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Encyclopedia > Jacobus Gallus
Jacobus Gallus, a portrait from 1590
Jacobus Gallus, a portrait from 1590

Jacobus Gallus Carniolus (Jacob Handl or Jacob Handl-Gallus) (July 3, 1550July 18, 1591) was a late Renaissance Czech composer of Slovene origin. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... Events June - Capture of Zutphen by the Dutch under Maurice of Nassau. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ...

Contents

Life

Gallus was born as Jakob Petelin in 1550 in Reifnitz, Carniola (now Ribnica), Slovenia. He used the Latin form of his name, to which he often added the adjective Carniolus, thus giving credit to his homeland. Carniola English and Latin; (Slovenian Kranjska, German Krain) is a name for a region in Slovenia. ... Area: 153,6 km² Population 9. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


Gallus left Slovenia in his youth, was probably educated in a Cistercian monastery, and travelled across Austria, Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia. For some time he lived in Melk Abbey in Lower Austria. He was a member of the Viennese court chapel in 1574, and was choirmaster (Kapellmeister) to the bishop of Olomouc, Moravia between 1579 (or 1580) and 1585. From 1585 to his death he worked in Prague as organist to the church sv. Jana na Zábradlí. Gallus died on July 18, 1591 in Prague. The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Flag of Moravia Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava; German: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ) is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Stift Melk Courtyard of the Stift Melk Melk Abbey or Stift Melk is an historic Austrian Benedictine abbey, and one of the worlds most famous monastic sites. ... The Viennese language is an East Central Austro-Bavarian dialect spoken mostly in the Austrian capital of Vienna. ... town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz, Polish OÅ‚omuniec, Latin Eburum or Olomucium) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Flag of Moravia Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava; German: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ) is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Nickname: City of a Hundred Spires Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area    - City 496 km²  (191. ... An organist is a musician who plays the organ, whether pipe or electronic. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... Events June - Capture of Zutphen by the Dutch under Maurice of Nassau. ...


Work

His most notable work is the six part Opus musicum, 1577, a collection of 374 motets that would eventually cover the liturgical needs of the entire ecclesiastical year. The motets were printed in Prague printing house Jiří Nigrin. The motet O magnum mysterium comes from the first volume (printed in 1586) which covers the period from the first Sunday of Advent to the Septuagesima. This motet for 8 voices shows evidence of influence by the Venetian polychoral style, with its use of the coro spezzato technique. In Western music, motet is a word that is applied to a number of highly varied choral musical compositions. ... Jiří Nigrin (ÄŒerný) z ÄŒerného Mostu, since about 1590 titled z Nigropontu (died 1606) was an important printer in Prague between 1572 and 1606. ... Advent (from the Latin Adventus, implicitly coupled with Redemptoris, the coming of the Saviour) is a holy season of the Christian church, the period of expectant waiting and preparation for the celebration of the Nativity of Christ, also known as the season of Christmas. ... Septuagesima (in full, Septuagesima Sunday) is the name given to the third from the last Sunday before Lent in the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches. ... The Venetian polychoral style was a type of music of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras which involved spatially separate choirs singing in alternation. ... This article is about the musical term. ...


His wide-ranging, eclectic style blended archaism and modernity. He rarely used the cantus firmus technique, preferring the then-new Venetian polychoral manner, yet he was equally conversant with earlier imitative techniques. Some of his chromatic transitions foreshadowed the breakup of modality; his five-voice motet Mirabile mysterium contains chromaticism worthy of Carlo Gesualdo. He enjoyed word painting in the style of the madrigal, yet he could write the simple Ecce quomodo moritur justus later used by George Frideric Handel in his funeral anthem The Ways of Zion Do Mourn. In music, a cantus firmus (fixed song) is a pre-existing melody forming the basis of a polyphonic composition, often set apart by being played in long notes. ... In music, chromatic indicates the inclusion of notes not in the prevailing scale and is also used for those notes themselves (Shir-Cliff et al 1965, p. ... In music, a mode is an ordered series of musical intervals, which, along with the key or tonic, define the pitches. ... Carlo Gesualdo, Prince of Venosa. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... A madrigal is a setting for 3–6 voices of a secular text, often in Italian. ... George Frideric Handel (23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) was a German-born British Baroque composer who was a leading composer of concerti grossi, operas and oratorios. ... Sinfonia Chorus: The ways of Zion do mourn and she is in bitterness. ...


In the mentioned printing house Jiří Nigrin were also published 16 of his 20 extant masses. A Medieval Low Mass by a bishop. ...


His secular output, about 100 short pieces, was published in the collections Harmoniae morales (Prague 1589 and 1590) and Moralia (Nuremberg 1596). Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg, German-Franconian dialect: Nämberch) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ...


Trivia

An image of Gallus appears on the 200 Slovenian Tolar bill, along with an image of the Slovene Philharmonic and a short excerpt from one of his mass settings. ISO 4217 Code SIT User(s) Slovenia Inflation 0. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jacobus Gallus (264 words)
Jacobus Gallus Carniolus (1550 - July 18, 1591) was a Slovenian composer.
Jacobus Gallus was born as Jakob Petelin in 1550 in Ribnica, Slovenia.
Jacobus Gallus died on 18 July 1591 in Prague, Czechia.
Jacobus Gallus: Information from Answers.com (797 words)
Jacobus Gallus Carniolus (Jacob Handl or Jacob Handl-Gallus) (July 3, 1550 – July 18, 1591) was a late Renaissance Czech composer of Slovene origin.
Gallus died on July 18, 1591 in Prague.
An image of Gallus appears on the 200 Slovenian Tolar bill, along with an image of the Slovene Philharmonic and a short excerpt from one of his mass settings.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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