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Encyclopedia > Jackson, Minnesota
Jackson, Minnesota
Location of Jackson, Minnesota
Coordinates: 43°37′20″N 94°59′28″W / 43.62222, -94.99111
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Jackson
Area
 - Total 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km²)
 - Land 3.8 sq mi (9.8 km²)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km²)
Elevation 1,316 ft (401 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 3,501
 - Density 921.7/sq mi (355.9/km²)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 56143
Area code(s) 507
FIPS code 27-31562GR2
GNIS feature ID 0645559GR3

Jackson is a city in Jackson County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 3,501 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Jackson County6. Image File history File links MNMap-doton-Jackson. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... List of Minnesota counties: Minnesota counties Aitkin County Anoka County Becker County Beltrami County Benton County Big Stone County Blue Earth County Brown County Carlton County Carver County Cass County Chippewa County Chisago County Clay County Clearwater County Cook County Cottonwood County Crow Wing County Dakota County Dodge County Douglas... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Minnesota. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 507 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Minnesota. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Minnesota. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.4 km² (4.0 mi²). 9.8 km² (3.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.5 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (5.24%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 3,501 people, 1,487 households, and 887 families residing in the city. The population density was 355.7/km² (921.7/mi²). There were 1,659 housing units at an average density of 168.6/km² (436.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.03% White, 0.26% African American, 0.17% Native American, 4.03% Asian, 0.77% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 1,487 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.93. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $33,452, and the median income for a family was $42,553. Males had a median income of $30,503 versus $21,676 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,444. About 4.6% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

It is speculated that early trappers and explorers were the first to enter the Jackson area. The first white settlers were brother - William, George, and Charles Wood of Indiana, by way of Mankato. In July of 1856, they established a trading post and named the proposed town "Springfield" because there was a spring near where they built their cabin, a large one-room log building near the Des Moines River. Forty settlers followed in that summer of 1856. The greater number were of English and Scottish descent, from Webster City, Iowa. Over a dozen log cabins were built by that fall.


The winter of 1856-1857 was one of the most severe that was ever experienced because of its bitter cold, deep snows, and violent storms. Food was scarce as all the white settlers had come too late to raise a crop or plant gardens. Consequently, all provisions had to be hauled from the nearest settlements of Webster City or Mankato.


Several bands of roving Indians visited the white settlers that winter. They were always received kindly, the settlers sharing their supplies. One of these was a gang led by Inkpaduta, a lawless band, who were enemies of all Indians because of their plundering, robberies and outrages. This was the group that in March 1857, after not being extended hospitality at Smithland, Iowa, massacred 40 settlers and took four women hostage in the Okoboji and Spirit Lake area before proceeding to Springfield, Minnesota.


On March 26, 1857, there were 11 able-bodied men in the Springfield settlement. Inkpaduta and his gang came down from the Heron Lake area by way of Gaboo’s camp. They first attacked the Woods’ store where, after killing William and George, they replenished their stock of ammunition and proceeded to attack the other cabins. At the Thomas cabin gathered the greater number of settlers, a determined fight was put up, and they succeeded in standing off the Indians. For the first time since leaving the Smithland area, the Indians encountered men who were not afraid to fight for their lives, and the attempt to wipe out the settlement failed. However, they did kill seven and wounded three others. Terrified of a possible second Indian attack, the beleaguered people who survived left for Fort Dodge.


Just two months after the massacre and when the area was completely depopulated, the Minnesota State Legislature made this county a political division, naming it Jackson County – after the first merchant of St. Paul, MN. The temporary county seat was located at Jackson, the town site of Springfield having been renamed. Resettlement was slow, since settlers still feared the Indians.


In August of 1862, the Sioux nation went on the warpath. On August 25, the Belmont community was attacked. Most of the settlers were gathered at one cabin for church. The Indians thought that they had gathered to resist their attack, so they fled before there was much of a fight. However when they first arrived, they did kill 13 and wounded three. This scared the settlers, so the pioneers took flight for Iowa. For a second time, the county seat was entirely deserted.


