cavafy, also known as Konstantin or Konstantinos Petrou Kavafis, or Kavaphes (Greek Κωνσταντίνος Π. Καβάφης) (April 29, 1863 – April 29, 1933) was a major Alexandrine poet who worked as a journalist and civil servant. ... Maurice Tempelsman (born August 26, 1929) is an American diamond merchant and industrialist of Belgian Jewish extraction. ...


In December 1999 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis was among 18 included in Gallup's List of Widely Admired People of the 20th Century, from a poll conducted of the American people. Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Gallups List of Widely Admired People, a poll of United States citizens to volunteer the names of the individuals whom they most admire, is a list compiled annually by The Gallup Organization. ...


Like her assassinated husband, Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis's legacy has been memorialized in various aspects of American and to a later extent, non-American culture. They include:

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis High School is a high school located in New York, USA. It is named after the former First Lady of the United States, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... The George Washington University (GW), is a private, coeducational university located in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D.C. The school was founded in 1821 as The Columbian College in the District of Columbia by Baptist ministers using funds bequeathed by George Washington. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... Spring in the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the Greek goddess. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is in need of attention. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) is an unmanned orbiter planned for launch to the Moon in October 2008 aboard an Atlas V [1]. It is an early element of the implementation of the United States Vision for Space Exploration and its objectives are primarily to support that...

Cultural depictions

Main article: Cultural depictions of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

An American icon from the 1960s and beyond, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis is frequently alluded to and depicted in various forms of popular culture, including films, television series, cartoon series, computer and video games and music. Numerous books and plays have been written about her, as she remains symbolic of 20th century America. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ... This article is about the British magazine covering computer and video games. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


Films

AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Love Field is a 1992 film directed by Jonathan Kaplan and written by Don Roos. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... For the non-fiction book, see Thirteen Days (book). ... Timequest is a film released in 2002, directed by Robert Dyke and starring popular b-movie actor Bruce Campbell. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hoax is a 2007 movie, directed by Lasse Hallström, starring Richard Gere and Alfred Molina. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Books

  • Jacqueline Bouvier: An Intimate Memoir, by John H. Davis, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1996.
  • Farewell, Jackie: A Portrait of Her Final Days, Edward Klein, Viking Books, 2004.
  • All Too Human: The Love Story of Jack and Jackie Kennedy, St. Martin's Press, 2003.
  • Just Jackie: Her Private Years, Ballatine Books, 1999.
  • The Kennedy Curse: Why Tragedy Has Haunted America's First Family for 150 Years, Pocket Books, 1996.
  • Diana & Jackie, Maidens, Mothers, Myths, by Jay Mulvaney, St. Martin's Press, 2002.
  • The Death of a President, by William Manchester, New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1967.
  • "What Would Jackie Do? An Inspired Guide to Distinctive Living", by Shelly Branch and Sue Callaway, Gotham Books, 2006.
  • What Jackie Taught Us: Lessons from the Remarkable Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Tina Santi Flaherty, 2005
  • As We Remember Her: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in the Words of Her Family and Friends, Perigee Trade, 1997
  • Jackie Oh!, Kitty Kelley, Lyle Stuart, 1978.
  • Jackie, the Clothes of Camelot, by Jay Mulvaney, St. Martin's Press, 2001.
  • Jackie by Naomi West & Catherine Wilson Editions de la Martiniere 2006
  • America's Queen The Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. By Sarah Bradford. Illustrated. 500 pp. Viking, New York 2000.
  • Jackie After Jack, Christopher Andersen, William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1998.
  • Jacqueline Kennedy: The White House Years, Hamish Bowles, Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., Rachel Lambert Mellon, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and Bulfinch Press/Little, Brown and Company, 2001.

The Threads of Time, the Fabric of History, 38 Profiles of Afro-American Designers from 1850 to the Present, by Rosemary E. Reed Miller, T & S Press, 2007, 288 pps. $24.95, ISBN 0-970-9713-0-3 Edward Klein is a bestselling nonfiction author who has written about the Kennedys and Hillary Clinton. ... Kitty Kelley (born April 4, 1942) is an American investigative journalist and author of several best-selling biographies of celebrities and politicians, most of them unauthorized. ... Hamish Bowles is the European editor for the American edition of Vogue. ... Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. ... Rachel Lambert Lloyd Mellon affectionately known as Bunny, American horticulturalist, gardener, philanthropist, and fine arts collector. ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as the Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ...


