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Encyclopedia > Jackson, Mississippi
City of Jackson
Jackson, Mississippi at dusk
Flag of City of Jackson
Flag
Official seal of City of Jackson
Seal
Nickname: Crossroads of the South or Jack-town
Motto: The city of Grace and Benevolence
Location in Hinds County, Mississippi
Location in Hinds County, Mississippi
Location of Mississippi in the United States
Coordinates: 32°17′56″N 90°11′05″W / 32.29889, -90.18472
Country United States
State Mississippi
Counties Hinds, Madison, Rankin
Founded 1822
Incorporation 1822
Government
 - Type Strong Mayor-Council
 - Mayor Frank Melton (D)
 - City Council Jeff Weill, Leslie B. McLemore,
Kenneth I. Stokes, Frank Bluntson,
Charles Tillman, Marshand K. Crisler,
Margaret C. Barrett-Simon
 - Chief of Police Malcolm McMillin
Area
 - Total 106.8 sq mi (276.7 km²)
 - Land 104.9 sq mi (271.7 km²)
 - Water 1.9 sq mi (5.0 km²)
Elevation 279 ft (85 m)
Population (2000 Census)
 - Total 184,256
 - Density 1,688/sq mi (678.2/km²)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 39200-39299
Area code(s) 601, 769
FIPS code 28-36000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0711543[2]
For additional city data see City-Data
Website: http://www.jacksonms.gov

Jackson is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. State of Mississippi. It is one of the county seats of Hinds County; Raymond is the other county seat. As of the 2000 census Jackson's population was 184,256. According to July 1, 2006 estimates, the city's population was 176,614 and its five-county metropolitan area had a population of 529,456.[3][4] The Jackson-Yazoo City combined statistical area, consisting of the Jackson metropolitan area and Yazoo City micropolitan area, had a population of 557,385.[5] Map of Mississippi highlighting the Jackson metropolitan area. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Seal of Jackson, Mississippi This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Historic Southern United States. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Hinds County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_MS.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mississippi ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... List of Mississippi counties: Adams County Alcorn County Amite County Attala County Benton County Bolivar County Calhoun County Carroll County Chickasaw County Choctaw County Claiborne County Clarke County Clay County Coahoma County Copiah County Covington County DeSoto County Forrest County Franklin County George County Greene County Grenada County Hancock County... Hinds County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Rankin County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... Chief of Police is the title typically given to the head of a police department, particularly in the United States and Canada. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Central Daylight Time or CDT is the Central Time Zone (or CST) during Daylight Savings Time. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 601 is the telephone area code for central Mississippi. ... Area code 769 is the first overlay telephone area code and fourth overall area code in Mississippi. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Hinds County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Raymond is a city located in Hinds County, Mississippi. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Map of Mississippi highlighting the Jackson metropolitan area. ... Map of Mississippi highlighting the Jackson-Yazoo City combined statistical area. ... Yazoo City is a city in Yazoo County, Mississippi, United States. ... United States micropolitan areas, as defined by the Census Bureau and the Office of Management and Budget, are areas in the United States based around a core city or town with a population of 10,000 to 49,999. ...


The current slogan for the city is Jackson, Mississippi: City with Soul.

Contents

History

Founding and antebellum period (to 1860)

The area that is now Jackson was initially referred to as Parker'ville[6] and was settled by Louis LeFleur, a French Canadian trader along the historic Natchez Trace trade route. The area then became known as LeFleur's Bluff[7]. LeFleur's Bluff was founded based on the need for a centrally located capital for the state of Mississippi. In 1821, the Mississippi General Assembly, meeting in the then-capital of Natchez, had sent Thomas Hinds (for whom Hinds County is named), James Patton, and William Lattimore to look for a site. After surveying areas north and east of Jackson, they proceeded southwest along the Pearl River until they reached LeFleur's Bluff in Hinds County. Their report to the General Assembly stated that this location had beautiful and healthful surroundings, good water, abundant timber, navigable waters, and proximity to the trading route Natchez Trace. And so, a legislative Act passed by the Assembly on November 28, 1821, authorized the location to become the permanent seat of the government of the state of Mississippi. Canadiens redirects here. ... The Natchez Trace was a 440-mile-long path extending from Natchez, Mississippi to Nashville, Tennessee, linking the Cumberland, the Tennessee and Mississippi rivers. ... LeFleurs Bluff was a village that eventually grew to become Jackson, Mississippi. ... Melrose, an antebellum home in Natchez, Mississippi. ... Thomas Hinds (January 9, 1780 - August 23, 1840) was a politician from the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... Hinds County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... The are two Pearl Rivers: The Pearl River (China) (See also the Pearl River Delta) The Pearl River in the U.S. states of Mississippi and Louisiana Pearl River is also the name of some places in the United States of America: Pearl River, Louisiana Pearl River, Mississippi Pearl River... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... The Natchez Trace was a 440-mile-long path extending from Natchez, Mississippi to Nashville, Tennessee, linking the Cumberland, the Tennessee and Mississippi rivers. ... The Statute of Grand Duchy of Lithuania A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States and the city's namesake

Jackson is named after the seventh President of the United States, Andrew Jackson, in recognition for his victory in the Battle of New Orleans. Image File history File linksMetadata Andrew_Jackson. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Andrew_Jackson. ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ... For other uses of the name, see Battle of New Orleans (disambiguation). ...


During the late 18th century and early 19th century, the area was traversed by the Natchez Trace, on which a trading post stood before a treaty with the Choctaw, the Treaty of Doak's Stand in 1820, formally opened the area for non-native American settlers. The Natchez Trace was a 440-mile-long path extending from Natchez, Mississippi to Nashville, Tennessee, linking the Cumberland, the Tennessee and Mississippi rivers. ... The Treaty of Doaks Stand was a treaty signed on October 20, 1820 between the United States and the Choctaw Indian tribe. ...


Jackson was originally planned, in April 1822, by Peter Van Dorn in a "checkerboard" pattern advocated by Thomas Jefferson, in which city blocks alternated with parks and other open spaces, giving the appearance of a checkerboard. This plan has not lasted to the present day. 5 by 5 checkerboard pattern A checkerboard (or chequerboard) is a board on which American checkers is played. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


The state legislature first met in Jackson on December 23, 1822. A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1839, Jackson was the site of the passage of the first state law that permitted married women to own and administer their own property.


Jackson was first linked with other cities by rail in 1840. An 1844 map shows Jackson linked by an east-west rail line running between Vicksburg, Raymond, and Brandon. Unlike Vicksburg, Greenville, and Natchez, Jackson is not located on the Mississippi River, and did not develop like those cities from river commerce. Instead, railroads would later spark growth of the city in the decades after the American Civil War. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... The historic Mississippi River Commission Building in Vicksburg, constructed in 1894 Vicksburg is a city in Warren County, Mississippi. ... Brandon is stupid. ... Greenville is a city located in Washington County, Mississippi. ... Melrose, an antebellum home in Natchez, Mississippi. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


American Civil War and late nineteenth century (1861-1900)

Despite its small population, during the Civil War, Jackson became a strategic center of manufacturing for the Confederate States of America. In 1863, during the campaign which ended in the capture of Vicksburg, Union forces captured Jackson during two battles—once before the fall of Vicksburg and once after the fall of Vicksburg. In the military sciences, a military campaign encompasses related military operations, usually conducted by a defense or fighting force, directed at gaining a particular desired state of affairs, usually within geographical and temporal limitations. ... The historic Mississippi River Commission Building in Vicksburg, constructed in 1894 Vicksburg is a city in Warren County, Mississippi. ... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union...

September 1863 map of the Siege of Jackson.
September 1863 map of the Siege of Jackson.

