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Encyclopedia > Jackfruit
Jackfruit
Jackfruit tree with fruit
Jackfruit tree with fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Artocarpus
Species: A. heterophyllus
Binomial name
Artocarpus heterophyllus
Lam.

The Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a species of tree of the mulberry family (Moraceae) and its fruit, native to southwestern India, Bangladesh, Philippines and Sri Lanka, and possibly also east to the Malay Peninsula, though more likely an early human introduction there. It is well suited to tropical lowlands. Image File history File links Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) fruits at the tree Photo taken by User:Ahoerstemeier on June 28, 2003 in Chaiya, Surat Thani Province, Thailand. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae Moraceae (mulberry family) Rosaceae (rose family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family) For the Philippine municipality, see Rosales, Pangasinan. ... Genera Antiaris Artocarpus - Breadfruit, Jackfruit Brosimum Broussonetia - Paper Mulberry Castilloa Cecropia Chlorophora Dorstenia Ficus - Fig, Banyan Maclura - Osage-orange Morus - Mulberry Musanga Pseudolmedia Streblus Treculia The flowering plant family Moraceae (Mulberry family) comprises some 40 genera and over 1000 species of plants widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, less common... Species See text Artocarpus is a genus of about 60 trees of Southeast Asian origin and the Pacific, belonging to the mulberry family Moraceae. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Genera Antiaris Artocarpus - Breadfruit, Jackfruit Brosimum Broussonetia - Paper Mulberry Castilloa Cecropia Chlorophora Dorstenia Ficus - Fig, Banyan Maclura - Osage-orange Morus - Mulberry Musanga Pseudolmedia Streblus Treculia The flowering plant family Moraceae (Mulberry family) comprises some 40 genera and over 1000 species of plants widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, less common... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ...

Contents

Description

Young jackfruit
Illustration of the size of jackfruit.

The fruit is huge, seldom less than about 25 cm in diameter. Even a relatively thin tree (circa 10 cm) can have huge fruits hanging on it. The fruits can reach 36 kg in weight and up to 90 cm long and 50 cm in diameter. The jackfruit is the largest tree borne fruit in the world. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 166 KB) Summary Manoj. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 166 KB) Summary Manoj. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 204 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Jackfruit found in Kerala, India. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 204 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Jackfruit found in Kerala, India. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ...


The sweet yellow sheaths around the seeds are about 3-5 mm thick and have a taste similar to pineapple but milder and less juicy. For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ...


The English name jackfruit derives from Portuguese jaca, which is derived from Malayalam chakka. See below for other names of the fruit worldwide. Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ...


Cultivation and uses

Jackfruit is widely grown in South and Southeast Asia. It is also grown in parts of central and eastern Africa, Brazil, Suriname, and in islands of the West Indies such as Jamaica. It is the national fruit of Bangladesh and Indonesia. Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


The jackfruit has played a significant role in the Indian agriculture (and culture) from time immemorial. Archeological findings in India have revealed that jackfruit was cultivated in India 3000 to 6000 years ago. Findings also indicate that Indian Emperor Ashoka the Great (274 - 237 BC) encouraged arbori-horticulture of various fruits including jackfruit. Varahamihira, the famous Indian astronomer, mathemetician, and astrologer wrote a chapter on the treatment of trees in his Brhat Samhita. One of the highlights of his treatise is a specific reference on grafting to be done on trees such as jackfruit. A method of grafting described was what is known today as 'wedge grafting'. [1] Ashoka redirects here. ... Varahamihira (505 – 587) was an Indian astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer born in Ujjain. ...


One of the earliest descriptions of the jackfruit is to be found in the 16th century memoirs of the Mughal Emperor Babar, who was not much enamored of it: The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Zāhir ud-Dīn Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ...