Plays and theatre works

  • Jackie-O an opera by Michael Daugherty — Houston Opera Studio, Houston, TX.[23]
  • JACKS by Lys Anzia [2] — Fremont Centre Theatre, South Pasadena, CA.[24]
  • Cirque Jacqueline by Andrea Reese — Triad Theater, NY, NY.[25]
  • Jackie, An American Life by Gip Hoppe — Wilber Theatre, Boston, MA.[26]
  • Jackie Undressed by Andree Stolte — Eagles Dare Theater, NY, NY.[27]
  • The Secret Letters of Jackie & Marilyn by Mark Hampton and Michael Sharp, O'Reilly Theatre, Pittsburgh, PA.[28]
  • Jackie" by Naomi West & Catherine Wilson Editions de la Martiniere
  • The First Lady by Herman van Veen and Lori Spee

Michael Daugherty (born April 28, 1954 in Cedar Rapids, Iowa) is an American composer. ...

Songs

One's on the way by Loretta Lynn "and Jackie's seen in a discortet doing a brand new dance" John Mellencamp, also known as John Cougar and John Cougar Mellencamp, (born October 7, 1951) is a Grammy-winning American rock singer-songwriter and occasional actor. ... Loretta Lynn (born Loretta Webb April 14, 1934) is an American country singer-songwriter and was one of the leading country female vocalists during the 1960s and 1970s and overall is revered as a country icon. ...

  • "Jackie Will Save Me" by American rock band Shiny Toy Guns
  • "Jackie's Strength" by Tori Amos
  • ""Jackie Onassis" by Boston protopunk band Human Sexual Response. ("Tire Me" by Rage Against the Machine includes the lines "I wanna be Jackie Onassis/I wanna wear a pair of dark sunglasses" from the Human Sexual Response song.)
  • "Jacqueline/Jackie-O" by Strung Out
  • "Mrs. O" by The Dresden Dolls
  • "Don't Let Me Explode" by The Hold Steady
  • "Touched by the Sun" by Carly Simon
  • "Bullet" by The Misfits
  • "The Trouble With Lovers" by Vegas
  • "The Lady is a Vamp" by The Spice Girls includes the lines "Jackie-O. We loved her so."
  • "You Wear it Well" by Rod Stewart
  • "Posthuman" by Marilyn Manson (Reference includes the lines "In all of her dreams ,She's a saint like Jackie O"
  • "Anything" by Third Eye Blind - "Jackie O with the top down open, All the words to what's unspoken."
  • "52 Girls" by The B-52s - Last girl (and Jack... Jackie O...) named of the 25 girls actually named in the song.
  • "Romeo and Juliet" by Mickey Avalon - Includes the line "Jackie O had Johnny F; I just wanna smoke your last cigarette."
  • "Tire Me" by Rage Against the Machine- Album: Evil Empire - Jackie O, O, O please don't die!!...

Shiny Toy Guns is an American electronica/indie/rock band from Los Angeles, California that formed in 2002. ... Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos on August 22, 1963) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter. ... Sexual arousal is the process and state of an animal being ready for sexual intercourse. ... Tire Me is the sixth song and third single from the album Evil Empire by Rage Against the Machine. ... Rage Against the Machine is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1991. ... Strung Out is a punk rock band from Simi Valley, California, USA formed in 1990. ... The Dresden Dolls are an American musical duo from Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Hold Steady are a Brooklyn-based rock band. ... Carly Elisabeth Simon (born June 25, 1945 in New York City) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe and two-time Grammy Award winning American musician who emerged as one of the leading lights of the early 1970s singer-songwriter movement. ... This article is about the band. ... This article is about the city of Las Vegas in Nevada. ... The Spice Girls were a British vocal girl band. ... Rod Stewart CBE (born January 10, 1945), is a singer and songwriter born and raised in London, England, with Scottish parentage. ... Marilyn Manson is an American metal band based in Los Angeles, California. ... The B-52s are a New Wave rock band formed in Athens, Georgia, an important center of alternative rock. ... Mickey Avalon (born Yeshe Perl on December 3, 1975) is a rap artist from Hollywood, California. ... Rage Against the Machine is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1991. ... The term evil empire was applied to the former Soviet Union (USSR) by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, American conservatives, and other Americans, particularly hawks. ...