On May 13, 1863, Union forces won the first Battle of Jackson, forcing Confederate forces to flee northward towards Canton. On May 15, Union troops under the command of William Tecumseh Sherman burned and looted key facilities in Jackson, a strategic manufacturing and railroad center for the Confederacy. After driving the Confederate forces out of Jackson, Union forces turned west once again and engaged the Vicksburg defenders at the Battle of Champion Hill in nearby Edwards. The siege of Vicksburg began soon after the Union victory at Champion Hill. Confederate forces began to reassemble in Jackson in preparation for an attempt to break through the Union lines surrounding Vicksburg and end the siege there. The Confederate forces in Jackson built defensive fortifications encircling the city while preparing to march west to Vicksburg. is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Battle of Jackson, fought on May 14, 1863, in Jackson, Mississippi, was part of the Vicksburg Campaign in the American Civil War. ... A group of Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was organized in February 1861 to defend the newly formed Confederate States of America from military action by the United States government during the American Civil War. ... Canton is a city located in Madison County, Mississippi. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A troop is a military unit. ... Command has multiple meanings: An order. ... “General Sherman” redirects here. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Government... Grants Operations against Vicksburg The Battle of Champion Hill, or Bakers Creek, fought May 16, 1863, was the pivotal battle in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. ... Edwards is a town located in Hinds County, Mississippi. ... A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition, often accompanied by an assault. ... For the fortification of food, see Food fortification. ...


Confederate forces marched out of Jackson to break the siege of Vicksburg in early July 1863. However, unknown to them, Vicksburg had already surrendered on July 4, 1863. General Ulysses S. Grant dispatched General Sherman to meet the Confederate forces heading west from Jackson. Upon learning that Vicksburg had already surrendered, the Confederates retreated back into Jackson, thus beginning the Siege of Jackson, which lasted for approximately one week. Union forces encircled the city and began an artillery bombardment. One of the Union artillery emplacements still remains intact on the grounds of the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson. Another Federal position is still intact on the campus of Millsaps College. One of the Confederate Generals defending Jackson was former United States Vice President John C. Breckenridge. On July 16, 1863, Confederate forces slipped out of Jackson during the night and retreated across the Pearl River. Union forces completely burned the city after its capture this second time, and the city earned the nickname "Chimneyville" because only the chimneys of houses were left standing. The northern line of Confederate defenses in Jackson during the siege was located along a road near downtown Jackson, now known as Fortification Street. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... A bombardment is an attack by artillery fire directed against fortifications, troops or towns and buildings. ... University of Mississippi Medical Center is part of the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss). ... Millsaps College is a private liberal arts college in Jackson, Mississippi, supported by the United Methodist Church. ... The Vice President of the United States[1] (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[2] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ... John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821–May 17, 1875) was a U.S. Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and the fourteenth Vice President of the United States. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Look up Chimney in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ...


Today there are few antebellum structures left standing in Jackson. One surviving structure is the Governor's Mansion, built in 1842, which served as Sherman's headquarters. Another is the Old Capitol building, which served as the home of the Mississippi state legislature from 1839 to 1903. There the Mississippi legislature passed the ordinance of secession from the Union on January 9, 1861, becoming the second state to secede from the United States. The constitutional convention of 1890, which produced Mississippi's Constitution of 1890, was also held there. The so-called New Capitol replaced the older structure upon its completion in 1903, and today the Old Capitol is a historical museum. A third important surviving antebellum structure is the Jackson City Hall, built in 1846 for less than $8,000. It is said that Sherman, a Mason, spared it because it housed a Masonic Lodge, though a more likely reason is that it housed an army hospital. Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before war(ante means before and bellum is war). ... The Mississippi Governors Mansion is a historic U.S. residence in Jackson, Mississippi. ... Mississippi State Capitol The Mississippi State Capitol is the state capitol building of the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... Secession is the act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or political entity. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Mississippi State Capitol The Mississippi State Capitol is the state capitol building of the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... It has been suggested that Town Hall be merged into this article or section. ... Freemasons redirects here. ... In most areas of the world Masons gather together in Masonic Lodges to work the three degrees of Freemasonry: 1° = Entered Apprentice 2° = Fellow Craft 3° = Master Mason Blue Lodge is used to specify the basic Masonic Lodge granting the first three degrees and to differentiate it from other Masonic...


Early twentieth century (1901-1960)

Eudora Welty (1909-2001), award-winning American author and photographer.

Pulitzer Prize-winning author Eudora Welty was born in Jackson in 1909, died there in 2001, and lived most of her life in the Belhaven section of the city. She wrote a memoir of her development as a writer, One Writer's Beginnings (1984), which gives a charming picture of the city in the early 20th century. Today, the main Jackson public library is named in her honor. Image File history File links Eudorawelty. ... Image File history File links Eudorawelty. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Eudora Welty (b. ... As a literary genre, a memoir (from the French: mémoire from the Latin memoria, meaning memory), or a reminiscence, forms a subclass of autobiography, although it is an older form of writing. ... Librarians and patrons in a typical larger urban public library. ...


Highly acclaimed African-American author Richard Wright, a native of Roxie, Mississippi, lived in Jackson as an adolescent and young man in the 1910s and 1920s, and relates his experience in his memoir Black Boy (1945). He describes the harsh and largely terror-filled life most African-Americans experienced in the South and the rest of the United States under segregation in the early twentieth century. Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... For other persons of the same name, see Richard Wright. ... Roxie is a town in Franklin County, Mississippi, United States. ... This article is about a novel. ... Racial segregation characterised by separation of different races in daily life, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home. ...


Jackson's economic growth was stimulated in the 1930s by the discovery of natural gas fields nearby. For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ...


During World War II, Hawkins Field in northwest Jackson became a major airbase. Among other facilities and units, the Royal Netherlands Military Flying School was established there, after Nazi Germany occupied Holland. From 1941, the base trained all Dutch military aircrews. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Hawkins Field is an airport located within the city limits of Jackson, Mississippi. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain...


Civil Rights Movement in Jackson

Since 1960, Jackson has undergone a series of dramatic changes and growth. On May 24, 1961, during the African-American Civil Rights Movement, more than 300 Freedom Riders were arrested in Jackson for disturbing the peace after they disembarked from their bus.[8] Although the Freedom Riders had planned to make New Orleans, Louisiana their final destination, Jackson was the farthest that any of them actually managed to travel. is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Freedom rides. ... For other uses, see Arrest (disambiguation). ... Disturbing the peace is a crime generally defined as the unsettling of proper order in a public space through ones actions. ... NOLA redirects here. ...


Efforts to desegregate Jackson facilities began even before the Freedom Rides when 9 Tougaloo students were arrested for attempting to read books in the "white only" library.[9] After the Freedom Rides, the Freedom Movement launched a series of merchant boycotts[10], sit-ins and protest marches[11], from 1961 to 1963. {{Infobox University |name = Tougaloo College |image = |caption = |motto =Where History Meets the Future |tagline = |established = 1869 |type =[[Private College |affiliation =United Church of Christ |endowment =$8 million |staff = |faculty =108 |president =Dr. Beverly Wade Hogan |students = |undergrad =913 (in 2006-2007) |city = Tougaloo |state = Mississippi |country = USA |campus = suburban, 500... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...


In Jackson, shortly after midnight on June 12, 1963, Medgar Evers, civil rights activist and leader of the Mississippi chapter of the NAACP, was murdered by Byron De La Beckwith, a white supremacist. Thousands marched in his funeral procession to protest the assasination.[12] In 1994, prosecutors Ed Peters and Bobby DeLaughter finally obtained a murder conviction of De La Beckwith. A portion of U.S. Highway 49, all of Delta Drive and Jackson-Evers International Airport now bear Medgar Evers's name. is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963) was an African American civil rights activist from Mississippi. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... Chapter has multiple meanings. ... The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), is one of the oldest and most influential hate organizations in the United States. ... Image:ByronDeLaBeckwith. ... White supremacy is the variety of white nationalism that believes the white race should rule over other races. ... The prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution in countries adopting the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system. ... Bobby B. DeLaughter (born on February 28, 1954) is a Mississippi prosecutor, judge, and author. ... US 49 is a north-south United States highway. ... Jackson-Evers International Airport (IATA: JAN, ICAO: KJAN) is a public airport located just east of Jackson, Mississippi, (United States), across the Pearl River in Rankin County. ...