"The jackfruit is unbelievably ugly and bad tasting. It looks exactly like sheep intestines turned inside out like stuffed tripe. It has a cloyingly sweet taste. Inside it has seeds like hazelnuts that mostly resemble dates, but these seeds are round, not long. The flesh of these seeds, which is what is eaten, is softer than dates. It is sticky, and for that reason some people grease their hands and mouths before eating it. The fruit is said to grow on the branches, the trunk, and the roots of the tree and looks like stuffed tripe hung all over the tree". [2]

The jackfruit is something of an acquired taste, but it is very popular in many parts of the world. An unopened ripe fruit can have a unpleasant smell, like rotting onions. The light brown to black seeds with white innards are indeed about the size of dates. People often oil their hands with coconut oil, kerosene, or paraffin before preparing jackfruit, as the rest of the fruit is a loose white mass that bleeds a milky, sticky sap often used as glue. Species See text. ... The intestine is the portion of the alimentary canal extending from the stomach to the anus and, in humans and other mammals, consists of two segments, the small intestine and the large intestine. ... Tripe in an Italian market Look up tripe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name Corylus avellana L. The Common Hazel (Corylus avellana) is a shrub native to Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera is a palm, extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Kerosene or kerosine, also called paraffin oil or paraffin in British usage (not to be confused with the waxy solid also called paraffin wax or just paraffin) is a flammable hydrocarbon liquid. ...


Commercial availability

A kutiyapi, made of jackfruit wood

The jackfruit bears fruit three years after planting. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1745x1310, 345 KB) Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines - An online textbook about Southern Pilipino Kulintang music with a section devoted to the kutiyapi. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1745x1310, 345 KB) Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines - An online textbook about Southern Pilipino Kulintang music with a section devoted to the kutiyapi. ... We dont have an article called Kutiyapi Start this article Search for Kutiyapi in. ...


In the United States and Europe, the fruit is available in shops that sell exotic products, usually sold canned with a sugar syrup or frozen. It is also obtained fresh from Asian food markets. Sweet jackfruit chips are also often available. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The wood is used for the production of musical instruments in Indonesia as part of the gamelan and in the Philippines, where its soft wood can be made into the hull of a kutiyapi, a type of Philippine boat lute. It is also used to make the body of the Indian drums mridangam and kanjira. It is also widely used for manufacture of furniture. For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Gamelan - Indonesian Embassy in Canberra A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesian origin typically featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked strings, and vocalists may also be included. ... We dont have an article called Kutiyapi Start this article Search for Kutiyapi in. ... A medieval era lute. ... The mridangam is a percussion instrument from South India. ... The ganjira or kanjira (or south Indian frame drum) is an instrument of the tambourine family. ... For the UK band, see Furniture (band). ...


Dishes and preparations

Jackfruit is commonly used in South and Southeast Asian cuisines. It can be eaten unripe (young) or ripe, and cooked or uncooked. The seeds can also be used in certain recipes.


Unripe (young) jackfruit can also eaten whole. Young jackfruit has a mild flavour and distinctive texture. The cuisines of India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and Vietnam use cooked young jackfruit. In many cultures, jackfruit is boiled and used in curries as a food staple.

Jackfruit chips
Jackfruit chips

The seeds can also be eaten cooked or baked like beans. They taste similar to chestnuts. Pictures I took myself of jackfruit chips File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Pictures I took myself of jackfruit chips File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... Chakka pradhaman is a traditional payasam (pudding) of Kerala, India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... , Mangalore (Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, Mangalooru; Tulu: ಕುಡ್ಲ, Kudla; Konkani: ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್, Kodial; Beary: ಮೈಕಾಲ, Maikala)   is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... , Mangalore (Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, Mangalooru; Tulu: ಕುಡ್ಲ, Kudla; Konkani: ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್, Kodial; Beary: ಮೈಕಾಲ, Maikala)   is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... , Mangalore (Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, Mangalooru; Tulu: ಕುಡ್ಲ, Kudla; Konkani: ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್, Kodial; Beary: ಮೈಕಾಲ, Maikala)   is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధర దేశం), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ... Gudeg is a traditional food from Yogyakarta, Indonesia which is made from young Nangka (jack fruit) among other things, and tastes sweet. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... Coconut milk is a sweet, milky white cooking base derived from the meat of a mature coconut. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bohol Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Tagbilaran City Founded: March 25, 1565 Population: 2000 census—1,137,268 (18th largest) Density—276 per km² (25th highest) Area: 4,117. ... Tulu is one of the minor languages of India with under 2,000,000 speakers. ... Rava was a Babylonian amora born in 270, and one of the most often-cired Rabbis in the talmud. ... Languages Minangkabau, Indonesian and Malay. ... Modern Vietnamese cuisine is heavily influenced by the French colonists. ... Rice and curry is effectively the national dish of Sri Lanka. ... It has been suggested that History of the Konkan be merged into this article or section. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Species Castanea alnifolia - Bush Chinkapin* Castanea crenata - Japanese Chestnut Castanea dentata - American Chestnut Castanea henryi - Henrys Chestnut Castanea mollissima - Chinese Chestnut Castanea ozarkensis - Ozark Chinkapin Castanea pumila - Allegheny Chinkapin Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut Castanea seguinii - Seguins Chestnut * treated as a synonym of by many authors Chestnut (Castanea), including...