Further reading

  • Abbott, James A. A Frenchman in Camelot: The Decoration of the Kennedy White House by Stéphane Boudin. Boscobel Restoration Inc.: 1995. ISBN 0-9646659-0-5.
  • Abbott James A., and Elaine M. Rice. Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1998. ISBN 0-442-02532-7.
  • Abbott, James A. Jansen. Acanthus Press: 2006. ISBN 0-926494-33-3.
  • Baldrige, Letitia. In the Kennedy Style: Magical evenings in the Kennedy White House. Doubleday: 1998. ISBN 0-385-48964-1.
  • Bowles, Hamish, Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., and Rachel Lambert Mellon. "Jacqueline Kennedy: The White House Years." The Metropolitan Museum of Art. bulfinch Press/Little, Brown and Company: 2001. ISBN 0-8212-2745-9.
  • Cassini, Oleg. A Thousand Days of Magic: Dressing the First Lady for the White House. Rizzoli International Publications: 1995. ISBN 0-8478-1900-0.
  • West, J.B. with Mary Lynn Kotz. Upstairs at the White House: My Life with the First Ladies. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan: 1973. SBN 698-10546-X.
  • Wolff, Perry. A Tour of the White House with Mrs. John F. Kennedy. Doubleday & Company: 1962.
  • Exhibition Catalogue, Sale 6834: The Estate of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis April 23–26, 1996. Sothebys, Inc.: 1996.
  • The White House: An Historic Guide. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 2001. ISBN 0-912308-79-6.

References

  1. ^ Pronounced as two syllables, with a soft "J", and the emphasis on the last syllable, rhyming with "seen" as in "zhack-LEEN".
  2. ^ Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis by Donald Spoto (excerpted on ereader.com)
  3. ^ First Lady Biography: Jackie Kennedy. First Ladies' Biographical Information. Retrieved on 2007-02-06.
  4. ^ Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis: A Life by Donald Spoto, pp. 84–92 — 2000 — ISBN 0312977077
  5. ^ The Threads of Time, by Rosemary E. Reed Miller, 20007
  6. ^ Gallagher continued her post during the White House years and for several months after Mrs. Kennedy moved to New York City. In 1969, Gallagher published her best-selling memoir, My Life with Jacqueline Kennedy.
  7. ^ Upstairs at the White House by J. B. West
  8. ^ Perry, Barbara A. Jacqueline Kennedy: First Lady of the New Frontier. University Press of Kansas: 2004.
  9. ^ Camel ride pic
  10. ^ During the years when India under Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru (whom President Kennedy strongly eschewed) was attempting to forge a policy of non-alignment vis-a-vis the USA and the Soviet Union, American and western public opinion in general was sympathetic to India.
  11. ^ Benign Competition - TIME
  12. ^ Selections from Lady Bird's Diary on the assassination: November 22, 1963. Lady Bird Johnson:Portrait of a First Lady. PBS.org. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  13. ^ New York Times Her Majesty: Book Review December 17, 2000, William Norwich: America's Queen — The Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. Sarah Bradford. Illustrated. 500 pp. Viking, New York. Bradford appears to concur with Lady Jean Campbell, who attended President Kennedy's funeral and wired back to The Evening Standard of London her conviction that the first lady had given the American people from this day on the one thing they always lacked — majesty.
  14. ^ Edith Bouvier Beale: Eccentric Cousing of Jackie O — January 24, 2002
  15. ^ Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis at the Arlington National Cemetery website
  16. ^ Nicholas A. Basbanes, A Gentle Madness: Bibliophiles, Bibliomanes, and the Eternal Passion for Books. New York: Owl Books, 1999, p. 32.
  17. ^ McFadden, Robert D.. "Death of a First Lady. Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Dies of Cancer at 64", The New York Times, 1994-05-20. Retrieved on 2006-09-24. "Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, the widow of President John F. Kennedy and of the Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis, died of a form of cancer of the lymphatic system yesterday at her apartment in New York City. She was 64 years old." 
  18. ^ Arlington National Cemetery Once More, A Service in Arlington Mrs. Onassis Laid to Rest Beside the Eternal Flame retrieved November 3, 2006
  19. ^ City Review on Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
  20. ^ Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis High School
  21. ^ Department of Environmental Protection, DEP Unveils Signs Renaming Central Park Reservoir As Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir, retrieved November 12, 2006
  22. ^ The Planetary Society (2007-01-11). "Send a New Year's Message to the Moon on Japan's SELENE Mission: Buzz Aldrin, Ray Bradbury and More Have Wished Upon the Moon". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-07-14.
  23. ^ Houston Opera Studio
  24. ^ Fremont Centre Theatre
  25. ^ Triad Theater
  26. ^ Wilber Theatre
  27. ^ Eagles Dare Theater
  28. ^ O'Reilly Theatre