In June 1966, Jackson was also the terminus of the James Meredith March, organized by James Meredith, the first African-American to enroll at the University of Mississippi. The march, which began in Memphis, Tennessee, was an attempt to garner support for the Civil Rights movement and was accompanied by a drive to register African-Americans to vote in Mississippi. In this latter aim, it succeeded in registering between 2,500 and 3,000 black Mississippians to vote. The march ended on June 26 after Meredith, who had been wounded by a sniper's bullet earlier on the march, addressed a large rally of some 15,000 people in Jackson. Meredith walking to class accompanied by U.S. marshals James Howard Meredith (born June 25, 1933) is an American civil rights movement figure, although he vocally prefers not to be regarded as such. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... The University of Mississippi, also known as Ole Miss, is a public, coeducational research university located in Oxford, Mississippi. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ...


Recent History

The first successful cadaveric lung transplant was performed at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson in June 1963 by Dr. James Hardy. Hardy transplanted the cadaveric lung into a patient suffering from lung cancer. The patient survived for eighteen days before dying of kidney failure. Human respiratory system The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... An organ transplant is the transplantation of an organ (or part of one) from one body to another, for the purpose of replacing the recipients damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor. ... Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. ... Renal failure is when the kidneys fail to function properly. ...


Since 1968, Jackson has been the home of Malaco Records, one of the leading record companies for gospel and soul music in the United States. In January 1973, Paul Simon recorded the song "Learn How To Fall", found on the album There Goes Rhymin' Simon, in Jackson at the Malaco Recording Studios. Malaco Records is an independent record label based out of Jackson, Mississippi. ... The record industry (or recording industry) is the industry that manufactures and distributes mechanical recordings of music. ... Gospel music is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... For other uses, see Song (disambiguation). ... There Goes Rhymin Simon is a 1973 album by Paul Simon. ...


Two students at Jackson State University (then called Jackson State College) were killed while protesting the Vietnam War on May 15, 1970. These murders were part of the evidence cited by Newsweek in its issue of 18 May when it suggested that U.S. President Richard Nixon faced a new home front. Jackson State University, often abridged as Jackson State or by its initials JSU is a historically black university located in Jackson, Mississippi founded in 1877. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nixon redirects here. ... Rosie the Riveter represented civilian wartime mobilization in the United States during World War II. Home front is the informal term commonly used to describe the civilian populace of the nation at war as an active support system of its military. ...


In 1997, Harvey Johnson, Jr. became the city's first African American mayor. During his term, he proposed the creation of a convention center, in hopes of attracting business to the city. This effort was not successful during his tenure but his idea did became a reality later when the voters of Jackson overwhelmingly passed a referendum for a tax to build the Convention Center. As a result of this vote, many new development projects are underway in Downtown Jackson. Mayor Johnson was replaced by Frank Melton on July 4, 2005. Melton has subsequently generated controversy through his unconventional behavior, which has included acting as a law enforcement officer. A dramatic spike in crime has also ensued, despite Melton's promises to rid the city of its crime problem.[13] Harvey Johnson, Jr. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Exhibition Hall of the Makaryev Fair. ... Frank Melton (born 1950) is currently the mayor of Jackson, Mississippi, having been inaugurated on 4 July 2005. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


2007 saw a historic first for Mississippi as Hinds County sheriff Malcolm McMillin was appointed as the new police chief in Jackson. McMillin is now both the county sheriff and city police chief at the same time.[14] Hinds County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ...


The 14th annual "City Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America" ranks Jackson as the 23rd most dangerous city in America.[15]


Geography and climate

Jackson is located on the Pearl River, and is served by the Ross Barnett Reservoir, which forms a section of the Pearl River and is located northeast of Jackson on the border between Madison and Rankin counties. A tiny portion of the city containing Tougaloo College lies in Madison County, bounded on the west by I-220 and on the east by US 51 and I-55. A second portion of the city is located in Rankin County. In the 2000 census, 183,723 of the city's 184,256 residents (99.7%) lived in Hinds County and 533 (0.3%) in Madison County. Although no Jackson residents lived in the Rankin County portion in 2000, that figure had risen to 72 by 2006. The are two Pearl Rivers: The Pearl River (China) (See also the Pearl River Delta) The Pearl River in the U.S. states of Mississippi and Louisiana Pearl River is also the name of some places in the United States of America: Pearl River, Louisiana Pearl River, Mississippi Pearl River... The Ross R. Barnett Reservoir is a reservoir on the Pearl River in the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Rankin County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... {{Infobox University |name = Tougaloo College |image = |caption = |motto =Where History Meets the Future |tagline = |established = 1869 |type =[[Private College |affiliation =United Church of Christ |endowment =$8 million |staff = |faculty =108 |president =Dr. Beverly Wade Hogan |students = |undergrad =913 (in 2006-2007) |city = Tougaloo |state = Mississippi |country = USA |campus = suburban, 500... Interstate 220 (abbreviated I-220) in Mississippi is a loop that provides an interstate connection for Interstate 55 and Interstate 20. ... U.S. Highway 51 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 1,286 miles (2,070 km) from northern Wisconsin to the western suburbs of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 106.8 square miles (276.7 km²), of which, 104.9 square miles (271.7 km²) of it is land and 1.9 square miles (5.0 km²) of it is water. The total area is 1.80 percent water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


Jackson possesses a humid subtropical climate, with very hot, humid summers and mild winters. Rain is very evenly spread throughout the year, and snow can fall in wintertime, although heavy snowfall is relatively rare. Much of Jackson's rainfall occurs during thunderstorms. Thunder is heard on roughly 70 days per annum. Jackson lies in a region prone to severe thunderstorms which can produce large hail, damaging winds and tornadoes. Among one of the most notable tornado events was the F5 Candlestick Park Tornado on March 3, 1966 which destroyed the shopping center of the same name and surrounding businesses and residential areas killing 19 in the Jackson Metro Area. The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... A severe thunderstorm is a thunderstorm with winds 58 mph or greater, 3/4 inch or larger hail, or tornadoes. ... This article is about the precipitation. ... For other uses of Tornado, see Tornado (disambiguation). ... The Candlestick Park tornado struck central Mississippi and western Alabama on March 3, 1966[1]. The storm is named for the Candlestick Park Shopping Center in the southwest part of Jackson, MS, which was completely destroyed[2]. After passing through Jackson, leaving F5 damage in its wake, the storm (probably...