Determined not to give up, the settlers soon returned following the Civil War in 1865 and resettled the depopulated Jackson County. They were followed by many others whose homelands were in Europe. A new era began. A stockade was built on what is presently Thomas Hill, manned by the military, which encouraged people to settle in the Jackson community. Homes were built from native timber and some from prairie sod. There were no wagon roads, no bridges, no churches, and only one school that served the community. Despite the terrors of living in a country exposed to Indian attack, numerous disasters, prairie fires, severe blizzards, crop failures, and the grasshopper devastation of 1873, these hardy, courageous pioneers survived and gave us a heritage we can be proud of.


From the birth of Springfield Addition in July, 1856, the pains and suffering of a strong settlement have established a prosperous farm and industrial community known as Jackson.


Historical sights

13 blocks of Jackson’s downtown area are on the National Register of Historic Buildings. bullet


Jackson County Courthouse is also on the National Register of Historic Buildings. It was constructed in 1908 by Charles Skooglun of St. Paul according to designs by Minneapolis architects Buechner and Orth. Beautiful murals adorn the Court Room and Rotunda, and have recently been refurbished. The murals are noteworthy for a subliminal humor in the execution of various figures and subjects. Several of the figures have either four or six toes! The lower level is host to personal collections, on loan and displayed for many visitors to enjoy. Open to the public, hours are 8:00 am to 4:30 pm, Monday through Friday, closed weekends and holidays. bullet


Ashley Park Monument contains the history of the Indian Massacre and is located along the beautiful Des Moines River. Also in Ashley Park, is the Olson-Slaabakken cabin, Jackson County's oldest structure. The cabin was donated by Emmet Olson in 1927 to the Park. bullet


A Historical Marker is located on Springfield Parkway, just NW of the elementary school, marking the spot where the Woods Brothers had their trading post. bullet


Fort Belmont hosts several items of interest including a sod house,1873 farmhouse, blacksmith shop, log cabin and stockade, 1902 Delafield Lutheran Church, a gift shop and museum. A tour of the Fort is something you won’t want to miss. The church is home to weddings as well as WWW (Worship, Word and Watermelon) services each Sunday at 7:00 p.m. June thru August. A Rendezvous is held annually at the Fort the weekend after Labor Day. The site is located just south of I-90 and US Hwy 71 turn right onto Belmont Lane. Call 507-847-3867 for additional details or to book a tour. bullet


Historic State Theatre— Runs movies every evening. Matinees are also available on weekends and during school breaks. The interior reflects a unique Art-Deco style and includes 600 seats in the auditorium and balcony. The focal point of the theatre is the huge ‘silver screen," one of the few in the area. Viewing a movie on this screen is something you don't want to miss. For current movie information call 507-847-4360. bullet


Jackson County Fair Village consists of 20 historical buildings and is located at the Jackson County Fairgrounds. A home, church and various business buildings, complete with furnishings, depict what "Main Street" might have looked like in a former era. Antique machinery and other items of interest are also on display. The Fair Village is open to the public during the Jackson County Fair, held the last week of July through the first Sunday of August. Tours are available by appointment the rest of year. Contact the Jackson Area Chamber of Commerce for additional details. bullet


The Jackson County Historical Society and Museum, located about 10 minutes west of Jackson at Lakefield, Minnesota, provides a look back at our County’s history. Other unique attractions at the museum include the Jackson County War Memorial and Historical Mural. Exhibits and a research library are open all year, Monday through Friday, 10:00 am to 4:00 pm. Call 507-662-5505 for additional information.


Notable natives

  • David Ellefson - Bass guitar, Megadeth player who was born here.
  • Walter Halloran - Jesuit exorcist born here.
  • Courtney Kocak - Actress who appeared in Apocalypse and the Beauty Queen and other productions was born here.
  • Benjamin Mark Kocak(his dad is sexy) - Fastest runner on the planet was born here.

Coordinates: 43°37′15″N, 94°59′19″W David Ellefson (born November 12, 1964 in Jackson, Minnesota) is a bass guitar player who is best known as a former member of the thrash metal band Megadeth. ... A sunburst-colored Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... Megadeth is an American thrash metal band led by founder, frontman and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... Father Walter H. Halloran Father Walter Halloran (September 21, 1921 – March 1, 2005) was a Jesuit Roman Catholic priest who, at the age of twenty-six, assisted in the exorcism of a thirteen year old Lutheran boy in St. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
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