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External links

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Honorary titles
Preceded by
Mamie Eisenhower
First Lady of the United States
1961 – 1963
Succeeded by
Lady Bird Johnson
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White House portrait Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison (October 1, 1832 _ October 25, 1892), wife of Benjamin Harrison, was First Lady of the United States from 1889 until her death. ... Mary Scott Harrison McKee (April 3, 1858 – October 28, 1930) was the first lady to her father President Benjamin Harrison,when her mother Caroline Harrison was seriously ill and then died. ... Frances Folsom Cleveland Frances Clara Folsom Cleveland Preston (July 21, 1864 – October 29, 1947), wife of Grover Cleveland, was First Lady of the United States from 1886 to 1889 and 1893 to 1897. ... Ida Saxton McKinley (June 8, 1847 – May 26, 1907), wife of William McKinley, was First Lady of the United States from 1897 to 1901. ... White House portrait Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt (August 6, 1861 – September 30, 1948), second wife of Theodore Roosevelt, was First Lady of the United States from 1901 to 1909. ... Helen Herron Taft Helen Louise Herron Taft (June 2, 1861 – May 22, 1943), usually known as Nellie Taft or Helen Taft, was the wife of William Howard Taft, was First Lady of the United States from 1909 to 1913. ... Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 – August 6, 1914),[1] first wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1913 until her death. ... White House portrait Edith Bolling Galt Wilson (October 15, 1872–December 28, 1961), second wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921. ... White House portrait Florence (Flossie) Mabel Kling deWolfe Harding (August 15, 1860 – November 21, 1924), wife of Warren G. Harding, was First Lady of the United States from 1921 to 1923. ... Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge (January 3, 1879 – July 8, 1957) was wife of Calvin Coolidge and First Lady of the United States from 1923 to 1929. ... Lou Henry Hoover (1874-1944) Lou Henry Hoover (March 29, 1874 – January 7, 1944) was the wife of President Herbert Hoover and First Lady of the United States. ... Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (IPA: ; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. ... Elizabeth Virginia Wallace Truman (February 13, 1885 – October 18, 1982), often known as Bess Truman, was the wife of Harry S Truman and First Lady of the United States from 1945 to 1953. ... Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower (November 14, 1896 – November 1, 1979) was the wife of General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and First Lady of the United States from 1953 to 1961. ... First official White House portrait. ... Claudia Alta Lady Bird Taylor Johnson (December 22, 1912 – July 11, 2007)[1] was First Lady of the United States from 1963 to 1969, having been the wife of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. ... Thelma Catherine Pat Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of former President Richard Nixon and the First Lady of the United States of America from 1969 to 1974. ... Betty Fords official White House portrait, painted in 1977 by Felix de Cossio Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Warren Ford (born April 8, 1918) is the widow of former United States President Gerald R. Ford and was the First Lady from 1974 to 1977. ... Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter (born August 18, 1927) is the wife of former President Jimmy Carter and was First Lady of the United States from 1977 to 1981. ... Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ... Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is the junior United States Senator from New York, and is a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2008 presidential election. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... Image File history File links Seal_Of_The_President_Of_The_Unites_States_Of_America. ... The Irish Catholic political dynasty, John, Robert, and Edward Kennedy The Kennedy family is a prominent Irish-American family in American politics and government descending from the marriage of Joseph P. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. ... Bridget Murphy (1824-December 20, 1888) was the wife of Patrick Kennedy, the mother of Patrick J. Kennedy, paternal grandmother to Joseph P. Kennedy, and a great-grandmother to the assassinated United States President, John F. Kennedy. ... Patrick Joseph Kennedy (January 14, 1858 – May 18, 1929) was an American politician. ... Mary Augusta Kennedy (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the American author John Fitzgerald, see John D. Fitzgerald. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy a proposed guideline for notability (see Wikipedia:Notability (people)). If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability, citing reliable sources. ... For other persons named Joseph Kennedy, see Joseph Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (July 22, 1890 – January 22, 1995) married into the Kennedy family and became its matriarch in the 20th century, when its members helped shape American politics. ... Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Jr. ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Rose Marie Kennedy (September 13, 1918 – January 7, 2005) was the third child and first daughter of Joseph and Rose Kennedy, born a year after the U.S. President John F. Kennedy. ... Kathleen Kennedy Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington (February 20, 1920 – May 13, 1948), born Kathleen Agnes Kennedy, was the second daughter of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. ... There have been at least two people called William Cavendish who have had the courtesy title of Marquess of Hartington: William John Robert Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington (December 10, 1917–September 10, 1944) son of the 10th Duke and elder brother of the 11th, killed in World War II. William... Zurab Tsereteli with Eunice Kennedy Shriver (right) Eunice Mary Kennedy Shriver (born July 10, 1921 in Brookline, Massachusetts), USA, is a member of the Kennedy family. ... Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. ... Patricia Kennedy Lawford For other persons named Patricia Kennedy, see Patricia Kennedy (disambiguation). ... The Rat Pack. ... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ... Ethel Skakel Kennedy (born April 11, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois) is a member of the Kennedy political family by her marriage to Robert F. Kennedy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Stephen Edward Smith (24 September 1927-August 19, 1990), was the husband of Jean Ann Kennedy. ... For other persons named Ted Kennedy, see Ted Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Joan Bennett Kennedy was born September 9, 1936 in Riverdale, New York as Virginia Joan Bennett. ... Caroline Bouvier Kennedy Schlossberg (born November 27, 1957) is the daughter and only surviving child of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John-John redirects here. ... Carolyn Bessette Kennedy (January 7, 1966 – July 16, 1999), née Carolyn Jeanne Bessette, was the wife of John F. Kennedy, Jr. ... For other persons named Patrick Kennedy, see Patrick Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Robert Sargent Shriver III (born April 28, 1954), nicknamed Bobby Shriver, is a graduate of Yale College, where he became a member of Scroll and Key, and is a Yale Law School graduate and former part-owner of Baltimore Orioles. ... Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ) (born November 6, 1955[1] in Chicago, Illinois) is an American journalist and the wife of California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and as such, the current First Lady of California. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German IPA: ; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, Golden Globe-winning actor, businessman and politician currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Mark Kennedy Shriver (born February 17, 1964) was a United States Democratic Party politician who served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates for two consecutive terms, from 1995 to 2003. ... Christopher Lawford (born March 29, 1955), a nephew of John F. Kennedy, cousin-in-law of Arnold Schwarzenegger (appearing in two of his films, including Terminator 3), son of Peter Lawford and Patricia Kennedy Lawford, is a Hollywood actor. ... Kathleen Kennedy Townsend Kathleen Hartington Kennedy Townsend (born July 4, 1951) was lieutenant governor of the U.S. state of Maryland from 1995 to 2003. ... Joseph Kennedy, II Joseph Patrick Kennedy II (born September 24, 1952), named after his late uncle Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. ... Robert Francis Kennedy Jr. ... David Anthony Kennedy (June 15, 1955 – April 25, 1984) was born in Washington, D.C. He was the fourth of eleven children of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy. ... Mary Courtney Kennedy Hill (known as Courtney) was born on September 9, 1956, in Boston. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mary Kerry Kennedy (known as Kerry) was born September 8, 1959, in Washington, D.C., the seventh of the eleven children of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy. ... Andrew Mark Cuomo (born December 6, 1957, in New York City) is the New York State Attorney General, having been elected to that office on November 7, 2006. ... Christopher George Kennedy was born July 4, 1963 in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Matthew Maxwell Taylor Kennedy (born January 11, 1965), also known as Max Kennedy, was born in New York, New York. ... Douglas Harriman Kennedy (born March 24, 1967 in Washington, D.C.) is the 10th child of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy. ... Rory Elizabeth Katherine Kennedy (born December 12, 1968) is the youngest of the eleven children of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy. ... William Kennedy Smith (born September 4, 1960) is an American physician whose work focuses on landmines and the rehabilitation of people disabled by them. ... Edward Moore Kennedy, Jr. ... For other persons named Patrick Kennedy, see Patrick Kennedy (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Kennedy Compound consists of about 6 acres (24,000 m²) of waterfront property along Nantucket Sound. ... The Chicago Merchandise Mart North side of the Merchandise Mart Behind the Merchandise Mart A display inside the Merchandise Mart The Merchandise Mart is one of the largest commercial buildings in the world, located in Chicago, Illinois. ... This is a list of the descendants of Joseph P. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, of the American Kennedy political family: Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. ...

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Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4121 words)
Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994), known in the 1960s as Jackie Kennedy, and later as Jackie Onassis, was the wife of President John F. Kennedy, and First Lady of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Onassis was in the early stages of filing for divorce when he died on March 15, 1975; Jacqueline was with her children in New York.
Onassis knew the end was near as she had a bout with pneumonia, an ulcer and the spreading of her cancer.
Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (5697 words)
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, the widow of President John F. Kennedy and of the Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis, died of a form of cancer of the lymphatic system yesterday at her apartment in New York City.
Kennedy had won a seat in the United States Senate and was already being discussed as a Presidential possibility, they were married at Newport, R.I., in the social event of 1953, a union of powerful and wealthy Roman Catholic families whose scions were handsome, charming, trendy and smart.
Kennedy, who had moved to New York to be near family and friends and had gotten into legal disputes with photographers and writers portraying her activities, shattered her almost saintly image by announcing plans to marry Mr.
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