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 83 85 89 94 99 105 106 107 104 95 88 84
Norm High °F 55.1 60.3 68.1 75 82.1 88.9 91.4 91.4 86.4 76.8 66.3 57.9
Norm Low °F 35 38.2 45.4 51.7 61 68.1 71.4 70.3 64.6 52 43.4 37.3
Rec Low °F 2 10 15 27 38 47 51 54 35 26 17 4
Precip (in) 5.67 4.5 5.74 5.98 4.86 3.82 4.69 3.66 3.23 3.42 5.04 5.34
Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]

Demographics

City of Jackson
Population by year [2]
Year Population
U.S. Rank
1850 1,881
1860 3,191 +69.6%
1870 4,234 +32.7%
1880 5,204 +22.9%
1890 5,920 +13.8%
1900 7,816 +32.0%
1910 21,262 +172.0%
1920 22,817 +7.3%
1930 48,282 +111.6%
1940 62,107 +28.6%
1950 98,271 +58.2%
1960 144,422 +47.0% 85th
1970 153,968 +6.6% 91st
1980 202,895 +31.8% 71st
1990 196,637 -3.1% 78th
2000 184,286 -6.3% 108th
2006 est. 176,614 -4.2% 126th

Jackson remained a small town for much of the 19th century. Before the American Civil War, Jackson's population remained tiny, particularly in contrast to Mississippi's cities located along the commerce-laden Mississippi River. Despite the city's status as the state capital, the 1850 census counted only 1,881 residents, and by 1900 the population of Jackson had only grown to approximately 8,000. It was during this period, roughly between 1890 and 1930, that Meridian became Mississippi's largest city, though by 1944, Jackson's population had risen to some 70,000 inhabitants. Since that time, it has continuously been the largest city in the state. Large-scale growth, however, did not come until the 1970s, after the turbulence of the Civil Rights Movement. The 1980 census counted over 200,000 residents in the city for the first time. Since then, Jackson has steadily seen a decline in its population, while its suburbs have evidenced a boom. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Meridian is a city located in, and the county seat of, Lauderdale County in Mississippi, a state of the United States of America. ... Various movements seeking civil rights, human rights and social justice since the Second World War have become known as a civil rights movement. ...


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 184,256 people, 67,841 households, and 44,488 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,756.4 people per square mile (678.2/km²). There were 75,678 housing units at average density of 278.5/km² (721.4/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 70.6% Black or African American, 27.8% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. 0.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 67,841 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.24. Matrimony redirects here. ...


The age of the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $30,414, and the median income for a family was $36,003. Males had a median income of $29,166 versus $23,328 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,116. About 19.6% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.7% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.[16] The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Jackson ranks number 10 in the nation in concentration of African-American same-sex couples.[17]


In 2006, the Center for Immigrant Studies found Mississippi had the highest immigrant percentage growth rate all of states. The Jackson metro area is one of the South's emerging destinations for immigrants, many of which are Latino immigrants (both legal and illegal) from Mexico. Illegal immigration to the United States refers to the act of foreign nationals voluntarily resettling in the United States in violation of U.S. immigration and nationality law, see also Immigration to the United States. ...


Transportation

Air travel

Jackson is served by Jackson-Evers International Airport, located at Allen C. Thompson Field, east of the city in Flowood in Rankin County. Its IATA code is JAN. The airport has non-stop service to 12 cities throughout the United States and is served by 6 mainline carriers (American, Delta, Continental, Southwest, Northwest, and US Airways) Jackson-Evers International Airport (IATA: JAN, ICAO: KJAN) is a public airport located just east of Jackson, Mississippi, (United States), across the Pearl River in Rankin County. ... Flowood is a city located in Rankin County, Mississippi. ...


On 22 December 2004, Jackson City Council members voted 6-0 to rename Jackson International Airport in honor of slain civil rights leader and field secretary for the Mississippi chapter of the NAACP, Medgar Evers. This decision took effect on 22 January 2005. is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Various movements seeking civil rights, human rights and social justice since the Second World War have become known as a civil rights movement. ... The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), is one of the oldest and most influential hate organizations in the United States. ... Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963) was an African American civil rights activist from Mississippi. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Formerly Jackson was served by Hawkins Field Airport, located in northwest Jackson, with IATA code HKS, which is now used for private air traffic only.


Underway is the Airport Parkway project. The environmental impact study is complete and final plans are drawn and awaiting Mississippi Department of Transportation approval. Right-of-way acquisition is underway at an estimated cost of $19 million. The Airport Parkway will connect High Street in downtown Jackson to Mississippi Highway 475 in Flowood at Jackson-Evers International Airport. The Airport Parkway Commission is comprised of the Mayor of Pearl, the Mayor of Flowood and the Mayor of Jackson, as the Airport Parkway will run through and have access from each of these three cities. Mississippi Highway 475 runs north-south from Mississippi Highway 25 in Flowood, Mississippi to Mississippi Highway 468 in Pearl, Mississippi. ... Flowood is a city located in Rankin County, Mississippi. ...


Ground transportation

Interstate highways

Interstate 55
Runs north-south from Chicago through Jackson towards Brookhaven, McComb, and the Louisiana state line to New Orleans. Jackson is roughly halfway between New Orleans and Memphis, Tennessee. The highway maintains eight to ten lanes in northern part of city, six lanes in the center and four lanes south of I-20. Image File history File links I-55. ... Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Brookhaven is a city located in Lincoln County, Mississippi. ... McComb is a city located in Pike County, Mississippi, about 80 miles south of Jackson, just off of I-55. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Interstate 20
Runs east-west from near El Paso, Texas to Florence, South Carolina. Jackson is roughly halfway between Dallas, Texas and Atlanta, Georgia. The highway is six lanes from Interstate 220 to MS 468 in Pearl. Image File history File links I-20. ... “I-20” redirects here. ... El Paso redirects here. ... This article is about a city in the US state of South Carolina. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Atlanta redirects here. ...


Interstate 220
Connects Interstates 55 and 20 on the north and west sides of the city and is four lanes throughout its route. Image File history File links I-220. ... Interstate 220 (abbreviated I-220) in Mississippi is a loop that provides an interstate connection for Interstate 55 and Interstate 20. ...


U.S. highways

U.S. Highway 49
Runs north-south from the Arkansas state line at Lula via Clarksdale and Yazoo City, towards Hattiesburg and Gulfport. It bypasses the city via I-20 and I-220 Image File history File links US_49. ... US 49 is a north-south United States highway. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Lula is a town located in Coahoma County, Mississippi. ... Clarksdale is a city in Coahoma County, Mississippi, United States. ... Yazoo City is a city in Yazoo County, Mississippi, United States. ... Hattiesburg is a city in Forrest County in Mississippi, a state of the United States of America. ... Location of Gulfport in the State of Mississippi Coordinates: , Country United States State Mississippi County Harrison Founded Incorporated Government  - Mayor Brent Warr Area  - City  64. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Interstate 220 (abbreviated I-220) in Mississippi is a loop that provides an interstate connection for Interstate 55 and Interstate 20. ...


U.S. Highway 51
Known in Jackson as State Street, roughly parallels Interstate 55 from the I-20/I-55 western split to downtown. It multiplexes with I-55 from Pearl/Pascagoula St northward to County Line Road, where the two highways split. Image File history File links US_51. ... United States Highway 51 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 1,286 miles (2,070 km) from northern Wisconsin to the western suburbs of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Interstate 55 is an interstate highway in the central United States. ...


U.S. Highway 80
Roughly parallels Interstate 20. Image File history File links US_80. ... US 80 is an east-west United States highway. ...


State highways

Mississippi Highway 18
Runs southwest towards Raymond and Port Gibson; southeast towards Bay Springs and Quitman. Image File history File links Circle_sign_18. ... Mississippi Highway 18 (MS 18) is a state highway in Mississippi. ... Raymond is a city located in Hinds County, Mississippi. ... Port Gibson is a city located in Claiborne County, Mississippi. ... Bay Springs is a city located in Jasper County, Mississippi. ... Quitman is a city located in Clarke County, Mississippi, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 2,463. ...


Mississippi Highway 25
Some parts of this road are known as Lakeland Drive, which runs northeast towards Carthage and Starkville. Image File history File links Circle_sign_25. ... MS 25 as it runs through Rankin County, north of Jackson. ... Carthage is a city located in Leake County, Mississippi. ... Starkville is a city in Oktibbeha County, Mississippi, United States. ...