Other preparations:

  • Jackfruit chips
  • Asian ice desserts (including Indonesian & Filipino)
  • Turon, a Filipino dessert made of banana and jackfruit wrapped in an eggroll wrapper
  • Sometimes an added ingredient for cassava cake
  • An optional ingredient in kolak (an Indonesian mung bean and coconut based dessert).
  • It is thought that jackfruit is the basis for the flavour of Juicy Fruit chewing gum.
  • Jackfruit candy
  • Vitamin Water sells a jackfruit - guava (b+ theanine) beverage
  • Jackfruit smoothies or milkshakes

Turon may refer to: Turon, Kansas. ... An egg roll is an appetizer which was originally eaten on the continent of Asia but has spread throught the world as a staple of Asian cuisine. ... Kolak is an Indonesian dessert made by boiling mung beans with palm sugar and coconut milk, with a pandanus leaf for flavour. ... Juicy Fruit is a flavor and brand of chewing gum made by Wrigleys. ... Chewing gum Chewing gum is a type of confectionery which is designed to be chewed rather than swallowed. ... Glacéau is the brand name of a line of products sold by Energy Brands, Inc. ... Theanine is an amino acid which is a deriviative of glutamine. ...

Names

The fruit is called a variety of names around the world:

South Asian names
Southeast Asian names
East Asian names
West Asian name
African names
European (and Latin American) names

Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Bengali or Bangla (IPA: ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit languages. ... Categories: Indo-Aryan languages | Languages of India | Language stubs ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... Konkani is a term used to refer both to a language and to an Indian ethnic group. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી Gujǎrātī; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Myanmar (Burma). ... Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India (Maharashtrians). ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Sinhalese or Sinhala (සිංහල, ISO 15919: , IPA: [], earlier referred to as Singhalese) is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... “Telugu” redirects here. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Tulu is one of the minor languages of India with under 2,000,000 speakers. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Cebuano, also known as Sugboanon, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20,000,000 people (according to Ethnologue). ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... A map showing Southwest Asia - The term Middle East is more often used to refer to both Southwest Asia and some North African countries Southwest Asia, or West Asia, is the southwestern part of Asia. ... “Farsi” redirects here. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... This article is about the language. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Jackfruit

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Binomial name Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg The Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a tree and fruit native to the Malay Peninsula and western Pacific islands. ... Binomial name Artocarpus odoratissimus Blanco The Johey Oak (Artocarpus odoratissimus), also called Marang and Tarap, is a tree related to Jackfruit, Cempedak, and Breadfruit, native to Borneo. ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese... “Fig” redirects here. ... Here are lists of fruits considered edible in some cuisine. ...

References and external links

  1. ^ Science in India with Special Reference to Agriculture P.M. Tamboli and Y.L. Nene
  2. ^ The Baburnama Trans. & Ed. Wheeler M. Thackston (New York) 2002 p345

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jackfruit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (827 words)
The jackfruit is in the mulberry family Moraceae.
Jackfruit is believed to be indigenous to the rain forests of the Western Ghats of India, which later spread to other parts of India, southeast Asia, the East Indies and to the Philippines.
It is thought that jackfruit is the basis for the flavour of Juicy Fruit chewing gum.
NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Jackfruit (2200 words)
The jackfruit is in the mulberry family Moraceae, and thought to be native to India and Bangladesh.
Largest of all tree-borne fruits, the jackfruit may be 8 in to 3 ft (20-90 cm) long and 6 to 20 in (15-50 cm) wide, and the weight ranges from 10 to 60 or even as much as 110 lbs (4.5-20 or 50 kg).
The ash of jackfruit leaves, burned with corn and coconut shells, is used alone or mixed with coconut oil to heal ulcers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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