Other roads

In addition, Jackson is served by the Natchez Trace Parkway, which runs from Natchez to Nashville, Tennessee. The Natchez Trace Parkway is a 444 mile (715 km) long parkway, in the form of a limited-access two-lane road, in the southeastern United States. ... Melrose, an antebellum home in Natchez, Mississippi. ... Nashville redirects here. ...


Bus service

JATRAN (Jackson Transit System) operates hourly or half-hourly during daytime hours on weekdays, and mostly hourly on Saturdays. No evening or Sunday service is operated.


Railroads

See also: Jackson, Mississippi (Amtrak station)

Jackson is served by the Canadian National Railway (formerly the Illinois Central Railroad). The Kansas City Southern Railway also serves the city. The Canadian National has a medium-sized yard downtown which Mill Street parallels and the Kansas City Southern has a large classification yard in Richland. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Jackson. The Amtrak station is located at 300 West Capitol Street. Amtrak's southbound City of New Orleans provides service from Jackson to New Orleans and some points between. The northbound City of New Orleans provides service from Jackson to Memphis, Carbondale, Champaign-Urbana, Chicago and some points between. Efforts to establish service with another Amtrak train, the Crescent Star, an extension of the Crescent westward from Meridian, Mississippi to Dallas, Texas, failed in 2003. Other information Code JAN Traffic Passengers (2006) 31,736 1% The Jackson Amtrak station is a train station in Jackson, Mississippi, United States served by Amtrak, the national railroad passenger system. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Illinois Central (AAR reporting mark IC), sometimes called the Main Line of Mid-America, was a railroad carrier in the central United States, with its primary routes connecting Chicago, Illinois with New Orleans, Louisiana and Birmingham, Alabama. ... The Kansas City Southern Railway (AAR reporting mark KCS) is a United States-based Class I railroad operating over 3,130 track miles in 10 central and southeastern states. ... Richland is the name of some places in the United States of America: Richland, Connecticut Richland, Georgia Richland, Iowa Richland, Michigan Richland, Mississippi Richland, Missouri Richland, Nebraska Richland, New York Richland, Oregon Richland, Pennsylvania Richland, Texas Richland, Washington Richland, Wisconsin Richland, Richland County, Wisconsin Richland, Rusk County, Wisconsin Richland Township... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Amtraks City of New Orleans stops at the Memphis, Tennessee station in 2005. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... , Carbondale is a city in Southern Illinois in the midwest United States, about one hour north of Cairo. ... Champaign is a city in Champaign County, Illinois, in the United States. ... Union Station is a Chicago train station that opened in 1925, replacing an earlier 1881 station, and is now the only intercity rail terminal in Chicago. ... The Crescent is a passenger train operated by Amtrak in the eastern part of the United States. ... Meridian is a city located in, and the county seat of, Lauderdale County in Mississippi, a state of the United States of America. ... Dallas redirects here. ...


Industry

Jackson is home to several major industries. These include electrical equipment and machinery, processed food, and primary and fabricated metal products. The surrounding area supports agricultural development of livestock, soybeans, cotton, and poultry.


Publicly traded companies

The following companies are headquartered in Jackson:

  • Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. (NASDAQ:CALM)
  • EastGroup Properties Inc. (NYSE:EGP)
  • Parkway Properties, Inc. (NYSE:PKY)
  • Trustmark Corporation (NASDAQ:TRMK)

Trustmark is an $8. ...

Religion

A see (from the Latin word sedem, meaning seat) is the throne (cathedra) of a bishop. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of Jackson is diocese in the ecclesiastical province of Mobile. ...

Cultural organizations and institutions

Jackson, Mississippi city hall
Jackson, Mississippi city hall
  • Mississippi Department of Archives and History, which contains the state archives and records.
  • Celtic Heritage Society of Mississippi
  • Mississippi Symphony Orchestra (MSO), formerly the Jackson Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1944
  • Municipal Art gallery
  • Ballet Mississippi
  • Mississippi Museum of Art [3]
  • Russell C. Davis Planetarium [4]
  • Mississippi Opera
  • Mississippi Chorus
  • New Stage Theatre [5]
  • Mississippi Hispanic Association
  • Mississippi Immigrants Rights Alliance
  • Mississippi Heritage Trust
  • Mississippi Art Center
  • Smith-Robertson Museum and Cultural Center
  • Mississippi Agriculture and Forestry Museum [6]
  • Mynelle Gardens
  • Jackson State University Botanical Garden
  • Jackson Zoo

Image File history File links City Hall of Popesti-Leordeni,Judetul Ilfov, Romania File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links City Hall of Popesti-Leordeni,Judetul Ilfov, Romania File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Jackson State University Botanical Garden is a botanical garden located on the campus of Jackson State University at 1400 Lynch Street, Jackson, Mississippi. ... The Jackson Zoo is located in Jackson, Mississippi, USA. It is the second largest zoo in the state (behind the 175 acre Tupelo Buffalo Park and Zoo) and is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). ...

Political structures

Frank Melton, Jackson's current mayor.

In 1985, Jackson voters opted to replace the three-man mayor-commissioner system with a city council. Jackson's city council members represent the city's seven wards, and the body is headed by the mayor. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ...


Jackson's current mayor is Frank Melton, after defeating two-time incumbent Harvey Johnson, Jr. in a landslide election. He is currently serving his first 4-year term as mayor, which began on July 4, 2005, and will end on July 4, 2009. Frank Melton (born 1950) is currently the mayor of Jackson, Mississippi, having been inaugurated on 4 July 2005. ... Harvey Johnson, Jr. ...

The post of Mayor of Jackson, Mississippi was begun in 1834 and was originally referred to as President of Selectmen before being changed to Mayor. ...

Education

Jackson is home to the international headquarters of Phi Theta Kappa, an honor society for students enrolled in two-year colleges. Phi Theta Kappa, also ΦΘΚ or sometimes PTK (see usage note), is the international honor society of two-year colleges and academic programs, particularly community colleges and junior colleges. ...


Colleges and universities

{{Infobox University |name = Tougaloo College |image = |caption = |motto =Where History Meets the Future |tagline = |established = 1869 |type =[[Private College |affiliation =United Church of Christ |endowment =$8 million |staff = |faculty =108 |president =Dr. Beverly Wade Hogan |students = |undergrad =913 (in 2006-2007) |city = Tougaloo |state = Mississippi |country = USA |campus = suburban, 500... Jackson State University, often abridged as Jackson State or by its initials JSU is a historically black university located in Jackson, Mississippi founded in 1877. ... Belhaven College is a college in Jackson, Mississippi that was founded by the Presbyterian Church (USA) but that is independently run by a Board of Trustees. ... Millsaps College is a private liberal arts college in Jackson, Mississippi, supported by the United Methodist Church. ... The main campus of Hinds Community College is located in Raymond, Mississippi, about five miles west of Jackson, Mississippi, the state capital. ... The Mississippi College School of Law is located in downtown Jackson, Mississippi. ... University of Mississippi Medical Center is part of the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss). ... The University of Mississippi, also known as Ole Miss, is a public, coeducational research university located in Oxford, Mississippi. ... Reformed Theological Seminary (RTS) is a non-denominational, evangelical Protestant seminary dedicated to training current and future leaders (especially its Presbyterian and Reformed branches) to be pastors, missionaries, educators, and Christian counselors. ... Wesley Biblical Seminary is a multi-denominational, graduate school of theology within the evangelical, Wesleyan-Arminian tradition. ...

Public high schools

The Jackson Public School District is a public school district based in Jackson, Mississippi (USA). ... 1946 postcard of Bailey Magnet, then known as Bailey Junior High Bailey Magnet High School, originally known as Bailey Junior High School, is a high school in Jackson, Mississippi (USA). ... Callaway High School is a high school in Jackson, Mississippi (USA). ... Forest Hill Community High School is a public high school in West Palm Beach, Florida. ... Name Motto Jim Hill High School Believe, Achieve, Succeed! Address 2185 Fortune Street Town Jackson, Mississippi 39204 Established 1912 Type Public secondary Religion Secular Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 Accreditation Mississippi State Department of Education District Jackson Public School District Mascot Tigers Colors Green and Gold Yearbook Tigers! Newspaper... Lanier High School is a high school in Jackson, Mississippi (USA). ... // William Belton Murrah (1852-1925) was an American Bishop in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, elected in 1910. ... Provine High School is located in Jackson, Mississippi and is notable for being the alma mater of hip-hop star David Banner. ... Wingfield High School is a high school in Jackson, Mississippi (USA). ...

Private high schools

Name Hillcrest Christian School Address 4060 South Siwell Road City Jackson, Mississippi Established 1971 Type Independent Enrollment 700 Religion Christian Students Coeducational Grades K3 through 12 Membership and Accreditations Southern Association of Independent Schools, Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, and the Mississippi Private School Association Mascot Cougars Colors Blue... Name Motto Jackson Academy Integrity, Achievement, Growth. ... The Veritas School is a private school in Jackson, Mississippi (USA). ...

Media

Newspapers

Daily

  • The Clarion-Ledger - statewide daily newspaper

The Clarion-Ledger is the daily newspaper in Jackson, Mississippi. ...

Weekly

  • Jackson Advocate - weekly newspaper and nation's oldest newspaper serving the state's African-American community
  • Jackson Free Press - free newsweekly tabloid featuring heavy content on arts and entertainment
  • The Mississippi Link - weekly newspaper serving the state's African-American community
  • Mississippi Business Journal - weekly newspaper, with focus on business and economic development
  • The Northside Sun - weekly newspaper, with focus on the northeastern portion of the Jackson Metropolitan area

An African-American weekly newspaper in Jackson, Mississippi founded in 1938 by Percy Greene. ... The Jackson Free Press, referred to often as simply JFP, is an alternative weekly newspaper in Jackson, Mississippi founded in 2002 by Mississippi native Donna Ladd, author and technology expert Todd Stauffer and a group of young Jacksonians wanting a progressive voice in the state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A statewide business journal, located in Jackson Mississippi. ...

Historic

  • The Mississippian Daily Gazette - also often referred to as The Jackson Mississippian because of its location, circulated during the 19th century, a major newspaper during the Civil War
  • The Standard - circulated during the 19th century, after the Civil War The Eastern Clarion moved to Jackson and merged with The Standard, soon changed name to The Clarion
  • State Ledger - circulated during the 19th century, in 1888 The Clarion merged with the State Ledger and became known as The Clarion-Ledger
  • The Jackson Daily News - originally known as The Jackson Evening Post in 1882, changed the name to The Jackson Daily News in 1907, purchased along with The Clarion-Ledger by Gannett in 1982

Magazines

  • Mississippi Magazine - people, places and events with emphasis on homes, cooking and entertainment
  • B Fit and Healthy Magazine - health and fitness magazine for Mississippians
  • Victories in Metro Jackson - Christian athletics magazine

Publishing

  • University Press of Mississippi, the state's only not-for-profit publishing house and collective publisher for Mississippi's eight state universities, producing works on local history, culture and society

The University Press of Mississippi, founded in 1970, is a publisher that is sponsered by the eight state universities in Mississippi: Alcorn State University Delta State University Jackson State University Mississippi State University Mississippi University for Women Mississippi Valley State University University of Mississippi University of Southern Mississippi University Press...

Television

WLBT, channel 3, is a Jackson, Mississippi television station and NBC affiliate. ... This article is about the television network. ... WBXK-CA (channel 8) is Jackson, Mississippis Urban America TV affiliate. ... WBMS-CA (channel 10) is an independent TV station in Jackson, Mississippi. ... WJTV (analog channel 12; digital channel 52) is Jackson, Mississippis longtime CBS affiliate, owned by Media General. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WAPT (analog channel 16; digital channel 21) is Jackson, Mississippis longtime ABC affiliate. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... W23BC is a low-power television station in Jackson, Mississippi. ... CoLours TV is a multicultural TV network produced by the non-profit organization Black Star Communications. ... Jackson State University, often abridged as Jackson State or by its initials JSU is a historically black university located in Jackson, Mississippi founded in 1877. ... WXMS-LP (channel 27) is Jackson, Mississippis over-the-air, low-powered UPN affiliate. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... “The CW” redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... My Network TV (sometimes written MyNetworkTV, and unofficially abbreviated MNT or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... WDBD (analog channel 40; digital channel 41) is Jackson, Mississippis Fox affiliate. ... FOX redirects here. ... WJXF-LP is a low-power LAT TV affiliate in Jackson, Mississippi. ... WJMF-LP is a low-power Univision affiliate in Jackson, Mississippi. ... Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States and Puerto Rico. ... WJKO is a low-power TBN affiliate station licensed to Jackson, Mississippi. ... The Trinity Broadcasting Network, or TBN, is the largest Christian religious television network in the world and is headquartered near Los Angeles in Costa Mesa, California with studios near Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex in Irving, Texas and near Nashville in Hendersonville, Tennessee. ...

FM radio

  • 97.7 WRBJ-FM: hip-hop
  • 98.7 WJKK: adult contemporary
  • 99.7 WJMI: hip-hop
  • 100.5 WRTM: urban adult contemporary
  • 100.9 WJXN: Christian contemporary
  • 101.7 WYOY: top 40 pop
  • 102.9 WMSI: country music
  • 103.7 WLEZ-LP: adult standards (This is a low-powered station that does not cover all of the city.)
  • 105.9 WOAD-FM: urban contemporary gospel
  • 106.7 WSTZ: classic rock
  • 107.5 WKXI-FM: urban AC

NPR redirects here. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Urban contemporary gospel (sometimes marketed as Black gospel to help potential buyers distinguish it from other forms of Christian music, such as contemporary Christian music or Christian rock and Southern gospel) is a subgenre of Gospel music. ... NPR redirects here. ... American Family Radio (AFR) is a network of more than 150 radio stations in the United States, mostly owned and operated by the American Family Association (AFA), broadcasting Christian-oriented programming of music and talk. ... WYAB 93. ... Modern rock is term commonly used to describe a rock music format found on American commercial radio. ... Adult hits (sometimes also called variety hits or classic hits) is a radio format that does not adhere to a specific music genre but rather a true mix of programming styles. ... Urban contemporary gospel (sometimes marketed as Black gospel to help potential buyers distinguish it from other forms of Christian music, such as contemporary Christian music or Christian rock and Southern gospel) is a subgenre of Gospel music. ... Supertalk Mississippi is the statewide, commercial news and talk radio network based in Jackson, Mississippi. ... WRBJ-FM is an Urban Contemporary station in Jackson, Mississippi. ... WJMI is a radio station licensed to Jackson, Mississippi, USA with a Mainstream Urban musical format. ... Urban contemporary gospel (sometimes marketed as Black gospel to help potential buyers distinguish it from other forms of Christian music, such as contemporary Christian music or Christian rock and Southern gospel) is a subgenre of Gospel music. ... WSTZ (106. ...

AM radio

  • 620 WJDX: Fox Sports Radio
  • 780 WIIN: Christian country-music
  • 810 WSJC: gospel
  • 850 WQST: classic country, simulacast with WZQK
  • 930 WSFZ: Sporting News Radio
  • 970 WZQK: classic country, simulacast with WQST
  • 1120 WTWZ: bluegrass gospel
  • 1150 WONG: gospel
  • 1180 WJNT: news-talk
  • 1240 WPBQ: ESPN Radio
  • 1300 WOAD: gospel
  • 1370 WMGO: gospel
  • 1400 WKXI: blues
  • 1590 WZRX: Headline News

Wong may be any of the following: // Wong (surname) is the Cantonese romanization of two common Chinese surnames; Wang 王 (lit. ... Talk radio is a radio format which features discussion of topical issues. ... WPBQ-AM is a sports talk station in Jackson, Mississippi. ...

Points of interest

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 3375 KB) Mississippi State Capitol building, Jackson Mississippi. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 3375 KB) Mississippi State Capitol building, Jackson Mississippi. ... Mississippi State Capitol The Mississippi State Capitol is the state capitol building of the U.S. state of Mississippi. ...

Tourism and Culture

Jackson is a city famous for its music - including gospel, blues and R&B. Jackson is also home to the world famous Malaco Records recording studio. Many notable musicians hail from Jackson. Gospel music is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Malaco Records is an independent record label based out of Jackson, Mississippi. ...


(see: List of people from Jackson, Mississippi) This is a list of famous and notable people who were born or lived in Mississippi. ...


Jackson is home to the USA International Ballet Competition. Founded in 1978 by Thalia Mara, the first USA International Ballet Competition took place in 1979 and joined the ranks of Varna, Bulgaria (1964); Moscow, Russia (1969); and Tokyo, Japan (1976). The International Ballet Competition (IBC) originated in Varna, Bulgaria in 1964. The competition eventually expanded to rotating annual events in Varna, Moscow and Tokyo. In 1979 the event first came to the United States in Jackson, Mississippi, where it now returns every four years. The rotation is currently among Jackson, Varna, Helsinki, Finland and Shanghai, China. These first competitions were given sanction by the International Dance Committee of UNESCO’s International Theater Institute. Today, international ballet competitions flourish worldwide, and the USA IBC in Jackson remains one of the oldest and most respected competitions in the world. In 1982, the United States Congress passed a Joint Resolution designating Jackson as the official home of the USA International Ballet Competition. Jackson held subsequent competitions in 1982, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002 and 2006. The next competition is in 2010. The competitions are held at Thalia Mara Hall.[18] The USA International Ballet Competition, or USA IBC, is one of the worlds top competitions for the dance sport of Ballet. ... This article is about the city in Bulgaria. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...


Downtown Jackson Renaissance

Currently, Jackson is experiencing $1.6 billion in downtown development[19]. Among the projects include improvements to or construction of the following:


Old Capitol Green • Pinnacle at Jackson Place • Convention Center and hotels • Mississippi Telecom Center • Union Station • Farish Street Entertainment District • Standard Life Building • Electric 302 Building • Plaza Building • AT&T Building • Jackson Place Residential • State and Tombigbee Lofts • Library Lofts • Towncreek Apartments • Ceva Green • King Edward Hotel • Mississippi History Museum • Festival Park • Old Capitol Museum • Mill Street viaduct and Market • Cellular South • Jackson Police Department Headquarters • New Federal Courthouse • Mississippi Museum of Art Other information Code JAN Traffic Passengers (2006) 31,736 1% The Jackson Amtrak station is a train station in Jackson, Mississippi, United States served by Amtrak, the national railroad passenger system. ... The King Edward Hotel is an historic hotel in downtown Jackson, Mississippi. ... Cellular South is the largest privately held wireless provider in the United States and is licensed to provide wireless service to a total population of more than five million people on its network, which includes the Memphis Metropolitan Area, throughout all of Mississippi, along Coastal Alabama inluding Mobile, Alabama, and...


Downtown Jackson Attractions

Alamo Theater (The) • Boddie Mansion (The) • Bronze Statue of Medgar Evers • Mississippi State Capitol • Old State Capitol • Municipal Art Gallery • Dr. A. H. McCoy Federal Building • Mississippi Supreme Court • Russell C. Davis Planetarium/Ronald E. McNair Space Theater • Oaks House Museum • Sonny Guy Municipal Golf Course • Thalia Mara Hall • War Memorial Building • Smith Park • Smith Robertson Museum and Cultural Center • Chimneyville Crafts Gallery • City Hall • Mississippi Arts Center • Mississippi Department of Archives and History • Mississippi Fairgrounds and Coliseum • Mississippi Governor's Mansion • Mississippi Museum of Art • Jackson Zoo • Mississippi Farmer's Market Mississippi State Capitol The Mississippi State Capitol is the state capitol building of the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... The Supreme Court of Mississippi is the highest court in the state of Mississippi. ... The Mississippi Governors Mansion is a historic U.S. residence in Jackson, Mississippi. ... The Jackson Zoo is located in Jackson, Mississippi, USA. It is the second largest zoo in the state (behind the 175 acre Tupelo Buffalo Park and Zoo) and is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). ...


Tallest buildings

Name Height Year
Regions Plaza (formerly AmSouth) 97 m 1975
Jackson Marriott Downtown 78 m 1975
Regions Bank Building (formerly AmSouth) 77 m 1929
Standard Life Building 76 m 1929
Trustmark National Bank Building 66 m 1955
Lamar Life Building 58 m 1924

Museums

Eudora Welty House Museum • Manship House Museum • Medgar Evers Home Museum • Mississippi Agriculture and Forestry Museum • Mississippi Museum of Art • Mississippi Museum of Natural ScienceMississippi Sports Hall of Fame and MuseumThe Oaks House Museum/Boyd House • Smith Robertson Museum and Cultural Center • The City of Jackson Fire Museum • The International Museum of Muslim Cultures The Oaks House and Museum, one of the oldest structures in Jackson, Mississippi. ...


Historic sites

Old Capitol Museum of Mississippi HistoryMississippi Governor's MansionManship House MuseumThe Oaks House Museum/Boyd HouseKing Edward Hotel • Standard Life Insurance Building • Greenwood Cemetery The Mississippi Governors Mansion is a historic U.S. residence in Jackson, Mississippi. ... The King Edward Hotel is an historic hotel in downtown Jackson, Mississippi. ... Greenwood Cemetery is a cemetery located near downtown Jackson, Mississippi. ...


Periodic cultural events

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The USA International Ballet Competition, or USA IBC, is one of the worlds top competitions for the dance sport of Ballet. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Parks

LeFleur's Bluff State Park • Battlefield Park • Parham Bridges Park • Sheppard Brothers Park • Smith Park • Sykes Park • Grove Park


Sports

Summer Training Camp

City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... Millsaps College is a private liberal arts college in Jackson, Mississippi, supported by the United Methodist Church. ...

Sports arenas

Veterans Memorial Stadium. ... Jackson State University, often abridged as Jackson State or by its initials JSU is a historically black university located in Jackson, Mississippi founded in 1877. ... The Mississippi Coliseum is a 6,500-seat multi-purpose arena in Jackson, Mississippi, located on the Mississippi State Fairgrounds Complex. ... Smith Wills Stadium is a 5,200 seat baseball stadium in Jackson, Mississippi. ...

Current professional sports teams

  • Baseball
    • Jackson South Coast League team - Created in 2008 with the expansion of the South Coast League, and will receive its name through a "name the team" contest. The team is not affiliated with Major or Minor League Baseball. The team will play at Smith-Wills Stadium.

This article is about the sport. ... The South Coast League of Professional Baseball, based in Bluffton, South Carolina, is a professional, independent baseball organization located in the Southeastern United States. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ...

Former professional sports teams

  • Soccer
    • Jackson Calypso - Women's Soccer
    • Jackson Rockers - Men's Soccer
    • Jackson Chargers - Men's Soccer
  • Football
    • Mississippi Pride - Regional Football League

The Jackson Senators are a minor league baseball team that plays in Jackson, Mississippi. ... The Jackson Mets are a former professional baseball team based in Jackson, Mississippi, from 1975 through 1990. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (current) (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major... The Jackson Mets were a professional baseball team based in Jackson, Mississippi, from 1975 through 1990. ... The Texas League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the South Central United States. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... The Central Baseball League, formerly the Texas-Louisiana League, is a minor league whose member teams are independent of any Major League Baseball affiliations. ... The Jackson Senators are a minor league baseball team that plays in Jackson, Mississippi. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Jackson Wildcats is a United States Basketball League team located in Jackson, Mississippi. ... The United States Basketball League OTCBB: USBL is a professional mens spring basketball league. ... The World Basketball Association is a professional basketball league entering its third year of play. ... The Mississippi Hardhats are a World Basketball Association franchise in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. ... The World Basketball Association is a professional basketball league entering its third year of play. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... The Jackson Bandits competed in the ECHL from 1999-2003. ... The ECHL is a professional minor-league double-A hockey association based in the United States and Canada. ... Soccer redirects here. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The Regional Football League (RFL) was formed as the MAJOR LEAGUE OF SPRING FOOTBALL. The RFL season was designed for Spring/Summer play with the weekend prior to the Fourth of July designated as the annual date for its championship game. ...

Noteworthy natives

Jackson has given birth to many notable people. From writers Eudora Welty and Willie Morris and civil rights leaders Medgar Evers and James Meredith to rapper David Banner, jazz legend Cassandra Wilson, and sports stars Fred Smoot and Jim Gallagher, Jr. Actors, artists, authors, cooks, inventors, musicians, painters, sports figures and more, Jackson has contributed significantly to America's culture. Eudora Welty (b. ... William Weaks Willie Morris (November 29, 1934 — August 2, 1999), was an American writer and editor born in Jackson, Mississippi, though his family later moved to Yazoo City, Mississippi, which he immortalized in his works of prose. ... Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963) was an African American civil rights activist from Mississippi. ... Meredith walking to class accompanied by U.S. marshals James Howard Meredith (born June 25, 1933) is an American civil rights movement figure, although he vocally prefers not to be regarded as such. ... This article is about a musician. ... Cassandra Wilson (born December 4, 1955) is an American jazz musician, vocalist, songwriter, and producer from Jackson, Mississippi. ... Fredrick D. Smoot (born April 17, 1979 in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American football defensive back for the Washington Redskins. ... // James Thomas Jim Gallagher, Jr. ...


(see: List of people from Mississippi for a more in-depth list) This is a list of famous and notable people who were born or lived in Mississippi. ...


Trivia

  • Rap Rocker Kid Rock made a song titled "Jackson, Mississippi" in 2003
  • Jackson sits atop an extinct volcano and is the only capital city or major population center to have this feature. The peak of the volcano is located 2900 feet directly below the Mississippi Coliseum.[20]
  • The world's first human lung transplant was performed at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson, in 1963.[21]
  • The world's first heart transplant, using the heart of a chimpanzee (man's closest genetic relation), was performed at the Center in 1964. It beat for 90 minutes before it stopped.[22]
  • "Jackson" is a song written by Jerry Leiber and Billy Edd Wheeler about a married couple who find that the "fire" has gone out of their relationship. The song relates the desire of the husband and wife to travel to Jackson, Mississippi, where they each look forward to a new life free of the unhappy relationship. Famous covers of the song include the 1968 Grammy Award winner by Johnny Cash and June Carter Cash. The song was performed by Joaquin Phoenix and Reese Witherspoon (playing Johnny Cash and June Carter) in the 2005 film Walk the Line.

Jackson,Mississippi was the lone heavy rocker from Kid Rocks self titled release. ... An Extinct volcano is a volcano which is not currently erupting and which is not considered likely to erupt in the future. ... Jackson is a song written by Jerry Leiber and Billy Edd Wheeler about a married couple who find that the fire has gone out of their relationship. ... Jerry Leiber (born April 25, 1933) and Mike Stoller (born March 13, 1933) are among the most important songwriters and music producers in post-World War II popular music. ... Billy Edd Wheeler (born December 9, 1932, Boone County, West Virginia) is an American songwriter, performer, writer and visual artist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... Valerie June Carter Cash (June 23, 1929 – May 15, 2003) was a singer, songwriter, actress and comedian and was a member of the Carter Family, and the second wife of singer Johnny Cash. ... Joaquín Rafael Phoenix (pronounced IPA: ; born October 28, 1974), formerly credited as Leaf Phoenix, is as a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning Puerto Rican film actor. ... Laura Jeanne Reese Witherspoon[1] (born March 22, 1976) is an Academy Award-winning American actress. ... For the song, see I Walk the Line. ...

External links

  • Official city website
  • MetroJackson Chamber of Commerce
  • The Jackson "City with Soul" Campaign
  • Jackson Convention & Visitors Bureau

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Jackson, Mississippi
  1. ^ a b American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ US Board on Geographic Names. United States Geological Survey (2007-10-25). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Mississippi: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (CSV). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division (2007-06-28). Retrieved on 2007-09-30.
  4. ^ Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for Counties of Mississippi: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (CSV). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division (2007-03-22). Retrieved on 2007-09-30.
  5. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (Microsoft Excel). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-09-30.
  6. ^ WorldWeb.com Travel Guide
  7. ^ Official City of Jackson, Mississippi Website - Jackson's History
  8. ^ Civil Rights Movement Veterans. "Freedom Rides". 
  9. ^ Civil Rights Movement Veterans. "Tougaloo 9". 
  10. ^ Civil Rights Movement Veterans. "Jackson MS, Boycotts". 
  11. ^ Civil Rights Movement Veterans. "Jackson Sit-in & Protests". 
  12. ^ Medgar Evers Assassination ~ Civil Rights Movement Veterans
  13. ^ Associated Press. "Mayor of U.S. city failing the hard test of crime prevention", Taipei Times, July 27, 2006. Retrieved on [[March 9, 2007]]. (English) 
  14. ^ USA Today. "Mayor appoints sheriff who arrested him -- twice -- as police chief", USA Today, November 16, 2007. Retrieved on [[November 19, 2007]]. (English) 
  15. ^ The Clarion-Ledger. "Jackson ranked 23rd most dangerous city in group's crime analysis", The Clarion-Ledger, November 19, 2007. Retrieved on [[November 19, 2007]]. (English) 
  16. ^ Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000, United States Census Bureau
  17. ^ Facts and Findings from The Gay and Lesbian Atlas
  18. ^ USA International Ballet Competition
  19. ^ Downtown Jackson Partners
  20. ^ of Mississippi, University. "The Geology of Mississippi", University of Mississippi, 2003-12-12. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. 
  21. ^ University Mississippi Medical Center
  22. ^ University of Mississippi Medical Center

  Results from FactBites:
 
BORDC: Resolution Details - Jackson, Mississippi (1318 words)
REQUEST public libraries within the City of Jackson to post in a prominent place within the library a notice to library users as follows: “NOTICE: Under Section 215 of the federal USA PATRIOT Act (Public Law 107-56), records of the books and other materials you borrow from this library may be obtained by federal agents.
DIRECTS the City Clerk to transmit a copy of this resolution to the Mississippi Governor, and appropriate members of the Mississippi State Legislature, accompanied by a letter urging them to ensure that state anti-terrorism laws and policies be implemented in a manner that does not infringe on civil liberties as described in this resolution.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the CITY OF JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI supports the sunset of key provisions of the PATRIOT Act and increased Congressional oversight over the role of the agencies responsible for enforcing the law; and
Jackson, Mississippi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3235 words)
Jackson is the capital and the largest city of Mississippi, a state of the United States of America.
Jackson's economic growth was stimulated in the 1930s by the discovery of natural gas fields nearby.
Jackson is located on the Pearl River, and is served by the Ross Barnett Reservoir, which forms a section of the Pearl River and is located northeast of Jackson on the border between Madison and Rankin counties.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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